Difference between revisions of "New York Naturalization and Citizenship"

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''[[United States of America|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship|U.S. Naturalizations]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[New York|New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[New_York_Naturalization_and_Citizenship|Naturalizations]]''
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|[[Image:800px-Mulberry Street NYC c1900 LOC 3g04637u edit.jpg|thumb|right|375x215px]]  
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|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[United States Naturalization Online Genealogy Records]]</span></div>
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<br>If you do not know if your ancestor was naturalized, search for important clues in federal censuses (1870–1920) and state censuses (1825–1925). The 1925 state census, which is indexed and available on [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2704 Ancestry], specifically asks for the date and place of naturalization. Voting registers often give similar information.  
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=== Online Resources ===
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*'''1791-1980''' - {{RecordSearch|1999177|New York, County Naturalization Records, 1791-1980}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1792-1989''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7733 New York, Index to Petitions for Naturalization filed in New York City, 1792-1989] ($)
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*'''1792-1840''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49044 Early New York Naturalizations, 1792-1840] ($)
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*'''1792-1906''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_106/nyc_courts/ The Soundex index to naturalization petitions filed in federal, state, and local courts in New York City, including New York, Kings, Queens and Richmond counties, 1792-1906] ($)
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*'''1794-1929''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2280 New York, State and Federal Naturalization Records, 1794-1929], index and images, ($)
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*'''1794-1906''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2280 New York, Naturalization Petitions, 1794-1906] ($)
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*'''1795-1925''' - {{RecordSearch|2185145|United States Passport Applications, 1795-1925}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1799-1847''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8869 New York, Naturalization Papers, 1799-1847] ($)
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*'''1802-1988''' - [https://www.archives.gov/nyc/finding-aids/naturalization-holdings Naturalization Records at the National Archives at New York City]
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*'''1816-1845''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1603 New York City, Selected Naturalization Records, 1816-1845] ($)
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*'''1824-1941''' - {{RecordSearch|1840501|New York, Southern District Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1941}}, also at [http://www.fold3.com/title_104/ny_southern_petitions/ Fold3], ($), also at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1192 Ancestry.com], ($)
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*'''1824-1946''' - {{RecordSearch|2060123|New York, Southern District, U.S District Court Naturalization Records, 1824-1946}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*'''1825-1871''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5355 New York, Alien Depositions of Intent to Become U.S. Citizens, 1825-1871]
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*'''1850-1883''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8760 New York Emigrant Savings Bank, 1850-1883],($) index/images
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*'''1865-1957''' - {{RecordSearch|1840491|New York, Eastern District Naturalization Petitions, Index, 1865-1957}}, also at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1192 Ancestry.com], also at
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*'''1865-1937''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1193 U.S., Naturalization Records - Original Documents, (World Archives Project) for New York, 1865-1937- U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York] ($)
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*'''1865-1906''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_100/ny_eastern_jul_1865sep_1906/ Index to the Naturalization Petitions of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, Jul 1865-Sep 1906] ($)
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*'''1865-1957''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_101/ny_eastern_nov_1925dec_1957/ Index to the Naturalization Petitions of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, 1865-1957] ($)
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*'''1865-1937''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_114/ny_eastern/ Petitions for Naturalization of the US District Court for the Eastern District of New York, 1865-1937] ($)
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*'''1882-1944''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2499 New York, Naturalization Records, 1882-1944] ($)
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*'''1897-1944''' - [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/panatoriginals/ Selected U.S. Naturalization Records - U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1897-1944] ($)
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*'''1897-1944''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_115/ny_southern/ Petitions for Naturalization of the US District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1897-1944] ($)
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*'''1906-1925''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_102/ny_eastern_oct_1906nov_1925/ Index to the Naturalization Petitions of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, Oct 1906-Nov 1925] ($)
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*'''1907-1924''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4653 New York County Supreme Court Naturalization Petition Index, 1907-24] ($)
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*'''1907-1966''' - {{RecordSearch|1854307|New York, Western District, Naturalization Index, 1907-1966}} Index only.
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*'''1907-1966''' - [http://www.fold3.com/title_105/ny_western/ Alphabetical Index to Petitions for Naturalizations of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York, 1907-1966] ($)
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*'''1907-1924''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7509 Index to Declaration of Intent for Naturalization: New York County, 1907-1924] ($)
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*'''1917-1950''' - {{RecordSearch|1840493|New York, Southern District Naturalization Index, 1917-1950}}
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*'''1917-1950''' - http://www.fold3.com/title_103/ny_southern_intentions/ Alphabetical Index to Declarations of Intention of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1917-1950] ($)
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*'''1918''' - {{RecordSearch|1858291|United States Index to Naturalizations of World War I Soldiers, 1918}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
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*'''1918''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2362 U.S. World War I Soldier Naturalizations, 1918] ($)
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*'''1941-1946''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7912 New York Southern District, World War II Military Naturalization Index, 1941-1946] ($)
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*'''1950-1955''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7911 New York Southern District Court, Korean War Military Naturalization Index, 1950-1955] ($)
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*[https://www.germangenealogygroup.com/records-search/naturalizations.php German Genealogy Group] — indexes for NY & NJ Naturalization Records at NARA in New York City
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*[http://www.germanroots.com/newyork.html Online New York State Naturalization Records and Indexes], by county
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*[https://www.italiangen.org/databases/naturalization/ Naturalization Search in New York] at Italian Genealogical Group ($)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49120 Denizations, Naturalizations, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York] ($)
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=== Introduction ===
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If you do not know if your ancestor was naturalized, search for important clues in federal censuses (1870–1920) and state censuses (1825–1925). The 1925 state census, which is indexed and available on [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2704 Ancestry], specifically asks for the date and place of naturalization. Voting registers often give similar information.
  
 
=== Colonial  ===
 
=== Colonial  ===
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The county courthouse have naturalization records from 1790 to the present. They also have separate volumes of military petitions of soldiers naturalized following the Civil War and the first World War. You can obtain copies of the papers from the clerk of the appropriate court. <br>  
 
The county courthouse have naturalization records from 1790 to the present. They also have separate volumes of military petitions of soldiers naturalized following the Civil War and the first World War. You can obtain copies of the papers from the clerk of the appropriate court. <br>  
<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
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Naturalization documents include declarations of intention, petitions for naturalization, certificates of arrival, and certificates of naturalization (after 1906). <br>  
 
Naturalization documents include declarations of intention, petitions for naturalization, certificates of arrival, and certificates of naturalization (after 1906). <br>  
  
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'''Alien Landowners''' <br>To own land and pass the land to their heirs, an alien had to declare to be a citizen of the United States. This law has created some records regarding these aliens.<br>  
 
'''Alien Landowners''' <br>To own land and pass the land to their heirs, an alien had to declare to be a citizen of the United States. This law has created some records regarding these aliens.<br>  
  
Alien depositions of intent to become citizens from 1825 through 1913 Record Group A1870) are at the [[New York State Archives|New York State Archives]] (Record Group [http://nysl.nysed.gov/uhtbin/035-archives/(N-Ar)A1869 A1869]; Abstracted version: Record Group [[http://nysl.nysed.gov/uhtbin/035-archives/(N-Ar)A1870 A1870]]. These were statements made by aliens who wanted to buy land. They showed the alien's intention to stay in the United States and become a citizen as soon as legally possible. Because the desire to buy land was impacted by this law, the alien was often motivated to formally declare his intention to become a citizen at the same time. Thus, an alien deposition can often be a clue as to where the declaration was filed.<br>  
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[http://www.archives.nysed.gov/research/res_tips_003_alien.shtml Alien depositions of intent] to become citizens from 1825 through 1913 are at the [[New York State Archives|New York State Archives]]. These were statements made by aliens who wanted to buy land. They showed the alien's intention to stay in the United States and become a citizen as soon as legally possible. Because the desire to buy land was impacted by this law, the alien was often motivated to formally declare his intention to become a citizen at the same time. Thus, an alien deposition can often be a clue as to where the declaration was filed.<br>  
  
 
Prior to 1825, aliens could be enabled to hold land by an act of the state legislature. The acts seldom gave details on the alien – just the name and the date of the act.<ref>Gordon Lewis Remington, FUGA, “Alien Landowners in New York State,” ''The Irish at Home and Abroad,'' 1, no. 4(Spring 1994): 8-9.</ref> These books and articles contain a description of the records and names of the aliens:<br>  
 
Prior to 1825, aliens could be enabled to hold land by an act of the state legislature. The acts seldom gave details on the alien – just the name and the date of the act.<ref>Gordon Lewis Remington, FUGA, “Alien Landowners in New York State,” ''The Irish at Home and Abroad,'' 1, no. 4(Spring 1994): 8-9.</ref> These books and articles contain a description of the records and names of the aliens:<br>  
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*Moorhouse, Ann. "Citizenship Testimonials 1807-1817," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record,'' Vol. 112, No. 1 (Jan. 1981):46-49. Digital version at [http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL book 974.7 B2n v. 112}}
 
*Moorhouse, Ann. "Citizenship Testimonials 1807-1817," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record,'' Vol. 112, No. 1 (Jan. 1981):46-49. Digital version at [http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL book 974.7 B2n v. 112}}
</div>
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=== How to Find Naturalization Records  ===
 
=== How to Find Naturalization Records  ===
  
{{NatDCleft}}<br><br><br><br><br>
 
  
 
Because an alien could naturalize in any court of record, naturalization indexes and records are found in courts that performed naturalizations. For New York, these courts include county, city, district, circuit, superior, marine, common pleas, and supreme. <br>  
 
Because an alien could naturalize in any court of record, naturalization indexes and records are found in courts that performed naturalizations. For New York, these courts include county, city, district, circuit, superior, marine, common pleas, and supreme. <br>  
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Depending on the court, their records can be housed in the court it originated or the National Archives Northeast Region (Boston). Many naturalization records are microfilmed and are at National Archive regional branches and the Family History Library. More and more microfilmed records are being digitized and are now available online.  
 
Depending on the court, their records can be housed in the court it originated or the National Archives Northeast Region (Boston). Many naturalization records are microfilmed and are at National Archive regional branches and the Family History Library. More and more microfilmed records are being digitized and are now available online.  
  
[http://www.archives.nysed.gov/a/research/res_tools_nysa_path_nat.shtml Pathfinder to New York Naturalization Records] - provided by the New York State Archives <br>  
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[http://www.archives.nysed.gov/research/res_tools_nysa_path_nat Pathfinder to New York Naturalization Records] - provided by the New York State Archives <br>  
  
 
Microfilmed naturalization records from [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1999177/waypoints New York's county courts] (1791-1980) are online on FamilySearch.org. They are not currently digitally indexed, so it's most convenient to use one of the indexes mentioned below in order to find document locations, then browse the collection by county to find the records you want. New York County (Manhattan), Kings County (Brooklyn) and Queens County records are all there (including declarations of intent, certificates of arrival, and petitions for naturalization). At this time, Bronx County, unfortunately, only has the microfilm of their index, not the records themselves.  
 
Microfilmed naturalization records from [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1999177/waypoints New York's county courts] (1791-1980) are online on FamilySearch.org. They are not currently digitally indexed, so it's most convenient to use one of the indexes mentioned below in order to find document locations, then browse the collection by county to find the records you want. New York County (Manhattan), Kings County (Brooklyn) and Queens County records are all there (including declarations of intent, certificates of arrival, and petitions for naturalization). At this time, Bronx County, unfortunately, only has the microfilm of their index, not the records themselves.  
  
Microfilmed naturalization records from New York's [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=22 Southern (1825-1946), Eastern (1865-1957), and Western Districts (1907-1966)]&nbsp; are also online on FamilySearch.org. Some are indexed and some are not. If the records don't show up in a search, that doesn't mean they're not there. If you've found reference to a document that doesn't show up in a FamilySearch search, then you can still browse the collection to find it. Or, if you've found a document in an index on FamilySearch but it isn't linked to the document itself, you can browse the collection to find it.<br>  
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Microfilmed naturalization records from New York's [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=22 Southern (1825-1946), Eastern (1865-1957), and Western Districts (1907-1966)]&nbsp; are also online on FamilySearch.org. Some are indexed and some are not. If the records don't show up in a search, that doesn't mean they're not there. If you've found a reference to a document that doesn't show up in a FamilySearch search, then you can still browse the collection to find it. Or, if you've found a document in an index on FamilySearch but it isn't linked to the document itself, you can browse the collection to find it.<br>  
 
 
==== Websites  ====
 
 
 
:*[http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/New-York/Default.aspx?category=40 Ancestry.com] - ($), has several US and New York naturalization indexes <br>
 
:*[http://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&region=NORTH_AMERICA Historical Records] on [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch.org]<br>
 
::<br>
 
 
 
::{{RecordSearch|1840491|New York, Eastern District Naturalization Petitions, 1865-1957}} <br>
 
 
 
::{{RecordSearch|1840501|New York, Southern District Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1941}}<br>
 
 
 
::{{RecordSearch|1840493|New York, Southern District Naturalization Index, 1917-1950}} <br>
 
 
 
::{{RecordSearch|1854307|New York, Western District, Naturalization Index, 1907-1966}} <br>
 
 
 
[http://www.italiangen.org/databaselist.stm Italiangen.org] - Free, includes indexes to naturalization records in New York City and other New York counties covering various years. Also has an incomplete index for military naturalizations for veterans of World War I, World War II, and the Korean War. <br>
 
 
 
[http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($) offers:
 
  
:<br>
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=== Websites  ===
  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/New-York/Default.aspx?category=40 Ancestry.com] - ($), has several US and New York naturalization indexes <br>
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&region=NORTH_AMERICA Historical Records] on [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch.org]<br>
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1840491|New York, Eastern District Naturalization Petitions, 1865-1957}} <br>
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1840501|New York, Southern District Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1941}}<br>
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1840493|New York, Southern District Naturalization Index, 1917-1950}} <br>
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1854307|New York, Western District, Naturalization Index, 1907-1966}} <br>
 +
*[http://www.germanroots.com/newyork.html Online Searchable New York Naturalization Indexes and Records] - Links to free and paid websites for online New York naturalization indexes and records covering various years.
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*[http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org/public-elibrary New York Family History] ($) offers:
 
:*'''1790-1828''' - Chapin, Mrs. Edward J. "Naturalizations in Federal Courts, New York District, 1790-1828," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record'', Vol. 97, No. 1 (Jan. 1966):1-8; Vol. 97, No. 2 (Apr. 1966):106-114; Vol. 97, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):157-162; Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):219-222; Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):219-221. This court later became the Southern District.
 
:*'''1790-1828''' - Chapin, Mrs. Edward J. "Naturalizations in Federal Courts, New York District, 1790-1828," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record'', Vol. 97, No. 1 (Jan. 1966):1-8; Vol. 97, No. 2 (Apr. 1966):106-114; Vol. 97, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):157-162; Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):219-222; Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):219-221. This court later became the Southern District.
  
[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/ny_onlinedb.shtml Olive Tree Genealogy] - Links to free and paid websites for online New York naturalization indexes and records covering various years.<br>
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'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''<br>  
 
 
[http://www.germanroots.com/newyork.html Online Searchable New York Naturalization Indexes and Records] - Links to free and paid websites for online New York naturalization indexes and records covering various years.<br>
 
 
 
'''Wiki artices describing online collections are found at:'''<br>  
 
  
 
*[[New York, County Naturalization Records (Family Search Historical Records)|New York, County Naturalization Records (Family Search Historical Records)]]<br>  
 
*[[New York, County Naturalization Records (Family Search Historical Records)|New York, County Naturalization Records (Family Search Historical Records)]]<br>  
*[[New York, Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)|New York, Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
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*[[New York, Naturalization Indexes - FamilySearch Historical Records|New York, Naturalization Indexes - FamilySearch Historical Records]]<br>
 
 
==== The National Archives at New York City (Northeast Region)  ====
 
  
:[[National Archives Northeast Region (New York City)|The National Archives at New York City (Northeast Region)]]<br>201 Varick Street<br>12th Floor<br>New York, NY 10014 <br>(Entrance on Houston Street, between Varick and Hudson.) <br>Phone: 866-840-1752 <br>Phone: 212-401-1620<br>Fax: 212-401-1638<br>E-mail: [mailto:newyork.archives@nara.gov newyork.archives@nara.gov]<br>Internet: [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/ http://www.archives.gov/northeast/]<br>
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== The National Archives at New York City ==
  
::'''NOTE:''' In fall 2012, The National Archives at New York City (Northeast Region) will be moving to the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House at One Bowling Green in New York City. [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/nyc/move-notice.html More information]<br>
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:[[National Archives at New York City]]<br>Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House<br>One Bowling Green<br>New York, NY 10014 <br>Phone: 866-840-1752 <br>Phone: 212-401-1620<br>Fax: 212-401-1638<br>E-mail: [mailto:newyork.archives@nara.gov newyork.archives@nara.gov]<br>Internet: [http://www.archives.gov/northeast/ http://www.archives.gov/northeast/]<br>
  
<br>'''''New York Naturalizations Indexes and Records Include:'''''<br>'''U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York''' <br>''Covers counties:'' [[Bronx County, New York|Bronx]], [[Dutchess County, New York|Dutchess]], [[New York (Manhattan) County, New York|New York (Manhattan)]], [[Orange County, New York|Orange]], [[Putnam County, New York|Putnam]], [[Rockland County, New York|Rockland]], [[Sullivan County, New York|Sullivan]], [[Ulster County, New York|Ulster]], and [[Westchester County, New York|Westchester]] counties. <br>  
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<br>'''''New York Naturalizations Indexes and Records Include:'''''<br>'''U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York''' <br>''Covers counties:'' [[Bronx County, New York Genealogy|Bronx]], [[Dutchess County, New York Genealogy|Dutchess]], [[New York (Manhattan) County, New York Genealogy|New York (Manhattan)]], [[Orange County, New York Genealogy|Orange]], [[Putnam County, New York Genealogy|Putnam]], [[Rockland County, New York Genealogy|Rockland]], [[Sullivan County, New York Genealogy|Sullivan]], [[Ulster County, New York Genealogy|Ulster]], and [[Westchester County, New York Genealogy|Westchester]] counties. <br>  
  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
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:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChVmX12W_o on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>  
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChVmX12W_o on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>  
 
::*Index to Overseas Military Petitions for World War II and the Korean War <br>  
 
::*Index to Overseas Military Petitions for World War II and the Korean War <br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/Military.stm German Genealogy Group] <br>
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:::[https://www.germangenealogygroup.com/records-search/naturalizations.php German Genealogy Group] <br>  
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/military.stm ItalianGen.org] <br>  
 
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1991 - includes NARA M1676 (1824-1941) {{FHL|674806|item|disp=FHL film 1522691 (first of 102)}}<br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1991 - includes NARA M1676 (1824-1941) {{FHL|674806|item|disp=FHL film 1522691 (first of 102)}}<br>  
 
:::{{RecordSearch|1840501|1824-1941 on Historical Records}} at [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] <br>  
 
:::{{RecordSearch|1840501|1824-1941 on Historical Records}} at [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] <br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/Southern.stm 1824-1959 on German Genealogy Group] <br>
 
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/Southern.stm 1824-1959 on ItalianGen.org]<br>
 
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/title_104/ny_southern_petitions/ 1824-1941 on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>  
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/title_104/ny_southern_petitions/ 1824-1941 on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>  
 
:::[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1629 Ancestry.com] - ($)<br>
 
:::[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1629 Ancestry.com] - ($)<br>
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::*Petitions for Name Change (Oath Ceremonies), 1991-1996<br>  
 
::*Petitions for Name Change (Oath Ceremonies), 1991-1996<br>  
 
::*Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1991 <br>  
 
::*Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1991 <br>  
:::{{RecordSearch|1840501|1824-1941 on Historical Records}} at [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org]<br>  
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:::{{RecordSearch|1840501|1824-1941 on Historical Records}} at [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch]<br>  
 
::*Registration of Aliens, 1815-1831<br>  
 
::*Registration of Aliens, 1815-1831<br>  
 
::*Repatriation Applications, 1937-1970<br>  
 
::*Repatriation Applications, 1937-1970<br>  
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:Indexes:<br>  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1846-1876, 1906-1911 includes NARA M1676 (1824-1941); {{FHL|674925|item|disp=FHL film 1522858 item 2-3}} <br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1846-1876, 1906-1911 includes NARA M1676 (1824-1941); {{FHL|674925|item|disp=FHL film 1522858 item 2-3}} <br>  
:::{{RecordSearch|1840501|1824-1941 on Historical Records}} at [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch.org]<br>  
+
:::{{RecordSearch|1840501|1824-1941 on Historical Records}} at [http://www.familysearch.org/ FamilySearch]<br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/USCC.STM 1846-1876; 1906-1911 German Genealogy Group]<br>
+
:::[https://www.germangenealogygroup.com/records-search/naturalizations.php German Genealogy Group]<br>  
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/USCC.STM 1846-1876; 1906-1911 on ItalianGen.org] <br>  
 
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/title_104/ny_southern_petitions/ 1824-1941 on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/title_104/ny_southern_petitions/ 1824-1941 on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>
  
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::*Petitions for Naturalization, 1846-1876; 1906-1911 <br>
 
::*Petitions for Naturalization, 1846-1876; 1906-1911 <br>
  
'''U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York'''<br>''Covers counties:'' [[Brooklyn, New York|Kings (Brooklyn)]], [[Queens County, New York|Queens]], [[Nassau County, New York|Nassau]], [[Suffolk County, New York|Suffolk]], and [[Richmond (Staten Island) County, New York|Richmond (Staten Island)]] counties. <br>  
+
'''U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York'''<br>''Covers counties:'' [[Brooklyn, New York|Kings (Brooklyn)]], [[Queens County, New York Genealogy|Queens]], [[Nassau County, New York Genealogy|Nassau]], [[Suffolk County, New York Genealogy|Suffolk]], and [[Richmond (Staten Island) County, New York Genealogy|Richmond (Staten Island)]] counties. <br>  
  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
 
::*Index to Declaration of Intention, 1909-1925; 1934-1958<br>  
 
::*Index to Declaration of Intention, 1909-1925; 1934-1958<br>  
 
::*Index to Military Petitions for World War II and Korean War <br>  
 
::*Index to Military Petitions for World War II and Korean War <br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/Military.stm German Genealogy Group] <br>
 
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/military.stm ItalianGen.org] <br>
 
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization - 1865-1991 - includes NARA M1164 and M1674; for M1164:{{FHL|988724|item|disp=FHL film 2209515 (first of 1573)}} <br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization - 1865-1991 - includes NARA M1164 and M1674; for M1164:{{FHL|988724|item|disp=FHL film 2209515 (first of 1573)}} <br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/EDN.STM 1865-1957 German Genealogy Group]<br>
+
:::[https://www.germangenealogygroup.com/records-search/naturalizations.php German Genealogy Group]<br>  
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/EDN.stm 1865-1957 ItalianGen.org]<br>  
 
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChVmX12W_o 1865-1957 on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChVmX12W_o 1865-1957 on Fold3.com] - ($)<br>
  
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::*Transfer Petitions for Naturalization, 1952-1992<br>
 
::*Transfer Petitions for Naturalization, 1952-1992<br>
  
<br>'''U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York'''<br>''Covers counties:'' [[Allegany County, New York|Allegany]], [[Cattaraugus County, New York|Cattaraugus]], [[Chautauqua County, New York|Chautauqua]], [[Chemung County, New York|Chemung]], [[Erie County, New York|Erie]], [[Genesee County, New York|Genesee]], [[Livingston County, New York|Livingston]], [[Monroe County, New York|Monroe]], [[Niagara County, New York|Niagara]], [[Ontario County, New York|Ontario]], [[Orleans County, New York|Orleans]], [[Schuyler County, New York|Schuyler]], [[Seneca County, New York|Seneca]], [[Steuben County, New York|Steuben]], [[Wayne County, New York|Wayne]], [[Wyoming County, New York|Wyoming]], and [[Yates County, New York|Yates]] counties.<ref>"Western District Federal Court Naturalization," ''Italian Genealogical Group,'' accessed 2 December 2011, http://www.italiangen.org/WDN.STM.</ref><br>&nbsp;
+
<br>'''U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York'''<br>''Covers counties:'' [[Allegany County, New York Genealogy|Allegany]], [[Cattaraugus County, New York Genealogy|Cattaraugus]], [[Chautauqua County, New York Genealogy|Chautauqua]], [[Chemung County, New York Genealogy|Chemung]], [[Erie County, New York Genealogy|Erie]], [[Genesee County, New York Genealogy|Genesee]], [[Livingston County, New York Genealogy|Livingston]], [[Monroe County, New York Genealogy|Monroe]], [[Niagara County, New York Genealogy|Niagara]], [[Ontario County, New York Genealogy|Ontario]], [[Orleans County, New York Genealogy|Orleans]], [[Schuyler County, New York Genealogy|Schuyler]], [[Seneca County, New York Genealogy|Seneca]], [[Steuben County, New York Genealogy|Steuben]], [[Wayne County, New York Genealogy|Wayne]], [[Wyoming County, New York Genealogy|Wyoming]], and [[Yates County, New York Genealogy|Yates]] counties.
  
 
:Indexes<br>  
 
:Indexes<br>  
 
::*Index to Declarations of Intention, 1903-1966 <br>  
 
::*Index to Declarations of Intention, 1903-1966 <br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/WDN.STM 1906-1928 on German Genealogy Group]<br>
 
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/WDN.STM 1906-1928 on ItalianGen.org]<br>
 
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1903-1966 - includes M1677; {{FHL|61508|item|disp=1674438 (first of 20)}}<br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1903-1966 - includes M1677; {{FHL|61508|item|disp=1674438 (first of 20)}}<br>  
 
:::{{RecordSearch|1854307|1907-1966 on Historical Records}}<br>  
 
:::{{RecordSearch|1854307|1907-1966 on Historical Records}}<br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/WDN.STM 1903-1966 on German Genealogy Group]<br>
+
:::[https://www.germangenealogygroup.com/records-search/naturalizations.php German Genealogy Group]<br>  
:::[http://www.italiangen.org/WDN.STM 1903-1966 on ItalianGen.org]<br>  
 
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChyFUWg4H4 Fold3.com]&nbsp;- ($)<br>  
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChyFUWg4H4 Fold3.com]&nbsp;- ($)<br>  
 
:::[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1629 1906-1966 on Ancestry.com] - ($)<br>
 
:::[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1629 1906-1966 on Ancestry.com] - ($)<br>
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::*Repatriations, 1937-1970<br>
 
::*Repatriations, 1937-1970<br>
  
'''U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York'''<br>''Covers counties:'' [[Albany County, New York|Albany]], [[Broome County, New York|Broome]], [[Cayuga County, New York|Cayuga]], [[Chenango County, New York|Chenango]], [[Clinton County, New York|Clinton]], [[Columbia County, New York|Columbia]], [[Cortland County, New York|Cortland]], [[Delaware County, New York|Delaware]], [[Essex County, New York|Essex]], [[Franklin County, New York|Franklin]], [[Fulton County, New York|Fulton]], [[Greene County, New York|Greene]], [[Hamilton County, New York|Hamilton]], [[Herkimer County, New York|Herkimer]], [[Madison County, New York|Madison]], [[Montgomery County, New York|Montgomery]], [[Oneida County, New York|Oneida]], [[Onondaga County, New York|Onondaga]], [[Otsego County, New York|Otsego]], [[Oswego County, New York|Oswego]], [[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer]], [[Saratoga County, New York|Saratoga]], [[Schenectady County, New York|Schenectady]], [[Schoharie County, New York|Schoharie]], [[Tioga County, New York|Tioga]], [[Tompkins County, New York|Tompkins]], [[Ulster County, New York|Ulster]], [[Warren County, New York|Warren]], and [[Washington County, New York|Washington]] Counties.&nbsp;&nbsp; <br>  
+
'''U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York'''<br>''Covers counties:'' [[Albany County, New York Genealogy|Albany]], [[Broome County, New York Genealogy|Broome]], [[Cayuga County, New York Genealogy|Cayuga]], [[Chenango County, New York Genealogy|Chenango]], [[Clinton County, New York Genealogy|Clinton]], [[Columbia County, New York Genealogy|Columbia]], [[Cortland County, New York Genealogy|Cortland]], [[Delaware County, New York Genealogy|Delaware]], [[Essex County, New York Genealogy|Essex]], [[Franklin County, New York Genealogy|Franklin]], [[Fulton County, New York Genealogy|Fulton]], [[Greene County, New York Genealogy|Greene]], [[Hamilton County, New York Genealogy|Hamilton]], [[Herkimer County, New York Genealogy|Herkimer]], [[Madison County, New York Genealogy|Madison]], [[Montgomery County, New York Genealogy|Montgomery]], [[Oneida County, New York Genealogy|Oneida]], [[Onondaga County, New York Genealogy|Onondaga]], [[Otsego County, New York Genealogy|Otsego]], [[Oswego County, New York Genealogy|Oswego]], [[Rensselaer County, New York Genealogy|Rensselaer]], [[Saratoga County, New York Genealogy|Saratoga]], [[Schenectady County, New York Genealogy|Schenectady]], [[Schoharie County, New York Genealogy|Schoharie]], [[Tioga County, New York Genealogy|Tioga]], [[Tompkins County, New York Genealogy|Tompkins]], [[Ulster County, New York Genealogy|Ulster]], [[Warren County, New York Genealogy|Warren]], and [[Washington County, New York Genealogy|Washington]] Counties.&nbsp;&nbsp; <br>  
  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
 
:Indexes:<br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization - 1821-1855, 1906<br>  
 
::*Index to Petitions for Naturalization - 1821-1855, 1906<br>  
:::[http://www.theggg.org/NortherNat.stm German Genealogy Group 1821-1855]  
+
:::[https://www.germangenealogygroup.com/records-search/naturalizations.php German Genealogy Group 1821-1855]  
 
:Records:<br>  
 
:Records:<br>  
 
::*Petitions for Naturalization, 1821-1855; 1906<br>
 
::*Petitions for Naturalization, 1821-1855; 1906<br>
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:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChKGhbzlUr Fold3.com] - ($)<br>
 
:::[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#40%7ChKGhbzlUr Fold3.com] - ($)<br>
  
==== Family History Library  ====
+
== Family History Library  ==
  
''New York City and County Records'' <br>The Family History Library has microfilmed naturalizations for nearly all New York counties from the 1790s to 1906. The records for some counties were filmed to the 1930s. The county microfilmed records can be viewed at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] or at your local [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Family History Center]]. Do a place search in the Family History Library Catalog using the name of the city/county. Naturalization records are listed under the topic, Naturalization and Citizenship. [[Family History Library Catalog Place-name Search|Instructions on how to use the Family History Library Catalog.]] <br>  
+
''New York City and County Records'' <br>The Family History Library has microfilmed naturalizations for nearly all New York counties from the 1790s to 1906. The records for some counties were filmed to the 1930s. The county microfilmed records can be viewed at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] or at your local [[Introduction to Family History Centers|family history center]]. Do a place search in the FamilySearch Catalog using the name of the city/county. Naturalization records are listed under the topic, Naturalization and Citizenship. [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|Instructions on how to use the FamilySearch Catalog.]] <br>  
  
''New York Federal Court Records''<br>Federal Naturalization Indexes and Records Records for New York federal courts can also be found at the Family History Library. Do a place search for New York state records in the Family History Library Catalog using "New York." Naturalization records are listed under the topic, Naturalization and Citizenship and Naturalization and Citizenship - Indexes. [[Family History Library Catalog Place-name Search|Instructions on how to use the Family History Library Catalog.]] <br>  
+
''New York Federal Court Records''<br>Federal Naturalization Indexes and Records Records for New York federal courts can also be found at the Family History Library. Do a place search for New York state records in the FamilySearch Catalog using "New York." Naturalization records are listed under the topic, Naturalization and Citizenship and Naturalization and Citizenship - Indexes. [[FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search|Instructions on how to use the FamilySearch Catalog.]] <br>  
  
==== United States Citizenship and Immigration Services - Post 1906  ====
+
== United States Citizenship and Immigration Services - Post 1906  ==
  
 
The [http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)] has instituted the [http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/?vgnextchannel=d21f3711ca5ca110VgnVCM1000004718190aRCRD&vgnextoid=d21f3711ca5ca110VgnVCM1000004718190aRCRD Genealogy Program] for public access to all records from 1906 to 1956 created by this agency, formerly Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Review the [http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=ff1a2b0851cb8210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD&vgnextchannel=ff1a2b0851cb8210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD Avoid Common Errors website] to expedite your order and ensure success for your request. <br>  
 
The [http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)] has instituted the [http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/?vgnextchannel=d21f3711ca5ca110VgnVCM1000004718190aRCRD&vgnextoid=d21f3711ca5ca110VgnVCM1000004718190aRCRD Genealogy Program] for public access to all records from 1906 to 1956 created by this agency, formerly Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Review the [http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/?vgnextoid=ff1a2b0851cb8210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD&vgnextchannel=ff1a2b0851cb8210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD Avoid Common Errors website] to expedite your order and ensure success for your request. <br>  
Line 241: Line 267:
 
''US Naturalization Records'' <br>  
 
''US Naturalization Records'' <br>  
  
:*Szucs, Loretto Dennis, ''They Became Americans: Finding Naturalization Records and Ethnic Origins'' (Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry Pub., c1998). {{WorldCat|37761966|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat);}} {{FHL|719682|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47t}} Information on the location of naturalization offices and how to find naturalization records on the internet is given, but may be outdated.<br>
+
:*Szucs, Loretto Dennis, ''They Became Americans: Finding Naturalization Records and Ethnic Origins'' (Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry Pub., c1998). {{WorldCat|37761966|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|719682|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47t}} Information on the location of naturalization offices and how to find naturalization records on the internet is given, but maybe outdated.<br>
  
 
''Naturalization Laws'' <br>  
 
''Naturalization Laws'' <br>  
  
:*Newman, John, ''American Naturalization Processes and Procedures, 1790-1985'' (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, c1985). {{{{WorldCat|12388755 At various libraries (WorldCat);] {{FHL|314550|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4n}}  
+
:*Newman, John, ''American Naturalization Processes and Procedures, 1790-1985'' (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, c1985). {{WorldCat|12388755|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|314550|item|disp=FHL book 973 P4n}}  
:*Newman, John, ''American Naturalization Records, 1790-1990: What They are and How to Use Them&nbsp;''(Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, c1998). {{WorldCat|39843568|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat);}} {{FHL|736837|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47na}}. - includes details concerning laws governing admission of minor, veterans, and women.<br>  
+
:*Newman, John, ''American Naturalization Records, 1790-1990: What They are and How to Use Them&nbsp;''(Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, c1998). {{WorldCat|39843568|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|736837|item|disp=FHL book 973 P47na}}. - includes details concerning laws governing admission of minor, veterans, and women.<br>  
:*[http://www.archives.nysed.gov/a/research/res_topics_gen_naturalization.shtml New York State Archives Information Leaflet #6]&nbsp;- Guide to original New York naturalizations records
+
:*[http://www.archives.nysed.gov/research/naturalization-records New York State Archives Information Leaflet]&nbsp;- Guide to original New York naturalization records.
  
== References ==
+
== References ==
  
 
<references />{{New York|New York}} {{-}}  
 
<references />{{New York|New York}} {{-}}  
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<br>  
 
<br>  
  
[[Category:New_York|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
+
[[Category:New_York, United States|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
[[Category:United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]

Latest revision as of 15:45, 17 April 2021

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Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Introduction[edit | edit source]

If you do not know if your ancestor was naturalized, search for important clues in federal censuses (1870–1920) and state censuses (1825–1925). The 1925 state census, which is indexed and available on Ancestry, specifically asks for the date and place of naturalization. Voting registers often give similar information.

Colonial[edit | edit source]

Between 1664 and 1708 aliens occasionally sought British citizenship through the King of England or by a special act of Parliament. The Governor of New York or a deputy could also grant a letter of denization (similar to naturalization). Because the process was quite costly, most immigrants did not apply.

Oaths of allegiance were also taken in 1664, 1673, 1687, and 1776. Most colonial naturalizations kept during the colonial period followed a 1740 Act of Parliament. Colonial naturalization records rarely give such information as age or town of origin.

Most existing records are found in the session laws and in:

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd de Witt, Denizations and Naturalizations in the British Colonies in America, 1607-1775 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, c2005). At various libraries; FHL book 970 P4b. Indexes sessions laws and five other sources with colonial naturalizations and denizations. Some information is difficult to reference back to the original record.
  • Giuseppi, M. S. Naturalizations of Foreign Protestants in the American and West Indian Colonies (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, 1979). Abstracted on Ancestry.com; At various libraries; FHL book 973 P4gm 1979. Contains 10 pages for New York and includes details on residence, occupation, religion and date of naturalization. 
  • Scott, Kenneth and Kenn Stryker-Rodda,Denizations, Naturalizations, and Oaths of Allegiance in Colonial New York (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1975). On Ancestry.com ($); At various libraries; FHL book 974.7 P4sc
  • Wolfe, Richard J. "The Colonial Naturalization Act of 1740 With a List of Persons Naturalized in New York Colony, 1740-1769," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 94, No. 3 (Jul. 1963):132-147. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 94.
  • Penrose, Maryly B. "New York Naturalizations, 1789," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 112, No. 1 (Jan. 1981):16-17. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 112.
  • O'Neill, Terri Bradshaw. "Naturalizations in the New York Secretary of State Deeds," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 139, No. 3 (Jul. 2008):186-193. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 139. 1680s-1710s.

Post 1790[edit | edit source]

After 1790, aliens could declare their intention to become citizens and later be naturalized in any court of record. Most naturalizations took place in the county courts of common pleas, but they were also recorded in city, mayors', district, and other courts. After 1906, naturalizations were usually handled by the county supreme courts and district courts.

The county courthouse have naturalization records from 1790 to the present. They also have separate volumes of military petitions of soldiers naturalized following the Civil War and the first World War. You can obtain copies of the papers from the clerk of the appropriate court.

Naturalization documents include declarations of intention, petitions for naturalization, certificates of arrival, and certificates of naturalization (after 1906).

New York Published Source

  • Scott, Kenneth, Early New York Naturalizations: Abstracts of Naturalization Records from Federal, State and Local Courts, 1792–1840 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1981). At various libraries FHL book 974.7 P4s - May show foreign birthplace, age, or residence in New York. Abstracts of:
  • New York City Court of Common Pleas (1792–1840)
  • District Court for the Southern district (1824–1840)
  • New York County Superior Court (1828–1840)
  • Marine Court of New York City (1807–40)
  • Some Queens, Richmond, and Brooklyn county court records.

Alien Landowners
To own land and pass the land to their heirs, an alien had to declare to be a citizen of the United States. This law has created some records regarding these aliens.

Alien depositions of intent to become citizens from 1825 through 1913 are at the New York State Archives. These were statements made by aliens who wanted to buy land. They showed the alien's intention to stay in the United States and become a citizen as soon as legally possible. Because the desire to buy land was impacted by this law, the alien was often motivated to formally declare his intention to become a citizen at the same time. Thus, an alien deposition can often be a clue as to where the declaration was filed.

Prior to 1825, aliens could be enabled to hold land by an act of the state legislature. The acts seldom gave details on the alien – just the name and the date of the act.[1] These books and articles contain a description of the records and names of the aliens:

  • Scott, Kenneth, "Resident Aliens Enabled to Hold Land in New York State 1790-1825," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 67, No. 1 (Mar. 1979): 42-57. Digital version at National Genealogical Society website ($); FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 67 (1979).
  • Scott, Kenneth and Roseanne Conway, New York Alien Residents, 1825-1848 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978). {{WorldCat|4377254|disp=At various libraries]; FHL book 974.7 R2s - Gives details from the depositions, including counties of residence, and can be used as an index to finding declarations in this time period.

Registration of Aliens
From 1798 to 1828 an "Alien Report and Registry" was required of all aliens. Each alien was to gave details on when and where they arrived, and sometimes names of family members. The Alien report was a Federal requirement and the records do not always survive. In New York State some counties (notably St. Lawrence) maintained separate registers of Alien Reports, but in most cases if the report survived, it is included as a loose paper with the Declaration of Intention or in the court minutes. Records are at the county courthouse and sometimes on microfilm at the Family History Library.

  • Scott, Kenneth, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1979), pp. 58-241. On Ancestry.com; At various libraries; FHL book 973 W4s – New York residents make up 50% of this source and includes alien registeration under the Federal law of 6 July 1812.  States where they lived, how long they had been in the United States, and other details. It can be used to tell an ancestor’s citizenship status and where he might have been naturalized. The fear was that these individuals would join British forces.

Alien Public Office Holders
From 1807 to 1817, New York City kept a register documenting the citizenship status of residents appointed to public office. Moorhouse published abstracts of these records:


How to Find Naturalization Records[edit | edit source]

Because an alien could naturalize in any court of record, naturalization indexes and records are found in courts that performed naturalizations. For New York, these courts include county, city, district, circuit, superior, marine, common pleas, and supreme.

Depending on the court, their records can be housed in the court it originated or the National Archives Northeast Region (Boston). Many naturalization records are microfilmed and are at National Archive regional branches and the Family History Library. More and more microfilmed records are being digitized and are now available online.

Pathfinder to New York Naturalization Records - provided by the New York State Archives

Microfilmed naturalization records from New York's county courts (1791-1980) are online on FamilySearch.org. They are not currently digitally indexed, so it's most convenient to use one of the indexes mentioned below in order to find document locations, then browse the collection by county to find the records you want. New York County (Manhattan), Kings County (Brooklyn) and Queens County records are all there (including declarations of intent, certificates of arrival, and petitions for naturalization). At this time, Bronx County, unfortunately, only has the microfilm of their index, not the records themselves.

Microfilmed naturalization records from New York's Southern (1825-1946), Eastern (1865-1957), and Western Districts (1907-1966)  are also online on FamilySearch.org. Some are indexed and some are not. If the records don't show up in a search, that doesn't mean they're not there. If you've found a reference to a document that doesn't show up in a FamilySearch search, then you can still browse the collection to find it. Or, if you've found a document in an index on FamilySearch but it isn't linked to the document itself, you can browse the collection to find it.

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • 1790-1828 - Chapin, Mrs. Edward J. "Naturalizations in Federal Courts, New York District, 1790-1828," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 97, No. 1 (Jan. 1966):1-8; Vol. 97, No. 2 (Apr. 1966):106-114; Vol. 97, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):157-162; Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):219-222; Vol. 97, No. 4 (Oct. 1966):219-221. This court later became the Southern District.

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

The National Archives at New York City[edit | edit source]

National Archives at New York City
Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House
One Bowling Green
New York, NY 10014
Phone: 866-840-1752
Phone: 212-401-1620
Fax: 212-401-1638
E-mail: newyork.archives@nara.gov
Internet: http://www.archives.gov/northeast/


New York Naturalizations Indexes and Records Include:
U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
Covers counties: Bronx, Dutchess, New York (Manhattan), Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester counties.

Indexes:
1917-1950 on Historical Records at FamilySearch.org
on Fold3.com - ($)
  • Index to Overseas Military Petitions for World War II and the Korean War
German Genealogy Group
1824-1941 on Historical Records at FamilySearch.org
1824-1941 on Fold3.com - ($)
Ancestry.com - ($)


Records:
  • Declarations of Intention, 1842-1959; 1968-1991; FHL film 1468586 (first of 63) for 1845-1911
  • Overseas Military Petitions - World War II and Korean War
  • Petitions for Name Change (Oath Ceremonies), 1991-1996
  • Petitions for Naturalization, 1824-1991
1824-1941 on Historical Records at FamilySearch
  • Registration of Aliens, 1815-1831
  • Repatriation Applications, 1937-1970
  • Transfer Petitions for Naturalization, 1953-1991

U.S. Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York

Indexes:
1824-1941 on Historical Records at FamilySearch
German Genealogy Group
1824-1941 on Fold3.com - ($)
Records:

U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York
Covers counties: Kings (Brooklyn), Queens, Nassau, Suffolk, and Richmond (Staten Island) counties.

Indexes:
  • Index to Declaration of Intention, 1909-1925; 1934-1958
  • Index to Military Petitions for World War II and Korean War
  • Index to Petitions for Naturalization - 1865-1991 - includes NARA M1164 and M1674; for M1164:FHL film 2209515 (first of 1573)
German Genealogy Group
1865-1957 on Fold3.com - ($)
Records:
On Historical Records at FamilySearch.org - free, images and index
  • Military Petitions-World War I, World War II, Korean War
  • Petitions for Naturalization, 1865-1991
  • Transfer Petitions for Naturalization, 1952-1992


U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York
Covers counties: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates counties.

Indexes
  • Index to Declarations of Intention, 1903-1966
  • Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1903-1966 - includes M1677; 1674438 (first of 20)
1907-1966 on Historical Records
German Genealogy Group
Fold3.com - ($)
1906-1966 on Ancestry.com - ($)
Records:
  • Declarations of Intention, 1906-1963
  • Military Petitions-World War I, World War II and Korean War
  • Petitions for Naturalization, 1903-1966
  • Repatriations, 1937-1970

U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York
Covers counties: Albany, Broome, Cayuga, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Madison, Montgomery, Oneida, Onondaga, Otsego, Oswego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Tioga, Tompkins, Ulster, Warren, and Washington Counties.  

Indexes:
  • Index to Petitions for Naturalization - 1821-1855, 1906
German Genealogy Group 1821-1855
Records:
  • Petitions for Naturalization, 1821-1855; 1906

World War I

  • Military Index to Naturalizations of World War I Soldiers, 1918 - NARA M1952 (may cover multiple district courts)
Fold3.com - ($)

Other Courts - New York

  • Bureau of Citizenship and Naturalization Services (BCIS), Petitions for Naturalization filed Federal, State and Local Courts located in New York City, 1792-1906
  • Index to Petitions for Naturalization, 1792-1906
Fold3.com - ($)

Family History Library[edit | edit source]

New York City and County Records
The Family History Library has microfilmed naturalizations for nearly all New York counties from the 1790s to 1906. The records for some counties were filmed to the 1930s. The county microfilmed records can be viewed at the Family History Library or at your local family history center. Do a place search in the FamilySearch Catalog using the name of the city/county. Naturalization records are listed under the topic, Naturalization and Citizenship. Instructions on how to use the FamilySearch Catalog.

New York Federal Court Records
Federal Naturalization Indexes and Records Records for New York federal courts can also be found at the Family History Library. Do a place search for New York state records in the FamilySearch Catalog using "New York." Naturalization records are listed under the topic, Naturalization and Citizenship and Naturalization and Citizenship - Indexes. Instructions on how to use the FamilySearch Catalog.

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services - Post 1906[edit | edit source]

The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has instituted the Genealogy Program for public access to all records from 1906 to 1956 created by this agency, formerly Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Review the Avoid Common Errors website to expedite your order and ensure success for your request.

  • The following records can be requested online or by mail:
Certificate Files (C-files) from September 27, 1906 to April 1, 1956
Alien Registration Forms from August 1, 1940 to March 31, 1944
Visa files from July 1, 1924 to March 31, 1944
Registry Files from March 2, 1929 to March 31, 1944
Alien Files (A-files) numbered below 8 million (A8000000) and documents therein dated prior to May 1, 1951
  • When ordering by mail, use forms G-1041 (for an index search) and G-1041A (for obtaining the record). Do not submit a request for records G-1041A until you have completed an index search unless you have a valid file number]. Once the form is filled out, include a money order or cashier's check. Cash or a personal check will not be accepted. There are no refunds for incorrect file numbers submitted or for negative results. The mailing address is:
USCIS Genealogy Program
P.O. Box 805925
Chicago, Illinois 60680-4120

The fee schedule is:

Index Search--$20 (form G-1041)
Microfilm copies--$20 (form G-1041A])
Paper copies--$35 (form G-1041A])

Form G-639, the FOIA formis used to obtain naturalization records created after 1956.

Further Reading[edit | edit source]

New York Naturalization Records

  • Schaefer, Christina K., Guide to Naturalization Records of the United States (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1997), pp. 229-248. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 P4s - gives an overview of naturalization records in New York State, including a list of published abstracts and indexes, as well as what statewide records and county records are available on microfilm at the Family History Library as of 1997. Schaefer also gives an overview of the naturalization process and the Federal laws regulating it.

US Naturalization Records

  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis, They Became Americans: Finding Naturalization Records and Ethnic Origins (Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry Pub., c1998). At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 P47t Information on the location of naturalization offices and how to find naturalization records on the internet is given, but maybe outdated.

Naturalization Laws

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Gordon Lewis Remington, FUGA, “Alien Landowners in New York State,” The Irish at Home and Abroad, 1, no. 4(Spring 1994): 8-9.