Difference between revisions of "Tracing Immigrant Origins"

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{{TIO-sidebar}}<gallery mode=packed caption="Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, on horses, and on foot." heights=250px>
*FamilySearch has a [[New_York,_Northern_Arrival_Manifests_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|NY arrival index]]
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File:Elissa-ship.jpg
*[http://immigrants.byu.edu/users/new Volunteer to index] <!-- Add News Items ABOVE -->
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File:Durango Silverton RR.jpg</gallery>
 
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'''Value.'''&nbsp;These&nbsp;Wiki&nbsp;pages&nbsp;introduce&nbsp;the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|Read more of the '''Introduction'''.]] <br><br><br> '''Research Sequence.''' The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.<br>  
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If you are interested in being the [[FamilySearch Wiki:Moderator|moderator]] for ''Tracing Immigrant Origins'', {{please contact a Sysop}}.<!-- Add moderator ABOVE -->
 
 
 
}}<div style="width: 74%; padding-left: 6px; float: left;">[[Image:Elissa-ship.jpg|left|170px|Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, and on foot.]][[Image:Durango Silverton RR.jpg|right|285px|Durango Silverton RR.jpg]] </div><div style="font-size: smaller;"><center>Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, and on foot.</center><br></div><div style="width: 74%; padding-left: 6px; float: left;">
 
'''Value.'''&nbsp;These&nbsp;Wiki&nbsp;pages&nbsp;introduce&nbsp;the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|Read more of the '''Introduction'''&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.]] <br><br> '''Research Sequence.''' The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.<br>  
 
 
<center>'''Key&nbsp;Immigration&nbsp;Links'''</center>  
 
<center>'''Key&nbsp;Immigration&nbsp;Links'''</center>  
 
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]] how to use the lists and indexes  
 
*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]] how to use the lists and indexes  
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=== Did you know?  ===
 
=== Did you know?  ===
  
*[[:Category:Huguenots|Huguenots]] (French Protestants) settled [[Florida]] in 1564, 43 years before [[Virginia Genealogy|Jamestown]].  
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*[[:Category:Huguenots|Huguenots]] (French Protestants) settled [[Florida, United States Genealogy|Florida]] in 1564, 43 years before [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Jamestown]].  
 
*The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty Statue of Liberty] was a gift from [[France Genealogy|France]] to the [[United States|United States]].  
 
*The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty Statue of Liberty] was a gift from [[France Genealogy|France]] to the [[United States|United States]].  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_immigration_statistics More people] have&nbsp;come from [[Italy Genealogy|Italy]] and [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]] to America than from any other nations.  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_immigration_statistics More people] have&nbsp;come from [[Italy Genealogy|Italy]] and [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]] to America than from any other nations.  
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*More than&nbsp;3/4 of American colonists arrived&nbsp;as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indentured_servants indentured servants], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_transportation convicts] or [[African American Slavery and Bondage|slaves]].  
 
*More than&nbsp;3/4 of American colonists arrived&nbsp;as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indentured_servants indentured servants], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_transportation convicts] or [[African American Slavery and Bondage|slaves]].  
 
*The U.S. National Archives has both [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2000/fall/us-canada-immigration-records-1.html Canadian] and [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/border-mexico.html Mexican] border crossing records.  
 
*The U.S. National Archives has both [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2000/fall/us-canada-immigration-records-1.html Canadian] and [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/border-mexico.html Mexican] border crossing records.  
*Library and Archives Canada has [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/genealogy/022-908-e.html border crossing records] of Americans into Canada.  
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*Library and Archives Canada has [https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/Pages/introduction.aspx border crossing records] of Americans into Canada.  
 
*Some American colonists had their [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19273001&referer=brief_results last will and testament sent back to England] for probate.  
 
*Some American colonists had their [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19273001&referer=brief_results last will and testament sent back to England] for probate.  
 
*Up to 90 percent of [[Ireland|Irish]] and [[Greece|Greek]] immigrants [http://www.americanheritage.com/blog/20065_3_198.shtml went back home] from America.
 
*Up to 90 percent of [[Ireland|Irish]] and [[Greece|Greek]] immigrants [http://www.americanheritage.com/blog/20065_3_198.shtml went back home] from America.
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'''General'''  
 
'''General'''  
  
*[http://www.germanroots.com/onlinelists.html What Passenger Lists Are Online] overview of United States and International links, and which ones require payment
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*[http://www.germanroots.com/onlinelists.html What Passenger Lists Are Online] overview of United States and International links, and which ones require payment.
<div style="width: 147%; float: left;">
 
 
'''Passenger lists and/or indexes'''  
 
'''Passenger lists and/or indexes'''  
 
 
*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis/passengers.php?mode=ny One-Step All New York] Stephen P. Morse's excellent search tool for ALL 1820-1957 New York City passenger arrivals  
 
*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis/passengers.php?mode=ny One-Step All New York] Stephen P. Morse's excellent search tool for ALL 1820-1957 New York City passenger arrivals  
 
*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis2/intro.html One-Step Ellis Island] explains Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1892-1924 New York City arrivals  
 
*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis2/intro.html One-Step Ellis Island] explains Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1892-1924 New York City arrivals  
 
*[http://stevemorse.org/#castle One-Step Castle Garden] links to Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1855-1891 New York City arrivals  
 
*[http://stevemorse.org/#castle One-Step Castle Garden] links to Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1855-1891 New York City arrivals  
 
*[http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island Record Search] Ellis Island's site including search index 1892-1924, manifest images, history, photos and more  
 
*[http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island Record Search] Ellis Island's site including search index 1892-1924, manifest images, history, photos and more  
*[http://www.castlegarden.org/searcher.php Castle Garden] index of New York City passenger arrivals 1820-1913 (no images)  
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*[https://www.libertyellisfoundation.org/expanded-passenger-records-release The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.] index of New York City passenger arrivals 1820-1913 (no images)  
 
*[http://immigrantships.net Immigrant Ships Transcriber's Guild] transcripts and index of over 10,000 ships' passenger lists  
 
*[http://immigrantships.net Immigrant Ships Transcriber's Guild] transcripts and index of over 10,000 ships' passenger lists  
 
*[http://www.pricegen.com/immigrantservants/search/simple.php Immigrant Servants Database] indexes indentured servants who came to the colonies  
 
*[http://www.pricegen.com/immigrantservants/search/simple.php Immigrant Servants Database] indexes indentured servants who came to the colonies  
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'''National Archives collections'''  
 
'''National Archives collections'''  
  
*[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/genealogy/022-908-e.html Library and Archives Canada] 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers  
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*[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/Pages/introduction.aspx Library and Archives Canada] 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/passenger-arrival.html U.S. National Archives] ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/passenger-arrival.html U.S. National Archives] ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases
  
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*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx#searchTabIndex=0&searchByTypeIndex=0 BLM-GLO Land Patent Index] search homesteads, and other land records by state, applicant's name, or land description  
 
*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx#searchTabIndex=0&searchByTypeIndex=0 BLM-GLO Land Patent Index] search homesteads, and other land records by state, applicant's name, or land description  
*[http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] about 1/10 of Union soldiers were recent immigrants; some military records may give hometown
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*[https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] about 1/10 of Union soldiers were recent immigrants; some military records may give hometown
  
 
'''Immigrant heritage societies'''  
 
'''Immigrant heritage societies'''  
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at'''  
 
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at'''  
  
*[[New York, Northern Arrival Manifests (FamilySearch Historical Records)|New York, Northern Arrival Manifests]] shows over 1 million cards in [[Soundex]] order for passengers arriving '''north''' of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.
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*[[New York, Northern Arrival Manifests - FamilySearch Historical Records|New York, Northern Arrival Manifests]] shows over 1 million cards in [[Soundex]] order for passengers arriving '''north''' of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.
  
 
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{{TIO}}  
  
 
__NOTOC__  
 
__NOTOC__  
{{featured article}}
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{{H-langs|en=Tracing Immigrant Origins|pt=Rastreamento de Origens de Imigrantes}}
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[[pt:Rastreamento de Origens de Imigrantes]]
 
</div></div>  
 
</div></div>  
[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration]]  [[Category:Emigration_and_Immigration]]
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[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration Research Strategies]]  [[Category:Emigration_and_Immigration]]

Latest revision as of 12:09, 20 April 2020

Tracing Immigrant Origins
Wiki Topics
Emigrants Leave Ireland long.jpg
News and Events
Part 1. General
Part 2. Country of Arrival

 Country of Arrival Search Tactics
 Country of Arrival Record Finder
 Country of Arrival Record Types

Part 3. Country of Origin

 Country of Origin Search Tactics
 Country of Origin Record Finder
 Country of Origin Record Types

For Further Reading
The FamilySearch moderator for Tracing Immigrants Origin is GoAncestry

Value. These Wiki pages introduce the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. Read more of the Introduction.


Research Sequence. The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.

Key Immigration Links

Featured content[edit | edit source]

Country of Arrival Obituaries. Obituaries are an excellent source of biographical information about immigrants. In addition to names and death dates, you can learn about surviving family members, church affiliations, spouses, parents, occupations, burial places, and hometowns in the old country. Even if a place of origin is not given, an obituary may provide additional research clues, such as the date or ship of immigration or traveling companions. Much of this information cannot be found in other sources. For many immigrants, an obituary is the only “biographical sketch” ever written about them.

Did you know?[edit | edit source]

Other external links[edit | edit source]

General

Passenger lists and/or indexes

National Archives collections

  • Library and Archives Canada 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers
  • U.S. National Archives ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases

Other resources likely to list immigrants

Immigrant heritage societies

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at

  • New York, Northern Arrival Manifests shows over 1 million cards in Soundex order for passengers arriving north of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.