Difference between revisions of "Iowa Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Iowa Genealogy|Iowa]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Iowa_Census|Census]]''
+
{{IA-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[United States Census|U.S. Census]]
 +
| link3=[[Iowa, United States Genealogy|Iowa]]
 +
| link4=
 +
| link5=[[Iowa Census|Census]]
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}}
 +
==Online Federal Censuses==
 +
===Population Schedules===
 +
Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. [[United States Census|'''Click here for more information''']] about federal census records. <br><br>
 +
Before becoming a state in 1846, Iowa was part of the Wisconsin and Iowa Territory. It will not be included in the early censuses.
  
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
======'''United States Federal Censuses with Online Links'''======
 +
{| class="wikitable" width= "70%" style="display: inline-table;"
 +
|-
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1840
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1850
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1860
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1870
 +
|-
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1786457|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1401638|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1473181|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1438024|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|-
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1880
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1890
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1900
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1910
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1920
 +
|-
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1417683|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1610551|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/5445/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1325221|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7602/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1727033|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7884/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1488411|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6061/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|-
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1930
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1940
 +
|-
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1810731|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6224/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|2000219|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2442/ Ancestry.com]
 
|-
 
|-
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 
 
<br>
 
 
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Iowa Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Understanding Iowa Census Records  ===
+
===Non-Population Schedules for Iowa===
 
+
Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.  
<br>A census is a count and description of the population of a country, state, county, or city. Censuses are conducted to understand the population density, geographical distribution, as well as the makeup of the population in terms of age, sex, and race.  
+
{| class="wikitable" width= flexible style="display: inline-table;"
 
+
|-
Iowa, with its present boundaries, officially achieved statehood in 1846. The 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915 and 1925 state censuses are the only census records enumerated of all counties of the state.
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
 
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
The first Federal Iowa census records begin in 1840 and there has been one every ten years since. The censuses through 1940 are available to the public. These counted the population as of the following dates:  
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
 
+
|-
1790-1820: First Monday in August<br>1830-1900: June 1 (June 2 in 1890)<br>1910: April 15<br>1920: January 1<br>1930: April 1<br>1940: April 1<br>
+
|1840
 
+
|Veteran Pensioners
=== Online Iowa indexes and images ===
+
|[https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/139678-redirection FamilySearch Books], [https://www.census.gov/library/publications/1841/dec/1840d.html United States Census Bureau],  
 
+
|-
{{Census Online Iowa}}  
+
|1850
 
+
|Mortality
=== Federal population schedules  ===
+
|{{RecordSearch|2659389|FamilySearch}}, [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8756/ Ancestry.com]
 
+
|-
Many federal census records on microfilm are at the following archives:
+
|1850
 
+
|Agriculture
*[http://www.iowahistory.org/ State Historical Society] (in Des Moines and Iowa City)
+
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
*[[Introduction to the FamilySearch Catalog|Family History Library]] (Iowa censuses from 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930)
+
|-
*[[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]
+
|1850
 
+
|Industry
==== Microfilm images ====
+
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
 
+
|-
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
|1860
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
+
|Mortality
 +
|{{RecordSearch|2659389|FamilySearch}}, [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8756/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|-
 +
|1860
 +
|Agriculture
 +
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
 +
|-
 +
|1860
 +
|Industry
 +
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images|
 +
|-
 +
|1870
 +
|Mortality
 +
|{{RecordSearch|2659389|FamilySearch}}, [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8756/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|-
 +
|1870
 +
|Agriculture
 +
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
 +
|-
 +
|1870
 +
|Industry
 +
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
 +
|-
 +
|1880
 +
|Mortality
 +
|{{RecordSearch|2659389|FamilySearch}}, [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8756/ Ancestry.com]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1940 N/A
+
|1880
| {{FHL|653183|title-id|disp=1910}}
+
|Agriculture
| {{FHL|698896|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
 
|-
 
|-
| {{FHL|1035340|title-id|disp=1930}}
+
|1880
| {{FHL|651832|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}  
+
|Industry
| {{FHL|704803|title-id|disp=1860}}
+
|[https://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Ancestry.com], {{RecordSearch|2274801|FamilySearch}} - browsable images
 
|-
 
|-
| {{FHL|568294|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
+
|1880
| {{FHL|673551|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
+
|Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes
| {{FHL|744479|title-id|disp=1850}}
+
|[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1634/ Ancestry.com]
 
|-
 
|-
| &nbsp;
 
|
 
| {{FHL|745489|title-id|disp=1840}}
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
===Existing and Lost Censuses===
 +
*[[Iowa Censuses Existing and Lost|List of existing and lost federal censuses for Iowa]]
  
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
==Online State and Territorial Censuses==
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
+
State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten-year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit [https://www.census.gov/history/www/genealogy/other_resources/state_censuses.html United States Census Bureau].<br><br>
 +
Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the [[United States Census Territorial|US Territorial Census page]].<br><br>
 +
{| class="wikitable" width= flexible="display: inline-table;"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
 +
|-
 +
|1925
 +
|State, all household members
 +
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/2224537 FamilySearch]
 +
at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
|1915
 +
|State, all household members
 +
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/2240483 FamilySearch]
 +
at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 +
|-
 +
|1905
 +
|State, all household members
 +
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/2126961 FamilySearch]
 +
at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 +
at [https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-30309/1905-iowa-state-census My Heritage]
 
|-
 
|-
| 1940 N/A
+
|1895
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#iowa 1910 T624]&nbsp;
+
|State, all household members
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#iowa 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1803957 FamilySearch]
 +
at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
+
|1885
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#iowa 1900 T623]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-03.html#iowa Soundex T1045]  
+
|State, all household members
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#iowa 1860 M653]
+
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1803643 FamilySearch]
 +
[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-08.html#iowa 1920 T625]&nbsp; &nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-03.html#iowa Soundex M1561]
+
|1856
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#iowa 1880 T9]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#iowa Soundex T748]  
+
|State, all household members
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#iowa 1850 M432]
+
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/409022?availability=Family%20History%20Library FamilySearch]
 +
at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| &nbsp;
+
|1854
|  
+
|State, all household members
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]&nbsp;
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
|}
 
 
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 
 
 
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Iowa, [[Iowa Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 
 
 
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 
 
 
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 
:*1850-1880 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2274801/waypoints Agriculture Schedule] at [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only;
 
:*1850-1880 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2274801/waypoints Industry Schedule] at [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only
 
:*1850-1880 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/recapi/sord/collection/2274801/waypoints Social Statistics Schedule] at  [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only;
 
{| width="86%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Iowa'''</font>
+
|1852
 +
|State
 +
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
+
|1851
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="4" | '''Free'''
+
|State (limited counties)
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
+
|1849
| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
+
|State (limited counties)
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Davenport Publ.&nbsp;Libr.'''
 
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''
+
|1847
| width="20%" | Defective
+
|State (limited counties), head of household
| align="center" | -
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''
+
|1846
| width="20%" | Mortality
+
|State (limited counties), head of household
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://www.qcmemory.org/Page/Local_Index_Databases.aspx?nt=203 Link]<ref name="ISCo" />
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870'''
+
|1844
| Mortality
+
|Territorial (Keokuk), all household members
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://www.qcmemory.org/Page/Local_Index_Databases.aspx?nt=203 Link]<ref name="ISCo" />
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1860'''
+
|1838
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Mortality
+
|Territorial (limited counties)
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://www.qcmemory.org/Page/Local_Index_Databases.aspx?nt=203 Link]<ref name="ISCo" />
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''
+
|1836
| Mortality
+
|Territorial (Dubuque and Des Moines Counties), head of household
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
+
|at [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1084/ Ancestry]
| align="center" | [http://www.qcmemory.org/Page/Local_Index_Databases.aspx?nt=203 Link]<ref name="ISCo" />
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1840'''
 
| Pensioners
 
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
==== Microfilm images  ====
+
== Other Census Images ==
 
 
The [http://www.iowahistory.org/ State Historical Society] (in Des Moines and Iowa City) and the [[Family History Library]] have copies of the mortality schedules.
 
 
 
*'''1880''' {{FHL|540211|item}}films 1421011-14
 
*'''1870''' {{FHL|540205|item}}films 1421008-10
 
*'''1860''' {{FHL|343718|item}}film 1421007]
 
*'''1850''' {{FHL|540173|item}}film 1421006])
 
 
 
Like the census, these records are arranged by county and then by town.
 
 
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 
 
 
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Iowa, [[Iowa Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
 
 
 
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
 
 
 
Iowa took censuses in different years than the federal censuses. These censuses may have different data compared to federal censuses. Check these censuses for more information on a family.
 
 
 
Iowa state censuses are available at:
 
 
 
:*[http://www.iowahistory.org/ The State Historical Society] in Des Moines and the [[Introduction to the FamilySearch Catalog|Family History Library]] (Iowa censuses through 1925).
 
:*The State Historical Society of Iowa in Iowa City (all Iowa censuses except 1905).<br>
 
 
 
*'''1925''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 42-44.</ref><ref name="AncIA3625">Ancestry.com, "Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925" at {{AnceIowa}} (accessed 3 April 2010), citing Carol L. Maki, and Michael John Neill, "Iowa," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/55947869 Red book : American state, county and town sources, 3rd ed.]'', ed. Alice Eichholz (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004)[[{{Redbook}}]].</ref> Indexes exist for the following cities: Boone, Cedar Falls, Centerville, Cedar Rapids, Clinton, Council Bluffs, Dubuque, Ottumwa, Sioux City, Waterloo, Davenport, Des Moines, and Monroe County. Note that the 1925 census images available at Ancestry.com includes only the first page of the four pages of information.
 
*'''1915''' Statewide, alphabetical by county<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1905''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1897''' (town of New Hampton, Chickasaw)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1896''' (town of Oelwein, Fayette County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1895''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /> including St. Francis Convent<ref>"1895 Census, St. Francis Convent, Dubuque City, Ward 5, Dubuque County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 24 (1989): 26 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, and St. Mary's Orphan Home<ref>"1895 Census, St. Mary's Orphan HOme, Dubuque City, Ward 5 Dubuque County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 24 (1989): 27 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> in Dubuque County, and the Iowa Soldiers Home<ref>"1895 State Census of Iowa Soldiers Home, Marshalltown, Marshall County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 23 (1988): 205 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Marshall County
 
*'''1893''' (town of Mystic, Appanoose County, town of Hampton, Franklin County, town of Ames, Story County, town of Bloomfield, Davis County, town of Nevada, Story County, and town of West Union, Fayette County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1892''' (town of Carroll, Carroll County, town of Eagle Grove, Wright County, town of Estherville, Emmett County, town of Greene, Jefferson County, and town of Tama, Tama County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1891''' (town of Emmetsburg, Palo Alto County, town of Spencer, Clay County, town of Villisca, Montgomery County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1889''' (town of Cherokee, Cherokee County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1888''' (town of Algona, Kossuth County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1885''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /> including College for the Blind<ref>"1885 Census, College for the Blind, Vinton, Benton County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 24 (1989): 30 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Vinton, Benton County
 
*'''1882''' (town of Keokuk, Lee County)
 
*'''1881''' (Mason City, Cerro Gordo County)<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1859''' Statewide<ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA5159">Ronald Vern Jackson, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21151083 Iowa Census Records, 1851 to 1859]'' (North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1981.) [[{{IACens5159}}]]. Also part of [{{AnceIowa}} Ancestry.com].</ref> including Black Hawk, Buchanan, Carrol, Montgomery, Palo Alto, Plymouth, Pocahontas, Sac, Scott, Union, and Washington counties
 
*'''1856''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA5159" />, all 80 counties (except Warren) including Calhoun<ref>"1856 State Census, Calhoun County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 5 (1970): 157 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Franklin<ref>"Index to the 1856 Special State Census of Franklin County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 22 (1987): 136 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Hardin<ref>"Hardin County, 1856 State Census" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 3 (1968): 60 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Kossuth<ref>"Kossuth County, 1856 State Census" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 3 (1968): 43 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, and Story<ref>"Index to the 1856 Census of Story County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 13 (1978): 167 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> counties
 
*'''1854''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA5159" /> 50 counties including Dallas<ref>"1854 Special Census, Dallas County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 2 (1967): 138 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Henry<ref>"1854 Special Census, Henry County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 4 (1969): 108 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Story<ref>"Census of 1854, Story County, Heads of Families" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 6 (1971): 144 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, and Wayne<ref>"1854 Special Census of Wayne County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 23 (1988): 155 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> counties
 
*'''1853''' Warren County only<ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA5159" /><ref>"1853 Census Warren County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 2 (1967): 81 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>
 
*'''1852''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA5159" /><ref>Iowa, Census Board, ''1852 census of various counties in Iowa'' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1978; Microfilm made from originals at the Iowa State Historical Department in Des Moines.) [[{{1852CensIA}}]].</ref><ref>Ronald Vern Jackson, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17632765 Iowa 1852]'' (North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1988.) [[{{Iowa1852}}]]. Also part of [{{AnceIowa}} Ancestry.com].</ref> 39 counties including Appanoose<ref>"1852 Census, Appanoose County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 2 (1967): 13 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> County
 
*'''1851''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA5159" /> including Cedar, Clinton, Decatur, Guthrie, Iowa, Johnson, Madison, Mahaska, Page, Pottawattamie, Poweshiek, Scott, and Washington counties
 
*'''1850''' Van Buren County only<ref name="AncIA3625" />
 
*'''1849''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA4149">Ronald Vern Jackson, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8194421 Iowa census records, 1841–1849]'', 2 vols. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1979, 1981.) [[{{IACens4149}}]]. Also part of [{{AnceIowa}} Ancestry.com].</ref> including Benton, Boone<ref>"1849 Boone County Census" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 1 (1966): 5 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Clinton, Jackson, Louisa, Madison, Poweshiek, Scott, Van Buren, and Washington counties
 
*'''1847''' Statewide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA4149" /> including Clinton<ref>"Iowa State Census 1847, Clinton County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 10 (1975): 114 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref><ref>"Iowa State Census 1847, Clinton County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2444644 The American Genealogist]'' 43 (1967): 59 [[{{AmerGene}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Davis<ref>"1847 State Census, Davis County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 11 (1976): 18 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref><ref>"1847 Iowa State Census, Davis County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2444644 The American Genealogist]'' 42 (1966): 232 [[{{AmerGene}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Louisa, Marion<ref>"1847 Special Census, Marion County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 3 (1968): 60 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Scott, Van Buren<ref>"The 1847 Iowa Census - Van Buren County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 1 (1966): 10 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, and Wapello<ref>"Index, 1847 Census, Wapello County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 2 (1967): 39 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> counties
 
*'''1846''' Territory-wide<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA4149" /> including Louisa<ref>"Iowa Territory Census1846, Louisa County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 9 (1974): 109 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref><ref>"Iowa Territorial Census 1846, Louisa County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2444644 The American Genealogist]'' 43 (1967): 111 [[{{AmerGene}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>, Polk, and Wapello<ref>"1846 Census, Wapello County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 2 (1967): 32 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> counties
 
*'''1844''' Keokuk County only<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref name="JackIA4149" /><ref>"1844 Census of Iowa Territory, Keokuk County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 10 (1975): 175 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref><ref>"1844 Census of Iowa Territory, Keokuk County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2444644 The American Genealogist]'' 42 (1966): 136 [[{{AmerGene}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref>
 
*'''1840''' Territory<ref>Ronald Vern Jackson, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8627940 Iowa 1840 territorial census index]'' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Accelerated Indexing Systems, c1979) [[{{JackIA40}}]].</ref>
 
*'''1838''' (As part of Wisconsin Territory)<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref>Ronald Vern Jackson, W. David Samuelsen, Scott D. Rosenkilde, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8287188 Iowa 1838 territorial census index]'' (Bountiful, Utah : Accelerated Indexing Systems, c1984) [[{{JackIA38}}]].</ref> including Cedar, Clayton, Clinton, Johnson, Lee, Louisia, Muscatine, Slaughter, and Van Buren<ref>"1838 Van Buren County Census" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 1 (1966): 6 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> counties
 
*'''1836''' (As part of Wisconsin Territory)<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Benjamin Franklin Shambaugh, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6061145 First census of the original counties of Dubuque and Demoine (Iowa) taken in July, 1836]'' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1978; Microfilm of original published: Des Moines : Historical Department of Iowa, 1897-1898. 2 pts. in 1 v.) [[{{ShamIA36}}]].</ref><ref>Ronald Vern Jackson, Gary Ronald Teeples, David Schaefermeyer, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2841984 Iowa 1836 territorial census index]'' (Bountiful, Utah : Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1976) [[{{JackIA36}}]].</ref> including Dubuque<ref>"1836 Census of Dubuque County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 1 (1966): 60 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> and Des Moines<ref>"1836 Census of Desmoine County" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 1 (1966): 91 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref><ref name="AncIA3625" /><ref>"1836 Census of Demoine County, The T's, U's, and V's" in ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3865834 Hawkeye Heritage]'' 5 (1970): 7 [[{{HawkHeri}}]], as cited in Lainhart.</ref> counties
 
 
 
=== Census Substitutes  ===
 
 
 
*'''1856''' a census substitute for many cities in Iowa is Elsie L. Sopp, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6864213 Personal Name Index to the 1856 City Directories of Iowa]''. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Company, 1980. [{{FHL|222123|title-id|disp=FHL Book 977.7 D42s}}].
 
 
 
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
 
 
For a list of available and missing Iowa censuses, [[Iowa Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
 
 
 
=== Why use a census?  ===
 
 
 
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
 
 
 
=== More about censuses  ===
 
 
 
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
 
 
 
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
 
 
 
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
 
 
 
*[[Iowa State Census, 1885 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Iowa State Census, 1885 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Iowa_1895_State_Census_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) Iowa 1895 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]
 
  
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 
<div style="padding-left: 10px;">
 
{{reflist}}
 
</div>
 
{{Iowa|Iowa}} {{USCensus}}
 
  
<br><br>
+
==Why Use the Census?==
 +
State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:
 +
*Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
 +
*Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
 +
*Sex
 +
*Age
 +
*Color
 +
*Nativity
 +
*Place of birth of this person
 +
*Place of birth of Father of this person
 +
*Place of birth of Mother of this person
 +
*Period of Residence
 +
*How long a resident of this State (years and months)
 +
*How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
 +
*Regular occupation
 +
*Military service
  
[[Category:Iowa|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]
+
[[Category:Iowa Census Records|Census]]
 +
[[Category:Iowa, United States]]

Latest revision as of 15:06, 22 December 2020

Iowa Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

Before becoming a state in 1846, Iowa was part of the Wisconsin and Iowa Territory. It will not be included in the early censuses.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1840 1850 1860 1870
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1880 1890 1900 1910 1920
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1930 1940
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for Iowa[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1840 Veteran Pensioners FamilySearch Books, United States Census Bureau,
1850 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1850 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1850 Industry Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1860 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1860 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1860 Industry
1870 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1870 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1870 Industry Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1880 Mortality FamilySearch, Ancestry.com
1880 Agriculture Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1880 Industry Ancestry.com, FamilySearch - browsable images
1880 Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes Ancestry.com

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten-year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1925 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1915 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1905 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry at My Heritage

1895 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1885 State, all household members at FamilySearch

Ancestry

1856 State, all household members at FamilySearch

at Ancestry

1854 State, all household members at Ancestry
1852 State at Ancestry
1851 State (limited counties) at Ancestry
1849 State (limited counties) at Ancestry
1847 State (limited counties), head of household at Ancestry
1846 State (limited counties), head of household at Ancestry
1844 Territorial (Keokuk), all household members at Ancestry
1838 Territorial (limited counties) at Ancestry
1836 Territorial (Dubuque and Des Moines Counties), head of household at Ancestry

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service