Difference between revisions of "Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany Genealogy"

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<span style="color:DarkViolet">'''Go to one of the following articles to learn how to search for your family that lived in Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen).'''</span> Germany was unified into the German Empire in 1871.  This Research Wiki, the FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the localities and place names as of 1871. In 1871, the area of the modern state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) belonged to:
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*[[Brunswick (Braunschweig), German Empire Genealogy|'''Brunswick (Braunschweig), German Empire Genealogy''']]
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*[[Hanover (Hannover), German Empire Genealogy|'''Hanover (Hannover), German Empire Genealogy''']]
 
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*[[Oldenburg, German Empire Genealogy|'''Oldenburg, German Empire Genealogy''']]
Guide to '''Lower Saxony ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
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*[[Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Genealogy|'''Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Genealogy''']]
{{Click|Image:Lowersaxony ORP.png|Lower Saxony and the Saxony Duchies Online Genealogy Records}}{{Click|Image:Hannover ORP.png|Hannover Online Genealogy Records}}  [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups]]<br>
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==History==
 
On 8 November 1946, the State of Lower Saxony with its capital Hannover were founded. The state was formed by a merger of the Free States of Brunswick, of Oldenburg and of Schaumburg-Lippe with the previously formed State of Hannover. But there were exceptions:
 
 
 
*In the Free State of Brunswick, the eastern part of the district of Blankenburg and the exclave of Calvörde, which belonged to the district of Helmstedt fell into the Soviet Zone of Occupation and were later integrated into the state of Saxony-Anhalt.
 
*In the State of Hannover, Amt Neuhaus and the villages of Neu Bleckede and Neu Wendischthun were allotted to the Soviet Zone and thus the subsequent East Germany. They were not returned to Lower Saxony until 1993.
 
*The city of Wesermünde that then lay in the Regierungsbezirk Stade was renamed in 1947 to Bremerhaven and incorporated into the new city state of Bremen, which became one of the federated German states.
 
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Saxony Wikipedia]
 
 
 
==Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen): Hannover, Brunswick (Braunschweig), Oldenburg, and Schaumburg-Lippe==
 
Today's state of Lower Saxony was created after the Second World War by uniting the country '''Hannover''' with the free states '''Brunswick (Braunschweig)''', '''Oldenburg''' and '''Schaumburg-Lippe''', and the city and district of '''Pyrmont''' (formerly part of Waldeck).
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
*[[How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Brunswick (now in Lower Saxony), Germany|'''How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Brunswick (now in Lower Saxony), Germany''']]
 
*[[How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Oldenburg (now in Lower Saxony), Germany|'''How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Oldenburg (now in Lower Saxony), Germany''']]
 
*[[How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Hannover and Schaumburg-Lippe (Now in Lower Saxony), Germany|'''How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Hannover and Schaumburg-Lippe (Now in Lower Saxony), Germany''']]
 
 
 
==For German Research, You Must Know Your Ancestors' Town==
 
*To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from Lower Saxony will not be enough to use the records of Germany.  Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
 
*Details about the town will also help:
 
**the county or "Bezirkamt" of that town,
 
**where the closest Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church was (depending on their religion),
 
**where the civil registration office ("Standesamt") was, and
 
**if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.
 
 
 
===Research to Find the Town of Origin===
 
If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it. 
 
*Use [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Germany_Gathering_Information_to_Locate_Place_of_Origin '''Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin'''] as a guide in exhausting every possible record to find what you need.<br>
 
<br>
 
*These various emigration sources are indexed and might help in locating a place of origin.<br>
 
**[http://www.deutsche-auswanderer-datenbank.de/ the '''German Emigration Database at Bremerhaven'''].
 
**[https://www.arcinsys.niedersachsen.de/arcinsys/einfachesuche.action '''Niedersachsen Archives Search Page'''], enter "Auswanderung" and surname.
 
**If your family lived in Hannover in 1852,  [http://www.hist.de/edition-hist(e).html '''The 1852 Census of the Kingdom of Hannover'''] is indexed and gives full information on family members.  This site provides links to surname indexes and published booklets of the census records.
 
**[http://www.auswanderer-oldenburg.de/ '''Emigrants from the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg''']
 
**[http://www.honkomp.de/damme-auswanderung/chapte12.htm '''Emigrants from the former Amt Damme, Oldenburg''' (now Niedersachsen), Germany], mainly to the United States, 1830-1849
 
**[http://www.pohlw.de/vor_ort/emigration_whs/familien.htm '''Emigrant families from the old district Wildeshausen''']
 
**[http://www.thomas-erbe.de/ahnen/buch/001.htm#BuchstA '''Emigration lists of the former Duchy of Braunschweig,1846-1871'''], index
 
**[http://www.histag-schaumburg.de/page/page_ID/105?PHPSESSID=978489b6ec0b5240ae85bbad2e60005e Schaumburg-Lippe Emigrants, 1820-1914]
 
<br>
 
*For smaller, regional emigration lists see [[Lower Saxony Emigration and Immigration|'''Lower Saxony Emigration and Immigration''']]
 
 
 
===Figure Out the Parish for Your Town===
 
Your town might be too small to have its own parish church.  Or it might have a Catholic church, but the Lutheran church is in a neighboring town.  You might have to do a little reference work to determine where the church (and therefore the church records) was for your ancestors' town.  Methods for doing this are described in:
 
*[[Finding Aids for German Records|'''Finding Aids for German Records.''']]
 
 
 
===Details: Meyers Gazetteer===
 
Once you know the town name you need, the other facts you need are contained in '''''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs''''', the gazetteer on which the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is based.
 
*Use [http://www.meyersgaz.org/ '''MeyersGaz'''], the digital gazetteer, to find the details you need, particularly the Bezirksamt it belonged to, found after (BA) and the Regierungsbezirk (Administrative District) Niederbayern (RB).
 
*[http://www.meyersgaz.org/help/help.html '''MeyersGaz Help Guide''']
 
*[[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs|'''Abbreviation Table''']]
 
*'''Here is part of an entry from MeyersGaz.org. '''
 
 
 
<div style="display:flex; flex-wrap:wrap">
 
<div style="width:300px; vertical-align:top">
 
'''The most important facts here are:'''<br>
 
#'''Wellheim is in Eichstätt Bezirksamt (BA).'''
 
#'''It is in Regierungsbezirk (Administrative District) Middle Franconia (MFranken)  (RB)'''
 
#'''It has its own Standesamt (StdA) or civil registration office.'''
 
#'''It has one Catholic parish church (kath. K.).'''
 
#'''By clicking on the "Ecclesiastical" option, we learn that the Protest church for Wellheim is in Eichstätt.  We also find other nearby churches.'''
 
</div>
 
<div style="width:530px; vertical-align:top">
 
<center>'''Main Entry Page'''</center>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
[[File:Wellheim.png|530px]]
 
</div>
 
<div style="width:430px; vertical-align:top">
 
<center>'''Ecclesiastical Page'''</center>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
[[File:Wellheim2.png|430px]]
 
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
 
<div style="display:flex; flex-wrap:wrap">
 
<div style="width:300px; vertical-align:top">
 
'''From these historic areas now in Lower ''' <br>
 
'''Saxony (Niedersachsen), click below on the related'''<br>
 
'''article for the region.'''
 
*[[Brunswick, Germany Genealogy|'''Brunswick (Braunschweig)''']]  
 
*[[Hannover, Germany Genealogy|'''Hannover''']]  
 
*[[Oldenburg, Germany Genealogy|'''Oldenburg''']]
 
*[[Schaumburg-Lippe, Germany Genealogy|'''Schaumburg-Lippe''' (S-L on map)]]
 
[[File:233px-Deutschland Lage von Niedersachsen.svg.png|125px]]
 
</div>
 
<div style="width:400px; vertical-align:top">
 
<center>'''Former States Now in Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)'''</center>
 
[[File:Niedersachsen regions.png|400px]]
 
</div>
 
<div style="width:370px; vertical-align:top">
 
<center>'''Modern Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)''' </center>
 
[[File:Modern Niedersachsen.png|370px]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
 
=== Administrative Districts  ===
 
 
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Lower Saxony is divided into 38 rural districts (Kreise), and 10 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte).  
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[[File:Ambox warning blue.png|50px]]
 
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'''Rural Districts (Kreise):'''
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'''For the best information on whether your ancestors' town was in Brunswick (Braunschweig), Hanover (Hannover), Oldenburg, or Schaumburg-Lippe, find the town in''' [https://www.meyersgaz.org/ '''Meyer's 1871 Gazetteer Online.''']
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Ammerland, Aurich, County of Bentheim, Celle, Cloppenburg, Cuxhaven, Diepholz, Emsland, Friesland, Gifhorn, Goslar, Göttingen, Hamelin-Pyrmont, Hannover, Harburg, Heidekreis, Helmstedt, Hildesheim,
 
Holzminden, Leer, Lüchow-Dannenberg, Lüneburg, Nienburg, Northeim, Oldenburg, Osnabrück, Osterholz, Osterode, Peine, Rotenburg, Schaumburg, Stade, Uelzen, Vechta , Verden, Wesermarsch, Wittmund, Wolfenbüttel
 
  
'''Urban Districts (Kreisfreie Städte):'''
 
  
Braunschweig, Delmenhorst, Emden, Göttingen, Hannover, Oldenburg, Osnabrück, Salzgitter, Wilhelmshaven, Wolfsburg
 
| style="vertical-align:top"|
 
[[File:Landkreise Niedersachsen.png|600px]]
 
|}
 
  
== Research Tools  ==
 
  
*[[German Word List|German Word List]]
 
*[[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Word List]]
 
*[http://script.byu.edu/german/en/welcome.aspx German Handwriting Tutorial]
 
*[http://www.kurrentschrift.net/index.php?s=schreiben: Kurrentschrift Converter] (enter German genealogical word, click on "convert", view your word in Kurrentschrift (Gothic handwriting)*[[German Chronological Jurisdictions|German Chronological Jurisdictions]]
 
{{GermProv}} </div>
 
  
[[Category:States of Germany]]
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[[Category:States of Germany]][[Category:Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany]]

Latest revision as of 12:21, 20 August 2020

Go to one of the following articles to learn how to search for your family that lived in Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen). Germany was unified into the German Empire in 1871. This Research Wiki, the FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the localities and place names as of 1871. In 1871, the area of the modern state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) belonged to:

Ambox warning blue.png

For the best information on whether your ancestors' town was in Brunswick (Braunschweig), Hanover (Hannover), Oldenburg, or Schaumburg-Lippe, find the town in Meyer's 1871 Gazetteer Online.