Difference between revisions of "London Occupations"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(35 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[England Genealogy|England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[London Genealogy|London]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[London_Occupations|Occupations]]''
+
{{London-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
 
+
| link1=[[England Genealogy|England]]
{{Online course badge
+
| link2=[[London Genealogy|London]]
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/livery-company-records-and-furthering-your-ancestry/359
+
| link3=
| name = Livery Company Records and Furthering Your Ancestry
+
| link4=
}}  
+
| link5=[[London_Occupations|Occupations]]
 +
}}
  
 
=== Livery Companies  ===
 
=== Livery Companies  ===
Line 14: Line 15:
 
==== Histories  ====
 
==== Histories  ====
  
Histories have been written on many London livery companies. The British Library has compiled a detailed [http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpsubject/history/history/historiesofbritishcompanies/companyhist/companyhist.html#selivco list]. Most of those published before 1923 are available for free online at [http://www.hathitrust.org/ Hathi Trust], [http://books.google.com Google Books], or [http://www.archive.org Internet Archive].  
+
Histories have been written on many London livery companies. The British Library has compiled a detailed [https://archives.history.ac.uk/guildhallmanuscripts/livintro.htm list]. Most of those published before 1923 are available for free online at [http://www.hathitrust.org/ Hathi Trust], [http://books.google.com Google Books], or [http://www.archive.org Internet Archive].
 +
 
 +
[https://medievallondoners.ace.fordham.edu/resources/documentary-sources/guilds/ Medieval Londoners] identifies several histories, as well as published records, available online.
  
 
==== Sources  ====
 
==== Sources  ====
  
A bibliography of surviving records from each company was published in 1985.<ref>'Sources: London Livery Companies', ''A Survey of Documentary Sources for Property Holding in London before the Great Fire:'' London Record Society, 22 (1985), pp. 12-36. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64577 Date accessed: 03 January 2012.</ref> The list is available [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64577 online].  
+
A bibliography of original sources pertaining to London Livery Company members was published in 1982. It is available [https://archives.history.ac.uk/guildhallmanuscripts/livintro.htm online].
  
Apprenticeship records are one of the most valuable genealocial sources created by London livery companies. They often name the following information about an apprentice's father: name, residence, and occupation. Cliff Webb has abstracted the records of many companies:  
+
A bibliography of surviving land records from each company was published in 1985.<ref>'Sources: London Livery Companies', ''A Survey of Documentary Sources for Property Holding in London before the Great Fire:'' London Record Society, 22 (1985), pp. 12-36. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64577 Date accessed: 03 January 2012.</ref> The list is available [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64577 online].
 +
 
 +
Apprenticeship records are one of the most valuable genealogical sources created by London livery companies. They often name the following information about an apprentice's father: name, residence, and occupation. Cliff Webb has abstracted the records of many companies:  
  
 
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk London Apprenticeship Abstracts 1442-1850] at findmypast (£); also available in book form (48 vols.): {{FHL|682418|item|disp=FHL Books 942.1/L1 U25w v. 1-48}}.
 
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk London Apprenticeship Abstracts 1442-1850] at findmypast (£); also available in book form (48 vols.): {{FHL|682418|item|disp=FHL Books 942.1/L1 U25w v. 1-48}}.
Line 33: Line 38:
  
 
*''The Members of the City Companies in 1641, As Set Forth in the Return for the Poll Tax''. 5 vols. {{FHL|291316|item|disp=FHL books 942.1/L1 X3da v. 1-5}}
 
*''The Members of the City Companies in 1641, As Set Forth in the Return for the Poll Tax''. 5 vols. {{FHL|291316|item|disp=FHL books 942.1/L1 X3da v. 1-5}}
 +
 +
'''1641''' [https://archive.org/stream/historyofworship04johnuoft#page/136/mode/1up Poll Tax of Drapers].
  
 
In '''1651''', signatures of members of 22 City Companies were taken:  
 
In '''1651''', signatures of members of 22 City Companies were taken:  
Line 39: Line 46:
  
 
:22 companies are represented: Apothecaries, Armourers, Bowyers, Bricklayers, Butchers, Carpenters, Cordwainers, Chirurgeons, Cooks, Coopers, Curriers, Founders, Freemasons, Girdlers, Glasiers, Innholders, Painter-Stainers, Poulters, Sadlers, Tallow Chandlers, Turners, and Waxchandlers.
 
:22 companies are represented: Apothecaries, Armourers, Bowyers, Bricklayers, Butchers, Carpenters, Cordwainers, Chirurgeons, Cooks, Coopers, Curriers, Founders, Freemasons, Girdlers, Glasiers, Innholders, Painter-Stainers, Poulters, Sadlers, Tallow Chandlers, Turners, and Waxchandlers.
 +
 +
*London, England, Freedom of the City Admission Papers, 1681-1930. Digital version at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2052/ Ancestry].
  
 
In '''1696''', oaths from livery company members were recorded. This source acts as a census of liverymen:  
 
In '''1696''', oaths from livery company members were recorded. This source acts as a census of liverymen:  
Line 46: Line 55:
 
:77 companies are represented: Grocers, Mercers, Drapers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners, Merchant Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Ironmongers, Vintners, Clothworkers, Dyers, Brewers, Leathersellers, Pewterers, Barbers, Cutlers, Bakers, Wax Chandlers, Tallow Chandlers,Armourers and Brasiers, Girdlers, Butchers, Saddlers, Carpenters, Cordwainers, Painter-Stainers, Curriers, Masons, Plumbers, Innholders, Founders, Poulters, Cooks, Coopers, Tylers and Bricklayers, Bowyers, Fletchers, Blacksmiths, Joiners and Ceilers, Weavers, Woolmen, Scriveners, Fruiterers, Plaisterers, Stationers, Broderers, Upholders, Musicians, Turners, Basketmakers, Glaziers, Horners, Farriers, Paviours, Lorimers, Apothecaries, Shipwrights, Spectaclemakers, Clockmakers, Glovers, Combmakers, Feltmakers, Frameworkknitters, Silk Throwers, Carmen, Pinmakers, Needlemakers, Gardeners, Soapmakers, Tinplateworkers, Wheelwrights, Distillers, Hatbandmakers, Pattenmakers, Glass-Sellers, Tobacco Pipemakers, Coachmakers, Watermen, Officers and Yeomen of Guard, Trinity House, Ordnance Office, Officers of Tower, Officers and builders of St Paul's, Heralds, Lutestring Company, Clergy: Archdeaconry of London, Clergy: Archdeaconry of Middlesex, London Dissenters.<ref>Cliff Webb, [https://web.archive.org/web/20111107003328/http://www.britishorigins.com/help/aboutbo-aor-background.aspx "Association Oath Rolls - Background to the Documents" (Wayback Machine)], ''British Origins,'' accessed 3 January 2012.</ref>
 
:77 companies are represented: Grocers, Mercers, Drapers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners, Merchant Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Ironmongers, Vintners, Clothworkers, Dyers, Brewers, Leathersellers, Pewterers, Barbers, Cutlers, Bakers, Wax Chandlers, Tallow Chandlers,Armourers and Brasiers, Girdlers, Butchers, Saddlers, Carpenters, Cordwainers, Painter-Stainers, Curriers, Masons, Plumbers, Innholders, Founders, Poulters, Cooks, Coopers, Tylers and Bricklayers, Bowyers, Fletchers, Blacksmiths, Joiners and Ceilers, Weavers, Woolmen, Scriveners, Fruiterers, Plaisterers, Stationers, Broderers, Upholders, Musicians, Turners, Basketmakers, Glaziers, Horners, Farriers, Paviours, Lorimers, Apothecaries, Shipwrights, Spectaclemakers, Clockmakers, Glovers, Combmakers, Feltmakers, Frameworkknitters, Silk Throwers, Carmen, Pinmakers, Needlemakers, Gardeners, Soapmakers, Tinplateworkers, Wheelwrights, Distillers, Hatbandmakers, Pattenmakers, Glass-Sellers, Tobacco Pipemakers, Coachmakers, Watermen, Officers and Yeomen of Guard, Trinity House, Ordnance Office, Officers of Tower, Officers and builders of St Paul's, Heralds, Lutestring Company, Clergy: Archdeaconry of London, Clergy: Archdeaconry of Middlesex, London Dissenters.<ref>Cliff Webb, [https://web.archive.org/web/20111107003328/http://www.britishorigins.com/help/aboutbo-aor-background.aspx "Association Oath Rolls - Background to the Documents" (Wayback Machine)], ''British Origins,'' accessed 3 January 2012.</ref>
  
Original records of the Haberdashers and Ironmongers companies are online [http://blog.findmypast.co.uk/2015/the-haberdashers-and-ironmongers-of-historic-london/ findmypast] (£).
+
Original records of the Haberdashers and Ironmongers companies are online [http://blog.findmypast.co.uk/2015/the-haberdashers-and-ironmongers-of-historic-london/ findmypast] (£).  
  
 
Abstracts of apprenticeship entry books for the Carpenter's Company (1654-1694) have been published [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=354 online].  
 
Abstracts of apprenticeship entry books for the Carpenter's Company (1654-1694) have been published [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=354 online].  
  
The Merchant Taylors' Membership Index 1530-1928 at [http://www.parishregister.com/merchant_taylors.asp ParishRegister.com] (£).  
+
The Merchant Taylors' Membership Index 1530-1928 at [http://www.parishregister.com/ ParishRegister.com] (£).
 +
 
 +
Original records of the Gunmakers' Company Freedoms and Admissions, 1656-1936 are online [http://search.findmypast.co.uk/search-world-Records/city-of-london-gunmakers-company-freedoms-and-admissions-1656-1936 findmypast] (£).
  
 
Walcot, Cynthia. 'Artists - 1823. A List of names and addresses of Artists in London,' ''The Hampshire Family Historian,'' vol. VIII, no.4 (Feb. 1982), 148-149, Family History Library Ref. 942.27 B27h  
 
Walcot, Cynthia. 'Artists - 1823. A List of names and addresses of Artists in London,' ''The Hampshire Family Historian,'' vol. VIII, no.4 (Feb. 1982), 148-149, Family History Library Ref. 942.27 B27h  
  
Inventories and information about the heirs of London freemen are included in Common Serjeant's Books at the [[London Metropolitan Archives]]. A partial index is available [http://search.lma.gov.uk/LMA_DOC/CLA_002.PDF online].
+
Inventories and information about the heirs of London freemen are included in Common Serjeant's Books at the [[London Metropolitan Archives]]. A partial index is available [http://search.lma.gov.uk/LMA_DOC/CLA_002.PDF online].  
 +
 
 +
[[Peter Wilson Coldham]]'s index to ''Child Apprentices in America from Christ's Hospital, London, 1617-1778'' is available on [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49104 Ancestry]. It lists orphans of citizens of London whose transportation to the colonies was paid for (£).<br>
 +
 
 +
Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640 Database is online at [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/london-physicians/1550-1640 British History Online].
 +
 
 +
The Clothworkers' Company Archive Catalogue is available [http://www.calmview.eu/Clothworkers/CalmView/default.aspx online].
 +
 
 +
Clockmakers' apprentices [http://www.clockmakers.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/CCMASTERSFINAL-amended-31May13.pdf online].
 +
 
 +
1631-1732 - "List of Members of the Clockmakers' Company of London" [https://www.academia.edu/4132414/LIST_OF_MEMBERS_OF_THE_CLOCKMAKERS_COMPANY_OF_LONDON_FROM_THE_PERIOD_OF_THEIR_INCORPORATION_IN_1631_TO_THE_YEAR_1732.1_By_C._OCTAVIUS_S._MORGAN_F.R.S._F.S.A?email_work_card=interaction_paper online]
 +
 
 +
1518-present - Index to Fellows of Royal College of Physicians also known as Munk's Roll [https://history.rcplondon.ac.uk/inspiring-physicians online].
 +
 
 +
1496-1515, 1547-1694 - "Skinners' Company: Apprenticeships," 'Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica,' Ser. 3, Vol. I (1896), communicated by G.E. Cokayne:
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA41 A and B Surnames]
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA76 C Surnames]
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA102 D, E, and F Surnames]
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA149 G, H, and I Surnames]
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA172 J, K, L, and M Surnames]
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA194 N, O, and P Surnames]
 +
*[https://books.google.com/books?id=uVpIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA246 P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, and Z Surnames]
  
 
==== Guildhall Library  ====
 
==== Guildhall Library  ====
Line 73: Line 105:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Apothecaries  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Apothecaries  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174698?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1694-1837]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174698 1694-1837]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174698?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1694-1890]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174698 1694-1890]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Armourers and Brasiers  
 
| Armourers and Brasiers  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/549239?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1535-1826, 1835-1878]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/549239 1535-1826, 1835-1878]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/549239?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1535-1876]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/549239 1535-1876]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Bakers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Bakers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485024?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1721-1730]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485024 1721-1730]  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Barber Surgeons  
 
| Barber Surgeons  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/590088?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1672-1861]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/590088 1672-1861]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/590088?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1522-1757]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/590088 1522-1757]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Basketmakers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Basketmakers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/527751?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1639-1844]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/527751 1639-1844]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/527751?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1694-1766, 1808-1927]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/527751 1694-1766, 1808-1927]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Blacksmiths  
 
| Blacksmiths  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/175095?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1631-1781]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/175095 1631-1781]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/175095?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1728-1855]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/175095 1728-1855]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Bowyers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Bowyers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176998?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1723-1759, 1788-1865]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176998 1723-1759, 1788-1865]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176998?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1704-1722, 1760-1814]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176998 1704-1722, 1760-1814]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Brewers  
 
| Brewers  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279676?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1685-1906]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279676 1685-1906]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279676?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1685-1824]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279676 1685-1824]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Broderers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Broderers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/514305?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1694-1713, 1763-1878]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/514305 1694-1713, 1763-1878]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/514305?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1694-1728]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/514305 1694-1728]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Butchers  
 
| Butchers  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/369694?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1654-1893]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/369694 1654-1893]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/369694?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1658-1844]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/369694 1658-1844]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Carmens  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Carmens  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/673438?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1678-1853]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/673438 1678-1853]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/673438?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1680-1942]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/673438 1680-1942]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Carpenters  
 
| Carpenters  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285571?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1654-1892]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285571 1654-1892]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285571?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1694-1856]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285571 1694-1856]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Clockmakers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Clockmakers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174667?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1686-1890]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174667 1686-1890]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174667?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1712-1878]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174667 1712-1878]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Coach and Coach Harness Makers  
 
| Coach and Coach Harness Makers  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176480?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1722-1822 (1803-1893 index)]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176480 1722-1822 (1803-1893 index)]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176480?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1803-1893]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176480 1803-1893]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Cordwainers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Cordwainers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346698?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1647-1965]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346698 1647-1965]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346698?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1678-1961]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346698 1678-1961]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Curriers  
 
| Curriers  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/273126?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1658-1856]  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/273126 1658-1856]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/273126?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1678-1840]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/273126 1678-1840]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Cutlers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Cutlers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/247778?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1575-1627, 1703-1848]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/247778 1575-1627, 1703-1848]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/247778?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1613-1863]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/247778 1613-1863]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Distillers  
 
| Distillers  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346571?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1765-1862]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346571 1765-1862]  
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346571?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1638-1708, 1721-1899]
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/346571 1638-1708, 1721-1899]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Dyers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Dyers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/512866?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1706-1900]  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/512866 1706-1900]  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/512866?availability=Family%20History%20Library 1650-1826]
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/512866 1650-1826]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Farriers  
 
| Farriers  
| 1619-1862  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/720305 1619-1862]
| 1694-1739
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/720305 1694-1739]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Feltmakers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Feltmakers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1858  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/549233 1694-1858]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1755-1898
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/549233 1755-1898]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fishmongers  
 
| Fishmongers  
| 1614-1860  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/754514 1614-1860]
| 1593-1870
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/754514 1593-1870]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Fletchers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Fletchers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1519-1602, 1732-1898
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176476 1519-1602, 1732-1898]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Founders  
 
| Founders  
| 1643-1781  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/379074 1643-1781]
| 1681-1801
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/379074 1681-1801]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Framework Knitters  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Framework Knitters  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1873  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176215 1694-1873]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1713-1889
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176215 1713-1889]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Fruiterers  
 
| Fruiterers  
| 1749-1903  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285429 1749-1903]
| 1749-1938
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285429 1749-1938]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Gardeners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Gardeners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1607-1658
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178498 1607-1658]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Glass Sellers  
 
| Glass Sellers  
| 1665-1853  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/400801 1665-1853]
| 1664-1913
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/400801 1664-1913]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Glaziers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Glaziers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1854  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176465 1694-1854]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1729-1794
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176465 1729-1794]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Glovers  
 
| Glovers  
| 1694-1794  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279680 1694-1794]
| 1735-1851
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279680 1735-1851]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1731-1837  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/177023 1731-1837]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1693-1938
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/177023 1693-1938]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Grocers  
 
| Grocers  
| 1629-1896  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/242627 1629-1896]
| 1345-1652, 1686-1907
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/242627 1345-1652, 1686-1907]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Gunmakers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Gunmakers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1902  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178426 1694-1902]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1720-1745
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178426 1720-1745]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Haberdashers  
 
| Haberdashers  
| 1583-1833  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/402449 1583-1833]
| 1526-1725
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/402449 1526-1725]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Horners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Horners  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1849  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178525 1694-1849]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1847-1889
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178525 1847-1889]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Innholders  
 
| Innholders  
| 1808-1919  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485863 1808-1919]
| 1673-1921
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485863 1673-1921]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Joiners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Joiners  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1641-1793, 1806-1866  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486005 1641-1793, 1806-1866]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1651-1804
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486005 1651-1804]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Longbowstringmakers  
 
| Longbowstringmakers  
 
|  
 
|  
| 1700-1785, 1794-1797
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/110308 1700-1785, 1794-1797]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Loriners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Loriners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1838-1909
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/596703 1838-1909]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Masons  
 
| Masons  
| 1694-1856  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/175059 1694-1856]
| 1694-1795
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/175059 1694-1795]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Merchant Taylors  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Merchant Taylors  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1583-1861  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1176350 1583-1861]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1530-1909 (index)
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1176350 1530-1909 (index)]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Musicians  
 
| Musicians  
| 1765-1877  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176484 1765-1877]
| 1776-1881
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176484 1776-1881]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Painter Stainers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Painter Stainers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1666-1950  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/321692 1666-1950]
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Parish Clerks  
 
| Parish Clerks  
 
|  
 
|  
| 1668-1943
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/399851 1668-1943]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Pattenmakers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Pattenmakers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1673-1883  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/293369 1673-1883]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1674-1899
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/293369 1674-1899]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Paviours  
 
| Paviours  
| {{FHL|270564|item|disp=1565-1853}}, 1694-1862  
+
| {{FHL|270564|item|disp=1565-1853}}, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/270564 1694-1862]
| {{FHL|270564|item|disp=1563-1853}}, 1694-1706, 1734-1822
+
| {{FHL|270564|item|disp=1563-1853}}, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/270564 1694-1706, 1734-1822]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Plaisterers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Plaisterers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1763-1874
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/756739 1763-1874]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Plumbers  
 
| Plumbers  
 
|  
 
|  
| 1696-1794
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/239084 1696-1794]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Poulters  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Poulters  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1860, 1872-1899  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176962 1694-1860, 1872-1899]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1694-1822
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176962 1694-1822]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Saddlers  
 
| Saddlers  
| 1800-1962  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/177016 1800-1962]
| 1697-1994
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/177016 1697-1994]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Scriveners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Scriveners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1392-1678, 1688-1704
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/178513 1392-1678, 1688-1704]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Shipwrights  
 
| Shipwrights  
| 1727-1794, 1825-1875  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/284285 1727-1794, 1825-1875]
| 1694-1894
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/284285 1694-1894]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Skinners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Skinners  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1496-1888  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/958247 1496-1888]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1496-1888
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/958247 1496-1888]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Spectaclemakers  
 
| Spectaclemakers  
| 1694-1860  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/400759 1694-1860]
| 1699-1873
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/400759 1699-1873]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Stationers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Stationers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1555-1900  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/273017 1555-1900]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1555-1900
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/273017 1555-1900]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Tin Plate Workers  
 
| Tin Plate Workers  
 
|  
 
|  
| 1824-1906
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/176496 1824-1906]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Turners  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Turners  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1604-1935  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285451 1604-1935]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1604-1694, 1789
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/285451 1604-1694, 1789]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Tylers and Bricklayers  
 
| Tylers and Bricklayers  
| 1612-1894  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174716 1612-1894]
| 1676-1877
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/174716 1676-1877]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Upholderers
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Upholders
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" |  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1698-1947
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/756744 1698-1947]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Vintners  
 
| Vintners  
| 1563-1861  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/401173 1563-1861]
| 1428-1908
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/401173 1428-1908]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Watermen and Lightermens  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Watermen and Lightermens  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1688-1908  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/177224 1688-1908]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1765-1904
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/177224 1765-1904]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Wax Chandlers  
 
| Wax Chandlers  
| 1596-  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/345700 1596-]
| 1694-1857
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/345700 1694-1857]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Weavers  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Weavers  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | &nbsp;?Beg. 1681  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | &nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/585874 ?Beg. 1681]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | &nbsp;?Beg. 1681
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | &nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/585874 ?Beg. 1681]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| White Bakers  
 
| White Bakers  
| 1565-1860  
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279684 1565-1860]
| 1631-1935
+
| [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/279684 1631-1935]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Woolmens  
 
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | Woolmens  
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1665-1892  
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/527739 1665-1892]
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | 1666-1898
+
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/527739 1666-1898]
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Web Sites ==
+
=== Inns of Court  ===
 +
 
 +
Lawyers from all over England and Wales were trained at London's four inns of court.
 +
 
 +
{{Main|Lawyers in England and Wales}}
 +
 
 +
For a useful guide, see:
 +
 
 +
*Brooks, Brian G.C. and Mark D. Herber. ''My Ancestor was a Lawyer''. London: Society of Genealogists, c2006. {{FHL|1353436|item|disp=FHL Book 942 D27bbg}}.<br>
 +
 
 +
[http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/sources/miscellaneous.shtml#school Notes on English Medieval Genealogy] maintains a useful list of online Inns of Court records.
 +
 
 +
==== Gray's Inn ====
 +
 
 +
{{Wikipedia|Gray's_Inn|Gray's Inn}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=Z2avAzMEDDcC Admissions 1521-1889]<ref>Joseph Foster, ''The Register of Admissions to Gray's Inn, 1521-1889, Together with the Register of Marriages in Gray's Inn Chapel, 1695-1754'' (London: The Hansard Publishing Union, Limited, 1889). Digitized by [http://books.google.com/books?id=Z2avAzMEDDcC Google Books].</ref>
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] See also [[Staple Inn|Staple Inn]].
 +
 
 +
==== Inner Temple  ====
 +
 
 +
{{Wikipedia|Inner_Temple|Inner Temple}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.innertemplearchives.org.uk/ Admissions Database 1547-1940]
 +
 
 +
==== Lincoln's Inn  ====
 +
 
 +
{{Wikipedia|Lincoln's_Inn|Lincoln's Inn}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=UsgUAAAAYAAJ Admissions 1420-1799]<ref>''The Records of the Honorable Society of Lincoln's Inn. Vol. I. Admissions from A.D. 1420 to A.D. 1799'' (Lincoln's Inn, 1896). Digitized by [http://books.google.com/books?id=UsgUAAAAYAAJ Google Books].</ref>
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] See also [[Thavie's Inn|Thavie's Inn]].
 +
 
 +
==== Middle Temple  ====
 +
 
 +
{{Wikipedia|Middle_Temple|Middle Temple}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.middletemple.org.uk/library-and-archive/archive-information-and-contacts/register-of-admissions Admissions Database 1501-1944]<ref>H.A.C. Sturgess, ''Register of Admissions to the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple (from the Fifteenth Century to 1944).'' 3 vols. (Butterworth and Co., 1949).</ref>
 +
 
 +
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=RWMJAAAAIAAJ Records 1501-1603]<ref>Charles Henry Hopwood, ''Middle Temple Records'' (London: Butterworth and Co., 1904). Digitized by [http://books.google.com/books?id=RWMJAAAAIAAJ Google Books].</ref>
  
 +
== Websites  ==
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/livery-company-records-and-furthering-your-ancestry Livery Company records and furthering your ancestry] virtual lesson
 
*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/3849DBCC-E0D4-4C1F-A26B-53055ABF67EB/0/14CITYFREEDOMARCHIVES.pdf City Freedom Archives] (London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) Information Leaflet)  
 
*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/3849DBCC-E0D4-4C1F-A26B-53055ABF67EB/0/14CITYFREEDOMARCHIVES.pdf City Freedom Archives] (London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) Information Leaflet)  
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/livery-company-records-and-furthering-your-ancestry/359 Livery Company Records and Furthering Your Ancestry] (free online lesson)  
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/livery-company-records-and-furthering-your-ancestry/359 Livery Company Records and Furthering Your Ancestry] (free online lesson)  
 
*[http://www.history.ac.uk/gh/livlist.htm Livery Company Membership Guide, Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section]  
 
*[http://www.history.ac.uk/gh/livlist.htm Livery Company Membership Guide, Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section]  
*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/2FE10387-4D34-41F7-B989-F8D229FE80DC/0/17THEMEMBERSHIPRECORDSOFTHEMERCHANTTAYLORSCOMPANY.pdf The Membership Records of the Merchant Taylors' Company] (LMA Information Leaflet)  
+
*[https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/london-metropolitan-archives/visitor-information/Documents/17-membership-records-of-the-merchant-taylors-company.pdf The Membership Records of the Merchant Taylors Company] (LMA Information Leaflet 17)  
*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/28421870-BC4F-4642-861F-844CB8680456/0/18RECORDSOFTHECOMPANYOFWATERMENANDLIGHTERMEN.pdf Records of the Company of Watermen &amp; Lightermen] (LMA Information Leaflet)  
+
*[https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/london-metropolitan-archives/visitor-information/Documents/18-records-of-the-company-of-watermen-and-lightermen.pdf Records of the Company of Watermen and Lightermen] (LMA Information Leaflet 18)  
*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/0B300021-F6C1-4502-BFD9-6358897FCB4E/0/16SEARCHINGFORMEMBERSORTHOSEAPPRENTICEDTOMEMBERSOFCITYOFLONDONLIVERYCOMPANIES.pdf Searching for Members or Those Apprenticed to Members of City of London Livery Companies] (LMA Information Leaflet)  
+
*[https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/london-metropolitan-archives/visitor-information/Documents/16-searching-for-members-or-those-apprenticed-to-members-of-city-of-london-livery-companies.pdf Searching for Members or Those Apprenticed to Members of City of London Livery Companies] (LMA Information Leaflet 16)  
*[http://217.154.230.218/NR/rdonlyres/846B5253-436E-4482-AA0C-B765BAB5B99F/0/37SOURCESFORTRACINGAPOTHECARIESSURGEONSPHYSICIANSANDOTHERMEDICALPRACTITIONERS.pdf Sources for Tracing Apothecaries, Surgeons, Physicians and Other Medical Practitioners] (LMA Information Leaflet)
+
*[https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/london-metropolitan-archives/visitor-information/Documents/37-tracing-medical-practitioners.pdf Sources for Tracing Apothecaries, Surgeons, Physicians and Other Medical Practitioners] (LMA Information Leaflet 37)
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 349: Line 423:
 
{{London}}  
 
{{London}}  
  
[[Category:London|Occupations]]
+
[[Category:London, England]]

Revision as of 14:25, 19 August 2020

London Wiki Topics
Flag of London.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
London Background
Local Research Resources

Livery Companies[edit | edit source]

108 livery companies have operated in London. Wikipedia maintains a list of The City Livery Companies, along with links to company websites.

Histories[edit | edit source]

Histories have been written on many London livery companies. The British Library has compiled a detailed list. Most of those published before 1923 are available for free online at Hathi TrustGoogle Books, or Internet Archive.

Medieval Londoners identifies several histories, as well as published records, available online.

Sources[edit | edit source]

A bibliography of original sources pertaining to London Livery Company members was published in 1982. It is available online.

A bibliography of surviving land records from each company was published in 1985.[1] The list is available online.

Apprenticeship records are one of the most valuable genealogical sources created by London livery companies. They often name the following information about an apprentice's father: name, residence, and occupation. Cliff Webb has abstracted the records of many companies:

Records from the following companies are included in Webb's abstracts: Apothecaries, Armourers and Brasiers, Basketmakers, Blacksmiths, Bowyers, Brewers, Broderers, Brown Bakers, Butchers, Carmen, Coachmakers and Coach Harness Makers, Combmakers, Cooks, Curriers, Cutlers, Distillers, Dyers, Fan Makers, Farriers, Feltmakers, Fishmongers, Fletchers, Founders, Framework Knitters, Fruiterers, Gardeners, Glass-sellers, Glaziers, Glovers, Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers, Grocers, Gunmakers, Horners, Innholders, Ironmongers, Longbowstring Makers, Loriners, Makers of Playing Cards, Masons, Musicians, Needlemakers, Painter-stainers, Pattenmakers, Paviors, Pewterers, Pinmakers, Plaisterers, Plumbers, Poulters, Saddlers, Spectaclemakers, Tallow Chandlers, Tinplate Workers, Tobacco Pipe Makers and Tobacco Blenders, Turners, Tylers and Bricklayers, Upholders, Vintners, Waxchandlers, and Woolmen.[2]

The website Records of London's Livery Companies Online: Apprentices and Freemen 1400-1900 offers free indexes to The Bowyer's Company (1680-1900), The Clothworkers' Company (1545-1900), The Drapers' Company (c.1400-1900), The Girdlers' Company (1654-1900), The Goldsmith's Company (1600-1700), The Mercers' Company (1339-1900), and The Salters' Company (1599/1600, 1678-1900).[3]

For the period 1524-1553, a register of London freemen, created independently from the company records, has survived. Welch's abstracts are available online. He reports that other freemen records burned in a fire in 1786.

In 1641, a list of members of City Companies was compiled:

1641 Poll Tax of Drapers.

In 1651, signatures of members of 22 City Companies were taken:

  • London Citizens in 1651, Being a Transcript of Harleian MS. 4778. 1910. Digital version at Internet Archive - free.
22 companies are represented: Apothecaries, Armourers, Bowyers, Bricklayers, Butchers, Carpenters, Cordwainers, Chirurgeons, Cooks, Coopers, Curriers, Founders, Freemasons, Girdlers, Glasiers, Innholders, Painter-Stainers, Poulters, Sadlers, Tallow Chandlers, Turners, and Waxchandlers.
  • London, England, Freedom of the City Admission Papers, 1681-1930. Digital version at Ancestry.

In 1696, oaths from livery company members were recorded. This source acts as a census of liverymen:

77 companies are represented: Grocers, Mercers, Drapers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners, Merchant Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Ironmongers, Vintners, Clothworkers, Dyers, Brewers, Leathersellers, Pewterers, Barbers, Cutlers, Bakers, Wax Chandlers, Tallow Chandlers,Armourers and Brasiers, Girdlers, Butchers, Saddlers, Carpenters, Cordwainers, Painter-Stainers, Curriers, Masons, Plumbers, Innholders, Founders, Poulters, Cooks, Coopers, Tylers and Bricklayers, Bowyers, Fletchers, Blacksmiths, Joiners and Ceilers, Weavers, Woolmen, Scriveners, Fruiterers, Plaisterers, Stationers, Broderers, Upholders, Musicians, Turners, Basketmakers, Glaziers, Horners, Farriers, Paviours, Lorimers, Apothecaries, Shipwrights, Spectaclemakers, Clockmakers, Glovers, Combmakers, Feltmakers, Frameworkknitters, Silk Throwers, Carmen, Pinmakers, Needlemakers, Gardeners, Soapmakers, Tinplateworkers, Wheelwrights, Distillers, Hatbandmakers, Pattenmakers, Glass-Sellers, Tobacco Pipemakers, Coachmakers, Watermen, Officers and Yeomen of Guard, Trinity House, Ordnance Office, Officers of Tower, Officers and builders of St Paul's, Heralds, Lutestring Company, Clergy: Archdeaconry of London, Clergy: Archdeaconry of Middlesex, London Dissenters.[4]

Original records of the Haberdashers and Ironmongers companies are online findmypast (£).

Abstracts of apprenticeship entry books for the Carpenter's Company (1654-1694) have been published online.

The Merchant Taylors' Membership Index 1530-1928 at ParishRegister.com (£).

Original records of the Gunmakers' Company Freedoms and Admissions, 1656-1936 are online findmypast (£).

Walcot, Cynthia. 'Artists - 1823. A List of names and addresses of Artists in London,' The Hampshire Family Historian, vol. VIII, no.4 (Feb. 1982), 148-149, Family History Library Ref. 942.27 B27h

Inventories and information about the heirs of London freemen are included in Common Serjeant's Books at the London Metropolitan Archives. A partial index is available online.

Peter Wilson Coldham's index to Child Apprentices in America from Christ's Hospital, London, 1617-1778 is available on Ancestry. It lists orphans of citizens of London whose transportation to the colonies was paid for (£).

Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640 Database is online at British History Online.

The Clothworkers' Company Archive Catalogue is available online.

Clockmakers' apprentices online.

1631-1732 - "List of Members of the Clockmakers' Company of London" online

1518-present - Index to Fellows of Royal College of Physicians also known as Munk's Roll online.

1496-1515, 1547-1694 - "Skinners' Company: Apprenticeships," 'Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica,' Ser. 3, Vol. I (1896), communicated by G.E. Cokayne:

Guildhall Library[edit | edit source]

The original records of most London livery companies are deposited at the Guildhall Library. A guide to their collection is available online:

Manuscripts on Microfilm[edit | edit source]

Apprenticeship and Freedom Records Microfilmed by FamilySearch
Company Apprentice Years Freedom Years
Apothecaries 1694-1837 1694-1890
Armourers and Brasiers 1535-1826, 1835-1878 1535-1876
Bakers 1721-1730
Barber Surgeons 1672-1861 1522-1757
Basketmakers 1639-1844 1694-1766, 1808-1927
Blacksmiths 1631-1781 1728-1855
Bowyers 1723-1759, 1788-1865 1704-1722, 1760-1814
Brewers 1685-1906 1685-1824
Broderers 1694-1713, 1763-1878 1694-1728
Butchers 1654-1893 1658-1844
Carmens 1678-1853 1680-1942
Carpenters 1654-1892 1694-1856
Clockmakers 1686-1890 1712-1878
Coach and Coach Harness Makers 1722-1822 (1803-1893 index) 1803-1893
Cordwainers 1647-1965 1678-1961
Curriers 1658-1856 1678-1840
Cutlers 1575-1627, 1703-1848 1613-1863
Distillers 1765-1862 1638-1708, 1721-1899
Dyers 1706-1900 1650-1826
Farriers 1619-1862 1694-1739
Feltmakers 1694-1858 1755-1898
Fishmongers 1614-1860 1593-1870
Fletchers 1519-1602, 1732-1898
Founders 1643-1781 1681-1801
Framework Knitters 1694-1873 1713-1889
Fruiterers 1749-1903 1749-1938
Gardeners 1607-1658
Glass Sellers 1665-1853 1664-1913
Glaziers 1694-1854 1729-1794
Glovers 1694-1794 1735-1851
Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers 1731-1837 1693-1938
Grocers 1629-1896 1345-1652, 1686-1907
Gunmakers 1694-1902 1720-1745
Haberdashers 1583-1833 1526-1725
Horners 1694-1849 1847-1889
Innholders 1808-1919 1673-1921
Joiners 1641-1793, 1806-1866 1651-1804
Longbowstringmakers 1700-1785, 1794-1797
Loriners 1838-1909
Masons 1694-1856 1694-1795
Merchant Taylors 1583-1861 1530-1909 (index)
Musicians 1765-1877 1776-1881
Painter Stainers 1666-1950
Parish Clerks 1668-1943
Pattenmakers 1673-1883 1674-1899
Paviours 1565-1853, 1694-1862 1563-1853, 1694-1706, 1734-1822
Plaisterers 1763-1874
Plumbers 1696-1794
Poulters 1694-1860, 1872-1899 1694-1822
Saddlers 1800-1962 1697-1994
Scriveners 1392-1678, 1688-1704
Shipwrights 1727-1794, 1825-1875 1694-1894
Skinners 1496-1888 1496-1888
Spectaclemakers 1694-1860 1699-1873
Stationers 1555-1900 1555-1900
Tin Plate Workers 1824-1906
Turners 1604-1935 1604-1694, 1789
Tylers and Bricklayers 1612-1894 1676-1877
Upholders 1698-1947
Vintners 1563-1861 1428-1908
Watermen and Lightermens 1688-1908 1765-1904
Wax Chandlers 1596- 1694-1857
Weavers  ?Beg. 1681  ?Beg. 1681
White Bakers 1565-1860 1631-1935
Woolmens 1665-1892 1666-1898

Inns of Court[edit | edit source]

Lawyers from all over England and Wales were trained at London's four inns of court.

Main article: Lawyers in England and Wales


For a useful guide, see:

  • Brooks, Brian G.C. and Mark D. Herber. My Ancestor was a Lawyer. London: Society of Genealogists, c2006. FHL Book 942 D27bbg.

Notes on English Medieval Genealogy maintains a useful list of online Inns of Court records.

Gray's Inn[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Gray's Inn

go to See also Staple Inn, London Genealogy.

Inner Temple[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Inner Temple

Lincoln's Inn[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Lincoln's Inn

go to See also Thavie's Inn, London Genealogy.

Middle Temple[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Middle Temple

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 'Sources: London Livery Companies', A Survey of Documentary Sources for Property Holding in London before the Great Fire: London Record Society, 22 (1985), pp. 12-36. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64577 Date accessed: 03 January 2012.
  2. About London Apprenticeship Abstracts 1442-1850 (Wayback Machine), British Origins, accessed 31 December 2011.
  3. Belinda Griffin, 'Records of London's Livery Companies Online,' Family Tree Magazine, 21 June 2012, http://family-tree.co.uk/2012/06/records-of-londons-livery-companies-online/, accessed 22 June 2012.
  4. Cliff Webb, "Association Oath Rolls - Background to the Documents" (Wayback Machine), British Origins, accessed 3 January 2012.
  5. Joseph Foster, The Register of Admissions to Gray's Inn, 1521-1889, Together with the Register of Marriages in Gray's Inn Chapel, 1695-1754 (London: The Hansard Publishing Union, Limited, 1889). Digitized by Google Books.
  6. The Records of the Honorable Society of Lincoln's Inn. Vol. I. Admissions from A.D. 1420 to A.D. 1799 (Lincoln's Inn, 1896). Digitized by Google Books.
  7. H.A.C. Sturgess, Register of Admissions to the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple (from the Fifteenth Century to 1944). 3 vols. (Butterworth and Co., 1949).
  8. Charles Henry Hopwood, Middle Temple Records (London: Butterworth and Co., 1904). Digitized by Google Books.