Difference between revisions of "Schleswig-Holstein Timeline"

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==Time Line Schleswig-Holstein==  
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| link5= Timeline
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__NOTOC__
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=== 9th century  ===
  
===9th century=== <br>
+
In order to protect themselves from invading Saxons, the Danes in the north built the DANEWERK and the Saxons built a protection against the Wenden (Slavs), the LIMES SAXONIAE, running from Kiel south to the River Elbe, through Lüneburg. In Wagrien (now Ostholstein, Probstei) we still find traces of Wendish influence, i.e. the name of the village Wenddorp (Wendtorf), some Wendish family names, like Jessien, Puck and Steffen. Names ending in –iz, -ow or –in are usually names of Slavic origin.
  
In order to protect themselves from invading Saxons, the Danes in the north built the DANEWERK and the Saxons built a protection against the Wenden (Slavs), the LIMES SAXONIAE, running from Kiel south to the River Elbe, through Lüneburg. In Wagrien                    (now Ostholstein, Probstei) we still find traces of  Wendish influence, i.e. the name of the village Wenddorp (Wendtorf), some Wendish  family names, like Jessien, Puck and Steffen. Names ending in –iz, -ow or –in are usually names of Slavic origin.
+
=== 1140 ===
  
1140 Wagrien, land of the Slavs is conquered by the Holsten and Storman.
+
Wagrien, land of the Slavs is conquered by the Holsten and Storman. The Slavs lose their independence, become Christians and assimilate with their neighbors, who were recruited from Flanders, Holland, Westphalia and Friesland.  
The Slavs lose their independence, become Christians and assimilate
 
with their neighbors, who were recruited from Flanders, Holland, Westphalia and Friesland.
 
  
1200 Beginning of dyke building, first under the supervision of the church, then it became privatized.  In the 1600s this lead to more
+
=== 1200  ===
reliable structures, i.e. people from the Netherlands brought techniques with them for considerable improvements.  
 
  
1201 The land north of the river Elbe becomes Danish
+
Beginning of dyke building, first under the supervision of the church, then it became privatized. In the 1600s this lead to more reliable structures, i.e. people from the Netherlands brought techniques with them for considerable improvements.
  
1202 Stadtrecht (privilege of towns to have separate laws than the rest of the country) in Schleswig and other cities, like Mölln and Lübeck, Oldenburg, Plön, Itzehoe, Kiel, Eutin, Lauenburg. The Bürger (citizen) comes into being. Next to tax records citizenship records
+
=== 1201  ===
were kept.
 
  
1227 Battle of Bornhöved signified the end of Danish rule in Holstein
+
The land north of the river Elbe becomes Danish  
  
1273 Holstein was divided into 5 duchies: Kiel, Segeberg, Plön, Rendsburg and Pinneberg
+
=== 1202  ===
  
1350 The first Black Death epidemic swept over Schleswig-Holstein,
+
Stadtrecht (privilege of towns to have separate laws than the rest of the country) in Schleswig and other cities, like Mölln and Lübeck, Oldenburg, Plön, Itzehoe, Kiel, Eutin, Lauenburg. The Bürger (citizen) comes into being. Next to tax records citizenship records were kept.  
the last one occurred in the middle of the 1700s. It wiped out up to
 
50% of  the population in some areas.
 
  
1350s        The Hanse (an alliance of merchants) with the seat in Lübeck  
+
=== 1227 ===
                  flourishes in the Baltic region, to be reduced in influence by Dutch
 
                  enterprising and Hamburg’s outreach to the West in the 1600s.
 
  
 +
Battle of Bornhöved signified the end of Danish rule in Holstein
  
 +
=== 1273  ===
  
1362 The great tidal wave “De grote Manndränke” claimed more than
+
Holstein was divided into 5 duchies: Kiel, Segeberg, Plön, Rendsburg and Pinneberg
100.000 deaths, 34 churches and the city of Rungholt.  After this tragedy, the race for land reclamation started in Northern Frisia.
 
  
1459 Death of Duke Adolf VII. He is the last Schauenburger.
+
=== 1350  ===
  
1460 Election of Christian I, Duke of Schleswig and Earl of Holstein
+
The first Black Death epidemic swept over Schleswig-Holstein, the last one occurred in the middle of the 1700s. It wiped out up to 50% of the population in some areas.  
Privilege of Ripen, a promise that the territories of Schleswig und
 
Holstein will not be divided any more.
 
  
1465 Husum receives the status of Flecken. A Flecken is a settlement be-
+
=== 1350s ===
tween the seize of a village and a town, also known as Blek. Flecken
 
were rural villages centrally located.  They had guild privileges for journeymen, exemption from military service and the right to hold market days.
 
 
 
1475 First printing press in Lübeck
 
  
1494 First printing of the Bible in Lübeck
+
The Hanse (an alliance of merchants) with the seat in Lübeck flourishes in the Baltic region, to be reduced in influence by Dutch enterprising and Hamburg’s outreach to the West in the 1600s.
  
1496         Vierstädtegericht (four city courts) In order to get away from
+
=== 1362 ===
                                Lübeck law (Lübeck had the court of ultimate resort) the
 
Danish King Johann and Duke Friedrich I established a new
 
court system.
 
  
1522 Beginning of Reformation in Husum.
+
The great tidal wave “De grote Manndränke” claimed more than 100.000 deaths, 34 churches and the city of Rungholt. After this tragedy, the race for land reclamation started in Northern Frisia.  
  
1530 Beginning of witch hunt with first burn-up in Kiel,
+
=== 1459  ===
comes to an end in 1734
 
  
1542 Acceptance of the order of the Lutheran Church in Schleswig and
+
Death of Duke Adolf VII. He is the last Schauenburger.  
Holstein.  Founding of state church.  Pinneberg and Lauenburg
 
are stragglers.  They accept Lutheran order in 1561
 
and 1585 respectively. Church books with sometimes marriage records first and then birth and deaths information are kept.
 
  
1581 Dithmarschen was divided into North- and South Dithmarschen
+
=== 1460 ===
  
1584 The first known protection of Jewish citizens in Altona proclaimed
+
Election of Christian I, Duke of Schleswig and Earl of Holstein. Privilege of Ripen, a promise that the territories of Schleswig and Holstein will not be divided any more.  
Jewish citizens were few in  Schleswig-Holstein. They were mainly
 
accepted in towns and Altona had the greatest contingent. Portuguese
 
Jews, the Sephards settle in Glückstadt in the early1600s.
 
  
1614 Serfdom accepted by Schleswig-Holstein’s governing forces. Serfdom came into being through wealthy landowners buying surrounding land belonging to farmers.  With the purchase of their land the farmers had to give their services to the land owner and were bound by the “Schollenband” (no freedom to move). Services given to the wealthy land owners started at 6 years old.  The land owner had total control over his serfs, gave permission to marry and was also responsible for his subjects’ conscription.
+
=== 1465 ===
  
1627 The 30 Years War reaches the North. Jutland and Schleswig-Holstein
+
Husum receives the status of Flecken. A Flecken is a settlement between the seize of a village and a town, also known as Blek. Flecken were rural villages centrally located. They had guild privileges for journeymen, exemption from military service and the right to hold market days.  
were occupied by Wallenstein’s troops and by 1629 the land was
 
devastated because the soldiers lived of  the land.
 
  
1643 Swedish-Danish War. The war was instigated by Christian IV, who imposed tariffs. The Swedes saw this as a threat because Denmark interfered their trading with the Netherlands and Hamburg. Anew devastation of the land followed
+
=== 1475 ===
  
1650 Around this time Holländer (Dutch citizens) start dairy farming in Schleswig-Holstein
+
First printing press in Lübeck
  
1655 Danish-Swedish War until 1660 when in Denmark Absolutism (the legislative, judicial and executive authority was in the hands of one sovereign) was introduced which spread throughout Europe and ended with the French Revolution, which basically questioned the appointment by divine right.
+
=== 1494  ===
   
 
1688 Abolishment of serfdom starts in Schmoel. By 1805
 
                              serfdom was altogether abandoned.
 
  
1711 Bannmeilenverordnung.  To protect the urban trade
+
First printing of the Bible in Lübeck
from the rural one, the authorities put a one-mile ban around
 
the city.  Working ones trade was only possible within a certain
 
perimeter.
 
                 
 
1720 The Danish crown receives the Gottorf part of Schleswig
 
1721 The Danes get Rantzau
 
                  1761    Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön becomes Danish
 
      Kolonisten (colonizers) arrive in Southern Jutland and Schleswig-
 
      Holstein
 
     
 
1769 First census taken in the Duchies controlled by the Danes
 
  
1770 No more use of patronymics in Schleswig by royal decree
+
=== 1496  ===
  
1773    Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein become permanently
+
Vierstädtegericht (four city courts) In order to get away from Lübeck law (Lübeck had the court of ultimate resort) the Danish King Johann and Duke Friedrich I established a new court system.  
      Danish, 1815 the Duchy of Lauenburg also becomes Danish.
 
  
1798 First address book for Lübeck
+
=== 1522 ===
1800     Before this date seamen and adventurers would immigrate, but
 
            at the beginning at the 19th century immigration from Schleswig-
 
            Holstein would really pick up among the population, peaking in
 
            1880 with 12000 to 14000 people leaving, many via Hamburg
 
            starting 1850
 
  
            The population starts to choose German as their language rather than
+
Beginning of Reformation in Husum.  
            Danish. The German language advances to Flensburg in the first
 
            decades
 
  
1803    Duchy of Lauenburg occupied by Napoleon
+
=== 1530  ===
  
1805 Census taken
+
Beginning of witch hunt with first burn-up in Kiel, comes to an end in 1734
  
1810 Principality of Lübeck is occupied by Napoleon I until 1813, after 
+
=== 1542 ===
            which it becomes part of Oldenburg again
 
  
1811 City of Lübeck becomes part of France,  Lauenburg too
+
Acceptance of the order of the Lutheran Church in Schleswig and Holstein. Founding of state church. Pinneberg and Lauenburg are stragglers. They accept Lutheran order in 1561 and 1585 respectively. Church books with sometimes marriage records first and then birth and deaths information are kept.
  
1812 Immunization mandatory
+
=== 1581 ===
  
1814 School becomes mandatory
+
Dithmarschen was divided into North- and South Dithmarschen
  
1815 Duchy of Lauenburg becomes Danish
+
=== 1584 ===
  
1819   Steam ship line Caledonia Kiel-Copenhagen opens
+
The first known protection of Jewish citizens in Altona proclaimed Jewish citizens were few in Schleswig-Holstein. They were mainly accepted in towns and Altona had the greatest contingent. Portuguese Jews, the Sephards settle in Glückstadt in the early 1600s.
  
1835 Census
+
=== 1614  ===
1840 Census
 
1845 Census
 
  
1848 Revolt of the German Schleswig-Holsteiners against Denmark
+
Serfdom accepted by Schleswig-Holstein’s governing forces. Serfdom came into being through wealthy landowners buying surrounding land belonging to farmers. With the purchase of their land the farmers had to give their services to the land owner and were bound by the “Schollenband” (no freedom to move). Services given to the wealthy land owners started at 6 years old. The land owner had total control over his serfs, gave permission to marry and was also responsible for his subjects’ conscription.
   
 
1855 Census
 
1860 Census
 
  
1864 After several military turmoils Denmark abdicates the three
+
=== 1627 ===
Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.
 
  
1867 Schleswig-Holstein becomes a Prussian province
+
The 30 Years War reaches the North. Jutland and Schleswig-Holstein were occupied by Wallenstein’s troops and by 1629 the land was devastated because the soldiers lived off the land.
  
1874 Civil Registration begins
+
=== 1643  ===
  
1875 Lauenburg becomes part of the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein
+
Swedish-Danish War. The war was instigated by Christian IV, who imposed tariffs. The Swedes saw this as a threat because Denmark interfered their trading with the Netherlands and Hamburg. A new devastation of the land followed
  
1890 Helgoland becomes part of Schleswig-Holstein
+
=== 1650 ===
1920 Poll in the area north of Flensburg and south of Tondern
 
to decide whether to remain Danish or become German. Approx.
 
¾ of the population opted to be Danish. The border between Denmark and Germany runs just north of Flensburg to this day.
 
  
 +
Around this time Holländer (Dutch citizens) start dairy farming in Schleswig-Holstein
  
[[Category:Schleswig-Holstein, Germany]]
+
=== 1655  ===
 +
 
 +
Danish-Swedish War until 1660 when in Denmark Absolutism (the legislative, judicial and executive authority was in the hands of one sovereign) was introduced which spread throughout Europe and ended with the French Revolution, which basically questioned the appointment by divine right.
 +
 
 +
=== 1688  ===
 +
 
 +
Abolishment of serfdom starts in Schmoel. By 1805 serfdom was altogether abandoned.
 +
 
 +
=== 1711  ===
 +
 
 +
Bannmeilenverordnung. To protect the urban trade from the rural one, the authorities put a one-mile ban around the city. Working ones trade was only possible within a certain perimeter.
 +
 
 +
=== 1720  ===
 +
 
 +
The Danish crown receives the Gottorf part of Schleswig
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
=== 1721  ===
 +
 
 +
The Danes get Rantzau, 1761 Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön becomes Danish. Kolonisten (colonizers) from&nbsp; Southern Germany arrive in Southern Jutland and Schleswig-Holstein.
 +
 
 +
=== 1769  ===
 +
 
 +
First census taken in the Duchies controlled by the Danes
 +
 
 +
=== 1770  ===
 +
 
 +
No more use of patronymics in Schleswig by royal decree
 +
 
 +
=== 1773  ===
 +
 
 +
Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein become permanently Danish, 1815 the Duchy of Lauenburg also becomes Danish.
 +
 
 +
=== 1798  ===
 +
 
 +
First address book for Lübeck
 +
 
 +
=== 1800  ===
 +
 
 +
Before this date seamen and adventurers would emigrate, but at the beginning of the 19th century emigration from Schleswig-Holstein would really pick up among the population, peaking in 1880 with 12000 to 14000 people leaving, many via Hamburg starting 1850
 +
 
 +
The population starts to choose German as their language rather than Danish. The German language advances to Flensburg in the first decades
 +
 
 +
=== 1803  ===
 +
 
 +
Duchy of Lauenburg occupied by Napoleon
 +
 
 +
=== 1805  ===
 +
 
 +
Census taken
 +
 
 +
=== 1810  ===
 +
 
 +
Principality of Lübeck is occupied by Napoleon I until 1813, after which it becomes part of Oldenburg again
 +
 
 +
=== 1811  ===
 +
 
 +
City of Lübeck becomes part of France, Lauenburg too
 +
 
 +
=== 1812  ===
 +
 
 +
Immunization mandatory
 +
 
 +
=== 1814  ===
 +
 
 +
School becomes mandatory
 +
 
 +
=== 1815  ===
 +
 
 +
Duchy of Lauenburg becomes Danish
 +
 
 +
=== 1819  ===
 +
 
 +
Steam ship line Caledonia Kiel-Copenhagen opens
 +
 
 +
=== 1835  ===
 +
 
 +
Census taken
 +
 
 +
=== 1840  ===
 +
 
 +
Census taken
 +
 
 +
=== 1845  ===
 +
 
 +
Census taken
 +
 
 +
=== 1848  ===
 +
 
 +
Revolt of the German Schleswig-Holsteiners against Denmark
 +
 
 +
=== 1855  ===
 +
 
 +
Census taken
 +
 
 +
=== 1860  ===
 +
 
 +
Census taken
 +
 
 +
=== 1864  ===
 +
 
 +
After several military turmoils Denmark abdicates the three Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.
 +
 
 +
=== 1866 ===
 +
 
 +
Schleswig-Holstein becomes a Prussian province
 +
 
 +
=== 1874  ===
 +
 
 +
Civil Registration begins
 +
 
 +
=== 1875  ===
 +
 
 +
Lauenburg becomes part of the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein
 +
 
 +
=== 1890  ===
 +
 
 +
Helgoland becomes part of Schleswig-Holstein
 +
 
 +
=== 1920  ===
 +
 
 +
Poll taken in the area north of Flensburg and south of Tondern to decide whether to remain Danish or become German. Approx. ¾ of the population opted to be Danish. The border between Denmark and Germany runs just north of Flensburg to this day.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=== Orts/Dorfchroniken  ===
 +
 
 +
A good source for local history timelines&nbsp;can be found in village chronicles. These are taking historical developments of specific areas into account, and let the researcher have a glimpse of ancestors' lives from various points of view. Ortschroniken can usually be retrieved through a mayor's office or historical societies. A Google search may assist with availability.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Here is a link providing [http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/search/search.cfm historical developments ]in Germany at any given time period.
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire]]

Latest revision as of 12:51, 22 June 2019

Schleswig-Holstein,
German Empire Topics
Kuhhaus.jpg
Getting Started
Major Schleswig-Holstein Record Types
Reading the Records
Additional Schleswig-Holstein
Record Types
Schleswig-Holstein Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Germany Record Types
Germany Background



9th century[edit | edit source]

In order to protect themselves from invading Saxons, the Danes in the north built the DANEWERK and the Saxons built a protection against the Wenden (Slavs), the LIMES SAXONIAE, running from Kiel south to the River Elbe, through Lüneburg. In Wagrien (now Ostholstein, Probstei) we still find traces of Wendish influence, i.e. the name of the village Wenddorp (Wendtorf), some Wendish family names, like Jessien, Puck and Steffen. Names ending in –iz, -ow or –in are usually names of Slavic origin.

1140[edit | edit source]

Wagrien, land of the Slavs is conquered by the Holsten and Storman. The Slavs lose their independence, become Christians and assimilate with their neighbors, who were recruited from Flanders, Holland, Westphalia and Friesland.

1200[edit | edit source]

Beginning of dyke building, first under the supervision of the church, then it became privatized. In the 1600s this lead to more reliable structures, i.e. people from the Netherlands brought techniques with them for considerable improvements.

1201[edit | edit source]

The land north of the river Elbe becomes Danish

1202[edit | edit source]

Stadtrecht (privilege of towns to have separate laws than the rest of the country) in Schleswig and other cities, like Mölln and Lübeck, Oldenburg, Plön, Itzehoe, Kiel, Eutin, Lauenburg. The Bürger (citizen) comes into being. Next to tax records citizenship records were kept.

1227[edit | edit source]

Battle of Bornhöved signified the end of Danish rule in Holstein

1273[edit | edit source]

Holstein was divided into 5 duchies: Kiel, Segeberg, Plön, Rendsburg and Pinneberg

1350[edit | edit source]

The first Black Death epidemic swept over Schleswig-Holstein, the last one occurred in the middle of the 1700s. It wiped out up to 50% of the population in some areas.

1350s[edit | edit source]

The Hanse (an alliance of merchants) with the seat in Lübeck flourishes in the Baltic region, to be reduced in influence by Dutch enterprising and Hamburg’s outreach to the West in the 1600s.

1362[edit | edit source]

The great tidal wave “De grote Manndränke” claimed more than 100.000 deaths, 34 churches and the city of Rungholt. After this tragedy, the race for land reclamation started in Northern Frisia.

1459[edit | edit source]

Death of Duke Adolf VII. He is the last Schauenburger.

1460[edit | edit source]

Election of Christian I, Duke of Schleswig and Earl of Holstein. Privilege of Ripen, a promise that the territories of Schleswig and Holstein will not be divided any more.

1465[edit | edit source]

Husum receives the status of Flecken. A Flecken is a settlement between the seize of a village and a town, also known as Blek. Flecken were rural villages centrally located. They had guild privileges for journeymen, exemption from military service and the right to hold market days.

1475[edit | edit source]

First printing press in Lübeck

1494[edit | edit source]

First printing of the Bible in Lübeck

1496[edit | edit source]

Vierstädtegericht (four city courts) In order to get away from Lübeck law (Lübeck had the court of ultimate resort) the Danish King Johann and Duke Friedrich I established a new court system.

1522[edit | edit source]

Beginning of Reformation in Husum.

1530[edit | edit source]

Beginning of witch hunt with first burn-up in Kiel, comes to an end in 1734

1542[edit | edit source]

Acceptance of the order of the Lutheran Church in Schleswig and Holstein. Founding of state church. Pinneberg and Lauenburg are stragglers. They accept Lutheran order in 1561 and 1585 respectively. Church books with sometimes marriage records first and then birth and deaths information are kept.

1581[edit | edit source]

Dithmarschen was divided into North- and South Dithmarschen

1584[edit | edit source]

The first known protection of Jewish citizens in Altona proclaimed Jewish citizens were few in Schleswig-Holstein. They were mainly accepted in towns and Altona had the greatest contingent. Portuguese Jews, the Sephards settle in Glückstadt in the early 1600s.

1614[edit | edit source]

Serfdom accepted by Schleswig-Holstein’s governing forces. Serfdom came into being through wealthy landowners buying surrounding land belonging to farmers. With the purchase of their land the farmers had to give their services to the land owner and were bound by the “Schollenband” (no freedom to move). Services given to the wealthy land owners started at 6 years old. The land owner had total control over his serfs, gave permission to marry and was also responsible for his subjects’ conscription.

1627[edit | edit source]

The 30 Years War reaches the North. Jutland and Schleswig-Holstein were occupied by Wallenstein’s troops and by 1629 the land was devastated because the soldiers lived off the land.

1643[edit | edit source]

Swedish-Danish War. The war was instigated by Christian IV, who imposed tariffs. The Swedes saw this as a threat because Denmark interfered their trading with the Netherlands and Hamburg. A new devastation of the land followed

1650[edit | edit source]

Around this time Holländer (Dutch citizens) start dairy farming in Schleswig-Holstein

1655[edit | edit source]

Danish-Swedish War until 1660 when in Denmark Absolutism (the legislative, judicial and executive authority was in the hands of one sovereign) was introduced which spread throughout Europe and ended with the French Revolution, which basically questioned the appointment by divine right.

1688[edit | edit source]

Abolishment of serfdom starts in Schmoel. By 1805 serfdom was altogether abandoned.

1711[edit | edit source]

Bannmeilenverordnung. To protect the urban trade from the rural one, the authorities put a one-mile ban around the city. Working ones trade was only possible within a certain perimeter.

1720[edit | edit source]

The Danish crown receives the Gottorf part of Schleswig


1721[edit | edit source]

The Danes get Rantzau, 1761 Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön becomes Danish. Kolonisten (colonizers) from  Southern Germany arrive in Southern Jutland and Schleswig-Holstein.

1769[edit | edit source]

First census taken in the Duchies controlled by the Danes

1770[edit | edit source]

No more use of patronymics in Schleswig by royal decree

1773[edit | edit source]

Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein become permanently Danish, 1815 the Duchy of Lauenburg also becomes Danish.

1798[edit | edit source]

First address book for Lübeck

1800[edit | edit source]

Before this date seamen and adventurers would emigrate, but at the beginning of the 19th century emigration from Schleswig-Holstein would really pick up among the population, peaking in 1880 with 12000 to 14000 people leaving, many via Hamburg starting 1850

The population starts to choose German as their language rather than Danish. The German language advances to Flensburg in the first decades

1803[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Lauenburg occupied by Napoleon

1805[edit | edit source]

Census taken

1810[edit | edit source]

Principality of Lübeck is occupied by Napoleon I until 1813, after which it becomes part of Oldenburg again

1811[edit | edit source]

City of Lübeck becomes part of France, Lauenburg too

1812[edit | edit source]

Immunization mandatory

1814[edit | edit source]

School becomes mandatory

1815[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Lauenburg becomes Danish

1819[edit | edit source]

Steam ship line Caledonia Kiel-Copenhagen opens

1835[edit | edit source]

Census taken

1840[edit | edit source]

Census taken

1845[edit | edit source]

Census taken

1848[edit | edit source]

Revolt of the German Schleswig-Holsteiners against Denmark

1855[edit | edit source]

Census taken

1860[edit | edit source]

Census taken

1864[edit | edit source]

After several military turmoils Denmark abdicates the three Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.

1866[edit | edit source]

Schleswig-Holstein becomes a Prussian province

1874[edit | edit source]

Civil Registration begins

1875[edit | edit source]

Lauenburg becomes part of the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein

1890[edit | edit source]

Helgoland becomes part of Schleswig-Holstein

1920[edit | edit source]

Poll taken in the area north of Flensburg and south of Tondern to decide whether to remain Danish or become German. Approx. ¾ of the population opted to be Danish. The border between Denmark and Germany runs just north of Flensburg to this day.


Orts/Dorfchroniken[edit | edit source]

A good source for local history timelines can be found in village chronicles. These are taking historical developments of specific areas into account, and let the researcher have a glimpse of ancestors' lives from various points of view. Ortschroniken can usually be retrieved through a mayor's office or historical societies. A Google search may assist with availability.


Here is a link providing historical developments in Germany at any given time period.