Tennessee, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Tennessee, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Flag of the United States at the outbreak of the civil war|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Compiled Service Records|
|Record Group||RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office|
|Microfilm Publication||M395. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Tennessee. 220 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||300398423|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
What is in This Collection?
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Tennessee. The records cover the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:
- Muster rolls
- Appointment books
- Hospital registers
- Union prison registers and rolls
- Parole rolls
- Inspection reports
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M395. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously known as Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The collection covers the years 1861 to 1865.
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
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To Browse This Collection
|This collection contains searchable content in the NARA Catalog. They can be accessed by clicking on the National Archives identifier in the Record Description. Once inside the Catalog, click on the "Search Within This Series".|
What Can These Records Tell Me?
Each file usually contains:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name and rank
- Date and place where mustered-in for service and by whom
- Company and regiment in which served
- Age (often estimated)
- Length of time for service
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
How Do I Search This Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The approximate age of your ancestor
- The company or regiment in which your ancestor served
Search the IndexSearch by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date
- Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records
- Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
- Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
- Search the indexes and records of nearby localities and military units
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Tennessee.
- US Military Basic Search Strategies
- Beginning Research in United States Military Records
- Beginning United States Civil War Research
- Locating a Union Civil War Soldier (1861-1865)
- Tennessee Guided Research
- Tennessee Record Finder
- Research Tips and Strategies
- Step-by-Step Research
Related Family History Library Holdings
- Compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Tennessee
- Compiled records showing service of military units in volunteer Union organizations Rolls 188-190
Related FamilySearch Historical Record Collections
- United States General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934
- United States Veterans Administration Pension Payment Cards, 1907-1933
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.