Difference between revisions of "Tracing Immigrant Origins"

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{{TIO-sidebar}}<gallery mode=packed caption="Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, on horses, and on foot." heights=250px>
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'''Value.'''&nbsp;These&nbsp;Wiki&nbsp;pages&nbsp;introduce&nbsp;the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|Read more of the '''Introduction'''.]] <br><br><br> '''Research Sequence.''' The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.<br>
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<center>'''Key&nbsp;Immigration&nbsp;Links'''</center>  
| '''Part 1 of 3'''
 
|-
 
| [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|'''Introduction''']]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Search Strategies|'''Search Strategies''']]<br>
 
|}
 
 
 
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|- align="center" style="background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"
 
| '''Part 2 of 3'''
 
|-
 
| [[Tracing Immigratnts Country of Arrival Records|'''Country of Arrival''']]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Search Tactics|Search Tactics]]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Record Selection Table|Record Selection Table]]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Record Types|Record Types]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Business Records and Commerce|Business Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Census|Census]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Emigration and Immigration|Emigration]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival History|History]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Pensions|Pensions]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Vital Records|Vital Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Voting Registers|Voting Registers]] <br>
 
 
 
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|- align="center" style="background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"
 
| '''Part 3 of 3'''
 
|-
 
| [[Tracing Immigrants Country of Origin Records|'''Country of Origin''']]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Search Tactics|Search Tactics]]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Record Selection Table|Record Selection Table]]<br>[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Record Types|Record Types]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Census|Census]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Emigration and Immigration|Emigration]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin History|History]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Names Personal|Names Personal]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Population|Population]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Taxation|Taxation]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrants Origin Civil Registration|Vital Records]]
 
 
 
[[Tracing Immigrants Origin For Further Reading|'''For Further Reading''']]<br>
 
 
 
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| [[Image:Elissa-ship.jpg|left|188px]][[Image:Durango Silverton RR.jpg|right|313px|Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, and on foot.]]'''Value.'''&nbsp;These&nbsp;Wiki&nbsp;pages&nbsp;introduce&nbsp;the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|Read more of the '''Introduction'''&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.]]
 
|}
 
 
 
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|-
 
| width="25%" | __TOC__
 
| <center>'''Key&nbsp;Immigration&nbsp;Links'''</center>  
 
 
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]] how to use the lists and indexes  
 
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]] how to use the lists and indexes  
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]&nbsp;research strategies, and record types  
 
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]&nbsp;research strategies, and record types  
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=40 Ancestry.com] ($) passengers, naturalizations, convicts, passports, border crossings, ship images, crew lists, colonists, and aliens  
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=40 Ancestry.com] ($) passengers, naturalizations, convicts, passports, border crossings, ship images, crew lists, colonists, and aliens  
*[http://www.francogene.com/qc-ress/index.php FrancoGen] links to early French Canadian immigration sources
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*[http://www.francogene.com/qc-ress/index.php FrancoGen] links to early French Canadian immigration sources  
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*[http://www.immigrationdirect.ca/tracing-family-history-canada-immigration-citizenship-genealogy-guide/ Tracing Family History: Canada Immigration and Citizenship Genealogy Guide] has links to other resources.
  
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=== Featured content  ===
 
 
=== '''Featured content''' ===
 
  
 
'''[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Obituaries|Country of Arrival Obituaries]].''' Obituaries are an excellent source of biographical information about immigrants. In addition to names and death dates, you can learn about surviving family members, church affiliations, spouses, parents, occupations, burial places, and hometowns in the old country. Even if a place of origin is not given, an obituary may provide additional research clues, such as the date or ship of immigration or traveling companions. Much of this information cannot be found in other sources. For many immigrants, an obituary is the only “biographical sketch” ever written about them.  
 
'''[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Obituaries|Country of Arrival Obituaries]].''' Obituaries are an excellent source of biographical information about immigrants. In addition to names and death dates, you can learn about surviving family members, church affiliations, spouses, parents, occupations, burial places, and hometowns in the old country. Even if a place of origin is not given, an obituary may provide additional research clues, such as the date or ship of immigration or traveling companions. Much of this information cannot be found in other sources. For many immigrants, an obituary is the only “biographical sketch” ever written about them.  
  
=== '''Did you know?''' ===
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=== Did you know?  ===
  
*[[:Category:Huguenots|Huguenots]] (French Protestants) settled [[Florida]] in 1564, 43 years before [[Virginia|Jamestown]].  
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*[[:Category:Huguenots|Huguenots]] (French Protestants) settled [[Florida, United States Genealogy|Florida]] in 1564, 43 years before [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Jamestown]].  
*The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty Statue of Liberty] was a gift from [[France|France]] to the [[United States|United States]].  
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*The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty Statue of Liberty] was a gift from [[France Genealogy|France]] to the [[United States|United States]].  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_immigration_statistics More people] have&nbsp;come from [[Italy|Italy]] and [[Germany|Germany]] to America than from any other nations.  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_immigration_statistics More people] have&nbsp;come from [[Italy Genealogy|Italy]] and [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]] to America than from any other nations.  
 
*More immigrants arrived at [[Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration|Philadelphia]] than at [[New York Emigration and Immigration|New York City]] prior to 1800.  
 
*More immigrants arrived at [[Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration|Philadelphia]] than at [[New York Emigration and Immigration|New York City]] prior to 1800.  
 
*More than&nbsp;3/4 of American colonists arrived&nbsp;as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indentured_servants indentured servants], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_transportation convicts] or [[African American Slavery and Bondage|slaves]].  
 
*More than&nbsp;3/4 of American colonists arrived&nbsp;as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indentured_servants indentured servants], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_transportation convicts] or [[African American Slavery and Bondage|slaves]].  
 
*The U.S. National Archives has both [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2000/fall/us-canada-immigration-records-1.html Canadian] and [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/border-mexico.html Mexican] border crossing records.  
 
*The U.S. National Archives has both [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2000/fall/us-canada-immigration-records-1.html Canadian] and [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/border-mexico.html Mexican] border crossing records.  
*Library and Archives Canada has [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/genealogy/022-908-e.html border crossing records] of Americans into Canada.  
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*Library and Archives Canada has [https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/Pages/introduction.aspx border crossing records] of Americans into Canada.  
 
*Some American colonists had their [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19273001&referer=brief_results last will and testament sent back to England] for probate.  
 
*Some American colonists had their [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19273001&referer=brief_results last will and testament sent back to England] for probate.  
 
*Up to 90 percent of [[Ireland|Irish]] and [[Greece|Greek]] immigrants [http://www.americanheritage.com/blog/20065_3_198.shtml went back home] from America.
 
*Up to 90 percent of [[Ireland|Irish]] and [[Greece|Greek]] immigrants [http://www.americanheritage.com/blog/20065_3_198.shtml went back home] from America.
  
=== Related Sites ===
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=== Other external links ===
  
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'''General'''
|-
 
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*[http://www.ahsgr.org/ Am. Hist. Soc. of Germans from Russia]
 
*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/PatentSearch/ BLM-GLO Land Patent Index] search homestead applications&nbsp;for immigrant data
 
*[http://www.castlegarden.org/searcher.php Castle Garden] immigration search
 
*[http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] some military records may give hometown
 
*[http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island Record Search]
 
*[http://www.hias.org/ Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society]&nbsp;
 
*[http://immigrantships.net Immigrant Ships Transcriber's Guild][http://www.ihrc.umn.edu/]
 
  
|
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*[http://www.germanroots.com/onlinelists.html What Passenger Lists Are Online] overview of United States and International links, and which ones require payment.
*[http://www.ihrc.umn.edu/ Immigration History Research Center]
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'''Passenger lists and/or indexes'''
*[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/genealogy/022-908-e.html Library and Archives Canada]&nbsp;searches [http://immigrantships.net]  
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*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis/passengers.php?mode=ny One-Step All New York] Stephen P. Morse's excellent search tool for ALL 1820-1957 New York City passenger arrivals
*[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/passenger-arrival.html National Archives] immigration searches&nbsp;
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*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis2/intro.html One-Step Ellis Island] explains Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1892-1924 New York City arrivals
*[http://www.germanroots.com/onlinelists.html Passenger Ship Lists]  
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*[http://stevemorse.org/#castle One-Step Castle Garden] links to Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1855-1891 New York City arrivals
*[http://www/steamships.org/passlists/index.htm Steamship Passenger Records]  
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*[http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island Record Search] Ellis Island's site including search index 1892-1924, manifest images, history, photos and more
*[http://stevemorse.org/ Stephen P. Morse]&nbsp;arrival list searches&nbsp; [http://www/steamships.org/passlists/index.htm]  
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*[https://www.libertyellisfoundation.org/expanded-passenger-records-release The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.] index of New York City passenger arrivals 1820-1913 (no images)
*[http://www.augustana.edu/swenson/ Swenson Swed. Immig. Research Center]&nbsp;
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*[http://immigrantships.net Immigrant Ships Transcriber's Guild] transcripts and index of over 10,000 ships' passenger lists
*[http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/contentlisting.aspx?cat=immigration WorldVitalRecords] immigration searches
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*[http://www.pricegen.com/immigrantservants/search/simple.php Immigrant Servants Database] indexes indentured servants who came to the colonies
 +
*[http://immigrants.byu.edu/main_page Immigrant Ancestors Project] (BYU) indexing efforts focusing on France, Germany, England, Ireland, Italy, and Spain
 +
*[http://www.ihrc.umn.edu/ Immigration History Research Center] (Univ of Minn.) research on international migration, archives to document immigrant and refugee life
 +
*[http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/contentlisting.aspx?cat=immigration WorldVitalRecords] over 40 million names in over 100 immigration and travel databases
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*[http://reunion.hias.org/en/pages/immigrant-records Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society immigrant records] English and Russian HIAS arrival cards since 1909 copies for a fee
  
|}
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'''National Archives collections'''
  
=== '''Things you can do'''  ===
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*[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/Pages/introduction.aspx Library and Archives Canada] 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/passenger-arrival.html U.S. National Archives] ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
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'''Other resources likely to list immigrants'''
  
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*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx#searchTabIndex=0&searchByTypeIndex=0 BLM-GLO Land Patent Index] search homesteads, and other land records by state, applicant's name, or land description
|-
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*[https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] about 1/10 of Union soldiers were recent immigrants; some military records may give hometown
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
 
  
|
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'''Immigrant heritage societies'''
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
 
*Other...
 
  
|}
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*[http://www.ahsgr.org/ American Historical Society of Germans from Russia] chapters, contact info, conventions, contribute to their database, news, products, research materials, services, and village lists
 +
*[http://www.augustana.edu/swenson/ Swenson Swedish Immigration Research Center] at Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois studies of Swedish immigration to North America, the communities the immigrants established, and the role the immigrants and their descendants have played in American life
  
|}
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at'''
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*[[New York, Northern Arrival Manifests - FamilySearch Historical Records|New York, Northern Arrival Manifests]] shows over 1 million cards in [[Soundex]] order for passengers arriving '''north''' of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.
  
 
{{TIO}}  
 
{{TIO}}  
  
[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]] [[Category:Emigration_and_Immigration]] [[Category:United_States]] [[Category:Canada]]
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__NOTOC__
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[[pt:Rastreamento de Origens de Imigrantes]]
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</div></div>
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[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration Research Strategies]] [[Category:Emigration_and_Immigration]]

Latest revision as of 12:09, 20 April 2020

Tracing Immigrant Origins
Wiki Topics
Emigrants Leave Ireland long.jpg
News and Events
Part 1. General
Part 2. Country of Arrival

 Country of Arrival Search Tactics
 Country of Arrival Record Finder
 Country of Arrival Record Types

Part 3. Country of Origin

 Country of Origin Search Tactics
 Country of Origin Record Finder
 Country of Origin Record Types

For Further Reading
The FamilySearch moderator for Tracing Immigrants Origin is GoAncestry

Value. These Wiki pages introduce the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. Read more of the Introduction.


Research Sequence. The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.

Key Immigration Links

Featured content[edit | edit source]

Country of Arrival Obituaries. Obituaries are an excellent source of biographical information about immigrants. In addition to names and death dates, you can learn about surviving family members, church affiliations, spouses, parents, occupations, burial places, and hometowns in the old country. Even if a place of origin is not given, an obituary may provide additional research clues, such as the date or ship of immigration or traveling companions. Much of this information cannot be found in other sources. For many immigrants, an obituary is the only “biographical sketch” ever written about them.

Did you know?[edit | edit source]

Other external links[edit | edit source]

General

Passenger lists and/or indexes

National Archives collections

  • Library and Archives Canada 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers
  • U.S. National Archives ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases

Other resources likely to list immigrants

Immigrant heritage societies

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at

  • New York, Northern Arrival Manifests shows over 1 million cards in Soundex order for passengers arriving north of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.