This page is currently under construction for use in a little tutorial on writing short articles. [edit | edit source]
This will be a rough draft, not a finished product. It will be used to demonstrate a way to research and rough draft at the same time. Remember: Rough Draft No worries at this time about anything but committing raw research information to the page. (I'll have the article finished in its polished form by 3 PM MST today.) There will be three primary stages of your article:
Rough Draft: reading the article and gathering the information and facts that you want to include.
Writing the article: putting your information and facts into sentences and paragraphs. Read the article aloud to yourself and it will help you to catch little mistakes. What your eye will miss, your ears will 'surely hear
Polishing the article which will include adding links, changing headings, adding a photo, editing the finished product.
Here are some points to remember:
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Plagiarism: the outright copying of another writer's work. It is illegal and if done in a venue such as our Wiki, can lead to legal consequences if discovered.
Paraphrasing: Part of the research process, it involves gathering information and facts from other sources and paraphrasing what you find, versus copying what you find. None of us are going to travel to Pennsylvania, measure the pathway and gather information at it's source. Instead, we will read the information gathered by others and paraphrase, picking and choosing which pieces of information are useful to us. (Some writers use quotation marks around various phrases and then attribute the work to the original authors but it is a lazy and distracting writing technique.) Here are some generalized points about paraphrasing:
1)Never copy a sentence.
2)Change wording at least every 5-7 words.
3)Often the ending of a sentence can be used as the beginning of your own sentence.
4)Look for words that can be substituted for words that are common in the article:
a) Area, location, locale and Vicinity can frequently be interchangably
b) Living, inhabiting, lived, inhabited, resided in, can be interchanged
c) Native American, First Nation People, American Indian Tribe, Cherokee people, Choctaw people, etc. (Never terms like Redskins, Indians etc.) Be PC.
First Action: Split your screen into a research page and a writing page. You can either work on the new page or your sandbox, depending on how much time you feel you'll need to complete the article.
Second Action: Place your links. You can make them pretty later on, just get them in first so that you don't forget them. At the bottom of most pages there is a section for Categories. Further reading and research can be done on those articles as well and, if information is taken from those pages, add a link to them.
Third Action: What do you plan to emphasize? What is the purpose of the article? Migratory Routes? Information about Native Americans? Information about the state itself? Categorize your article. It helps you not to forget to categorize, but more importantly, it helps you to stay focused on your emphasis.
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add your link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kittanning_Path
add your categories:
Begin your page by reading the article you are researching. Decide how you want to arrange your new page. For this article, let's use Chronological order. This particular wikipedia article basically breaks down into four sub headings: Earliest History, Geographic Description, Historic Uses, Modern Day Preservation If you prefer other titles, feel free to use whichever titles for your sub headings that you like. Your writing should reflex your own preferences.
Path in use 1721
By 1744 John Hart license to trade with Native Am in the western part of PA lands closed to settlement by whites campsite 'hart's sleeping place'
Colonial maps, 1754, trail used by John Harris, founder of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Last N.A. encampment recorded at the site in 1781
It is known that the Kittanning Path was in use as early as 1721, although it had probably been used by First Nations People prior to that time. John Hart, a white trader, was given a license in 1744 that allowed him to trade with Native Americans in western Pennsylvania lands. At that time those areas were closed to settlements by whites. Mr. Hart built a campsite along the path named "Hart's Sleeping Place" in what is now Cambria County. This campsite was noted on colonial maps and it is known that John Harris, founder of present day Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, traveled the path ans slept at the campsite in 1754. The last American Indian use of the campsite was recorded in 1781.