Wyandot Nation

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Guide to Wyandot Nation ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

To get started in American Indian Research

Ancestral Homeland: St. Lawrence Valley, and Canada

Various Spellings: Wyandot, Wyandotte, Wiandot

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Wyandotte Nation
64700 East Highway 60
Wyandotte, OK 74370
Phone: 1.918.678.2297
Fax: 1.918.678.2944

Population 1984: Total enrollment: 2,400. *Wichita Tribe [1]

History[edit | edit source]

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Ohio History Central article on the Wyandot Indians

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1752: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1832,1836, and 1842: Removed from Ohio
  • 1839-1851: Tribal emigration and removals.
  • 1843: Wyandot removal to Kansas, They were the last Indian tribe to leave Ohio.
  • 1843: Census (M1831)
  • 1857: Moved to Oklahoma
  • 1888 to 1890: Lands were allotted
  • 1959: Wyandot Tribe of Oklahoma terminated, Tribal membership 1,157, Tribal land (Acres) 94.36
  • 1978: Regained federal recognition

When the Wyandot tribe lived in the Ohio and Michigan area they were under the jurisdiction of Piqua Agency 1824-30, Ohio Agency 1831-43, Saginaw Subagency and the Michigan Superintendency.

After removal to Kansas the tribe was under the jurisdiction of Wyandot Subagency 1843-51, Kansas Agency 1851-55, Shawnee Agency 1855-63, Delaware Agency 1863-69, Wyandot Agency 1870-72, The St. Louis Superintendency and the Central Superintendency.

Those living in Indian Territory were under the jurisdiction of Neosho Agency 1867-71, Quapaw Agency 1871-80, and the Central Superintendency.

Reservations[edit | edit source]

A track of land set aside for occupation and use by American Indians. From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[2], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[3], and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.

Agencies[edit | edit source]

The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the following agencies

Piqua Agency, Ohio Agency, Saginaw Subagency, Wyadot Subagency, Kansas Agency, Shawnee Agency, and  Delaware Agency

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

The tribe was under the jurisdictiton of the  following superintendencies

Michigan Superintendency, St. Louis Superintendency,and  Central Superintendency

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Bland Cemetery, Wyandotte, Oklahoma

Huron Indian Cemetery, Kansas City, Kansas, as surveyed in 1892

Removal[edit | edit source]

Prevost, Toni Jollay. Notes on the Wyandotte's from Ohio to Indian Territory. FHL book 970.1 P929n also on film 1697876 item 12

NARA. Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs 1824-1881. M234 Roll 952 Wyandot Agency Emigration, 1839-51. FHL film 1,661,682

Enrollment[edit | edit source]

1843 Muster Roll of Wyandot Indians who left Upper Sandusky, Ohio in 1843

1870 Tribal Roll of the Wyandot in Kansas and elsewhere.

1874 Voter List by clan

Treaties[edit | edit source]

1785-1843 -- See tribal website for details.

  • 1785 January 21, at Fort McIntosh
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmer
  • 1795 August 3, at Greenville
  • 1803August 7, at Vincennes, with the Eel River
  • 1805 July 4, at Fort Industry
  • 1807 November 17, at Detroit, with the Ottawa
  • 1808 November 25, at Brownstown, with the Chippewa, Ect.,
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1817 September 29,on the Miami
  • 1818
  • 1818
  • 1832 January 19, at St. Mary's
  • 1836 April 23,
  • 1842 March 17, at upper Sandusky
  • 1843 December 14, with the Delawares
  • 1850 April 1, at Washington
  • 1855 January 31, at Washington
  • 1867:February 3,with the Seneca, Mixed Seneca and Shwanee, Quapaw, Etc.,

Important Web Sites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 244
  2. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  3. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published