Sweden Genealogy

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Guide to Sweden ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Sweden Wiki Topics
Sweden Flag.gif
Beginning Research
Record Types
Sweden Background
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Sweden is MorrisGF and LarsonW

Country Information[edit | edit source]

Sweden is a Scandinavian country bordering Denmark, Norway, and Finland.

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Sweden Research

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Sweden Research Tools

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Finding Your Ancestors' Town in Sweden[edit | edit source]

  • Genealogical records are organized by geographical locality. Civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (christenings/baptisms, marriages, and burials) were kept at the local level. To search these records, you must know the town where your ancestors lived.
  • If you do not know your ancestors' town, follow the advice in the Wiki article, Sweden Finding Town of Origin, to search a variety of records that might provide that information.


Sweden Clickable Map[edit | edit source]

Click on the map or the county list to link to detailed research instructions for each county. Click on the arrows next to County Name or County Code to order the list alphabetically.
The map below shows county boundaries from about 1810 to 1997.

Norrbotten CountyVästerbotten CountyJämtland CountyVästernoorland CountyKopparberg CountyGävleborg CountyVärmland CountyÖrebro CountyVästmanland CountyUppsala CountyStockholm CountyStockholm city and countySödermanland CountyÖstergötland CountySkaraborg CountyGöteborg och Bohus CountyÄlvsborg CountyJönköping CountyHalland CountyKronoberg CountyKalmar CountyBlekinge CountyKristianstad CountyMalmöhus CountyGotland CountySwedish Counties FSW.png
County Color County Name County Code
Blekinge K
Gotland I
Gävleborg  X
Göteborg och Bohus O
Halland N
Jämtland Z
Jönköping F
Kalmar H
Kopparberg W
Kristianstad L
Kronoberg G
Malmöhus M
Norrbotten BD
Skaraborg R
Stockholm B
Stockholm city and county AB
Södermanland D
Uppsala C
Värmland S
Västerbotten AC
Västernorrland Y
Västmanland U
Älvsborg P
Örebro T
Östergötland E


Provinces[edit | edit source]

The provinces of Sweden (called Landskap in Swedish) were historical political subdivisions based on cultural and geographical characteristics that many Swedes strongly identify with even today. Each province was unique from the others in many ways: such as spoken dialects, traditional clothing, and local social traditions. With such deep social and cultural roots associated to the provinces, it's not uncommon that immigrants referred to their origin in Sweden by the name of their province. They saw themselves as residents of a certain province rather than from Sweden. See Provinces of Sweden for a map and links.

Emigrants from large cities, however, such as Stockholm or Göteborg usually gave their origin by the name of the city.

Counties[edit | edit source]

With the Constitution of 1634, each Swedish Province turned over its civil authority to a County administration (called Län in Swedish). Through the years some counties were added and others were dissolved. The above map represents the county structure as it was sometime around 1950. This also matches the county structure used for the Swedish Record Collection in FamilySearch. See History of Swedish Counties and Swedish County Letter Abbreviations.