Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States Genealogy go to Georgia go to Muscogee County

Guide to Muscogee County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Muscogee County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Muscogee County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded 11 December, 1826
County Seat Columbus
Address Muscogee County Courthouse
100 10th Street
PO Box 1340
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: 706.653.4013
Muscogee County Website

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Muscogee County Courthouse
100 10th Street
PO Box 1340
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: 706.653.4013

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, court and land records from 1838[1]

Clerk of Superior Court
100 10th St.
P.O. Box 2145
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: (706) 653-4353
Fax: (706) 653-4359

Probate Court of Muscogee County
PO Box 1340
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: (706) 653-4333

Beginning Dates for Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate


History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1826--Muscogee County was created 11 December 1826 from Creek Indian Lands.
County seat: Columbus [2]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the website.

Variant Spellings[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]


1838. The courthouse and court offices at Columbus burned 8 October 1838. Almost all the county records were lost.[3]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Chattahoochee County  • Harris County  • Lee County, Alabama County  • Russell County, Alabama County  • Talbot County

Template:GAMuscogee County, Georgia Clickable Neighbors

Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Census[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records[edit | edit source]
  • Columbus

Court[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Template:GA Land

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Template:GA History

  • Martin, John H. Columbus, Geo., From Its Selection as a "Trading Town" in 1827, to Its Partial Destruction by Wilson's Raid, in 1865: History, Incident, Personality. Columbus, Ga.: T. Gilbert, 1874-1875. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
     :*Telfair, Nancy. A History of Columbus, Georgia: 1828-1928. Columbus, Ga.: Historical Pub. Co., c1929. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps[edit | edit source]


Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Ramsey's) (Confederate), Company B
- 2nd Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and G
- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 10th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 12th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- 17th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and F
- 20th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B, G and I
- 28th Battalion, Georgia Siege Artillery (Confederate), Company D and G
- 31st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies A and B
- 35th Battalion, Georgia (Confederate), Companies A and B
- 37th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B and K; Companies F and K, 3d Battalion
- 38th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 46th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and K
- 54th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and H
- 64th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Companies F and I
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project (other war's information is also given)

  • Whitehead, Margaret Laney, and Barbara Bogart. 1979. City of progress: a history of Columbus, Georgia. Columbus, Georgia: Cosco Press. (page 116, 154) 975.8473 H2w
  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Muscogee County). 1965. Confederate roster, and Confederate pension roll, 1919-1965. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. (United States, Georgia, Muscogee -- Military records -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Pensions.) 422017

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Template:GA Newspaper abstracts

Occupations[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

  • Wills 1838-1862 (abstracts) Georgia Pioneers ($) *Wills 1862-1875 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($) *Wills 1875-1882 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book A, 1838-1863 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book B, 1862-1875 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book C, 1875-1891 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Will Book D, 1891-1903 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Inventories, Book A, 1839-1843 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Book B, 1843-1848 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Book A, 1839-1843 Georgia Pioneers ($) *Index to Annual Returns, Book D, 1852-1854 Georgia Pioneers ($) ==== Taxation ==== Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

1828 - 1978 Georgia Marriage Records from Select Counties 1828-1978 at — index and images $ 1699 - 1944 Georgia Marriages 1699-1944 at— index $

  • Marriage Books A and B, 1838-1844 Georgia Pioneers ($) Marriage *Marriage Books 1828-34, 1837-41, 1851-52, 1885-1886 Georgia Pioneers ($)
  • 1826-1852 - Jefferey, Alice. Georgia Marriage Records, Houston, Muscogee, Talbot Counties. Digital version at Ancestry ($). *1838-1845 - Muscogee County Marriage Book B Index 1838-1845. Batch M713441 at FamilySearch - free.[4] *1845-1860 - Muscogee County Marriage Books C and D 1845-1860. Batch M713442 at FamilySearch - free.[4] *1860-1872 - Muscogee County Marriage Books E and F 1860-1872. Batch M713443 at FamilySearch - free.[4] *1872-1881 - Muscogee County Marriage Books G and H 1872-1881. Batch M713444 at FamilySearch - free.[4] *1881-1890 - Muscogee County Marriage Books I and J 1881-1890. Batch M713445 at FamilySearch - free.[4] *1890-1893 - Muscogee County Marriage Book K 1890-1893. Batch M713446 at FamilySearch - free.[4] *1893-1895 - Muscogee County Marriage Book L 1893-1895. Batch M713447 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
Death Records[edit | edit source]

1919 - 1998 Georgia Deaths 1919-1998 at — index $

Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Columbus Public Library
Genealogy Department
3000 Macon Rd.
Columbus, GA 31906
Telephone: (706) 243-2681
They offer local histories, biographies, censuses, maps, newspapers, genealogy classes, and more.
Historic Columbus Foundation
700 Broadway
Columbus 31901-2921
Muscogee Genealogical Society

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Muscogee County, Georgia. Page 159 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 45-46. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at