Difference between revisions of "Jaén, Spain Genealogy"

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(Changed layout of buttons, added reference header, updated in-text footnote citation, map (province name), and relocated sidebar template beneath SEO for mobile view per Danielle.)
(Updated History, fixed both broken letter guide links in Civil and Church and removed excess bracket per Danielle.)
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Jaén will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
 
'''Most of your genealogical research for Jaén will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia and its capital is Jaén city.
+
Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Granada and Córdoba. Its capital is Jaén city and it contains 97 municipalities.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Province of Jaén (Spain)," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Jaén_(Spain) (accessed September 7, 2020).</ref>
Just about one-sixth of the population live in the capital. It contains 97 municipalities.  
 
It is one of the lesser known provinces of Spain compared to the heavily tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks, and many other protected natural areas.
 
 
Jaén province is the largest producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 45% of all Spanish production and 20% of world's production. There are more than 66 million olive trees, spread over a surface of 550,000 acres.  The production of the province in 2013 was 749.387 tons of olive oil.
 
There are no known online records for Jaén province at this time.
 
 
 
The population of Jaén is roughly 666,190 people.<ref>Wikipedia collaborators, "Province of Jaén (Spain)," ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Jaén_(Spain) (Accessed October 17, 2017)</ref>
 
  
 
==Civil Registration==
 
==Civil Registration==
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*'''1519-1941''' {{RecordSearch|2015358|Spain Province of Jaén Municipal Records 1519-1941}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images  
 
*'''1519-1941''' {{RecordSearch|2015358|Spain Province of Jaén Municipal Records 1519-1941}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images  
 
*'''1519-1941''' - {{RecordSearch|2015358|Spain, Province of Jaén, Municipal Records, 1519-1941|access=browse}}, free, browsable images, incomplete.
 
*'''1519-1941''' - {{RecordSearch|2015358|Spain, Province of Jaén, Municipal Records, 1519-1941|access=browse}}, free, browsable images, incomplete.
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=== 2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog ===
 
=== 2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog ===
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:*Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).
 
:*Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).
  
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]'''
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'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/img_auth.php/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]'''
<br>
 
  
 
== Catholic Church Records  ==
 
== Catholic Church Records  ==
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*'''Tip: '''If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.
 
*'''Tip: '''If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.
 +
 
===1. Online Church Records===
 
===1. Online Church Records===
 
Currently, there are no online church records for this area.  You should check back from time to time to see if they have become available.
 
Currently, there are no online church records for this area.  You should check back from time to time to see if they have become available.
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:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp  '''postal code''']), (city), Jaén'''
 
:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp  '''postal code''']), (city), Jaén'''
 
:'''Spain'''
 
:'''Spain'''
<br>
 
  
 
*[http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''Find the Spain postal code here.''']  
 
*[http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''Find the Spain postal code here.''']  
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*Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)  
 
*Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)  
 
*Request for a photocopy of the complete original record
 
*Request for a photocopy of the complete original record
<br>
+
 
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]]'''
+
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/img_auth.php/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]'''
  
 
==Reading the Records==
 
==Reading the Records==
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:*{{LearningCenter2|206|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 2'''}}  
 
:*{{LearningCenter2|206|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 2'''}}  
 
:*{{LearningCenter2|207|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 3'''}}
 
:*{{LearningCenter2|207|'''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 3'''}}
<br>
 
 
  
 
*Detailed instructions for reading Spanish records, examples of common documents, and practice exercises for developing skills in translating them can be found in the [[Spanish Records Extraction Manual|'''Spanish Records Extraction Manual.''']]
 
*Detailed instructions for reading Spanish records, examples of common documents, and practice exercises for developing skills in translating them can be found in the [[Spanish Records Extraction Manual|'''Spanish Records Extraction Manual.''']]
 
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/home.aspx '''The Spanish Documents Script Tutorial'''] also provides lessons and examples.<br>
 
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/home.aspx '''The Spanish Documents Script Tutorial'''] also provides lessons and examples.<br>
 
  
 
==== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ====
 
==== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ====
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== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references />
 
<references />
 
  
 
{{Forum badge
 
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Revision as of 12:41, 7 September 2020

Guide to Jaén Province ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Spain Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Country Background
Local Research Resources
Jaén Province
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Most of your genealogical research for Jaén will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.

History[edit | edit source]

Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Granada and Córdoba. Its capital is Jaén city and it contains 97 municipalities.[1]

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

  • Spanish civil registration records (government birth certificates, marriage certificates, and death certificates) began in 1871.
  • Births, marriages, and deaths were recorded by the local Juzgado de la Paz, or Oficinia del Registro Civil. The records are still housed in their local municpal archives. In addition, Spain does have a national index or central repository for civil registration.
  • Some municipios (towns/cities) may have civil registration records beginning as early as 1837. Some of them have been microfilmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch.
  • Larger cities may have multiple civil registration districts, and smaller towns may have their own civil registration office, or belong to an office of a nearby town. To determine the political jurisdiction for the town where your ancestors came from, please see the Spain Gazetteers article.


Here are several different approaches to obtaining these certificates:

1. Online Digitized Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

The following records are available online from FamilySearch Historical Records:

2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog[edit | edit source]

Icon-warning.png

There might be microfilmed records available but not included in the online collections. Currently, they are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a Family History Center near you. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Spain, Jaén.
b. Click on "Places within Spain, Jaén" and a list of towns and cities will open.
c. Click on the town or city you wish to search.
d. Click on the "Civil Registration" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
e. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

3. Ordering Certificates From the Ministerio de Justica[edit | edit source]

  • Researchers can solicit the Ministerio de Justicia online for copies of certificates.
  • For detailed information on how to order these records online, please see the article Order Spain Vital Records Online. It will take you through the process step by step, and includes translation of terms you will find in that process.

4. Writing to the Civil Registry of a Municipality[edit | edit source]

  • Juzgado de la Paz or Oficina del Registro Civil should be contacted if a certificate copy request to the Ministerio de Justicia fails.
  • Use the following address, filling in the parentheses with the specific information for your town :
Oficina del Registro Civil
(Street address: This link will give you addresses for all the civil registries in Jaén.)
(postal code) (City)
Jaén, Spain
  • Full name and the sex of the person sought.
  • Names of the parents, if known.
  • Approximate date and place of the event.
  • Your relationship to the person.
  • Reason for the request (family history, medical, etc.).
  • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record.
  • Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).

Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this Spanish Letter-writing Guide.

Catholic Church Records[edit | edit source]

  • Catholicism's roots extend deep into Spain's history. Parish and diocesan records created by the Catholic Church in Spain have long been considered some of the richest genealogical records in the world. Ever since the Council of Trent, Catholic parish records have been consistently recorded, usually providing three generations in a single baptismal entry.
  • The vast majority of Spaniards are Catholic, and so almost every Spaniard can be found in the records of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was the primary record keeper of births, marriages, and deaths, until civil registration started in 1869.
  • Some church records have been lost or have deteriorated due natural disasters such as fire, flood, and earthquakes. Civil and political strife has also caused record loss, including during time of the Spanish Civil War.
  • The Catholic Church has created several different records. The most used in genealogical research include: baptisms (bautizos, bautismos), marriages (matrimonios), and burials (entierros, defunciones, fallecimientos). Other records include: confirmations (confimaciones) and pre-marriage investigations (expedientes matrimoniales, información matrimonial).
  • Tip: If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.

1. Online Church Records[edit | edit source]

Currently, there are no online church records for this area. You should check back from time to time to see if they have become available.

2. Microfilmed Records From the Family History Library[edit | edit source]

Icon-warning.png

There might be microfilmed records available but not included in the online collections. Currently, they are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a Family History Center near you. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Spain, Jaén.
b. Click on "Places within Spain, Jaén" and a list of towns and cities will open.
c. Click on the town or city you wish to search.
d. Click on "Church Records" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
e. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

3. Writing to a Catholic Priest for Church Records[edit | edit source]

Baptism, marriage, and death records may be searched by contacting or visiting local parish or diocese archives in Spain. Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. This method is not always reliable. Officials might or might not respond.

Write a brief request in Spanish to the proper church using this address as guide, replacing the information in parentheses:

Reverendo Padre
Parroquia de (name of parish)
(street address) Search The Church in Spain by province (Selecciona la provincia) or parish (Nombre de la parroquia).
(postal code), (city), Jaén
Spain

When requesting information, send the following:

  • Money for the search fee, usually $10.00
  • Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
  • Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
  • Approximate date and place of the event
  • Your relationship to the ancestor
  • Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
  • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record

Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this Spanish Letter-writing Guide.

Reading the Records[edit | edit source]

  • You do not have to be fluent in Spanish to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this Spanish Genealogical Word List to translate the important points in the document. Reading handwriting skills are taught in the BYU Spanish Script Tutorial.
  • Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:

Tips for finding your ancestor in the records[edit | edit source]

Effective use of church records includes the following strategies.

  • Search for the birth record of the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his brothers and sisters.
  • Then, search for the marriage of his parents. The marriage record will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
  • You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
  • Search the death registers for all family members.
  • Then repeat the process for both the father and the mother.
  • If earlier generations are not in the record, search neighboring parishes.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Province of Jaén (Spain)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Jaén_(Spain) (accessed September 7, 2020).