Difference between revisions of "Wyandot Nation"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(New page: == History == == Tribal Headquarters == == Records == == Important Web Sites == == References == *[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Fed...)
 
(changed category and deleted bibliography not specific for the tribe)
(45 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
== History  ==
+
{{breadcrumb
 +
| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
 +
| link2=[[Indigenous Peoples of the United States Genealogy|Indigenous Peoples of the United States Research]]
 +
| link3=[[Oklahoma, United States Genealogy|Oklahoma]]
 +
| link4=[[Indigenous Peoples of Oklahoma|Indigenous Peoples of Oklahoma]]
 +
| link5=[[Wyandot Nation|Wyandot Nation]]
 +
}}
  
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
 
  
== Records  ==
+
[[Image:Wyandot (Huron-Wendat) dwellers of the Peninsula or Islanders-1880.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Wyandot (Huron-Wendat) dwellers of the Peninsula or Islanders-1880.jpg]]
  
== Important Web Sites  ==
+
Guide to '''{{PAGENAME}} ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.
  
== References  ==
+
To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|Indigenous Peoples of the United States research]]
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
+
'''Ancestral Homeland:''' St. Lawrence Valley, and Canada
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''].
 
*Swanton, John. ''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm The Indian Tribes of North America].''
 
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]]
+
'''Various Spellings:''' Wyandot, Wyandotte, Wiandot
 +
 
 +
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 +
 
 +
Wyandotte Nation <br>64700 East Highway 60<br>Wyandotte, OK 74370<br>Phone: 1.918.678.2297<br>Fax: 1.918.678.2944 <br>
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/ Wyandotte Nation] Official Website
 +
 
 +
Population 1984: Total enrollment: 2,400. *Wichita Tribe <ref>Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 244</ref>
 +
 
 +
=== History  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
 +
 
 +
Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wisconsin/index.htm#Wyandot The Indian Tribes of North America].
 +
 
 +
Ohio History Central article on the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandot Indians]
 +
 
 +
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 +
 
 +
*1752: Smallpox epidemic
 +
*1832,1836, and 1842: Removed from Ohio
 +
*1839-1851: Tribal [[American Indian Removal Records|emigration]] and removals.
 +
*1843: Wyandot removal to Kansas, They were the last Indian tribe to leave Ohio.
 +
*1843: Census (M1831)
 +
*1857: Moved to Oklahoma
 +
*1888 to 1890: Lands were allotted
 +
*1959: Wyandot Tribe of Oklahoma terminated, Tribal membership 1,157, Tribal land (Acres) 94.36
 +
*1978: Regained federal recognition
 +
 
 +
When the Wyandot tribe lived in the '''Ohio and Michigan '''area they were under the jurisdiction of [[Piqua Indian Agency (Ohio)|Piqua Agency]] 1824-30, [[Ohio Indian Agency|Ohio Agency ]]1831-43, [[Saginaw Indian Subagency (Michigan)|Saginaw Subagency and]] the [[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency.]]
 +
 
 +
After removal to '''Kansas''' the tribe was under the jurisdiction of [[Wyandot Indian Subagency (Kansas)|Wyandot Subagency ]]1843-51, [[Kansas Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kansas Agency ]]1851-55, [[Delaware and Shawnee Indian Agency (Kansas)|Shawnee Agency ]]1855-63, [[Delaware Indian Agency (Kansas)|Delaware Agency ]]1863-69, Wyandot Agency 1870-72, The [[St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs|St. Louis Superintendency and]] the [[Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Central Superintendency]].
 +
 
 +
Those living in '''Indian Territory '''were under the jurisdiction of [[Neosho Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Neosho Agency ]]1867-71, [[Quapaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Quapaw Agency ]]1871-80, and the Central Superintendency.
 +
 
 +
==== Reservations  ====
 +
 
 +
A track of land set aside for occupation and use by Native Americans. From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the Native American was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
 +
 
 +
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
 +
 
 +
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
 +
 
 +
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/il.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book {{FHL|433280|title-id|disp=973 E5}})</ref>, and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.
 +
 
 +
=== Agencies ===
 +
 
 +
The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the following agencies
 +
 
 +
[[Piqua_Indian_Agency_(Ohio)|Piqua Agency]], [[Ohio_Indian_Agency|Ohio Agency]], [[Saginaw_Indian_Subagency_(Michigan)|Saginaw Subagency]], [[Wyandot_Indian_Subagency_(Kansas)|Wyadot Subagency]], [[Kansas_Indian_Agency_(Kansas)|Kansas Agency]], [[Shawnee_Indian_Agency_(Kansas)|Shawnee Agency]], and&nbsp; [[Delaware_Indian_Agency_(Kansas)|Delaware Agency]]
 +
 
 +
=== Superintendencies ===
 +
 
 +
Records for Superintendencies exist in the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.
 +
 
 +
The tribe was under the jurisdictiton of the&nbsp; following superintendencies
 +
 
 +
[[Michigan_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Michigan Superintendency]], [[St._Louis_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|St. Louis Superintendency]],and&nbsp; [[Central_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Central Superintendency]]
 +
 
 +
=== Records  ===
 +
 
 +
The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
 +
 
 +
*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
 +
*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
 +
*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
 +
*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
 +
 
 +
=== Cemeteries  ===
 +
 
 +
[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/history/cemetery_lists/bland.html Bland Cemetery], Wyandotte, Oklahoma
 +
 
 +
[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/history/cemetery_lists/huron.html Huron Indian Cemetery], Kansas City, Kansas, as surveyed in 1892
 +
 
 +
=== Removal  ===
 +
 
 +
Prevost, Toni Jollay. Notes on the Wyandotte's from Ohio to Indian Territory. {{FHL|548479|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 P929n also on film 1697876 item 12}}
 +
 
 +
NARA.  ''Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs 1824-1881''. M234 Roll 952 ''Wyandot Agency Emigration, 1839-51''.  FHL film 1,661,682
 +
 
 +
=== Enrollment  ===
 +
 
 +
[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/history/historic_rolls/1843_ohio_muster_roll.html 1843 Muster Roll] of Wyandots who left Upper Sandusky, Ohio in 1843
 +
 
 +
[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/history/historic_rolls/1870_roll.html 1870 Tribal Roll] of the Wyandot in Kansas and elsewhere.
 +
 
 +
[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/history/historic_rolls/1874_voter_by_clan.html 1874 Voter List] by clan
 +
 
 +
=== Treaties  ===
 +
 
 +
1785-1843 -- See tribal website for details.
 +
 
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0006.htm 1785] January 21, at Fort McIntosh
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0018.htm 1789] January 9, at Fort Harmer
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0039.htm 1795] August 3, at Greenville
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/eel0066.htm 1803]August 7,at Vincennes, with the&nbsp;Eel River
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0077.htm 1805] July 4, at Fort Industry
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/ott0092.htm 1807] November 17, at Detroit, with the Ottawa
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/chi0099.htm 1808] November 25, at Brownstown, with the Chippewa, Ect.,
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0105.htm 1814] July 22, at Greenville
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0117.htm 1815] September 8, at Spring Wells
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0145.htm 1817] September 29,on the Miami
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0162.htm 1818]
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0164.htm 1818]
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0339.htm 1832] January 19, at St. Mary's
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0460.htm 1836] April 23,
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0534.htm 1842] March 17, at upper Sandusky
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/del1048.htm 1843] December 14, with the Delawares
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0587.htm 1850] April 1, at Washington
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0677.htm 1855] January 31, at Washington
 +
*1867:February 3,with the Seneca, Mixed Seneca and Shwanee, Quapaw, Etc.,
 +
 
 +
=== Important Websites  ===
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/government/constitution.html Constitution] of the Wayandotte Nation
 +
*[http://www.wyandotte-nation.org/ Wyandotte Nation] Official Website
 +
*Wyandot Nation [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wyandot Wikipedia]
 +
 
 +
=== References  ===
 +
 
 +
<references />
 +
 
 +
=== Bibliography  ===
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Indigenous Tribes of Ohio]] [[Category:Indigenous Tribes of Michigan]] [[Category:Indigenous Tribes of Kansas]] [[Category:Indigenous Tribes of Oklahoma]] [[Category:Canada_First_Nations]]

Revision as of 12:50, 11 September 2020


Wyandot (Huron-Wendat) dwellers of the Peninsula or Islanders-1880.jpg

Guide to Wyandot Nation ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

To get started in Indigenous Peoples of the United States research

Ancestral Homeland: St. Lawrence Valley, and Canada

Various Spellings: Wyandot, Wyandotte, Wiandot

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Wyandotte Nation
64700 East Highway 60
Wyandotte, OK 74370
Phone: 1.918.678.2297
Fax: 1.918.678.2944

Population 1984: Total enrollment: 2,400. *Wichita Tribe [1]

History[edit | edit source]

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Ohio History Central article on the Wyandot Indians

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1752: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1832,1836, and 1842: Removed from Ohio
  • 1839-1851: Tribal emigration and removals.
  • 1843: Wyandot removal to Kansas, They were the last Indian tribe to leave Ohio.
  • 1843: Census (M1831)
  • 1857: Moved to Oklahoma
  • 1888 to 1890: Lands were allotted
  • 1959: Wyandot Tribe of Oklahoma terminated, Tribal membership 1,157, Tribal land (Acres) 94.36
  • 1978: Regained federal recognition

When the Wyandot tribe lived in the Ohio and Michigan area they were under the jurisdiction of Piqua Agency 1824-30, Ohio Agency 1831-43, Saginaw Subagency and the Michigan Superintendency.

After removal to Kansas the tribe was under the jurisdiction of Wyandot Subagency 1843-51, Kansas Agency 1851-55, Shawnee Agency 1855-63, Delaware Agency 1863-69, Wyandot Agency 1870-72, The St. Louis Superintendency and the Central Superintendency.

Those living in Indian Territory were under the jurisdiction of Neosho Agency 1867-71, Quapaw Agency 1871-80, and the Central Superintendency.

Reservations[edit | edit source]

A track of land set aside for occupation and use by Native Americans. From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the Native American was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[2], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[3], and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.

Agencies[edit | edit source]

The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the following agencies

Piqua Agency, Ohio Agency, Saginaw Subagency, Wyadot Subagency, Kansas Agency, Shawnee Agency, and  Delaware Agency

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

The tribe was under the jurisdictiton of the  following superintendencies

Michigan Superintendency, St. Louis Superintendency,and  Central Superintendency

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Bland Cemetery, Wyandotte, Oklahoma

Huron Indian Cemetery, Kansas City, Kansas, as surveyed in 1892

Removal[edit | edit source]

Prevost, Toni Jollay. Notes on the Wyandotte's from Ohio to Indian Territory. FHL book 970.1 P929n also on film 1697876 item 12

NARA. Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs 1824-1881. M234 Roll 952 Wyandot Agency Emigration, 1839-51. FHL film 1,661,682

Enrollment[edit | edit source]

1843 Muster Roll of Wyandots who left Upper Sandusky, Ohio in 1843

1870 Tribal Roll of the Wyandot in Kansas and elsewhere.

1874 Voter List by clan

Treaties[edit | edit source]

1785-1843 -- See tribal website for details.

  • 1785 January 21, at Fort McIntosh
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmer
  • 1795 August 3, at Greenville
  • 1803August 7,at Vincennes, with the Eel River
  • 1805 July 4, at Fort Industry
  • 1807 November 17, at Detroit, with the Ottawa
  • 1808 November 25, at Brownstown, with the Chippewa, Ect.,
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1817 September 29,on the Miami
  • 1818
  • 1818
  • 1832 January 19, at St. Mary's
  • 1836 April 23,
  • 1842 March 17, at upper Sandusky
  • 1843 December 14, with the Delawares
  • 1850 April 1, at Washington
  • 1855 January 31, at Washington
  • 1867:February 3,with the Seneca, Mixed Seneca and Shwanee, Quapaw, Etc.,

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 244
  2. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  3. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography[edit | edit source]