Difference between revisions of "Réunion Island, France Genealogy"

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Guide to '''Réunion Department ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
 
Guide to '''Réunion Department ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
 
{{Réunion Island-sidebar}}  
 
{{Réunion Island-sidebar}}  
==Country Information==
+
==History==
 
Réunion is an island in the Indian Ocean, east of [[Madagascar Genealogy|Madagascar]] and southwest of [[Mauritius Genealogy|Mauritius]]. It became a département d'outre-mer (overseas département) of France on 19 March 1946. When regional councils were created in 1982 in France, including in existing overseas departments it also became an overseas region. The official language is French. In addition, the majority of the region's population speaks Réunion Creole.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Réunion," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Réunion (accessed July 15, 2020).</ref>
 
Réunion is an island in the Indian Ocean, east of [[Madagascar Genealogy|Madagascar]] and southwest of [[Mauritius Genealogy|Mauritius]]. It became a département d'outre-mer (overseas département) of France on 19 March 1946. When regional councils were created in 1982 in France, including in existing overseas departments it also became an overseas region. The official language is French. In addition, the majority of the region's population speaks Réunion Creole.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Réunion," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Réunion (accessed July 15, 2020).</ref>
  
==Getting Started ==
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==Getting Started==
{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
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{| style="vertical-align: top;" |
 
|-
 
|-
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<h3>Getting Started with Réunion Research</h3>
 
<h3>Getting Started with Réunion Research</h3>
 
Links to articles on getting started with Réunion research.
 
Links to articles on getting started with Réunion research.
 +
 
*[[Réunion Island, France Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Réunion Island, France Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Réunion Island, France Church Records]]
 
*[[Réunion Island, France Church Records]]
  
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
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| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px" |
 
<h3>Réunion Research Tools</h3>
 
<h3>Réunion Research Tools</h3>
 
Links to articles and websites that assist in Réunion research.
 
Links to articles and websites that assist in Réunion research.
 +
 
*[http://www.francegenweb.org/~sitesdgw/outremer/ France GenWeb Outremer]
 
*[http://www.francegenweb.org/~sitesdgw/outremer/ France GenWeb Outremer]
 
*[https://mailinglists.rootsweb.com/listindexes/details?list_name=afr-réunion Réunion Mailing Lists]
 
*[https://mailinglists.rootsweb.com/listindexes/details?list_name=afr-réunion Réunion Mailing Lists]
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<div style="clear:both"></div>
 
<div style="clear:both"></div>
  
== Districts ==
+
==Districts==
 
Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Réunion.  Réunion is divided into four arrondissements, 49 cantons, and 24 communes.
 
Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Réunion.  Réunion is divided into four arrondissements, 49 cantons, and 24 communes.
 
 
{|
 
{|
 
|-
 
|-
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     <li>Le Tampon</li>
 
     <li>Le Tampon</li>
 
</ul>
 
</ul>
 +
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Church Records and Civil Registration (Registres Paroissiaux et Etat Civil) Online ==
+
==Church Records and Civil Registration (Registres Paroissiaux et Etat Civil) Online==
'''The vast majority of your research will be in church records and civil registration.''' For more information on these records and how to use them, read [[France Church Records|'''France Church Records''']] and [[France Civil Registration- Vital Records|'''France Civil Registration''']]. Additional instructions and practice activities are available:
+
'''The vast majority of your research will be in church records and civil registration.''' For more information on these records and how to use them, read [[France Church Records|'''France Church Records''']] and [[France Civil Registration|'''France Civil Registration''']]. Additional instructions and practice activities are available:
*'''Alsace-Lorraine''' - [[Media:Alsace-Lorraine_-_activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:Alsace-Lorraine_-_answer_key.pdf|Answer Key]]
+
 
*'''Alsace-Lorraine: Department Archive Records Online''' - [[Media:Alsace-Lorraine,_Department_Archive_Records_Online_-_instructions.pdf|Instruction]]<br>
+
*'''Alsace-Lorraine''' - [[Media:Alsace-Lorraine - activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:Alsace-Lorraine - answer key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*'''Alsace-Lorraine: Department Archive Records Online''' - [[Media:Alsace-Lorraine, Department Archive Records Online - instructions.pdf|Instruction]]<br>
 +
 
 
'''Fortunately, these records are available online from the archives of each department:'''<br>
 
'''Fortunately, these records are available online from the archives of each department:'''<br>
 
Here is the website for the Overseas National Archives, where you will find these records.<br>
 
Here is the website for the Overseas National Archives, where you will find these records.<br>
 +
 
*[http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/recherche.php?territoire=REUNION '''National Overseas Archives, Réunion''']
 
*[http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/recherche.php?territoire=REUNION '''National Overseas Archives, Réunion''']
  
See [[Using France Online Department Archives|'''Using France Online Department Archives''']] for step by step instructions on finding and reading these records. For a demonstration of navigating archives websites, watch the video, [https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/1735 '''Using France Department Archives Online.''']
+
For a demonstration of navigating archives websites, watch the video, [https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/france-research-with-the-wiki-part-4-of-8-using-france-department-archives-online '''Using France Department Archives Online.''']
  
 
==Writing for Records==
 
==Writing for Records==
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It's easier than you think! You do not have to be fluent in French to use these records, as there is only a limited vocabulary used in them.  By learning a few key phrases, you will be able to read them adequately.  Here are some resources for learning to read French records.
 
It's easier than you think! You do not have to be fluent in French to use these records, as there is only a limited vocabulary used in them.  By learning a few key phrases, you will be able to read them adequately.  Here are some resources for learning to read French records.
 +
 
*[[French Genealogical Word List|French Genealogical Word List]]
 
*[[French Genealogical Word List|French Genealogical Word List]]
 
*[[French Handwriting|French Handwriting]].
 
*[[French Handwriting|French Handwriting]].
 +
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-french-documents-pages/the-french-documents(english) BYU French Script Tutorial]
  
There is a three-lesson course in reading handwriting in old French records:
 
*{{LearningCenter2|83|Reading French Handwritten Records Lesson 1: The French Alphabet}},
 
*{{LearningCenter2|84|Reading French Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Key Words and Phrases}}
 
*{{LearningCenter2|86|Reading French Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading French Records}}
 
  
 
These lessons focus on reading church record and civil registration records:  
 
These lessons focus on reading church record and civil registration records:  
 +
 
*[[France Church Records|France Church Records]]
 
*[[France Church Records|France Church Records]]
*[[France Civil Registration- Vital Records|France Civil Registration- Vital Records]]
+
*[[France Civil Registrations|France Civil Registration]]
Another resource is the [https://cfhg.byu.edu/Downloads/French_Extraction_Guide/Default.htm '''French Records Extraction Manual, Full Manual''']. Much more is covered, but these first four lessons are especially useful.<br>
+
 
*[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/French/ExtractionGuide/French_Extraction_Guide-Chapter_1.pdf Chapter 1: OLD FRENCH RECORDS] <br>
+
<br>
*[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/French/ExtractionGuide/French_Extraction_Guide-Chapter_2.pdf Chapter 2: PARISH CHRISTENING AND CIVIL BIRTH ENTRIES] <br>
+
Another resource is the [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-french-documents-pages/fr-records-extraction-guide(english) '''French Records Extraction Manual''']. The full manual or individual lesson chapters are downloadable from this webpage. A number of helpful lessons are available here, but the first five lessons are especially useful.
*[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/French/ExtractionGuide/French_Extraction_Guide-Chapter_3.pdf Chapter 3: MARRIAGE ENTRIES]<br>
+
 
*[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/French/ExtractionGuide/French_Extraction_Guide-Chapter_4.pdf Chapter 4: OTHER ENTRIES] <br>
+
*Chapter 1: Old Records
*[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/French/ExtractionGuide/French_Extraction_Guide-Chapter_5.pdf Chapter 5: FRENCH HANDWRITING AND SPELLING] <br>
+
*Chapter 2: Christening, Marriage, and Other Entries
 +
*Chapter 3: Marriage
 +
*Chapter 4: Other Entries
 +
*Chapter 5: French Handwriting and Spelling
  
 
==Search Strategy==
 
==Search Strategy==
*Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his '''brothers and sisters'''.
+
 
*Next, search for the '''marriage of his parents.''' The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
+
* Begin with the death information of the focus ancestor and locate the death record.<br>
*You can '''estimate the ages''' of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
+
* Use the information on that death record to locate the ancestor's marriage record.<br>
*Search the death registers for all known family members.
+
* Use the information on that marriage record to locate the ancestor's birth record.<br>
*Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
+
* Once the birth record is found, search for the focus ancestor's siblings.<br>
*If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.
+
* Next, search for the marriage of the focus ancestor's parents. The marriage record will have information that often helps locate the birth records of the parents.<br>
 +
* Search the death registers for all known family members.<br>
 +
* Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.<br>
 +
* If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes. It is possible they may have moved or boundaries changed. <br>
  
 
==FamilySearch Resources==
 
==FamilySearch Resources==
 
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.
 
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.
*[http://www.francegenweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Portail:La_R%C3%A9union Réunion Island Genweb]
+
 
 +
*[http://www.francegenweb.org/wiki/index.php?title=Portail:La_R%C3%A9union Réunion Island Genweb]
 
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
 
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
*[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/landing?search=Getting%20Started&show=lessons&message=true Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/learning-center Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records]
 
*[https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records]
 
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Réunion Family History Center locator map]
 
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Réunion Family History Center locator map]
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==References==
 
==References==
<references/>
+
<references />
  
 
__NOTOC__  
 
__NOTOC__  
 
  [[Category:Réunion Island, France]]
 
  [[Category:Réunion Island, France]]

Latest revision as of 22:00, 22 June 2021

Guide to Réunion Department ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Réunion Wiki Topics
Proposed flag of Réunion (VAR).svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Réunion Island, France Background
Local Research Resources

History[edit | edit source]

Réunion is an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius. It became a département d'outre-mer (overseas département) of France on 19 March 1946. When regional councils were created in 1982 in France, including in existing overseas departments it also became an overseas region. The official language is French. In addition, the majority of the region's population speaks Réunion Creole.[1]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Réunion Research

Links to articles on getting started with Réunion research.

Réunion Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Réunion research.

Ask the
Community

Réunion Map[edit | edit source]

Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Réunion.

Re-map.png

Districts[edit | edit source]

Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Réunion. Réunion is divided into four arrondissements, 49 cantons, and 24 communes.

  • Les Avirons
  • Bras-Panon
  • Cilaos
  • Entre-Deux
  • L'Étang-Salé
  • La Plaine-des-Palmistes
  • Petite-Île
  • La Possession
  • Le Port
  • Saint-André
  • Saint-Benoît
  • Saint-Denis
  • Saint-Joseph
  • Saint-Leu
  • Saint-Louis
  • Sainte-Marie
  • Saint-Paul
  • Saint-Philippe
  • Saint-Pierre
  • Sainte-Suzanne
  • Sainte-Rose
  • Salazie
  • Trois-Bassins
  • Le Tampon

Church Records and Civil Registration (Registres Paroissiaux et Etat Civil) Online[edit | edit source]

The vast majority of your research will be in church records and civil registration. For more information on these records and how to use them, read France Church Records and France Civil Registration. Additional instructions and practice activities are available:

Fortunately, these records are available online from the archives of each department:
Here is the website for the Overseas National Archives, where you will find these records.

For a demonstration of navigating archives websites, watch the video, Using France Department Archives Online.

Writing for Records[edit | edit source]

Online records tend to cover only the time before 100 years, due to privacy laws. You can write to civil registration offices and local churches who might honor requests for more recent records of close family members for the purpose of genealogy.

For a civil registration office, address your request to:

Monsieur l'officier de l'état-civil
Mairie de (Town)
(Postal code) (Town)

For a parish church:

Monsieur le Curé
(Church --see The Catholic Directory for church name and address)
(Town) (Postal Code) France

For other addresses and for help writing your request in French, use French Letter Writing Guide.

Learning to Read Enough French to Do Genealogy[edit | edit source]

It's easier than you think! You do not have to be fluent in French to use these records, as there is only a limited vocabulary used in them. By learning a few key phrases, you will be able to read them adequately. Here are some resources for learning to read French records.


These lessons focus on reading church record and civil registration records:


Another resource is the French Records Extraction Manual. The full manual or individual lesson chapters are downloadable from this webpage. A number of helpful lessons are available here, but the first five lessons are especially useful.

  • Chapter 1: Old Records
  • Chapter 2: Christening, Marriage, and Other Entries
  • Chapter 3: Marriage
  • Chapter 4: Other Entries
  • Chapter 5: French Handwriting and Spelling

Search Strategy[edit | edit source]

  • Begin with the death information of the focus ancestor and locate the death record.
  • Use the information on that death record to locate the ancestor's marriage record.
  • Use the information on that marriage record to locate the ancestor's birth record.
  • Once the birth record is found, search for the focus ancestor's siblings.
  • Next, search for the marriage of the focus ancestor's parents. The marriage record will have information that often helps locate the birth records of the parents.
  • Search the death registers for all known family members.
  • Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
  • If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes. It is possible they may have moved or boundaries changed.

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.


References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Réunion," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Réunion (accessed July 15, 2020).