Difference between revisions of "Norfolk Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Norfolk]]''
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| link5=[[Norfolk_Probate_Records|Probate Records]]
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== Getting Started ==
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|[[Image:All Saints, Bircham Newton, Norfolk .jpg|right|thumb|240x220px|<center>All Saints, Bircham Newton, Norfolk<center>]]
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==Getting Started==
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Sussex. For a general description of England probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Norfolk. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.  
  
=== 1858 to the Present ===
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===1858 to the Present===
  
Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.  
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
  
=== Before 1858  ===
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====Online Records====
  
Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Sussex, follow these steps:
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*'''1858-1957''' - {{RecordSearch|2451051|England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
  
==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
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===Before 1858===
  
Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Sussex. Search these indexes first:  
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Norfolk, follow these steps:  
  
*[http://www.familyhistoryonline.net/database/SussexFHGprobate.shtml http://www.familyhistoryonline.net/database/SussexFHGprobate.shtml]&nbsp;-- compiled by the Sussex Family History Group which has transcribed the names of 12,300 individuals found in Sussex wills, including testators, executors, beneficiaries or witnesses.&nbsp;The information recorded includes name, date&nbsp;and place.
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====Step 1. Search Indexes====
*The [http://sussexrecordsociety.org/home2.asp?an=&ap= Sussex Record Society] has&nbsp;published four volumes of indexes to Sussex wills, and these&nbsp;can be viewed on&nbsp;their [http://sussexrecordsociety.org/bwills1.asp?an=&ap= website]. They are arranged by parish then by surname.&nbsp;
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wills.asp?WT.hp=Wills Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills (1384-1858)].
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Norfolk. Search these indexes first:  
 +
 
 +
*All the indexes of pre-1858 probate records are included in the Norfolk Record Office's online catalogue,&nbsp;[http://nrocat.norfolk.gov.uk/DServe/DServe.exe?NS&dsqServer=NCC3CL01&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Index.tcl NROCAT]. Click on Category searches, then Wills and other probate records. Also, sometimes better results are achieved if only the surname is entered. Creative search terms is the key to finding results in this marvelous data base.
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*http://www.norfolksources.norfolk.gov.uk/ They now have Images of Probate Records
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
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 +
Probate Indexes available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City:
 +
 
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*{{FHL|198646|title-id|disp=Index to Norfolk (England) wills, 1838-1858}}
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*{{FHL|226098|title-id|disp=Norfolk peculiar jurisdictions, Index to probate records, 1416-1857}}
  
 
Did you find a reference to a probate record?  
 
Did you find a reference to a probate record?  
  
*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.  
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
 
*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
 
*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
  
==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died ====
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====Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died====
  
Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;  
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp; The on-line will index at [http://nrocat.norfolk.gov.uk/DServe/DServe.exe?NS&dsqServer=NCC3CL01&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Index.tcl NROCAT]&nbsp;is very helpful in finding wills in Norfolk for pre-1858 wills.&nbsp; It is not always necessary to know where or when an ancestor died when using nrocat.&nbsp; Since spelling of names in early records was not consistent, entering only the surname of your ancestor will generate the most posibilities of identifying your ancestor.&nbsp;Searches using spelling&nbsp;variations of the surname&nbsp;will also be helpful in&nbsp;finding possible entries for your ancestor.&nbsp; If you cannot identify an entry for your ancestor in this on-line index, you will want to try to determine at least an approximate death date and place.
  
 
Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:  
 
Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:  
Line 36: Line 58:
 
The gazetteer will either tell you:  
 
The gazetteer will either tell you:  
  
*A place is a parish, or  
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*A place is a parish, or
*What parish it is a part of, or  
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*What parish it is a part of, or
 
*What place it is near.
 
*What place it is near.
  
 
If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.  
 
If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.  
  
Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.  
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
  
==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish ====
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====Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish====
  
Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.  
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in&nbsp;Norfolk fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.  
  
 
To see a list of Norfolk places and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:  
 
To see a list of Norfolk places and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="272" border="1"
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{| width="272" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes beginning with A|A]]  
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes beginning with A|A]]
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B|B]]  
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B|B]]
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes C through F|C-F]]  
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes C through F|C-F]]
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes G through H|G-H]]  
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes G through H|G-H]]
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes I through N|I-N]]  
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes I through N|I-N]]
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes O through S|O-S]]  
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes O through S|O-S]]
| &nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes T through Z|T-Z]]
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|&nbsp;[[Norfolk Probate Jurisdictions Parishes T through Z|T-Z]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
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<br>  
  
== Norfolk Probate Courts  ==
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====Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record====
  
These courts had some pre-1858 jurisdiction over the county of Norfolk.&nbsp; Click on a court name for more information.&nbsp; See also the Indexes section below.&nbsp;Click on a court name to learn more about the records available and how to find the probate of your ancestor in the court's records. <br>
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Norfolk]]
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
*[[Court of Norwich (Episcopal Consistory)]]&nbsp;
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*Visit the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Norwich]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean & Chapter of Norwich]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Castle Rising]]  
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Great Cressingham]]  
 
*[[Court of the City of Norwich]]
 
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
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==Norfolk Probate Courts==
  
*Wealthy individuals<br>
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These courts had some pre-1858 jurisdiction over the county of Norfolk.&nbsp; Click on a court name for more information about the records available and how to find the probate of your ancestor in the court's records. <br>
*Interregnum, 1649-1660, because the Prerogative Court was the only court.
 
*Property in more than one diocese in the Province of Canterbury.
 
*Property in both the Province of Canterbury and Province of York.
 
*People who died outside England, including British citizens and others who held property in England.
 
  
=== Appeals Courts  ===
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Norfolk]]
 
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*[[Court of Norwich (Episcopal Consistory)|Court of the Bishop of Norwich (Episcopal Consistory)]]&nbsp;
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Norwich]]
 
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean & Chapter of Norwich]]
*[[Court of Arches]]  
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Castle Rising]]
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Great Cressingham]]
 
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*[[Court of the City of Norwich]]
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]  
 
 
== Probate Indexes Online  ==
 
 
 
Before looking for a will, you should search an index.
 
 
 
All the indexes of pre-1858 probate records are included in the Norfolk Record Office's online catalogue,&nbsp;[http://nrocat.norfolk.gov.uk/DServe/DServe.exe?dsqServer=128.60.0.31&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Index.tcl NROCAT]. Some pre-1858 wills were proved by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and these can be searched via The National Archives documents online web page. [http://nrocat.norfolk.gov.uk/DServe/public/searches/nroprobate.htm]  
 
 
 
An index to probate records for 1800-1857 is found at:
 
 
 
*[http://www.norfolksources.norfolk.gov.uk/ http://www.norfolksources.norfolk.gov.uk/]&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
 
 
== Probate Indexes at the Family History Library&nbsp;  ==
 
 
 
*Index to Norfolk (England) wills, 1838-1858 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=198646&disp=Index+to+Norfolk+%28England%29+wills%2C+%20%20&columns=*,0,0]  
 
*Norfolk peculiar jurisdictions, Index to probate records, 1416-1857 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=226098&disp=Norfolk+peculiar+jurisdictions%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
 
 
 
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Norfolk Probate Courts  ==
 
 
 
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
 
 
 
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
== Probates&nbsp;After 1857  ==
 
 
 
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
  
[[Category:Norfolk]]
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[[Category:Norfolk Probate Records]]

Revision as of 17:59, 30 August 2019

Norfolk Wiki Topics
Flag of Norfolk.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Norfolk Background
Local Research Resources
All Saints, Bircham Newton, Norfolk

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Norfolk. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present[edit | edit source]

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Online Records[edit | edit source]

Before 1858[edit | edit source]

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Norfolk, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes[edit | edit source]

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Norfolk. Search these indexes first:

Probate Indexes available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City:

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died[edit | edit source]

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.  The on-line will index at NROCAT is very helpful in finding wills in Norfolk for pre-1858 wills.  It is not always necessary to know where or when an ancestor died when using nrocat.  Since spelling of names in early records was not consistent, entering only the surname of your ancestor will generate the most posibilities of identifying your ancestor. Searches using spelling variations of the surname will also be helpful in finding possible entries for your ancestor.  If you cannot identify an entry for your ancestor in this on-line index, you will want to try to determine at least an approximate death date and place.

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish[edit | edit source]

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Norfolk fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

To see a list of Norfolk places and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:

 A  B  C-F  G-H  I-N  O-S  T-Z


Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record[edit | edit source]

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit the Family History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.

Norfolk Probate Courts[edit | edit source]

These courts had some pre-1858 jurisdiction over the county of Norfolk.  Click on a court name for more information about the records available and how to find the probate of your ancestor in the court's records.