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Reynolds County, Missouri Genealogy

Guide to Reynolds County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Centerville
Organized: February 25, 1845
Parent County(s): Shannon[1]
Neighboring Counties
Carter  • Dent  • Iron  • Shannon  • Wayne
See County Maps
Courthouse
MissouriReynoldsCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Missouri Reynolds County Map.svg.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named for Thomas Reynolds. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Reynolds County Courthouse
Courthouse Square
Centerville, MO 63633
Phone: 573-648-2494
Reynolds County Website

County Clerk has birth records from 1883, marriage, divorce, probate and court records from 1872.[3]

Reynolds County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1872 1883 1872 1872 1872 1830
*Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

1863 Courthouse burned in December, 1863; all records were destroyed.

1871 Courthouse burned in late November, 1871; all records were destroyed.

1872 Temporary courthouse quarters burned May 27, 1872.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Boundary Changes

  • 1845 Reynolds County was created February 25, 1845 from Shannon County.
  • County seat: Centerville[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places in Reynolds County, MO, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator.
The State Historical Society of Missouri has information on historical Missouri place names for all 114 Missouri Counties.
The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Townships
Ghost towns


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Reynolds County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 1,849
1860 3,173 71.6%
1870 3,756 18.4%
1880 5,722 52.3%
1890 6,803 18.9%
1900 8,161 20.0%
1910 9,592 17.5%
1920 10,106 5.4%
1930 8,923 −11.7%
1940 9,370 5.0%
1950 6,918 −26.2%
1960 5,161 −25.4%
1970 6,106 18.3%
1980 7,230 18.4%
1990 6,661 −7.9%
2000 6,689 0.4%
2010 6,696 0.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".


For tips on accessing Reynolds County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Reynolds County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • Local government in Reynolds County, Missouri. 1937. By Howard Burton Lang, Jr. n.d.: n.d.. Online at: Missouri Digital History
  • Reminiscent History of the Ozark Region. 1884. Missouri: Missouri State Library. Online at: Missouri Digital History
  • State of Missouri: an autobiography. 1904. By Walter Williams. Columbia, Mo: Press of E. W. Stephens. Online at: Missouri Digital History

Maps and Gazetteers

Dent CountyIron CountyWayne CountyCarter CountyShannon CountyMO REYNOLDS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Obituaries

Other Records

  • Rootsweb - historic photos of Reynolds County

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records

Social Security Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Listed below are archives in Reynolds County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Missouri Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries

Listed below are libraries in Reynolds County. For state-wide library facilities, see Missouri Archives and Libraries.

Museums

Societies

Listed below are societies in Reynolds County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Missouri Societies.

  • Reynolds County Genealogical and Historical Society, Inc.
    P.O. Box 281
    233 S. 2nd Street
    Ellington, MO 63638
    Phone: 573-663-3233
    Email: info@rcghs.org
    Website Facebook

Websites

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Reynolds, Missouri," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynolds_County,_Missouri. accessed 9/13/2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Reynolds County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Reynolds County, Missouri," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, Reynolds County Missouri, accessed Nov 2019.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.