Difference between revisions of "Hawaii Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Hawaii|Hawaii]]  >  [[Hawaii_Census|Census]]''
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[United States Census|U.S. Census]]
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| link3=[[Hawaii, United States Genealogy|Hawaii]]
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| link4=
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| link5=[[Hawaii Census|Census]]
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}}
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
+
==Online Federal Censuses==
 +
===Population Schedules===
 +
Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. [[United States Census|'''Click here for more information''']] about federal census records. <br><br>
 +
Hawai'i was annexed by the United States in 1898 and a territory in 1900. It became the fiftieth state admitted to the United States on August 21, 1959. It will not appear in the Federal census before 1900.
  
For a list of available and missing Hawaii censuses, [[Hawaii Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
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======'''United States Federal Censuses with Online Links'''======
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{| class="wikitable" width= "70%" style="display: inline-table;"
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|-
  
== Availability  ==
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1900
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1910
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1920
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1930
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|1325221|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7602/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1727033|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7884/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1488411|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6061/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1810731|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6224/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|-
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1940
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|2000219|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2442/ Ancestry.com]
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|-
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|}
  
'''1900-1930 Census--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of Hawaii for 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930. <br>
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===Non-Population Schedules for Hawaii===
 +
Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules. <br>
 +
There are no Federal non-population schedules for Hawaii.
  
'''United States Censuses 1900 and 1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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===Existing and Lost Censuses===
 +
*[[Hawaii Censuses Existing and Lost|List of existing and lost federal censuses for Hawaii]]
  
== Historical Background  ==
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==Online State and Territorial Censuses==
 +
State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit [https://www.census.gov/history/www/genealogy/other_resources/state_censuses.html United States Census Bureau].<br><br>
 +
Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the [[United States Census Territorial|US Territorial Census page]].<br><br>
 +
'''There were no state or territorial censuses taken for Hawaii. However, there were kingdom and republic censuses taken. See Other Census Images Below.'''
  
'''1900--'''The Territory of Hawaii was established.  
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== Other Census Images ==
 +
{| class="wikitable" width= flexible="display: inline-table;"
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|-
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
 +
|-
 +
|1896
 +
|Republic (Honolulu), all household members
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|at {{RecordSearch|3040537|FamilySearch}}
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|-
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|1890
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|Kingdom, all household members
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|at {{RecordSearch|3040537|FamilySearch}}
 +
|-
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|1878
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|Kingdom (Oahu, Maui and Hawaii), all household members
 +
|at {{RecordSearch|3040537|FamilySearch}}
 +
|-
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|1866
 +
|Kingdom (images only)
 +
|at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/420332 FamilySearch]
 +
|}
  
'''1959--'''Hawaii attained statehood.  
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==Why Use the Census?==
 +
State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:
 +
*Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
 +
*Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
 +
*Sex
 +
*Age
 +
*Color
 +
*Nativity
 +
*Place of birth of this person
 +
*Place of birth of Father of this person
 +
*Place of birth of Mother of this person
 +
*Period of Residence
 +
*How long a resident of this State (years and months)
 +
*How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
 +
*Regular occupation
 +
*Military service
  
== Indexes  ==
 
  
'''United States Census Indexes 1900 and 1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
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[[Category:Hawaii Census Records]] [[Category:Hawaii, United States]]
 
 
'''Soundex--'''Soundex or phonetic indexes are available for the 1900, 1920, and 1930 censuses. The 1910 Federal Census has been published (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=587701&disp=Hawaii+1910%20%20&columns=*,0,0 996.9 X22h 1910]).<br>
 
 
 
'''Ancestry--'''All census records for Hawaii have been indexed at [[Www.ancestry.com|Ancestry]].<br>
 
 
 
== Special Censuses  ==
 
 
 
==== Colonial Census<br> ====
 
 
 
Colonial censuses exist for some portions of Hawaii for 1866, 1878, 1890, and 1896. The 1878 census is for Hilo only, and the 1896 is for the island of Oahu only. The 1890 and 1896 censuses are the most complete. They give the name, age, sex, and birthplace of every person. The 1878, 1890, and 1896 censuses are available at the Hawaii State Archives and the Family History Library (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=421797&disp=Census+records%2C+1878-1896++ 1010681-88]).
 
 
 
==== Census Files  ====
 
 
 
The Hawaii State Archives also has two "census files," 1840 to 1866 and 1847 to 1866, which contain miscellaneous records such as school census, population lists, and vital record summaries (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=421789&disp=Census+file%2C+1840-1866++ 1009896 item 1-2] has records for 1840-1866).<br>
 
 
 
== State and Territorial Censuses  ==
 
 
 
The federal census records 1900-1930 for Hawaii are territorial censuses, since Hawaii was not a state until 1959. For state census records, refer to Colonial census records under Special Censuses.
 
 
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
 
 
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free census indexes and images for 1900; but indexes only for 1920.
 
 
 
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
 
 
 
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
 
 
 
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/HI/ http://www.census-online.com/links/HI/]
 
 
 
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/hi/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/hi/census.html]
 
 
 
Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/hawaii.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/hawaii.htm]
 
 
 
== References<br> ==
 
 
 
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/RG/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Hawaii.ASP Hawaii Research Outline]''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc. Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
 
 
 
[[Category:Hawaii|Census]]
 

Latest revision as of 15:19, 14 January 2021

Hawaii Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Hawaii Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

Hawai'i was annexed by the United States in 1898 and a territory in 1900. It became the fiftieth state admitted to the United States on August 21, 1959. It will not appear in the Federal census before 1900.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1900 1910 1920 1930
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1940
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for Hawaii[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.
There are no Federal non-population schedules for Hawaii.

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

There were no state or territorial censuses taken for Hawaii. However, there were kingdom and republic censuses taken. See Other Census Images Below.

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Year Type of Census Links
1896 Republic (Honolulu), all household members at FamilySearch
1890 Kingdom, all household members at FamilySearch
1878 Kingdom (Oahu, Maui and Hawaii), all household members at FamilySearch
1866 Kingdom (images only) at FamilySearch

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service