Difference between revisions of "King Cross, Yorkshire Genealogy"

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=== Chapelry History  ===
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== Chapel History  ==
  
 
King Cross; originally the site of an ancient stone cross is an '''Ecclesiastical parish''' created in 1845 in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. Part of the Diocese of Wakefield. It is located along the top of a ridge above the town of Halifax. The A58 road into Lancashire divides here, with one fork, the A646, branching off towards Burnley via Hebden Bridge and the other going to Littleborough via Sowerby Bridge. During the English Civil War, when Halifax was a Royalist stronghold, King Cross was a key outpost, with the Parliamentarians holding parts of the Calder Valley.  
 
King Cross; originally the site of an ancient stone cross is an '''Ecclesiastical parish''' created in 1845 in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. Part of the Diocese of Wakefield. It is located along the top of a ridge above the town of Halifax. The A58 road into Lancashire divides here, with one fork, the A646, branching off towards Burnley via Hebden Bridge and the other going to Littleborough via Sowerby Bridge. During the English Civil War, when Halifax was a Royalist stronghold, King Cross was a key outpost, with the Parliamentarians holding parts of the Calder Valley.  
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The ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales''  by John M. Wilson provides this important jurisdictional perspective on King Cross:  
 
The ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales''  by John M. Wilson provides this important jurisdictional perspective on King Cross:  
  
KINGCROSS, a village and '''a chapelry in''' Skircoat and South Owram townships, '''Halifax St John the Baptist Parish''', W. R. Yorkshire. The village stands near the river Aire, 1 mile E of Halifax.&nbsp;The chapelry was constituted in 1845.&nbsp;See also HALIFAX.<ref>John Marius Wilson''[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/entry_page.jsp?text_id=747100 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales]'' (1870). Adapted. Date accessed: 21 October 2013.</ref><br>  
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KINGCROSS, a village and '''a chapelry in''' Skircoat and South Owram townships, '''Halifax St John the Baptist Parish''', W. R. Yorkshire. The village stands near the river Aire, 1 mile E of Halifax.&nbsp;The chapelry was constituted in 1845.&nbsp;See also HALIFAX.<ref>John Marius Wilson''[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/entry_page.jsp?text_id=747100 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales]'' (1870). Adapted. Date accessed: 21 October 2013.</ref><br>
  
 
== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==

Latest revision as of 13:28, 19 July 2021

Guide to King Cross, Yorkshire ancestry, family history, and genealogy: parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

King Cross, Yorkshire
Type Ecclesiastical Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Morley
County Yorkshire, England Genealogy
Poor Law Union Halifax
Registration District Halifax
Records begin
Parish registers: 1847
Bishop's Transcripts: None
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Pontefract
Diocese Pre-1836 - York; Post-1835 - Ripon
Province York
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York
Location of Archive
Yorkshire Record Office

Chapel History[edit | edit source]

King Cross; originally the site of an ancient stone cross is an Ecclesiastical parish created in 1845 in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England. Part of the Diocese of Wakefield. It is located along the top of a ridge above the town of Halifax. The A58 road into Lancashire divides here, with one fork, the A646, branching off towards Burnley via Hebden Bridge and the other going to Littleborough via Sowerby Bridge. During the English Civil War, when Halifax was a Royalist stronghold, King Cross was a key outpost, with the Parliamentarians holding parts of the Calder Valley.

During the First English Civil War (1642–1646) Halifax was a Royalist stronghold, with King Cross as a key outpost, on the roads between Lancashire and West Yorkshire, with the Parliamentarians holding parts of the Calder Valley.

Prior to 1850 the area consisted of small hamlets and agricultural fields, in the parish of Halifax. With the onset of the industrial revolution, through the 18th and 19th centuries, the population steadily grew and King Cross was made a separate parish in 1845. A Commissioners' church, St. Paul's, designed by Robert Chantrell in 1845,[3] was built in 1847, with seating for 450 people.
 
By the end of the 19th century, with a population of some 17,000 people, the older church of St. Paul's, built in 1847, had eventually run out of space for burials. A decision was made in 1909 to build a new church designed by Sir Charles Nicholson, with seating for 1,000, nearby. Except for the tower it was completed in 1912.

Following a fire in the old St. Pauls in 1930, during which the roof was destroyed, the building was demolished in 1931, leaving only the tower and spire standing. With the increased space burials continued in the graveyard until 1969. With some 1,737 graves in the graveyard the church asked the local council to take over the maintenance of the grounds. The area was eventually designated as a 'rest garden' in 1973, though with some considerable controversy.

The current church of St. Paul's is notable for its acoustics and an unusual and highly colorful west window, dedicated in 1937 in memory of Canon Hugh Bright and designed by Hugh Easton of Cambridge, who had also designed windows for Canterbury Cathedral, Exeter Cathedral and Durham Cathedral. The window depicts an apocalyptic vision of the Holy City descending upon the smoky mills and railway viaducts of Halifax.  The church was built from locally sourced stone, the inside walls being made of ashlar from the quarries at Sowerby, and the external walls of stone from the quarries of Northowram and Hipperholme.

The first vicar of the old St. Paul's church Reverend Samuel Danby, from 1847-1859, married Mary Dorothy Wainhouse, the daughter of Edward Wainhouse, the local dye works owner, who partly funded the building of the church. The stained glass east window, designed by H.W. Bryans, in the new St. Pauls is dedicated in Edward Wainhouse's memory.
in 1905 the Reverend H.S. Footman, a curate of the old St. Paul's church became the Curate of the nearby St. Hilda's Mission Church, built in 1898[10]

The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales  by John M. Wilson provides this important jurisdictional perspective on King Cross:

KINGCROSS, a village and a chapelry in Skircoat and South Owram townships, Halifax St John the Baptist Parish, W. R. Yorkshire. The village stands near the river Aire, 1 mile E of Halifax. The chapelry was constituted in 1845. See also HALIFAX.[1]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Find Neighboring Parishes[edit | edit source]

Use England Jurisdictions 1851 Map

  • Type the name of the parish in the search bar
  • Click on the location pin on the map
  • Choose Options from the pop up box
  • Click "List Contiguous Parishes" to find the neighboring parishes

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

The Church of England (Anglican) became the official state religion in 1534, with the reigning monarch as its Supreme Governor.
Non-Conformist refers to all other religious denominations that are not the official state religion.

Church of England[edit | edit source]

Due to the increasing access of online records:

  • Individual parish coverage for databases in this table are inconsistent and should be verified
  • Dates in the following table are approximate

Hover over the collection's title for more information

King Cross Online Parish Records
Collections
Baptisms
Marriages
Burials
Indexes and images
Indexes only
Indexes and images
Indexes only
Indexes and images
Indexes only
FamilySearch Collections-Yorkshire
1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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FamilySearch Parish Registers-Yorkshire
1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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Bishop's Transcripts - FamilySearch Catalog
1700s-1800s
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1700s-1800s
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1700s-1800s
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FreeREG
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1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
Find My Past-Yorkshire ($)
1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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1500s-1800s
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Find My Past Bishop's Transcripts-Yorkshire ($)
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1500s-1900s
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1500s-1900s
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Find My Past Banns-Yorkshire ($)
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1600s-1800s
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Ancestry Church of England (Early)-West Riding ($)
1500s-1800s
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1500s-1800s
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1500s-1800s
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Ancestry Church of England (Late)-West Riding ($)
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1800s-1900s
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1800s-1900s
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1800s-1900s
Ancestry-England & Wales, Birth, Christening, Marriage and Death Indexes ($)
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1800s-1900s
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1800s-1900s
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1800s-1900s
Databases with Known Incomplete Parish Coverage
Boyd's Marriage Indexes-FMP (Free)
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1500s-1800s
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National Burial Index-FMP (Free)
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1600s-1900s

Other Websites These databases have incomplete parish coverage.

Non-Conformists (All other Religions)[edit | edit source]

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.


Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Yorkshire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Websites[edit | edit source]

 

References[edit | edit source]

  1. John Marius WilsonImperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870). Adapted. Date accessed: 21 October 2013.