Difference between revisions of "War of 1812, 1812 to 1815"

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The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.  
 
 
<br> The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.  
 
  
 
=== Countries Involved in the War  ===
 
=== Countries Involved in the War  ===
  
'''- Canada'''. [[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations. <br>  
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'''- Canada'''. [[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to websites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations. <br>  
  
'''- Great Britain.''' [[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning British military forces.<br>  
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'''- Great Britain.''' [[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to websites concerning British military forces.<br>  
  
'''- United States'''. [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning U.S. military forces, civilians,and Native Americans.  
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'''- United States'''. [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to websites concerning U.S. military forces and civilians.  
  
 
=== Native Americans / First Nations  ===
 
=== Native Americans / First Nations  ===
  
===== Tribes on the British / Canada Side =====
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'''- American Indians.''' [[American Indian Military#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|American Indians in the War of 1812]] lists tribes that fought with the British and U.S. forces, and links to websites concerning their involvement in the war.<br>  
 
 
About 35 tribal nations fought with the British and Canadians during the War of 1812. Tecumseh, the Shawnee war chief, worked to united the Indians with the British.
 
 
 
Some of these nations were:<ref name="Can Encyclopedia">Canadian Encyclopedia, [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/first-nations-in-the-war-of-1812 First Nations in the War of 1812], (accessed 12 July 2012).</ref>
 
  
*Potawatomi
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'''- Canadian Aboriginal Peoples.''' [[First Nations Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|First Nations in the War of 1812]]  
*Ojibwa
 
*Shawnee
 
*Ottawa
 
*Kikapoos
 
*Iroquois
 
*Caughnawaga (Iroquois)
 
*Mohawk
 
*Seneca
 
 
 
===== Tribes on the U.S. Side =====
 
 
 
*Seneca
 
 
 
===== Tirbes that Fought the U.S. But Not With the British =====
 
 
 
*Creek
 
 
 
===== Web Sites Concerning Indian Involvement =====
 
 
 
*[http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page79.html Ely Parker's List of Oneida Indian Volunteers, War of 1812]<br>
 
 
 
*[http://www.nps.gov/hobe/historyculture/upload/creek%20muster.pdf Major William McIntosh’s Company of Creek Indians, Creek War of 1814]
 
  
 
=== African Americans  ===
 
=== African Americans  ===
  
During the War of 1812, many African Americans fought in the U.S. armed forces, especially in the Navy. Many others fought on the side of the British.
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'''- African Americans.''' [[African American Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|African Americans in the War of 1812]] has military records, and other information specific to African Americans in the war.  
 
 
*Van Thienen, Erik, [http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070418171335AAhaCvK The War of 1812, 1812-1815], (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.&nbsp; It also gives several sources for more information.
 
  
=== Timeline ===
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=== Timeline ===
  
 
*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
 
*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
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=== Battles  ===
 
=== Battles  ===
  
*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812  
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*Battle of Queenston Heights, Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812<br>
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Battle of Queenston Heights] (Wikipedia)
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**[https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/battle-of-queenston-heights The Canadian Encyclopedia]
**[http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/1812/niagara-1812.aspx Battle of Queenston Heights] (Archives of Ontario) <br>
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**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Wikipedia]
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**[https://www.battlefields.org/learn/war-1812/battles/battle-queenston-heights American Battlefield Trust] <br>
  
 
*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown](British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
 
*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown](British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) (United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813 <br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) [[Image:Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg|right|200px|Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg]](United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813 <br>
  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario <br>
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario <br>
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*[http://www.militarysocietyofthewarof1812.com/history.html Military Society of the War of 1812]
 
*[http://www.militarysocietyofthewarof1812.com/history.html Military Society of the War of 1812]
  
=== Web Sites ===
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=== Websites ===
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*[http://go.fold3.com/1812pensions/ War of 1812 Pension and Bounty Land Application Files] are available for free at [http://www.fold3.com/title_761/war_of_1812_pension_files/ fold3.com]
  
 
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article] <br>
 
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article] <br>
 
*[http://www.iaw.on.ca/~jsek/1812gene.htm War of 1812 Genealogical Research] has links to various War of 1812 web sites. <br>
 
  
 
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
 
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
  
*[http://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
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*[http://www./sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
  
 
*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes and Records]<br>
 
*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes and Records]<br>
  
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812] <br>
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812 on Rootweb] <br>
  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] 1812 rosters <br>
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] 1812 rosters <br>
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<references />  
 
<references />  
  
[[Category:United_States_-_Military_-_War_of_1812,_1812-1815]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|War of 1812]]
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[[Category:War of 1812]] [[Category:War of 1812]]

Revision as of 14:23, 19 May 2021

Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Belgium, December 24, 1814


The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.[1] Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.

Countries Involved in the War[edit | edit source]

- Canada. Canada in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to websites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations.

- Great Britain. Great Britain in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to websites concerning British military forces.

- United States. United States in the War of 1812 has history, military records, and links to websites concerning U.S. military forces and civilians.

Native Americans / First Nations[edit | edit source]

- American Indians. American Indians in the War of 1812 lists tribes that fought with the British and U.S. forces, and links to websites concerning their involvement in the war.

- Canadian Aboriginal Peoples. First Nations in the War of 1812

African Americans[edit | edit source]

- African Americans. African Americans in the War of 1812 has military records, and other information specific to African Americans in the war.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Documentaries[edit | edit source]

  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic locations with short histories of each.
  • History.com, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.

Guides[edit | edit source]

  • Fredriksen, John C. "Resource Guide for the War of 1812". ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979). FHL book 973 M23f
  • Malcomson, Robert. Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812. (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006). 701 pages. FHL book 973 H26

Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Dudley, William S. The Naval War of 1812: a Documentary History. (Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler. Encyclopedia of the War of 1812 (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, c1997). 636 pages. FHL Book 973 H26
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a Forgotten Conflict (Chicago, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989). 457 pages. FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812 : a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969)
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 FHL Book 973 M2
  • Lossing, Benson J. The pictorial field-book of the War of 1812: or, Illustrations, by Pen and Pencil, of the history, biography, scenery, relics, and traditions of the last war for American independence (Salt Lake City: Digitized by the Genealogical Society of Utah c2009)  View a great digital version
  • War of 1812 newspaper clippings and pictures (Frankfort, Kentucky, Kentucky Historical Society, 1966) FHL film 482877

Battles[edit | edit source]

  • Battle of Frenchtown(British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum. FHL microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The Fight for a Free Sea: a Chronicle of the War of 1812, New Haven, Connecticut, (Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2

Societies[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Archives. War of 1812 Discharge Certificates, (accessed 25 April 2012).