Difference between revisions of "Schleswig-Holstein Census"

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Denmark ruled all of Schleswig-Holstein, including Lübeck and parts of Hamburg and Oldenburg, until 1864. Denmark took several censuses of this area. The first census was made in 1769, and subsequent censuses were taken in 1801, 1803, 1834, 1835, 1840, 1845, 1850, 1855, and 1860. The censuses are written in either German or Danish, sometimes with both on the same page. The information contained in the censuses varies according to which year it was taken:  
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{{Schleswig-Holstein-sidebar}}
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{{breadcrumb
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| link1=[[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]
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| link2=[[Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire Genealogy|Schleswig-Holstein]]
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| link5= Census
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==Online Instruction==
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*'''Schleswig-Holstein Censuses''' - [[Media:Schleswig-Holstein_Censuses,_July_2019_-_instruction.pdf|Instruction]]
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==Census Years==
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Denmark ruled all of Schleswig-Holstein, including Lübeck and parts of Hamburg and Oldenburg, until 1864. Denmark took several censuses of this area.  
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1769:''' (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1803:''' (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1835:''' (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1840:''' (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1845:''' (All included))
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 +
'''Census of 1855:''' (All included))
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1860:''' (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)
 +
 
 +
'''Census of 1864:''' (Holstein and Lauenburg)
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 +
==Content==
 +
The censuses are written in either German or Danish, sometimes with both on the same page. The information contained in the censuses varies according to which year it was taken:  
  
 
*'''1769'''. This census names the head of each household and the number of people in the house, grouped by age and sex. It did not take military personnel into account, neither will the researcher find information from estates, monestaries and the Gottorf areas. Most of these lists were lost.  
 
*'''1769'''. This census names the head of each household and the number of people in the house, grouped by age and sex. It did not take military personnel into account, neither will the researcher find information from estates, monestaries and the Gottorf areas. Most of these lists were lost.  
*'''1801-1860'''. Censuses taken from 1801 to 1860 list each person's name, residence, position in the family, age, marital status, and occupation.  
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*'''1803-1864'''. Censuses taken from 1803 to 1864 list each person's name, residence, position in the family, age, marital status, and occupation.  
 
*'''1845''' and later censuses. From 1845 on, each census also lists birthplace, the parish of the birthplace, and the length of residency at the census place.
 
*'''1845''' and later censuses. From 1845 on, each census also lists birthplace, the parish of the birthplace, and the length of residency at the census place.
  
It is often difficult to determine which village belongs to what census district. A good source to find jurisdictions are the two volumes v. Schröder and Biernatzki published: "Topographie des Herzogthums Schleswig" (1854) and "Topographie der Herzogthümer Holstein und Lauenburg" (1855) which can also be found [http://www.top.akvz.de/ online]
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===Census Headings with English Translations ===
  
Censuses are microfilmed but not indexed. They are arranged by district and city. These census records are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
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Danish censuses have standardized column headings, which allowed the census taker to record the requested information in the correct place. Click on the following links to bring up the census headings. The Danish wording AND the English translations will appear. By knowing what is asked for in the various census years, you will be able to better plan your research strategy.
 +
{|
 +
|-
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|
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[[:File:Den Census 1787 1801 0001.jpg|Danish Census Headings 1787 and 1801]]
  
GERMANY, PREUßEN, SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN - CENSUS
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[[:File:Den Census 1834 1840 0002.jpg|Danish Census Headings 1834 and 1840]]
  
There are efforts underway to extract census records from Schleswig-Holstein. The results can be searched online at [http://www.akvz.de http://www.akvz.de] or [http://www.aggsh.de http://www.aggsh.de] and http://www.aggsh.de/myscripts/vz_witt_start4.html for the 1803 census for the Duchy of Schleswig.<br>[http://www.genealogienetz.de/vereine/SHFam//publikationen/OLSchles.pdf http://www.genealogienetz.de/vereine/SHFam//publikationen/OLSchles.pdf]  
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[[:File:Den Census 1845 0003.jpg|Danish Census Headings 1845]]  
  
[http://www.genealogienetz.de/vereine/SHFam//publikationen/KspSchles.pdf http://www.genealogienetz.de/vereine/SHFam//publikationen/KspSchles.pdf]  
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[[:File:Den Census 1855 0002.jpg|Danish Census Headings 1855]]  
  
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[[:File:Den Census 1860 0003.jpg|Danish Census Headings 1860]]
  
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==Finding Census Records==
 +
The original records are in different archives today. The 1769 census information is in different local archives. The records for the 1803, 1860 (Holstein), and 1864 are in the State Archive Schleswig-Holstein. The originals of other censuses are in the State Archive Copenhagen.
  
Some indexes are available online at:http://www.ddd.dda.dk/ddd_en.htm
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It is often difficult to determine which village belongs to what census district. A good source to find jurisdictions are the two volumes v. Schröder and Biernatzki published: "Topographie des Herzogthums Schleswig" (1854) and "Topographie der Herzogthümer Holstein und Lauenburg" (1855) which can also be found [http://www.akvz.de/index.html '''online''']
  
and http://www.akvz.de as well as [http://www.aggsh.de/myscripts/vz_witt_start4.html http://www.aggsh.de/myscripts/vz_witt_start4.html] for the 1803 census for the Duchy of Schleswig.  
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==Online Records==
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*[https://www.sa.dk/ao-soegesider/da/rif/rif-collection/7 '''Arkivalieronline'''], images.
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**[[Digitized Danish Records Online - Arkivalieronline|English guide]]
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*'''1769-1860''' [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/61772/ Schleswig-Holstein, Denmark, Censuses, 1769-1860] at Ancestry - index & images ($)
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*[http://www.ddd.dda.dk/ddd-tysk/dddform.asp '''Dansk Denografisk Database Search Engine.'''] An ongoing project is indexing these records.  Progress in the indexing is reported monthly in a chart found at [https://www.dis-danmark.dk/kipkort/index.php  '''KIP Projektet.'''] By clicking on the desired county and year field in the table, you can see a map of which areas have been indexed.
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*[http://www.akvz.de '''Arbeitskreis Volkszahl-Register''']
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**[http://www.ddd.dda.dk/ Information]
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**[[Danish Demographic Database|English guide]].
 +
*[http://www.aggsh.de/myscripts/vz_witt_start4.html '''1803 census for the Duchy of Schleswig''']
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/443732 '''Volkszählung, 1939. Schleswig-Holstein u. Lübeck''']
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*[https://web.archive.org/web/20130627171614/http://www.progenealogists.com/denmark/1700/censusindex.html '''Danish 1700 Census: males only'''], index
  
<br>
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An ongoing project is indexing these records.  Progress in the indexing is reported monthly in a chart found at [https://www.dis-danmark.dk/kipkort/index.php  '''KIP Projektet.'''] By clicking on the desired county and year field in the table, you can see a map of which areas have been indexed.
  
The Family History Library also&nbsp;has census records from&nbsp;other&nbsp;German states, notably Mecklenburg-Schwerin and portions of Hannover.&nbsp;&nbsp;These are listed in the Place Search of the catalog under:
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=== FamilySearch ===
 +
The following are available at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch], partial index:
 +
{| class="wikitable" width="110%"
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! Historical Records Publication !! Wiki Article
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|-
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| 1801 - not yet available || [[Denmark Census, 1801 - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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|-
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| {{RecordSearch|2771434|Denmark Census, 1835}} || [[Denmark Census, 1835 - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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|-
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| {{RecordSearch|2778651|Denmark Census, 1840}} || [[Denmark Census, 1840 - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
 +
|-
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| {{RecordSearch|2778652|Denmark Census, 1845}} || [[Denmark Census, 1845 - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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|-
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| {{RecordSearch|2778654|Denmark Census, 1855}} || [[Denmark Census, 1855 - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
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|-
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| {{RecordSearch|2778655|Denmark Census, 1860}} || [[Denmark Census, 1860 - FamilySearch Historical Records]]
  
<br>GERMANY, [STATE] - CENSUS
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|}
  
&nbsp;
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=== MyHeritage ===
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The following are available at [https://www.myheritage.com MyHeritage], partial index ($):
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*[https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10682/1835-denmark-census-duchies-of-schleswig-holstein?s=275764761 1835 Denmark Census (Schleswig-Holstein only)], index and images, ($).
 +
*[https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10680/1840-denmark-census?s=275764761 1840 Denmark Census], index and images, ($).
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*[https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10673/1845-denmark-census?s=275764761 1845 Denmark Census], index and images, ($).
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*[https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10258/1855-denmark-census?s=275764761 1855 Denmark Census], index and images, ($).
 +
*[https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10194/1860-denmark-census?s=275764761 1860 Denmark Census], index and images, ($).
  
<br>
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== Research Tutorials at FamilySearch ==
 +
*Danish Census Research, Part 1: [https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/danish-census-research-part-1-using-the-danish-demographical-database Using the Danish Demographical Database]
 +
*Danish Census Research, Part 2: [https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/danish-census-research-part-2-finding-censuses-on-arkivalieronline Finding Censuses on Arkivalieronline]
 +
*Danish Census Research, Part 3: [https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/danish-census-research-part-3-extracting-genealogical-information Extracting Genealogical Information]
  
=== Searching Census Records  ===
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 +
== Searching Census Records  ==
  
 
When searching census records, remember the following:  
 
When searching census records, remember the following:  
Line 46: Line 120:
 
To understand what is being asked for in Schleswig-Holstein censuses see the three examples&nbsp;below:  
 
To understand what is being asked for in Schleswig-Holstein censuses see the three examples&nbsp;below:  
  
<br>
 
  
<br>
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{| border="3" cellspacing="3" cellpadding="3" width="200" align="center"
 
 
{| cellspacing="3" cellpadding="3" width="200" align="center" border="3"
 
 
|+ Examples  
 
|+ Examples  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Image:Bell1.JPG|thumb|150px]]  
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| [[Image:Bell1.JPG|thumb|150px|Bell1.JPG]]  
| [[Image:Bell2.JPG|thumb|150px]]  
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| [[Image:Bell2.JPG|thumb|150px|Bell2.JPG]]  
| [[Image:Bell3.JPG|thumb|150px]]
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| [[Image:Bell3.JPG|thumb|150px|Bell3.JPG]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
  
[[Category:Denmark]] [[Category:Schleswig-Holstein]]
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[[Category:Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire]]  [[Category:Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire]]
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[[Category:Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire]]

Latest revision as of 11:20, 24 May 2021

Schleswig-Holstein,
German Empire Topics
Kuhhaus.jpg
Getting Started
Major Schleswig-Holstein Record Types
Reading the Records
Additional Schleswig-Holstein
Record Types
Schleswig-Holstein Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Germany Record Types
Germany Background


Online Instruction[edit | edit source]

Census Years[edit | edit source]

Denmark ruled all of Schleswig-Holstein, including Lübeck and parts of Hamburg and Oldenburg, until 1864. Denmark took several censuses of this area.

Census of 1769: (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)

Census of 1803: (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)

Census of 1835: (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)

Census of 1840: (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)

Census of 1845: (All included))

Census of 1855: (All included))

Census of 1860: (South Schleswig (Sydslesvig), Dithmarschen, and Holstein. Lauenburg not included.)

Census of 1864: (Holstein and Lauenburg)

Content[edit | edit source]

The censuses are written in either German or Danish, sometimes with both on the same page. The information contained in the censuses varies according to which year it was taken:

  • 1769. This census names the head of each household and the number of people in the house, grouped by age and sex. It did not take military personnel into account, neither will the researcher find information from estates, monestaries and the Gottorf areas. Most of these lists were lost.
  • 1803-1864. Censuses taken from 1803 to 1864 list each person's name, residence, position in the family, age, marital status, and occupation.
  • 1845 and later censuses. From 1845 on, each census also lists birthplace, the parish of the birthplace, and the length of residency at the census place.

Census Headings with English Translations[edit | edit source]

Danish censuses have standardized column headings, which allowed the census taker to record the requested information in the correct place. Click on the following links to bring up the census headings. The Danish wording AND the English translations will appear. By knowing what is asked for in the various census years, you will be able to better plan your research strategy.

Danish Census Headings 1787 and 1801

Danish Census Headings 1834 and 1840

Danish Census Headings 1845

Danish Census Headings 1855

Danish Census Headings 1860

Finding Census Records[edit | edit source]

The original records are in different archives today. The 1769 census information is in different local archives. The records for the 1803, 1860 (Holstein), and 1864 are in the State Archive Schleswig-Holstein. The originals of other censuses are in the State Archive Copenhagen.

It is often difficult to determine which village belongs to what census district. A good source to find jurisdictions are the two volumes v. Schröder and Biernatzki published: "Topographie des Herzogthums Schleswig" (1854) and "Topographie der Herzogthümer Holstein und Lauenburg" (1855) which can also be found online

Online Records[edit | edit source]

An ongoing project is indexing these records. Progress in the indexing is reported monthly in a chart found at KIP Projektet. By clicking on the desired county and year field in the table, you can see a map of which areas have been indexed.

FamilySearch[edit | edit source]

The following are available at FamilySearch, partial index:

Historical Records Publication Wiki Article
1801 - not yet available Denmark Census, 1801 - FamilySearch Historical Records
Denmark Census, 1835 Denmark Census, 1835 - FamilySearch Historical Records
Denmark Census, 1840 Denmark Census, 1840 - FamilySearch Historical Records
Denmark Census, 1845 Denmark Census, 1845 - FamilySearch Historical Records
Denmark Census, 1855 Denmark Census, 1855 - FamilySearch Historical Records
Denmark Census, 1860 Denmark Census, 1860 - FamilySearch Historical Records

MyHeritage[edit | edit source]

The following are available at MyHeritage, partial index ($):

Research Tutorials at FamilySearch[edit | edit source]


Searching Census Records[edit | edit source]

When searching census records, remember the following:

  • Information may be incorrect.
  • The ages listed may not be correct.
  • A given name may not be the same as the name used in vital records.
  • Names may be spelled as they sound.
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Some parts of the census may be illegible.
  • If the family is not at the expected location, you should search the surrounding area.

To understand what is being asked for in Schleswig-Holstein censuses see the three examples below:


Examples
Bell1.JPG
Bell2.JPG
Bell3.JPG