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Online National and Provincial Population Schedules of Canada
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Automated Genealogy[2] Library Archives Canada[3] Ancestry FHL[4] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[6]
1921 indexes - - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1911 indexes - Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1901 indexes Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1891 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
  Family Search Automated Genealogy Library Archives Canada Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay

Contents

The 1871 and later censuses list for each member of the household:

  • Name.
  • Age.
  • Occupation.
  • Religious affiliation.
  • Birthplace (country or province).


The 1871 and 1881 censuses also list for each person:

  • Father’s origin or ethnic background.


  • The 1891 census, in addition, asks:
  • If persons are French Canadian.
  • For parents’ birthplaces.


The 1891 and later censuses also ask for a person’s:

  • Relationship to head of household.


The 1901 census also asks for:

  • A complete birth date, not just the year.
  • The year the person immigrated to Canada.
  • The year of naturalization.
  • The father’s racial or tribal origin, not whether the person was of French Canadian descent.
  • The 1901 census also contains a buildings and lands schedule for each locality. This schedule gives a city street address or a farm land description—such as township and range, or township, concession, and lot number—for most families.


  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
  2. Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  3. Library Archives Canada, a free online service includes links to free images and partial indexes found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  4. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  5. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.