Difference between revisions of "Quebec Census"

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====Local, Territory, and Province Censuses====
 
====Local, Territory, and Province Censuses====
'''START WITH 1766 to 1787'''
+
 
 
{| class="wikitable" ="display: inline-table;" width:40%; height:600px"
 
{| class="wikitable" ="display: inline-table;" width:40%; height:600px"
 
|-
 
|-
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|style="background:white"|[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/344017?availability=Family%20History%20Library FamilySearch] - images
 
|style="background:white"|[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/344017?availability=Family%20History%20Library FamilySearch] - images
 
----[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=2318856 Library and Archives of Canada] - index  
 
----[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=2318856 Library and Archives of Canada] - index  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1667
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1667
Line 153: Line 153:
 
|style="background:white"|List of Acadians inhabiting from Gaspay to Bay Verte not surrendered at Fort Cumberland, 8 Nov. 1761
 
|style="background:white"|List of Acadians inhabiting from Gaspay to Bay Verte not surrendered at Fort Cumberland, 8 Nov. 1761
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c12838/1855?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c12838/1855?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1764
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1764
Line 163: Line 163:
 
|style="background:white"|Bécancour, Gentilly, St-Pierre-les-Bequets, Ste-Anne, Rivière Bastican, Côte de Batiscan, Champlain, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, partially nominal
 
|style="background:white"|Bécancour, Gentilly, St-Pierre-les-Bequets, Ste-Anne, Rivière Bastican, Côte de Batiscan, Champlain, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, partially nominal
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c2997/556?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c2997/556?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1765
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1765
Line 173: Line 173:
 
|style="background:white"|Census of Montréal et des Trois-Rivières, partially nominal
 
|style="background:white"|Census of Montréal et des Trois-Rivières, partially nominal
 
|style="background:white"|[https://archive.org/details/rapport14queb/page/n9/mode/2up?view=theater Archive.org] - images (report)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://archive.org/details/rapport14queb/page/n9/mode/2up?view=theater Archive.org] - images (report)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1765
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1765
Line 183: Line 183:
 
|style="background:white"|List of English merchants and residents in Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|List of English merchants and residents in Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c3023/380?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c3023/380?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1766
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1766
Line 193: Line 193:
 
|style="background:white"|Annual alphabetical lists of persons married, baptized and buried in the parish of Montreal
 
|style="background:white"|Annual alphabetical lists of persons married, baptized and buried in the parish of Montreal
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c3023/394?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c3023/394?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1769 to 1772
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1769 to 1772
Line 203: Line 203:
 
|style="background:white"|Lists of Loyalist families (head of families) receiving provisions in the Province of Quebec, especially the Montreal district
 
|style="background:white"|Lists of Loyalist families (head of families) receiving provisions in the Province of Quebec, especially the Montreal district
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c1475/4?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c1475/4?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1784
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1784
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|style="background:white"|Roll of the Loyalists in the township of Paspebiac. Names of heads of households
 
|style="background:white"|Roll of the Loyalists in the township of Paspebiac. Names of heads of households
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1741/955?r=0&s=3 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1741/955?r=0&s=3 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1785
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1785
Line 223: Line 223:
 
|style="background:white"|A list of English and French inhabitants of the City of Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|A list of English and French inhabitants of the City of Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c3000/1074?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c3000/1074?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1792
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1792
Line 233: Line 233:
 
|style="background:white"|Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c2897/536?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c2897/536?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1798
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1798
Line 243: Line 243:
 
|style="background:white"|Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c2897/692?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c2897/692?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images (transcription)  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1811
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1811
Line 253: Line 253:
 
|style="background:white"|Assessments for the year 1813
 
|style="background:white"|Assessments for the year 1813
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/189?r=0&s=3 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/189?r=0&s=3 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1815 and 1816
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1815 and 1816
Line 263: Line 263:
 
|style="background:white"|Census of the City of Montreal
 
|style="background:white"|Census of the City of Montreal
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/216?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/216?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1817
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1817
Line 273: Line 273:
 
|style="background:white"|Census of the Valcartier settlement
 
|style="background:white"|Census of the Valcartier settlement
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c15786/1285?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
 
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c15786/1285?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images  
|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
+
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1825
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|Lower Canada
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|{{RecordSearch|1834346|FamilySearch}}----[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1825/Pages/1825.aspx Library and Archives of Canada] - index and images
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:white"|1819
 +
|style="background:white"|Census of the Valcartier settlement
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c15786/1285?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1830
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|A census of the population of the Seigniories of Foucault, Noyan and Sabrevois
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/152?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] -  images
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:white"|1831
 +
|style="background:white"|Partially nominative census covering the Montreal area
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_c5941/8?r=0&s=1 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1831
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1831
Line 282: Line 302:
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1831/Pages/about-census.aspx Library of Canada]
 
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1831/Pages/about-census.aspx Library of Canada]
 
|-
 
|-
|style="background:white"|1842
+
|style="background:white"|1832 to 1835
|style="background:white"|Lower Canada
+
|style="background:white"|City and banlieu of Montreal, nominal lists
|style="background:white"|{{RecordSearch|1834340|FamilySearch}} - index and images
+
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/257?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1832 to 1835
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|Montreal District, nominal lists (French)
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/285?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1831/Pages/about-census.aspx Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:white"|1832 to 1835
 +
|style="background:white"|Montreal District, nominal lists (English)
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/317?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1833 and 1834
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|Montreal District, list of jurors
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/304?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1831/Pages/about-census.aspx Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:white"|1833 to 1835
 +
|style="background:white"|Montreal District, General list of persons qualified to serve as Petit Jurors in the Courts
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_reel_h1758/342?r=0&s=2 Canadiana Hèritage] - images
 +
|style="background:white"|[https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/Finding-Aid-300.aspx#j Library of Canada]
 +
|-
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|1842
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|Lower Canada
 +
|style="background:whitesmoke"|{{RecordSearch|1834340|FamilySearch}} - index and images
 
----
 
----
 
[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/9808/ Ancestry] - index and images
 
[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/9808/ Ancestry] - index and images

Latest revision as of 14:57, 23 June 2021

Quebec Wiki Topics
Quebec Flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Quebec Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources












History of Quebec Censuses[edit | edit source]

In 1851, Canada begin keeping censuses every 10 years. However, these censuses were often taken in different years, and it was not until 1871, after the Dominion of Canada was created, that censuses were taken regularly.[1] Quebec was first enumerated on the 1851 Canada census.

Online Quebec Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Official Canada Censuses[edit | edit source]

Year Type of Census Links Census Information
1851 Province of Canada FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1861 Province of Canada FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1871 Canada census FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1881 Canada census FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1891 Canada census FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1901 Canada census FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1911 Canada census FamilySearch Library of Canada
Ancestry ($)
Library of Canada
1921 Canada census Ancestry ($) Library of Canada
Library of Canada


Local, Territory, and Province Censuses[edit | edit source]

Year Type of Census Links Census Information
1666 Census of Canada FamilySearch - images
Library and Archives of Canada - index
Library of Canada
1667 Census of Canada Library and Archives of Canada - index and images Library of Canada
1681 Nominal census returns Library and Archives of Canada - images Library of Canada
1699 Nominal census returns Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1700 Nominal census returns Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1731 Testimony and enumeration of Island of Montréal, heads of households Archive.org - images; Archive.org - index Library of Canada
1741 Montréal, partially nominal Archive.org - images (report, 1921) Library of Canada
1760 Partially nominal census (Trois-Rivières) Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1761 List of Acadians inhabiting from Gaspay to Bay Verte not surrendered at Fort Cumberland, 8 Nov. 1761 Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1764 A list of Protestant house keepers in Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1765 Bécancour, Gentilly, St-Pierre-les-Bequets, Ste-Anne, Rivière Bastican, Côte de Batiscan, Champlain, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, partially nominal Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1765 A list of Protestant house keepers in Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1765 Census of Montréal et des Trois-Rivières, partially nominal Archive.org - images (report) Library of Canada
1765 Return of protestant inhabitants in the district of Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1766 List of English merchants and residents in Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1766 List of merchants and inhabitants of Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1766 to 1787 Annual alphabetical lists of persons married, baptized and buried in the parish of Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1769 to 1772 Nominal lists of the householders in the town and suburbs of Quebec found within the accounts of the Inspector of Chimneys Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1778 to 1787 Lists of Loyalist families (head of families) receiving provisions in the Province of Quebec, especially the Montreal district Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1784 List of inhabitants at Tracadièche Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1784 Roll of the Loyalists in the township of Paspebiac. Names of heads of households Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1785 A list of English inhabitants of the City of Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1785 A list of English and French inhabitants of the City of Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1792 Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1795 Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1798 Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1805 Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1811 Persons liable to serve on juries residing in the town and banlieu of Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1813 Assessments for the year 1813 Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1815 and 1816 Partially nominal census of the parish of Quebec Canadiana Hèritage - images (transcription) Library of Canada
1815 Census of the City of Montreal Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1817 Census of the Valcartier settlement Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1819 Census of the Valcartier settlement Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1825 Lower Canada FamilySearch----Library and Archives of Canada - index and images Library of Canada
1819 Census of the Valcartier settlement Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1830 A census of the population of the Seigniories of Foucault, Noyan and Sabrevois Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1831 Partially nominative census covering the Montreal area Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1831 Lower Canada FamilySearch - index and images

Library and Archives of Canada - index and images

Library of Canada
1832 to 1835 City and banlieu of Montreal, nominal lists Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1832 to 1835 Montreal District, nominal lists (French) Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1832 to 1835 Montreal District, nominal lists (English) Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1833 and 1834 Montreal District, list of jurors Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1833 to 1835 Montreal District, General list of persons qualified to serve as Petit Jurors in the Courts Canadiana Hèritage - images Library of Canada
1842 Lower Canada FamilySearch - index and images

Ancestry - index and images


Library and Archives of Canada - index and images

Library of Canada

Non-population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Year Type of Census Links About the census
1871 Mortality Familysearch; index and images

Ancestry.com; index ($)

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Library and Archives Canada, “Censuses,” February 4, 2021, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/census.aspx.