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Jackson County, Tennessee Genealogy

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Guide to Jackson County, Tennessee Genealogy ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Jackson County, Tennessee
Boundary map of Jackson County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Location of Tennessee in the U.S.
Founded: November 6, 1801
County Seat Gainesboro
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Quick Dates

Jackson County's civil records start the following years:[1]

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1908  1872 1881 1820 1872 1872

County Courthouse

County Courthouse
101 E Hill Rd; PO Box 346;
Gainesboro, TN 38562-0346
Phone: 931.268.9516 

County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1870.
Register of Deeds has land records. [2] [[Image:

Jackson County, Tennessee Courthouse 2.JPG

Jackson County Courthouse, Gainesboro, Tenn.]]

Jackson County Courthouse
101 East Hull Ave.
Gainesboro, TN 38562
Phone: 1-931-268-9212

Jackson County Clerk
Marriage records only from 1881 to present
101 East Hull St.
Gainesboro, TN 38562
Phone: 1-931-268-9212

Jackson County Clerk and Master
Probate and court records
101 East Hull Ave.
P.O. Box 342
Gainesboro, TN 38562
Phone: 1-931-268-9516

Jackson County Register of Deeds
Land records
P.O. Box 301
Gainesboro, TN 38562
Phone: 931-268-9012

The Courthouse had a fire in 1872 which destroyed many of the records.

Mon.-Tues. and Thurs.-Fri. 8 a.m.-4 p.m.
Sat. 8 a.m.-noon
County Clerk's office is closed Wednesdays


President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845)

Middle Tennessee county established in 1801. The western part of the county belonged to the pioneer Cumberland Settlements.[3]

The county was named after Colonel Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), who became the Seventh President of the United States in 1829.[4]

Parent County

1801--Jackson County was created 6 November 1801 from Smith County.
County seat: Gainesboro[5]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[6] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[7] (male)

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss


1872 and 1926 Fires damaged courthouse records.[8]

  • Lost census: 1810
  • Lost marriage records: 1801 to 1871
  • Lost probate records: 1801 to 1871

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Populated Places

Antioch Flynns Lick Ivy Gap (hist.) North Springs
Bagdad (hist.) Freewill Liberty Old Antioch
Beech Hill (hist.) Gainesboro Mayfield (hist.) Pacific (hist.)
Burristown Gladdice McCoinsville Rough Point
Carlock Granville Milltown Shady Grove
Center Grove Greenwood Morrison Creek Shiloh
Columbus Hill Harmony Mount Union Stone
Cub Creek Haydenburg Nameless Sugar Creek
Dodson Branch Highland New Hope Union Hill
Dudney Hill Hurricane New Salem Whitleyville

Neighboring Counties


Getting Started

Use the free Search for Surnames at Mountain Press's website to quickly search a variety of published Jackson County military, tax, and WPA records. To determine which books are being searched, or to search each publication's index individually, click here. You are now equipped with a checklist of books to pull off the shelves at a genealogy library, or a wish list for your personal book collection.

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png Tennessee African Americans

  • Waldrep, G.C. "'Free Colored' Heads of Household in the 1820 Tennessee Census," available online, courtesy: Free African Americans website. Includes free African Americans in this county.


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
TNGenWeb WorldCat BillionGraves
TNGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
TNGenWeb Cemeteries
See Tennessee Cemeteries for more information.
  • Charles A. Reeves Jr. has created a detailed map showing the locations of Jackson County cemeteries. It may be purchased for a small fee through his Cemetery Maps Catalog$


1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Jackson County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Jackson County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. The USGenWeb Census Project®

1810 Lost

A substitute is available:

  • Sherrill, Charles A. The Reconstructed 1810 Census of Tennessee: 33,000 Long-lost Records from Tax Lists, Court Minutes, Church Records, Wills, Deeds and Other Sources. Mt. Juliet, Tenn.: C.A. Sherrill, 2001. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1810.

1810 - 1891


  • Bentley, Elizabeth P. Index to the 1820 Census of Tennessee. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1981. FHL 976.8 X22b 1820
  • Butler, Cass. C. The 1820 U.S. Census, Jackson County, Tennessee : a Transcription of the Decennial Population Enumeration and Manufacturers Schedule for the Fourth Census of the United States Taken in Jackson County, Tennessee.Salt Lake City, Utah : C. Butler, c2000. FHL 976.851 X2b 1820
  • Waldrep, G.C. "'Free Colored' Heads of Household in the 1820 Tennessee Census," available online, courtesy: Free African Americans website. Includes free African Americans in this county.

1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for the Eastern and Western Districts of Tennessee are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 1024517-1024518.

The following book is a useful aid for finding the original records. A free online index, provided by Lineages, will help researchers determine if this resource can be of assistance:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL US/CAN Book 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. Covers this county.


  • Lee, Ramona H. Jackson County, Tennessee 1840 U.S Census.Mountain Home, Arkansas : R.H. Lee, 198-?. FHL 976.851 X2L

1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners


  • Lee, Ramona H. Jackson, County, Tennessee, 1850 United States Census.Mountain Home, Arkansas : R.H. Lee, 1984. FHL 976.851 X2h 1850


  • McComb, Joyce B.Jackson County, Tennessee 1860 Federal Census, USA.Lexington, South Carolina : J.B. McComb, c1992. FHL 976.851 X2m 1860
  • McComb, Joyce B. et al. 1860 Federal Census, Jackson County, Tennessee.Lafayette, Tennessee : Ridge Runner, c2004 FHL 976.851 X2mj 1860


  • Cason, Mildred C. Jackson County, Tennessee 1870 Census.Nashville, Tennessee : M.C. Cason, c1998 FHL 976.851 X2c 1870


1890 - Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. 8 vols. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2r v. 5 1891. Jackson County is included in Vol. 5.
  • Sistler, Byron H. and Barbara Sistler. 1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennessee. Evanston, Ill.: Byron Sister and Associates, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1890.
  • __.Jackson Co., Tennessee 1890 Census Notes.Nashville, Tennessee : Nashville, Tennessee: Filmed by the TSLA, 1975. FHL 985310Item 3.

1891 Male Voters


  • Ligon, Edward et al. The United States thirteenth Census of Jackson County, Tennessee, 1910. Livingston, Tennessee: R.K. Bilbrey, 2002. FHL 976.851 X29b 1910





DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Jackson County residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.
  • Brown - Descendant of Jeremiah Brown, b. 1759 Rowan County, North Carolina, d. 1859 Jackson County, Tennessee. Y-DNA 67 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kit 99390). Genetic signature available online (labeled Group No. 45), genealogical description available online, courtesy: Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study. Matches have been found.
  • Brown - Descendant of Thomas Brown, b. abt 1773 Fincastle County, Virginia, d. 1862 Jackson County, Tennessee. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kit 17164). Genetic signature available online (labeled Group No. 40), genealogical description available online, courtesy: Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study. Matches have been found.

Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors)


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Jackson County, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 60,000 entries.


  • Darnell - Darnell, C.A. Darnell Family & Related Families & Papers, ca. 1750-1983: Connects to These Names, Glenn, Jefferies, Smith, Fleenor, Hensley. MSS. Microfilmed 1984: FHL Film 1035708 Item 27.
  • Denton - Whitley, Edythe Johns Rucker. Some of the Descendants of Rev. Richard Denton. McMinnville, TN: Womack Print. Co., 1959. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 D435; digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library; and Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • Dyer - Preator, Richard E. The Descendants of James Dyer and Jane Finn of Jackson Co. Tennessee. Salem, Mass.: Higginson, 1998. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 D988p.
  • Gist - Dorsey, Jean Muir. Christopher Gist of Maryland and Some of His Descendants, 1679-1957, Chicago, IL: J.S. Swift Co., 1958. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 G447; digital version at Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • Grissom - McKinney, Irene. Wm. Grissom & Dicy Arteberry, Wash. Co., Tn. to Jackson Co., Tn. to Monroe Co., Ky: and Some Dillards. Lompoc, Calif.: I. McKinney, 1986. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 G889m.
  • Hawkins - Hawkins, Harold Allen and Elrod, Janice Hawkins Echoes of Spring Creek : a genealogy of the Hawkins family and related families of Jackson County and the surrounding area [S.I.] : H.A. Hawkins and J.H. Elrod, c2000 FHL book 929.273 H314. Digital version available at FamilySearch Digital Library.
  • Maxwell - Maxwell, Harry L. Descendants of Samuel Maxwell of Putnam County and Jackson County, TN. Cookeville, Tenn.: H.L. Maxwell, (199-?). FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 M451mh.Digital version available at FamilySearch Digital Library
  • Waddell - Madeira, Pauline and Kim Beauchamp. The Ancestors of Harvey Louis Hardin : with Chapters on the Descendants of Samuel Sanford Hardin, James Pate, David McAlister, William Waddell, Samuel P. Griggs and John Selby. S.l.: Rex H. Madeira, Jr., 1999. FHL 929.273 Se48mp


  • Jackson County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1872 and is located at the county Courthouse, P.O. Box 346, 101 E Hull Ave, Gainesboro, Tenessee 38562; Telephone: (931) 268-9212. Land and property records include transfer of real estate or personal property, mortgages, leases, surveys, and entries.
  • The Family History Library has microfilm copies of deeds 1872-1902 with indexes 1872-1925; land entries 1873-1901; ranger books 1817-1860.

Land Grants

  • Free index to 1500+ Pioneer Cumberland Settlements Land Grants, available online, courtesy: Cumberland Pioneer Settlers. The Cumberland Settlements region covered what is now this county. To view the land grants platted on maps, purchase the books described on this site, or access those available at the Family History Library FHL US/CAN Large Q Book 976.8 E7d.

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service. The TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at the TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Local Histories




Revolutionary War

The following Jackson County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

Additional resources include:

War of 1812
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Civil War service men from Jackson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Jackson County.

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Jackson County:


Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Jackson County click on the following town:


  • Miller, Alan N. Middle Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1784 to 1902. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2004. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2ma. Purchase at Includes Jackson County.


Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Jackson County, Tennessee Genealogy records have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL Book 976.8 B2a.

Family Findings
Several genealogical articles with abstracts of Jackson County, Tennessee records have been published in Family Findings, the quarterly of the Mid-West Tennessee Genealogical Society (42+ vols.). The Family History Library has most issues of this quarterly FHL US/CAN 976.8 B2f.
Tables of contents for some volumes are available online, courtesy: TNGenWeb Project:
Many articles from this publication have been reproduced on the TNGenWeb Project website, try this specialized Google search.

The Middle Tennessee Journal of Genealogy and History
Genealogical articles with abstracts of records of Giles County, Tennessee have been published in The Middle Tennessee Journal of Genealogy and History, the quarterly of the Middle Tennessee Genealogical Society (23+ Vols.). To view a list of these articles, visit their online Index to Articles (1988-2005). Surname indexes are also available online for Vols. 2-22. The website also offers back issues for sale in paper and on CD. The Family History Library has a complete collection of this quarterly FHL US/CAN Book 976.85 D25m.

The Trace
Available through the Jackson County Historical Society

The Upper Cumberland Researcher
Genealogical articles with abstracts of records of Jackson County, Tennessee have been published in The Upper Cumberland Researcher, the journal of the Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association, Inc. To view a list of the first 17 years of these articles, visit their online Seventeen Year Index to The Upper Cumberland Researcher (Vols. 1-17, 1975-1992). The Index contains a "Counties" section beginning on page 19. The Family History Library has most issues through the present FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2u (1975-1993) and FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2u (1994-present).


Learn if your Jackson County, Tennessee Genealogy ancestors went to prison!

Probate Records

The Jackson County Court has responsibility for probate records.

Online Records

FamilySearch has placed scans of the following records online in the Tennessee, Probate Court Books, 1795-1927 collection. These are browse-only collections. Handwritten indexes may be found at the front or back of some volumes:

  • Wills, 1872-1914 (Vols. A-D)
  • Bonds, Letters, 1878-1914 (2 vols.)
  • Insolvent estate records, 1872-1932
  • Miscellaneous records, 1810-1909
  • Settlements, 1872-1904 (Vols. A-B)


The following Jackson County tax records have been abstracted and/or indexed:[10]

  • 1789 Cumberland Settlements, Tax List, 1789, The Middle Tennessee Journal of Genealogy and History, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Fall 1990). For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals.
  • 1802 Hughes, Thomas P. and Jewel B. Standefer. "Jackson County, Tennessee - 1802 Tax List," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 19, No. 2 (April-June 1972):63-65. For FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals.
  • 1802 Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Early Tennessee Tax Lists. Evanston, Ill.: B. & B. Sistler, 1977. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 R4s. [Includes 1802 tax list.]
  • 1802-1803 "1802 & 1803 Tax Lists," The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 4, No. 1 ():6-. For access, see Periodicals.
  • 1802 Tax List, 1802, Overton County Historical Society Newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Fall 1999).
  • 1802 "Jackson County Land To Be Sold for Taxes in 1802, Sheriff Says" Ansearchin' News, Vol. 48, No. 4 (Winter 2001):45. For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals.
  • 1803 Paessler, Jane "Jackson County 1803 Tax List," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Fall 1995):113-115. For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals.
  • 1804-1811 "Records, A List of Residents 1804-1811," The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 5, No. 2 ():5-. For access, see Periodicals. (See follow-up article, Vol. 6, No. 1, p. 29.)
  • 1810 Lands for Tax Sale, 1810, The Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Winter 1993).
  • 1811 "Delinquent Taxes - 1811," The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 3, No. 1 ():26-. For access, see Periodicals.
  • 1811 "Unpaid Land Taxes, 1811," The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 6, No. 3 ():. For access, see Periodicals.
  • 1812 "1804-1811 Tax List is Really 1812 Voters List," The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 6, No. 1 ():29-. For access, see Periodicals.
  • 1814 "Direct Federal Tax-Delinquent Property Owners Listed for 1814," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 43, No. 3(Fall 1996):115-120. For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals. [Includes Jackson County.]
  • 1836 Tax List, 1836, The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 1997).
  • 1836 Civil Districts and Tax List, 1836, Tennessee Genealogy and History, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2002).
  • 1836 Douthat, James L. 1836 Jackson County, Tennessee Civil Districts and Tax List. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2002. FHL US/CAN Book 976.851 R4d; online: free surname index and purchase details.
  • 1851 "Voters List, 1851," The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 14, No. 3 ():137-; Vol. 14, No. 4 ():168-; Vol. 15, No. 1 ():14-. For access, see Periodicals.
  • 1860s Civil War Tax List, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1978).
  • 1865-1871 Property Sold for Taxes in Chancery Court, 1865-1871, The Upper Cumberland Researcher, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Fall 2004).

Vital Records

See also How to order Tennessee Vital Records or order electronically online.


The original Jackson County marriage records are kept at the County Courthouse. Due to fire, all marriage records prior to 1870 are lost. The following publication, based on early newspapers, helps to alleviate this genealogical obstacle:

  • 1794 - 1851 - Lucas, Silas Emmett. Marriages from Early Tennessee Newspapers 1794-1851. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1978. FHL 976.8 V2L.

The following Jackson County marriage records are microfilmed:

  • 1870 - 1992 - Available at the TSLA.
  • 1870 - 1918 - Available at the Family History Library. Some volumes are indexed.FHL 985296

The following Jackson County marriage records have been indexed:

  • Shrum, Shelta R. McCarter and Betty C. Scott. Jackson County, Tennessee Marriage and Death Records. Lafayette, Tennessee: Ridge Runner, 1998. FHL 976.851 V2s

Jackson County is not included in Sistler's Early Middle Tennessee Marriages.


For deaths of Methodists in Jackson County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try searching the following records:


See also a List of Tennessee Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

The main genealogical society covering Jackson County is the regional:

Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 575
Cookeville, TN 38503-0575

Additional societies with interests in the area are:

Jackson County Historical Society
P.O. Box 874
Gainesboro, TN 38562
Middle Tennessee Genealogical Society
PO Box 330948
Nashville, TN, USA 37203-7507
The society serves the 40 counties of middle Tennessee of which Jackson County is one. It publishes The Middle Tennessee Journal of Genealogy and History, a quarterly containing articles of genealogical and historical interest. Little-known Tennessee records are published and indexed, along with family genealogies, Bible records and material submitted by members. There is an alphabetical Index to articles in the Journal 1988-summer 2005


Charles Ralph Holland Memorial Library
205 W. Hull Avenue
Gainesboro, TN 38562
Phone: 1-931-268-9190
Fax: 1-931-268-5706
Hours: Mon., Tues., Thurs., Fri. 10:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
Wed. 10:30 a.m.-3 p.m.
Sat 10 a.m.-3 p.m.

Collection includes a complete set of the microfilms of the Jackson County Chancery Court Cases, newspapers, and more..[12]

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Jackson County, Tennessee


  1. "Earliest County Records," Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jackson County, Tennessee page 641, At various libr40ries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Founding of the Cumberland Settlements: The First Atlas 1779-1804.
  4. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 641. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  6. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  7. Voice of Gene Black, FamilySearch employee, former resident of Bristol, Tenn. (2010).
  8. Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee in Tennessee State Library and Archives in Tennessee Secretary of State (accessed 13 March 2016).
  9. May be used for free at Family History Center. To locate a center near you, click here.
  10. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.
  11. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  12. David Johnson, email to Nathan W. Murphy, 15 July 2010.