United States, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications - FamilySearch Historical Records
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United States Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications, 1800-1900
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|Record Type||Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files|
|Record Group||RG 15: Records of the Department of veterans Affairs|
|Collection years||ca. 1775-ca. 1900|
|Microfilm Publication||M804. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files. 2670 rolls.|
|Arrangement||Alphabetically by name of veteran|
|National Archives Identifier||300022|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of images of revolutionary war pensions for the years 1800 to 1900. It is part of Record Group 15: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773 - 2007 and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M804.
The pension and land warrant applications consist of about 80,000 files. Each file may be a single card or may contain from 1 to 200 pages or more. A typical file is about 30 pages and includes an introductory card, an application, sworn affidavits, and other supporting documents that verify a veteran’s identity and service. The file also includes papers that show decisions made concerning the claim. In 1912 the Survivor, Widow, Rejected, and Bounty Land Warrant files were consolidated into a single alphabetical series.
- Jean Nudd. Using Revolutionary War Pension Files to Find Family Information. Prologue (Summer, 2015): 55-60.
- Claire Prechtel-Kluskens. Revolutionary War Pension Files - an Introduction. NGS Magazine 32 #2 ( April-June 2006): 34-37.
National Archives Catalog Related Content
- Family Bibles Filed with Case Files of Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Applications Based on Revolutionary War Service, ca. 1800 - ca. 1912. NAID 18471430
- Claims Filed by Revolutionary War Veterans, 9/16/1828 - 8/3/1835. NAID 605836
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
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|This collection contains searchable content in the NARA Catalog. They can be accessed by clicking on the National Archives identifier in the Record Description. Once inside the Catalog, click on the "Search Within This Series".|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Veteran’s name
- Age or birth date
- Death date and place
- Name of person applying for pension
- Marriage date and place
- Names of children
- Ages or birth dates of children
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Pension acts were passed and amended many times between 1776 and 1878. In 1776 the first pension law granted half-pay for life to soldiers disabled in the service and unable to earn a living. A pension law passed in 1818 permitted compensation for service, regardless of disability, but was later amended, making eligible only those soldiers who were unable to earn a living. The pension act of 1832 allowed pensions again based on service and enabled a veteran’s widow to receive pension benefits.
A veteran or his widow seeking a pension had to appear in court in the state of his or her residence to describe under oath the service for which the pension was being claimed. A widow was required to provide information concerning the date and place of her marriage to the veteran. The application statement, or “declaration” as it was usually called, was certified by the court and then forwarded, along with all supporting documents (this may have included property schedules, marriage records, and affidavits of witnesses) to a federal official, usually the Secretary of War or the Commissioner of Pensions. The applicant was then notified that the application had been approved, rejected, or set aside pending the submission of additional proof of eligibility. If an applicant was eligible, his name was placed on the pension list. Payments were usually made semiannually. A rejected applicant often reapplied when the law was later amended.
The Federal Government granted bounty land warrants, or rights to free land, to Revolutionary War veterans and their heirs. The promise of bounty land during the war was an incentive to enter and remain in the service. After the war, bounty land grants became a form of reward.
Veterans or their heirs who claimed bounty land warrants sent applications to the Secretary of War (later the Commissioner of Pensions and then the Secretary of the Interior). Also forwarded were affidavits of witnesses who testified of service performed, marriage records, and other forms of evidence. If an application was approved, the claimant was issued a warrant for a specified number of acres. He could then “locate” his warrant, that is, select a portion of the public domain to have in exchange for his warrant. The Treasury Department, and after 1849 the Interior Department, accepted the warrants and then issued patents to the land. Many recipients of Revolutionary War bounty land warrants did not relocate to their new land. They sold the warrants instead.
Pensions and bounty land warrants were originally administered by the Secretary of War. In 1815 two bureaus were created, one for pensions and the other for land warrants. In 1841 the Secretary of War placed bounty land functions under the direction of the Commissioner of Pensions. In 1849 the Pension Office was transferred to the newly established Department of the Interior. In 1930 the Bureau of Pensions was placed under the jurisdiction of the new Veterans Administration.
Most of the records in the files are dated between 1800 and 1900, although there is some correspondence dated as late as 1940. These records cover about 20 percent of American military, naval, and marine officers and enlisted men who served in the Revolutionary War.
Pensions and bounty land warrants were issued to compensate Revolutionary War veterans for their service. Later, widows of veterans also received benefits.
Information recorded on pension and bounty land warrant applications is generally reliable, but its accuracy depended on the memory of the applicant and the records he or she had access to. Some applications were rejected if the information could not be verified in federal records or if the claim was suspected of being fraudulent.
Sample Images[edit | edit source]
Coverage Table[edit | edit source]
A coverage table for this collection can be found at United States Revolutionary War, Virginia Pension Application Files Introduction and Coverage Table.
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
To search the index it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The place where your ancestor lived
- The names of the soldier's spouse and children
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at United States Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications, 1800-1900. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Add any new information to your records
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of enrollment to birth records and parents' names
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of enrollment to find the family in census records
- Use the residence to locate church and land records
- The place of death or burial could lead you to funeral and cemetery records, which often include the names and residences of other family members
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname. This is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have lived in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
- Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.
- US Military Basic Search Strategies
- Beginning Research in United States Military Records
- Finding Your Revolutionary War Ancestor
- United States Guided Research
- United States Record Finder
- Research Tips and Strategies
Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]
- 1813 Pension List
- 1818 Pension List
- 1820 Pension List
- 1835 Pension Roll
- Census of Pensioners 1840 Census
Related FamilySearch Historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]
- United States Revolutionary War Pension Payment Ledgers, 1818-1872
- United States Revolutionary War, Virginia Pension Application Files, 1830-1875
- Revolutionary War Compiled Service Files
- United States Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783
- United States Rosters of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors, 1775-1783
Related Digital Books[edit | edit source]
- Rev. E. B. Hillard. Last Men of the Revolution
- Rejected or Suspended Applications for Pensions, 1852
- Mabel E. Deutrich, comp. Preliminary inventory of the War Department collection of Revolutionary War records : record group 93.Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service, 1962
- Thayer M. Boardman, Myra R. Trever, and Louise W. Southwick, comps. Preliminary inventory of the administrative records of the Bureau of Pensions and the Pension Service, (record group 15). Washington, D.C. : National Archives & Records Administration, 1953
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
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The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
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