Thailand Compiled Genealogies

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Oral Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Thailand Ethnic Groups[edit | edit source]

Seven major hill tribes in Northern Thailand:

  • Karen, Akha, Lahu, Hmong, Mien, Lisu, and Palaung

Each has a distinct language and culture Ancestral origins: Burma, Laos, and ultimately, China Some preserve an oral genealogy tradition

Other ethnic groups:
Thai, Malay, Khmer

Karen/Kariang People[edit | edit source]

The Karen/Kariang people are one of the largest hill tribes in Southeast Asia.

  • Southern and Southeastern Burma (7 M)
  • Northern Thailand (400 K), by far the largest hill tribe
  • United States (65,000), diaspora began in 2000
  • Heterogeneous ethnicities

Oral history project at Chiang Mai University

  • Center for Ethnic Studies and Development
  • Director: Chayan Vaddhanaphuti
  • Assistant: Malee Sitthikrienkrai

The project ‘Living with and in the Forest in Northern Thailand’ of the Center for Ethnic Studies and Development (CESD), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, aims to enable the Karen youth of Huay Hin Lad Nai to study their own community history…. The youth group has started to conduct in-depth interviews with community elders, particularly on the historical background of the community, family and kinship structures…. Supported by academics from CMU, they transcribed, edited and discussed the recorded material. In collaboration with visiting international students, they further recorded biographies of selected villagers and collected them in a booklet. First analyses of the collected data centered around community transformations and mobility patterns over the last one hundred years. Based on this information, a detailed kinship map and digitalized timeline of the community were produced.

Akha People[edit | edit source]

450,000 people, one of the largest hill tribes
Southern China (Yunnan Province)
Eastern Burma (Shan State)
Northern Laos
Northern Thailand
Heavy emphasis on oral genealogy
Ceremonial recitation of patrilineal genealogy
Committed to memory and taught parent to child
Back over 50 generations to Sm Mo O, the first Akha
All Akha males expected to recite their lineage
Recounting of lineage avoids incest (6 generations)
Ties of patrilineal kinship and marriage alliance bind the Akha within and between communities

Lahu People[edit | edit source]

Hmong People[edit | edit source]

Mien People[edit | edit source]

Lisu People[edit | edit source]

Palaung People[edit | edit source]

Thai People[edit | edit source]

Malay People[edit | edit source]

Khmer People[edit | edit source]

The Cambodian Oral History Project connects generations—like Him Hen, his daughter Him Sophia, and his grandchild—by documenting the stories of elders, including tales of life under the Khmer Rouge Over 4,000 interviews (by May 2019) Reconnect with Dr. Dana Bourgerie

Other page: Sarawak and Sabah[edit | edit source]

The Iban are the largest indigenous tribe in Eastern Malaysia They have an extensive oral tradition This includes oral genealogies each spanning dozens of generations Preservation in writing began in the 1930s

Nature of an Iban Oral Genealogy[edit | edit source]

A tusut is a descending lineage including couples in each generation Begins with the most remote ancestor down to the present Usually includes descriptive passages about major ancestors May pass through male and female ancestors No limit to the number of tusut lines an individual may trace Exact relationships commonly known at least to third or fourth cousins All children of either sex may have tusut The tusut recorded by Benedict Sandin typically covers 30+ generations

Kalimantan, Indonesia, indigenous tribes[edit | edit source]

Kalimantan People[edit | edit source]

GSU-trained interviewers collected oral genealogies, 1979–1982 Oral genealogy plays a major role in the cultures of these people Dayak people Ngaju, Ma’anyan, and Siang tribes Kalimantan, Borneo 9 microfilms

Batak People[edit | edit source]

Batak societies are patriarchal Organized as clans known as marga, descending from one ancestor, Si Raja Batak A family tree defined through father-son relationships is called tarombo The GSU transcribed 76 microfilms of Batak oral genealogies over four years of field work The GSU stopped when a contractor was discovered to be committing fraud Our advisor, Dr. Bungaran Simanjuntak, says Batak oral genealogy survives but is at risk Should FamilySearch restart the project?

Other Parts of Indonesia[edit | edit source]

GSU-trained interviewers collected oral genealogies, 1979–1982 Nias people: Nias Island, North Sumatra (16 films) Batak people: Toba from Tapanuli Utara Regency, North Sumatra (53 films) Toraja people: Kabupaten Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi (7 films)