Difference between revisions of "Tracing Immigrant Origins"

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{{TIO-sidebar}}<gallery mode=packed caption="Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, on horses, and on foot." heights=250px>
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File:Elissa-ship.jpg
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File:Durango Silverton RR.jpg</gallery>
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'''Value.'''&nbsp;These&nbsp;Wiki&nbsp;pages&nbsp;introduce&nbsp;the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|Read more of the '''Introduction'''.]] <br><br><br> '''Research Sequence.''' The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.<br>
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
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<center>'''Key&nbsp;Immigration&nbsp;Links'''</center>
| '''Getting Started'''
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*[[Hamburg Passenger Lists|Hamburg Passenger Lists]] how to use the lists and indexes
|-
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*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]]&nbsp;research strategies, and record types
| Comming soon&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.<br><br>
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/default.aspx?cat=40 Ancestry.com] ($) passengers, naturalizations, convicts, passports, border crossings, ship images, crew lists, colonists, and aliens
|}
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*[http://www.francogene.com/qc-ress/index.php FrancoGen] links to early French Canadian immigration sources
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*[http://www.immigrationdirect.ca/tracing-family-history-canada-immigration-citizenship-genealogy-guide/ Tracing Family History: Canada Immigration and Citizenship Genealogy Guide] has links to other resources.
  
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=== Featured content  ===
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
 
| '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
|
 
*[[Tracing Immigrant Origins Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Tracing Immigrant Origins Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[LDS Census|Census]]
 
*[[LDS Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[LDS Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[LDS Colonization|Colonization]]
 
*[[LDS Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[LDS Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[LDS Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[LDS Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[LDS History|History]]
 
*[[LDS Membership Records|Membership Records]]
 
*[[LDS Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[LDS Missionaries|Missionaries]]
 
*[[LDS Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[LDS Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[LDS Patriarchal Blessings|Patriarchal Blessings]]
 
*[[LDS Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[LDS Preliminary Survey|Preliminary Survey]]
 
*[[LDS Priesthood Records|Priesthood Records]]
 
*[[LDS Temple Records|Temple Records]]
 
*[[LDS Vital Records|Vital Records]]
 
*[[LDS For Further Reading|For Further Reading]] <br>
 
  
|}
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'''[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Obituaries|Country of Arrival Obituaries]].''' Obituaries are an excellent source of biographical information about immigrants. In addition to names and death dates, you can learn about surviving family members, church affiliations, spouses, parents, occupations, burial places, and hometowns in the old country. Even if a place of origin is not given, an obituary may provide additional research clues, such as the date or ship of immigration or traveling companions. Much of this information cannot be found in other sources. For many immigrants, an obituary is the only “biographical sketch” ever written about them.
  
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=== Did you know?  ===
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
 
| '''Substitute Records'''
 
|-
 
|
 
Other records&nbsp;about LDS people include:
 
  
*[[United States Census|Census]]  
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*[[:Category:Huguenots|Huguenots]] (French Protestants) settled [[Florida, United States Genealogy|Florida]] in 1564, 43 years before [[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Jamestown]].
*Journals and Diaries
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*The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty Statue of Liberty] was a gift from [[France Genealogy|France]] to the [[United States|United States]].
*[[Portal:Utah|Utah]]  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_immigration_statistics More people] have&nbsp;come from [[Italy Genealogy|Italy]] and [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]] to America than from any other nations.
*[[Utah Biography|Utah Biography]]  
+
*More immigrants arrived at [[Pennsylvania Emigration and Immigration|Philadelphia]] than at [[New York Emigration and Immigration|New York City]] prior to 1800.
*[[Utah Directories|Utah Directories]]  
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*More than&nbsp;3/4 of American colonists arrived&nbsp;as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indentured_servants indentured servants], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penal_transportation convicts] or [[African American Slavery and Bondage|slaves]].
*[[Utah Genealogy|Utah Genealogy]]  
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*The U.S. National Archives has both [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2000/fall/us-canada-immigration-records-1.html Canadian] and [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/border-mexico.html Mexican] border crossing records.
*[[Utah History|Utah History]]  
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*Library and Archives Canada has [https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/Pages/introduction.aspx border crossing records] of Americans into Canada.
*[[Utah Land and Property|Utah Land and Property]]<br>
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*Some American colonists had their [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19273001&referer=brief_results last will and testament sent back to England] for probate.
 +
*Up to 90 percent of [[Ireland|Irish]] and [[Greece|Greek]] immigrants [http://www.americanheritage.com/blog/20065_3_198.shtml went back home] from America.
  
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=== Other external links  ===
  
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'''General'''  
|- style="background-color: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center"
 
| '''News'''
 
|-
 
|
 
*The '''Tracing LDS Ancestors''' page now has a [[Portal:Moderation|moderator]]: [[User:CindyLee|cbb]]
 
*The current status of the project to digitize all the old patriarchal blessings was recently posted on the [http://tech.lds.org/index.php LDSTech Web Site]: [http://tech.lds.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=355&Itemid=1 Patriarchal Blessings Meet the Digital Age].<br>
 
  
|}
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*[http://www.germanroots.com/onlinelists.html What Passenger Lists Are Online] overview of United States and International links, and which ones require payment.
 +
'''Passenger lists and/or indexes'''
 +
*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis/passengers.php?mode=ny One-Step All New York] Stephen P. Morse's excellent search tool for ALL 1820-1957 New York City passenger arrivals
 +
*[http://stevemorse.org/ellis2/intro.html One-Step Ellis Island] explains Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1892-1924 New York City arrivals
 +
*[http://stevemorse.org/#castle One-Step Castle Garden] links to Stephen P. Morse's various excellent search tools for 1855-1891 New York City arrivals
 +
*[http://www.ellisisland.org/ Ellis Island Record Search] Ellis Island's site including search index 1892-1924, manifest images, history, photos and more
 +
*[https://www.libertyellisfoundation.org/expanded-passenger-records-release The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.] index of New York City passenger arrivals 1820-1913 (no images)
 +
*[http://immigrantships.net Immigrant Ships Transcriber's Guild] transcripts and index of over 10,000 ships' passenger lists
 +
*[http://www.pricegen.com/immigrantservants/search/simple.php Immigrant Servants Database] indexes indentured servants who came to the colonies
 +
*[http://immigrants.byu.edu/main_page Immigrant Ancestors Project] (BYU) indexing efforts focusing on France, Germany, England, Ireland, Italy, and Spain
 +
*[http://www.ihrc.umn.edu/ Immigration History Research Center] (Univ of Minn.) research on international migration, archives to document immigrant and refugee life
 +
*[http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/contentlisting.aspx?cat=immigration WorldVitalRecords] over 40 million names in over 100 immigration and travel databases
 +
*[http://reunion.hias.org/en/pages/immigrant-records Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society immigrant records] English and Russian HIAS arrival cards since 1909 copies for a fee
  
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'''National Archives collections'''
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|-
 
| [[Image:Elissa-ship.jpg|left|188px]][[Image:Durango Silverton RR.jpg|right|313px|Immigrants came by ship, by rail, in wagons, and on foot.]]These&nbsp;Wiki&nbsp;pages&nbsp;introduce&nbsp;principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country.<br>Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. [[Tracing Immigrants Introduction|Read more&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.]]
 
|}
 
  
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*[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/Pages/introduction.aspx Library and Archives Canada] 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers
|-
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/immigration/passenger-arrival.html U.S. National Archives] ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases
| width="25%" | __TOC__
 
| <center>'''Key&nbsp;Tracing Immigrant Origins Links'''</center>
 
*[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel 1846-1868] free index
 
*[http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/contentlisting.aspx?cat=lds WorldVitalRecord LDS databases] genealogy, marriages, cemeteries, military, land, and priesthood records
 
*[http://www.footnote.com/documents/27343636/utah-territorial-case-files/?xid=47 Footnote Utah Territorial&nbsp;Case Files]&nbsp;criminal and civil
 
*[http://www.footnote.com/documents/18708629/mormon_battalion_pension_files/ Foonote Mormon Battalion Pension Files]&nbsp;affidavits, letters, medical
 
*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?rank=0&f2=lds&gskw=&f21=&f30=&f11=&rg_f10__date=&rs_f10__date=0&f26=&ctx=%2FMercury%2FPages%2FCardCatListBoolean.aspx&ccType=search&db=dbatitles&ti=5561&ti.si=0&gl=&gss=rfs&gst=&so=3&_F0003A49=1 Ancestry.com ($) LDS databases]&nbsp;biographies, petitions, military
 
  
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'''Other resources likely to list immigrants'''
  
=== '''Value'''  ===
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*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx#searchTabIndex=0&searchByTypeIndex=0 BLM-GLO Land Patent Index] search homesteads, and other land records by state, applicant's name, or land description
 +
*[https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] about 1/10 of Union soldiers were recent immigrants; some military records may give hometown
  
If your LDS ancestors have been researched before, are they [[Document AS YOU GO!|well-documented]]? Do your [[Family group record: roadmap for researchers|family group records]] show one or more [[Cite Your Sources (Source Footnotes)|sources of&nbsp;information for each event]]? Don't just settle for&nbsp;copying someone else's research,&nbsp;[[Genealogical Proof Standard|cite the evidence that&nbsp;proves&nbsp;it]]! Careful documentation reduces errors, unwanted duplication, and may&nbsp;help uncover&nbsp;an overlooked ordinance.
+
'''Immigrant heritage societies'''
  
=== '''Featured content'''  ===
+
*[http://www.ahsgr.org/ American Historical Society of Germans from Russia] chapters, contact info, conventions, contribute to their database, news, products, research materials, services, and village lists
 +
*[http://www.augustana.edu/swenson/ Swenson Swedish Immigration Research Center] at Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois studies of Swedish immigration to North America, the communities the immigrants established, and the role the immigrants and their descendants have played in American life
  
The [[Perpetual Emigration Fund|Perpetual Emigration Fund]] - With the creation of the new Perpetual Education Fund, some members have expressed interest in finding out about their ancestor's participation in the historical Perpetual Emigration Fund. This article will help you discover if your ancestors were assisted by the fund during their immigration to Utah.
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at'''
  
New articles that might be of interest in your LDS research:
+
*[[New York, Northern Arrival Manifests - FamilySearch Historical Records|New York, Northern Arrival Manifests]] shows over 1 million cards in [[Soundex]] order for passengers arriving '''north''' of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.
  
*[[Members of the United Brethren Baptized by Wilford Woodruff|Members of the United Brethren Baptized by Wilford Woodruff]]
+
{{TIO}}
*[[Finding the Source of IGI Batch Numbers|Finding the Source of IGI Batch Numbers]]
 
*[[LDS Family History Suite 2|LDS Family History Suite 2]]
 
  
=== '''Did you know?'''  ===
+
__NOTOC__
  
*The [http://familyhistory.byu.edu/ Center for Family History and Genealogy] at Brigham Young University has a project devoted to members of the Church who were originally from Wales. The [http://welshmormonhistory.org/ Welch Mormon History] website "seeks to preserve and share information about the early converts to Mormonism in Wales. Its main focus is on those individuals who were involved in the Mormon movement in 19th-century Wales."
+
[[pt:Rastreamento de Origens de Imigrantes]]
*The [http://www.xmission.com/~nelsonb/pioneer.htm Tracing Mormon Pioneers] website has indexed over 1,000 sources related to searching for your LDS ancestors. Included on the site is a tutorial that will help walk you through the steps to locating records about your pioneer families. Read the [[Tracing Mormon Pioneers|Tracing Mormon Pioneers]] article for more information.
+
</div></div>  
 
+
[[Category:Tracing_Immigrant_Origins]] [[Category:United_States_Emigration_and_Immigration Research Strategies]]  [[Category:Emigration_and_Immigration]]
=== External links  ===
 
 
 
Some useful websites to get started in searching for information about your LDS ancestors include:  
 
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="99%" border="0"
 
|-
 
| valign="top" |
 
*Handcart Company Pioneers
 
*Kirtland Pioneers
 
*[[LDS Record Selection Table|LDS Record Selection Table]]  
 
*[[LDS Research Sources at Ancestry.com|LDS Research Sources at Ancestry.com]]<br>
 
*[[LDS Research Sources at WorldVitalRecords.com|LDS Research Sources at WorldVitalRecords.com]]
 
*[http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868]<br>
 
*Nauvoo Pioneers<br>
 
 
 
| valign="top" |
 
*Sources related to British converts<br>
 
*Sources related to Scandinavian converts
 
*Sources related to Welch converts
 
*Timeline<br>
 
*[[Portal:Utah|Utah]]  
 
*[[Websites for LDS Research|Websites for LDS Research]]  
 
*Winter Quarters Pioneers<br>
 
 
 
|}
 
 
 
=== '''Things you can do''' ===
 
 
 
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
 
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="100%" border="0"
 
|-
 
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
 
 
 
|
 
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
 
*Other...
 
 
 
|}
 
 
 
|}
 
 
 
{{Place|Tracing Immigrant Origins}}
 
 
 
[[Category:Tracing_LDS_Ancestors|Tracing_LDS_Ancestors]] [[Category:Ethnic,_Political,_or_Religious_Groups|Ethnic,_Political,_or_Religious_Groups]]
 

Latest revision as of 12:09, 20 April 2020

Tracing Immigrant Origins
Wiki Topics
Emigrants Leave Ireland long.jpg
News and Events
Part 1. General
Part 2. Country of Arrival

 Country of Arrival Search Tactics
 Country of Arrival Record Finder
 Country of Arrival Record Types

Part 3. Country of Origin

 Country of Origin Search Tactics
 Country of Origin Record Finder
 Country of Origin Record Types

For Further Reading
The FamilySearch moderator for Tracing Immigrants Origin is GoAncestry

Value. These Wiki pages introduce the principles, search strategies, and record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown. These principles apply to almost any country. Finding an immigrant ancestor's place of origin is the key to finding earlier generations of the family. It provides access to many family history resources in that home area. Once you know a former place of residence or a birthplace, you may be able to add more generations to your pedigree. Read more of the Introduction.


Research Sequence. The best approach is to start searching records created in the immigrant's new country, especially if you know little about the person. Only rarely is it better to use country-of-origin records first.

Key Immigration Links

Featured content[edit | edit source]

Country of Arrival Obituaries. Obituaries are an excellent source of biographical information about immigrants. In addition to names and death dates, you can learn about surviving family members, church affiliations, spouses, parents, occupations, burial places, and hometowns in the old country. Even if a place of origin is not given, an obituary may provide additional research clues, such as the date or ship of immigration or traveling companions. Much of this information cannot be found in other sources. For many immigrants, an obituary is the only “biographical sketch” ever written about them.

Did you know?[edit | edit source]

Other external links[edit | edit source]

General

Passenger lists and/or indexes

National Archives collections

  • Library and Archives Canada 15 Canadian immigrant name indexes, passenger lists before 1865, 1865-1935, ocean arrivals 1919-1924, border entries 1919-1924, after 1935, immigrants from Russia, British home children orphan immigrants, passports, and citizenship papers
  • U.S. National Archives ship passenger arrival records and land border entries 1800-1819, 1820-1959, links to immigration databases

Other resources likely to list immigrants

Immigrant heritage societies

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at

  • New York, Northern Arrival Manifests shows over 1 million cards in Soundex order for passengers arriving north of New York City in New York State at Buffalo, Lewiston, Niagra Falls, Rochester, Hogansburg, Malone, Morristown, Nyando, Ogdensburg, Rooseveltown, and Waddington.