Difference between revisions of "War of 1812, 1812 to 1815"

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[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] War of 1812
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[[Image:{{Treaty of Ghent (1814)}}]]__TOC__
  
[[Image:{{Treaty of Ghent (1814)}}]]<br> The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. It involved about 60,000 U.S. Army forces supported by 470,000 militia and volunteer troops. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<br> <br>  
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<br>  
  
When war was declared, the Regular Army had about 10,000 men, and about half of those were new recruits. "Each Regular Army infantry regiment was recruited from a particular state (or states). Rifle, artillery, and dragoons were recruited at large...Most, but not all, of the men recruited for a particular infantry regiment were from the state of recruitment."<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> <br>
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The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.
  
=== Countries Involved in the War of 1812 ===
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== Countries Involved in the War  ==
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Click on a link below to find more resources about the War of 1812 for that location:
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*'''[[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada]]'''
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*'''[[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain]]'''
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*'''[[United States in the War of 1812|United States]]'''
  
'''- Britain.''' [[British Military Records#War_of_1812|Britain Military Records, War of 1812 section]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning British military forces.<br>
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==How to Find Your War of 1812 Soldier==
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*'''''[[Beginning War of 1812 Research|How to begin researching the War of 1812]]''''' - start here! includes resources and strategies for Canada, Great Britain, and the United States
  
'''- Canada'''. [[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations. <br>
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==Cultural Groups Participating in the War of 1812==
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=== Native Americans/First Nations  ===
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*'''Indigenous Peoples of the United States''' - [[Indigenous_Peoples_of_the_United_States_Military_Records#War of 1812 (1812-1815)|Native Americans in the War of 1812]]  
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*'''Canadian Aboriginal Peoples''' - [[Canada_First_Nations#War_of_1812|History of First Nations in the War of 1812]]
  
'''- United States'''. [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning U.S. military forces, civilians,and Native Americans.
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=== African Americans/African Canadians  ===
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*'''African Americans''' - [[African American Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|African Americans in the War of 1812]]
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*'''African Canadians''' - [[Canada_in_the_War_of_1812#African_Canadians|African Canadians in the War of 1812]]
  
=== Documentaries  ===
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===French Canadians===
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*[[Canada_in_the_War_of_1812#French_Canadians|French Canadians in the War of 1812]]
  
*PBS [http://www.warof1812.ca/ The War of 1812 Website] is a documentary about the war. <br>
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==Historical Information==
 
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=== Timeline  ===
*PBS, [http://www.pbs.org/wned/war-of-1812/ The War of 1812], has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic sites with short histories of each. <br>
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*[https://www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/war-1812-timeline War of 1812 Timeline] - includes battles<br>
 
 
*History.com, [http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812 War of 1812], has several short videos about the war as well as a brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people. <br>
 
 
 
*Galafilm, [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/index.html War of 1812], has brief [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/chronology/index.html histories of events], [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/maps/index.html historical maps], a [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/bibliography/biblio.html bibliography], and lists of [http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/links/index.html links] to other War of 1812 sites.<br>
 
 
 
*Naval History and Heritage, [http://www.history.navy.mil/commemorations/1812/1812-index.htm Bicentennial of the War of 1812], US Navy, US Marine Corps, US Coast Guard, has videos, biographies, etc. <br>
 
 
 
*United States Navy, Bicentennial of the War of 1812, [http://www.navy.mil/1812/videos.asp videos]
 
  
 
=== Battles  ===
 
=== Battles  ===
 
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_War_of_1812_battles List of War of 1812 Battles] on Wikipedia
*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) 13 October 1812  
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*''Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers'', George W. Cullum. {{FHL|374043|item|disp=FHL microfilm 1404257}}<br>
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Battle of Queenston Heights] (Wikipedia)
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'''Individual Battles'''<br>
**[http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/1812/niagara-1812.aspx Battle of Queenston Heights] (Archives of Ontario) <br>
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*Battle of Queenston Heights, Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812<br>
 
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:*[https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/battle-of-queenston-heights The Canadian Encyclopedia]
*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown] (Historyofwar.org) (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
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:*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Wikipedia]
 
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:*[https://www.battlefields.org/learn/war-1812/battles/battle-queenston-heights American Battlefield Trust] <br>
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) (United States naval victory) 10 September 1813 <br>
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*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown](British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
 
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) [[Image:Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg|right|200px|Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg]](United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813 <br>
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813 <br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario <br>
 
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*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/lundy.html Battle of Lundy's Lane] (Both sides claimed victory) - 25 July 1814 about one mile from Niagara Falls <br>
*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/lundy.html Batle of Lundy's Lane] (Historycentral.com) (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814 <br>
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*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/NewOrleans.html Battle of New Orleans] (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815 <br>
 
 
*[http://www.historycentral.com/1812/NewOrleans.html Battle of New Orleans] (Historycentral.com) (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815 <br>
 
 
 
*''Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers'', George W. Cullum,[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F374043 FHL&nbsp;Microfilm 1404257]<br>
 
 
 
*Paine, Ralph Delahaye, ''The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812'' New Haven Connecticut, Yale Univeristy Press, 1920) pages[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F87294 FHL Book 235 973 H2]<br>
 
 
 
=== Histories  ===
 
 
 
*Dudley, William S. ''The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History''. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F501945 FHL Book 973 M3]<br>
 
 
 
*Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler. ''Encyclopedia of the War of 1812'' (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, c1997). 636 pages. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F827221 FHL Book 973 H26]<br>
 
 
 
*Hickey, Donald R. ''The War of 1812, a Forgotten Conflict'' (Chicago, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989). 457 pages. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F539795 FHL Book 973 H2]''<br>''
 
 
 
*Horsman, Reginald ''The War of 1812'' (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F112562 FHL Book&nbsp;973 H2] <br>
 
 
 
*Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, ''The War of 1812&nbsp;: a compact history'' (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969) <br>
 
 
 
*Latimer, Jon: ''1812: war with America'' (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1498129 FHL&nbsp;Book 973 M2] <br>
 
 
 
*Lossing, Benson J. ''The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence'' (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)&nbsp; [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1716926 View a great digital version] <br>
 
 
 
*''War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures'' (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) {{FHL|255528|title-id|disp=FHL film 482877}}
 
  
 
=== Guides  ===
 
=== Guides  ===
 
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*[https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/1812/ A Guide to the War of 1812] at the Library of Congress - discusses and links to online collections related to the War of 1812 on the Library of Congress website
*Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). {{FHL|155935|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23f}}
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*[https://www.archives.gov/research/alic/reference/military/war-of-1812.html Military Resources: War of 1812] at the National Archives - online resources discussing the records of the War of 1812 at the National Archives
*Malcomson, Robert. ''Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812''. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1369438 FHL&nbsp;Book 973 H26]
 
 
 
=== African Americans  ===
 
 
 
During the War of 1812, many African Americans fought in the U.S. armed forces, especially in the Navy.&nbsp; Many others fought on the side of the British.
 
 
 
*Van Thienen, Erik, [http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070418171335AAhaCvK The War of 1812, 1812-1815], (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.&nbsp; It also gives several sources for more information.
 
 
 
=== Web Sites  ===
 
 
 
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article]
 
*[http://www.iaw.on.ca/~jsek/1812gene.htm War of 1812 Genealogical Research] has links to various War of 1812 web sites. <br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes &amp; Records]<br>
 
 
 
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812] <br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page79.html Ely Parker's List of Oneida Indian Volunteers, War of 1812]<br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.nps.gov/hobe/historyculture/upload/creek%20muster.pdf Major William McIntosh’s Company of Creek Indians, Creek War of 1814]<br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] <br>
 
 
 
*Olive Tree Genealogy, [http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/mil/usa/1812/ War of 1812 Genealogy and History]
 
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
<references /> {{U.S. War of 1812}}
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<references />  
  
[[Category:United_States_-_Military_-_War_of_1812,_1812-1815]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|War of 1812]]
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[[Category:War of 1812, 1812-1815]]

Latest revision as of 13:45, 3 September 2021

Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Belgium, December 24, 1814


The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.[1] Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.

Countries Involved in the War[edit | edit source]

Click on a link below to find more resources about the War of 1812 for that location:

How to Find Your War of 1812 Soldier[edit | edit source]

Cultural Groups Participating in the War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Native Americans/First Nations[edit | edit source]

African Americans/African Canadians[edit | edit source]

French Canadians[edit | edit source]

Historical Information[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Battles[edit | edit source]

Individual Battles

  • Battle of Queenston Heights, Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812
  • Battle of Frenchtown(British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of Lake Erie (Wikipedia)
    Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg
    (United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario
  • Battle of Lundy's Lane (Both sides claimed victory) - 25 July 1814 about one mile from Niagara Falls
  • Battle of New Orleans (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815

Guides[edit | edit source]

  • A Guide to the War of 1812 at the Library of Congress - discusses and links to online collections related to the War of 1812 on the Library of Congress website
  • Military Resources: War of 1812 at the National Archives - online resources discussing the records of the War of 1812 at the National Archives

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Archives. War of 1812 Discharge Certificates, (accessed 25 April 2012).