Spain Emigration and Immigration
|Spain Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
- 1 How to Find the Records
- 2 Finding the Town of Origin in Spain
- 3 Spain Emigration and Immigration
- 4 Immigration
- 5 Emigration
- 6 Links to Records of Spanish Emigrants in Their Destination Nations
- 7 Information Found in Records
- 8 For Further Reading
- 9 References
How to Find the Records[edit | edit source]
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
- Immigrant Ancestors Project
- 1509-1599 Catálogo de pasajeros a Indias durante los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII Lists of passengers from Spain to the New World during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries
- 1509-1701 Pasajeros a Indias : libros de asientos Archivo General de Indias. Commerce Section. Lists of passengers to the New World.
- 1808-1960 Spain, Consular Records of Emigrants, 1808-1960 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; images only
- Miscellaneous records created by embassies and consulates of Spain throughout the world and housed at the Archivo General de la Administración in Alcalá de Henares, Spain. These records include: passport registers, nationality cards, registers of citizens, military records, and civil registration births, marriages, and deaths.
- 1880-1936 Emigrantes Riojanos a América (1880-1936) This site has a database of people who emigrated from the province of La Rioja.
- 1890-1960 Passenger Lists Leaving UK 1890-1960 at FindMyPast; index & images ($); includes those with Destination of Spain
- Movimientos Migratorios Iberoamericanos is a free database sponsored by the Spanish government listing immigration records from countries throughout the Spanish speaking world. The majority of the records are from the 19th and 20th century. Their Sources page will give you an idea of the scope of the database and countries included.
Passports[edit | edit source]
- 1785-1863 Spain, Cantabria, Passports, 1785-1863 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; images only
- 1810-1866 Spain, Province of Cádiz, Passports, 1810-1866 at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection; images only
- 1820-1898 Registros civiles, 1820-1898, Spanish and Philippine passports images.
- 1856-1877 España, pasaportes, 1856-1877 at FamilySearch Catalog; images only
PARES[edit | edit source]
- Portal de Archivos Españoles (PARES): Portal de Archivos Españoles (PARES) is a documentary archive established and hosted by the Spanish Ministry of Education. It offers free access to digitized images of the Spanish Archives. On 10 May 2016, it was updated to PARES 2.0, with more than 33.9 million digital images and 8.6 million document archives. There are a variety of emigration/immigration records digitized. 
Offices and Archives to Contact[edit | edit source]
Arquivo da Emigración Galega (Archive of Galician Emigration)
Address: Cidade da Cultura de Galicia
Edificio da Biblioteca de Galicia, 1º andar
Monte Gaiás, s/n. CP 15707
Santiago de Compostela
Tel.: +34 881 995 143 | +34 881 995 148
Website One of the objectives of this archive is to recover and safeguard the documentation about Galician emigration. Some of the documentary collections which have been preserved are the emigrant books for certain municipalities, documentation from official bodies of the receiving countries, collections from Galician societies and personal archives of emigrants.
Centro de Documentación de las Migraciones (Migration Documentation Centre)
Address: Calle Arenal 11.
Tel.: +34 91 3640601
Fax: +34 91 3641350
This centre is dedicated to recovering, organising and safeguarding the life testimonies of Spanish emigrants and their communities. It safeguards archives from Spanish emigrant associations and centres, as well as personal archives of emigrants and those exiled in Argentina, Cuba, Mexico and Uruguay.
Fundación Archivo de Indianos (Indianos Archive Foundation). Museo de la Emigración (Museum of Emigration)
Adress: Quinta Guadalupe. Columbres 33590 Colombres (Asturias), Spain
Tel.: +34 985 41 20 05
- One of the activities of this Foundation is to compile documents from various Spanish associations in America, especially Asturian associations. It also collects personal and family archives of emigrants.
Museo del Pueblo de Asturias (Museum of the Asturian People)
Address: Paseo del Doctor Fleming 877. La Güelga. 33203 Gijón (Asturias), Spain
Tel.: +34 985182960
- Several personal and family archives of Asturian emigrants who migrated to America during the 19th and 20th centuries can be found in this museum. It also has an important collection of photographs and postcards from Asturians living in America, sent between 1840 and 1940.
Finding the Town of Origin in Spain[edit | edit source]
If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Italy, see Spain Finding Town of Origin for additional research strategies.
Spain Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]
"Emigration" means moving out of a country. "Immigration" means moving into a country. Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.
Immigration[edit | edit source]
For statistics and analysis on 20th/21st immigration into Spain by nationality, see Immigration into Spain in Wikipedia.
- Spain has a number of descendants of populations from former colonies, especially Latin America and North Africa.
- Smaller numbers of immigrants from several Sub-Saharan countries have recently been settling in Spain.
- There are also sizeable numbers of Asian immigrants, most of whom are of Middle Eastern, South Asian and Chinese origin.
- The single largest group of immigrants are European; represented by large numbers of Romanians, Britons, Germans, French and others.
- The arrival of the gitanos, a Romani people, began in the 16th century; estimates of the Spanish Roma population range from 750,000 to over one million.
- Historically, Sephardi Jews and Moriscos are the main minority groups originated in Spain and with a contribution to Spanish culture. The Spanish government is offering Spanish nationality to Sephardi Jews.
Emigration[edit | edit source]
For details about emigration patterns to countries are the world, read the Wikipedia article: Spanish diaspora. "Diaspora" means "the movement, migration, or scattering of a people away from an established or ancestral homeland'.
|One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the country of destination, the country they immigrated into. See links to immigration records for major destination countries in the left column of the chart below.|
Links to Records of Spanish Emigrants in Their Destination Nations[edit | edit source]
|Link to Emigration and
Immigration Wiki Article
|Hispanic population||% of country|
|Nicaragua||5,056,114 - 5,350,074||86 or 91|
|United States||2,389,841–3,500,000; 66,789,512||0.8–1.1; 18.8|
Information Found in Records[edit | edit source]
Passenger lists (Listas de pasajeros)[edit | edit source]
Research use: Trace emigrants back to their ancestral origins.
Record type: Records of emigrant embarkation to depart the country.
General: Emigration has been a way of life in Spain for centuries. Originally, Sevilla was the only port legally authorized for ships sailing to America. In the last half of the eighteenth century the number of ports was increased to six: Alicante, Málaga, Cartagena, Barcelona, and La Coruña. In the latter half of the 19th century the popular destinations were Cuba and the Philippines, and in the early 20th century, Argentina, Cuba, Brazil, and Venezuela.
Time period: 1509-1900 (at least).
Contents: The early records in Sevilla contain the names of passengers and requests for permission to travel to America. Both identify the emigrant or the name of the head of household, birthplace and residence before embarkation.
- 1509-1701 Third section, Archive of the Indies (Archivo General de Indias) in Sevilla for early records 1509-1790. These records are online: Pasajeros a Indias : libros de asientos
- Municipal archives of port cities for later records.
Population coverage: As much as 30% of the historical population of Spain in earlier periods may have emigrated. Many of them did not register. It is estimated that as much as 20% of the population may be contained in the passenger lists.
Consular Records[edit | edit source]
- Spain has an extensive network of Consulates and Embassies abroad that provide a series of services for Spaniard citizens and for foreigners that want to travel to Spain. Some of these services include the registration of births, marriages, and deaths of Spaniards living abroad, residence certificates, citizenship, passports, notary public documents, visas for foreigners, and others. The civil registration created at a consular office has the same validity and follows the same legal codes as the one in the mother country.
- Not all of the record types listed below will be available from each consulate solely because they were never recorded; they were never recorded because they weren't required. The information in each record varies by year.
- The records are currently housed at the Archivo General de la Administración in Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.
- As of May 2018, this collection covers the 1808 to 1960. More images will be published as they become available and comply with the 50 year cut off restrictions.
The following information may be found in these records:
Passport, arrival, immigration, and ship passenger registers
Citizen schedules may contain the following information:
Passports[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
For Further Reading[edit | edit source]
- Genealogical research in Spain : emigration records, Ted J. Warner
- Immigration into Spain in Wikipedia
- Spanish diaspora in Wikipediia: "Diaspora" means "the movement, migration, or scattering of a people away from an established or ancestral homeland".
There are additional sources listed in the FamilySearch Catalog:
References[edit | edit source]
- "Portal de Archivos Españoles", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal_de_Archivos_Espa%C3%B1oles, accessed 15 May 2021.
- "Spain", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spain, accessed 15 May 2021.
- "Spanish diaspora", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_diaspora, accessed 15 May 2021.
- The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Spain,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1984-1999.