Difference between revisions of "Kittanning Path"

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=== This page is currently under construction for use in a little tutorial on writing short articles.   ===
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{{breadcrumb
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| link1=[[United_States_Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[United_States_Migration_Internal|Migration]]
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| link3=[[US_Migration_Rivers_and_Lakes|Migration Rivers and Lakes]]
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| link4=
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| link5=[[Kittanning_Path|Kittanning Path]]
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[[Image:Delaware Indians and William Penn.jpg]]
  
This will be a rough draft, not a finished product.&nbsp; It will be used to demonstrate a way to research and rough draft at the same time.&nbsp; Remember: <u>Rough Draft</u>&nbsp; No worries at this time about anything but committing raw research information to the page.&nbsp; You may choose to do this rough draft/research in your sandbox or on the New Page depending on how long you think it will take you to write the article.&nbsp; If you use the New Page, remember to '''save''' your work often.&nbsp; (I've lost&nbsp; many a rough draft because I forgot that step.) &nbsp; (I'll have the article finished in its polished form by 3 PM MST today.)&nbsp;
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=== Early History of Trails ===
  
'''There will be three primary stages of your article: '''
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Historical trails, often called "traces" or "paths" contributed to the migration and settlement of large portions of the United States. Many trails were well established by the time Europeans immigrated to the colonies. The original 'travelers' on the trails were probably various types of wildlife as they moved from place to place in search of grazing lands, salt sources and fresh water. Native Americans were familiar with trails and utilized them for thousands of years prior to settlement by Europeans. The paths were also used to wage war, thus the term: “War Path”. Because they were often well worn, relatively easy to follow and led to grazing lands and fresh water Europeans utilized them as well on foot, horseback and with wagons. Many of these trails, or portions of them, were eventually utilized in the construction of roads and highways in modern times. <br>
  
'''Rough Draft''':&nbsp; Here, you will be reading the article and gathering the information and facts that you want to include. You can use words, phrases, rough sentences or a combination, your choice.
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=== Location of Kittanning Path ===
  
'''Writing the article:&nbsp;&nbsp;'''This is the time to put your information and facts into sentences and paragraphs.&nbsp; Read the article aloud to yourself and it will help you to catch little mistakes.&nbsp; ''What your eye will miss, your ears will surely hear.''
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The path ran in a generally East to West pattern running from the Juniata River in modern day central Pennsylvania to the Indian village of "Kithanick" (now known as Kittanning, Pennsylvania). It crossed the Allegheny mountains on its way.&nbsp; It wound through the counties of [[Cambria County, Pennsylvania Genealogy|Cambria]], Indiana, through Shelocta, and ended at Kittanning in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania on the western bank of the Allegheny River. In the early 1700s the area was inhabited by the Lenape [[Delaware Indians|(Delaware)]] Indians) and [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]].&nbsp; <br>
  
'''Polishing the article:'''&nbsp; This will include adding links, changing headings, adding a photo, and editing the finished product at least 3 times. Switch the article into wiki text in order to catch spelling errors. Rich Editor does not have a spell check feature, but wiki text does. Ask another Wiki&nbsp; volunteer to read over and edit your page at this point.&nbsp; Don't be protective about your work. Even the very best and well known authors utilize and appreciate the services of an editor, often more than one of them. Once you've committed the words to the finished page, let it go.&nbsp; It is no longer yours but now belongs to the community. Fresh,unbiased eyes can signifantly improve an article.<br>
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=== History ===
  
'''Here are some points to remember: '''<br>
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It is known that the Kittanning Path was in use by 1721 but it had been utilized prior to the time by First Nations People. John Hart, a white trader, was given a license to trade with the Native Americans in that area in 1744. Lands in the western portion of modern-day Pennsylvania were closed at that time to white settlements by treaty agreement with William Penn. Mr. Hart constructed a camp ground for over night travelers on the path, naming it: "Hart's Sleeping Place". Maps of the day marked the camp's location and records of its use were kept at the wayside. In 1754, John Harris, the founder of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania stayed at the Camp on a trip into the area.
  
'''Plagiarism''': the outright copying of another writer's work.&nbsp; It is illegal and if done in a venue such as our Wiki, can lead to legal consequences if discovered. <br>
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In 1755 the Lenape, unhappy with the treaties that took much of their land, used the path to wage war against a British settlement at the Juniata River.&nbsp; Prisoners were taken to the village of Kithanink. Again in 1756 the path was used by the Lenape as they attacked and burned Fort Granville (near modern-day Lewistown, Pennsylvania). There was loss of life and prisoners were captured and taken to Kithanink. In retribution the British sent Lt. Colonel John Armstrong (born in 1717 in Ireland) who ordered the burning of the village of Kithanick. Mr. Armstrong was later a general in the Revolutionary War and Armstrong county is named for him. After 1781, there are no records of Native Americans using the trail.  
  
'''Paraphrasing''': Part of the research process, it involves gathering information and facts from other sources and paraphrasing what you find, versus copying what you find. None of us are going to travel to Pennsylvania, measure the pathway and gather information at it's source. Instead, we will read the information gathered by others and paraphrase, picking and choosing which pieces of information are useful to us. (Some writers use quotation marks around various phrases and then attribute the work to the original authors but it is a lazy and distracting writing technique.)&nbsp; Here are some generalized points about paraphrasing: <br>
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=== Present Day  ===
  
1) Never copy a sentence.<br>
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A portion of the path has been surveyed and preserved near Carrolltown, Pennsylvania.&nbsp; U.S. Highway 422 follows the original trail going North Northwest through Indiana County to Shelocta County in Pennsylvania.
  
2) Change wording at least every 5-7 words.<br>  
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Penn<br>  
  
3) Often the ending of a "research" sentence can be used as the beginning of your own sentence.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (Transposing the sentence)<br>
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[[Category:Pennsylvania Migration Routes]]
 
 
4) Look for different words that can be substituted for words that are common in the article.&nbsp; This is another way to avoid plagiarism.<br>
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp; a)&nbsp; Area, location, locale and Vicinity can frequently be interchangably<br>
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp; b)&nbsp; Living, inhabiting,/ lived, inhabited, /resides, resided in, /can be interchanged.
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp; c)&nbsp; Native American, First Nation People, American Indian Tribe, Cherokee people, Choctaw people, etc.&nbsp; (Never terms like Redskins, Indians etc.) Be PC.<br>
 
 
 
'''First Action''': Split your screen into a research page and a writing page.&nbsp; You can either work on the new page or your sandbox, depending on how much time you feel you'll need to complete the article.<br>
 
 
 
'''Second Action''': Place your links.&nbsp;&nbsp; You can make them pretty later on, just get them in first so that you don't forget them. At the bottom of most pages there is a section for Categories.&nbsp; Further reading and research can be done on those articles as well and, if information is taken from those pages, add a link to them.<br>
 
 
 
'''Third Action:'''&nbsp; What do you plan to emphasize? What is the purpose of the article? Migratory Routes? Information about Native Americans? Information about the state itself? Categorize your article.&nbsp; It helps you not to forget to categorize, but more importantly, it helps you to stay focused on your emphasis.
 
 
 
'''Fourth Action''': Get started with your new page.
 
 
 
Add your link:&nbsp; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kittanning_Path (remember that the wiki is designed so that links will automatically go to the top of an empty new page.)<br>
 
 
 
Add your categories:(remember that once you save your page, the categories will move automatically to the bottom of the page.<br>
 
 
 
Begin your page by reading the article you are researching.&nbsp; Decide how you want to arrange your new page.&nbsp; For this article, let's use <u>Chronological order</u>. This particular wikipedia article basically breaks down into four sub headings: Earliest History, Geographic Description, Historic Uses, and Modern Day Preservation.&nbsp; If you prefer other headings, feel free to use whichever titles for your sub headings that you like.&nbsp; Your writing should reflex your own preferences.<br>
 
 
 
'''''Resarch notes on History:'''''
 
 
 
''Path in use by 1721 (in use, not created) use generic paragraph on trails''
 
 
 
''&nbsp;1744 John Hart license to trade with Native Am in the western part of PA lands, closed to settlement by whites, campsite 'hart's sleeping place', encampment=campsite''
 
 
 
''On Colonial maps, 1754, trail used by John Harris, founder of Harrisburg,&nbsp;Pennsylvania, slept there&nbsp;''
 
 
 
''Last N.A. encampment recorded at the site in 1781&nbsp;''
 
 
 
'''Becomes: 1st paragraph'''<br>
 
 
 
It is known that the Kittanning Path was being utilized as early as 1721, although it had probably been used by&nbsp; First Nations People prior to that time. John Hart, a white trader, was given a license in 1744 that allowed him to trade with Native Americans in western Pennsylvania lands. At that time those areas were closed to settlements by whites.&nbsp; Mr. Hart built a campsite along the path named "Hart's Sleeping Place" in what is now Cambria County, Pennsylvania. This campsite was noted on colonial maps and it is known that John Harris, founder of present day Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, traveled the path sleeping&nbsp; at the encampment in 1754. The last American Indian use of the campsite was recorded in 1781.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
[[Category:Pennsylvania]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 

Latest revision as of 10:50, 11 April 2018

Delaware Indians and William Penn.jpg

Early History of Trails[edit | edit source]

Historical trails, often called "traces" or "paths" contributed to the migration and settlement of large portions of the United States. Many trails were well established by the time Europeans immigrated to the colonies. The original 'travelers' on the trails were probably various types of wildlife as they moved from place to place in search of grazing lands, salt sources and fresh water. Native Americans were familiar with trails and utilized them for thousands of years prior to settlement by Europeans. The paths were also used to wage war, thus the term: “War Path”. Because they were often well worn, relatively easy to follow and led to grazing lands and fresh water Europeans utilized them as well on foot, horseback and with wagons. Many of these trails, or portions of them, were eventually utilized in the construction of roads and highways in modern times.

Location of Kittanning Path[edit | edit source]

The path ran in a generally East to West pattern running from the Juniata River in modern day central Pennsylvania to the Indian village of "Kithanick" (now known as Kittanning, Pennsylvania). It crossed the Allegheny mountains on its way.  It wound through the counties of Cambria, Indiana, through Shelocta, and ended at Kittanning in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania on the western bank of the Allegheny River. In the early 1700s the area was inhabited by the Lenape (Delaware) Indians) and Shawnee

History[edit | edit source]

It is known that the Kittanning Path was in use by 1721 but it had been utilized prior to the time by First Nations People. John Hart, a white trader, was given a license to trade with the Native Americans in that area in 1744. Lands in the western portion of modern-day Pennsylvania were closed at that time to white settlements by treaty agreement with William Penn. Mr. Hart constructed a camp ground for over night travelers on the path, naming it: "Hart's Sleeping Place". Maps of the day marked the camp's location and records of its use were kept at the wayside. In 1754, John Harris, the founder of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania stayed at the Camp on a trip into the area.

In 1755 the Lenape, unhappy with the treaties that took much of their land, used the path to wage war against a British settlement at the Juniata River.  Prisoners were taken to the village of Kithanink. Again in 1756 the path was used by the Lenape as they attacked and burned Fort Granville (near modern-day Lewistown, Pennsylvania). There was loss of life and prisoners were captured and taken to Kithanink. In retribution the British sent Lt. Colonel John Armstrong (born in 1717 in Ireland) who ordered the burning of the village of Kithanick. Mr. Armstrong was later a general in the Revolutionary War and Armstrong county is named for him. After 1781, there are no records of Native Americans using the trail.

Present Day[edit | edit source]

A portion of the path has been surveyed and preserved near Carrolltown, Pennsylvania.  U.S. Highway 422 follows the original trail going North Northwest through Indiana County to Shelocta County in Pennsylvania.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Penn