Difference between revisions of "Goias, Brazil Genealogy"

m (Text replacement - "Write a brief request in Portuguese to the proper church using this address as guide replacing the information in parentheses:<br>" to "*Find the address for the parish church your ancestors used: [http://www.thecatholicdirectory.com/directory.cfm?fuseaction=show_country&country=BR '''The Catholic Directory, Brazil.]<br> Write a brief request in Portuguese to the proper church using this address as guide replacing the information in parentheses:<br>")
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Guide to '''State of Goias family history and genealogy''': birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.  
 
Guide to '''State of Goias family history and genealogy''': birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.  
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Goiás will be in two main record types: civil registration (''registros civis'') and church records (''registros da igreja''). This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
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[[Image:Brazil Map Goias.png|thumb|<center>State of Goias</center>]]
 
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{{Click|File:BrazilORBEnglish.png|Brazil Online Genealogy Records}}
 
[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups]]
 
  
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Goiás will be in two main record types: civil registration (''registros civis'') and church records (''registros da igreja''). This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
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<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Brazil Online Genealogy Records]]</span>
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<span class="community_button">[[FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups|Ask the <br>Community]]</span></div>
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<div>[[Image:Brazil Map Goias.png|thumb|<center>State of Goias</center>]] </div>
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==History==
 
==History==
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In 1850, a law was passed requiring registration of births and deaths throughout the country. Until 1870, the Catholic Church was required to keep this record. After 1870, these records were to be kept by the justices of the peace. Since 1827, the government has accepted marriages performed in the Catholic Church as official marriages.
 
In 1850, a law was passed requiring registration of births and deaths throughout the country. Until 1870, the Catholic Church was required to keep this record. After 1870, these records were to be kept by the justices of the peace. Since 1827, the government has accepted marriages performed in the Catholic Church as official marriages.
  
Civil registration records are kept on a municipal level by local civil registration offices. Records are subsequently sent on to a municipal, district, or delegation office. People from small villages often reported their births, marriages, and deaths to a nearby central municipality office. Many towns in Brazil are very new. If you do not find records for the city you need, you will need to determine when the city was founded and from which older city it was created (try a Google search). Origins of cities are also given in the reference book, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1018565?availability=Family%20History%20Library Cidades e vilas 1998,] which can be consulted online from a Family History Center computer.
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Civil registration records are kept on a municipal level by local civil registration offices. Records are subsequently sent on to a municipal, district, or delegation office. People from small villages often reported their births, marriages, and deaths to a nearby central municipality office. Many towns in Brazil are very new. If you do not find records for the city you need, you will need to determine when the city was founded and from which older city it was created (try a Google search). Origins of cities are also given in the reference book, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1018565 Cidades e vilas 1998,] which can be consulted online from a Family History Center computer.
  
 
=== 1. Online Digital Records for Civil Registration ===  
 
=== 1. Online Digital Records for Civil Registration ===  
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=== 2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog ===
 
=== 2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog ===
If the locality and time period you need are not included in the online records, the next step is would be to find them in the microfilm collection of the Family History Library. Currently, the microfilms are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a [https://familysearch.org/locations/ '''Family History Center'''] near you.
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If the locality and time period you need are not included in the online records, the next step is would be to find them in the microfilm collection of the Family History Library. Currently, the microfilms are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a [https://www.familysearch.org/help/fhcenters/locations/ '''Family History Center'''] near you.
 
===3. Writing for  Civil Registration Certificates===
 
===3. Writing for  Civil Registration Certificates===
 
If the records are not online, and you do not have ready access to the microfilms, civil registration records in Brazil can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry in the municipality. Civil officials will generally answer correspondence in Portuguese. Your request may be forwarded if the records have been sent to state archives. '''''This method is not always reliable. Officials might or might not respond.''''' <br>
 
If the records are not online, and you do not have ready access to the microfilms, civil registration records in Brazil can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry in the municipality. Civil officials will generally answer correspondence in Portuguese. Your request may be forwarded if the records have been sent to state archives. '''''This method is not always reliable. Officials might or might not respond.''''' <br>
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_municipalities_in_Goi%C3%A1s '''List of municipalities in Goiás.''']
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<br>
  
 
Write a brief request in Portuguese to the proper office using this address as guide replacing the information in parentheses:<br>
 
Write a brief request in Portuguese to the proper office using this address as guide replacing the information in parentheses:<br>
  
 
:'''Cartório de Registro Civil'''  
 
:'''Cartório de Registro Civil'''  
:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Brazil_Postal_Code.asp postal code]), (city), Goiás'''  
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:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Brazil_Postal_Code.asp postal code]), (municipality), Goiás'''  
 
:'''BRASIL'''<br><br>
 
:'''BRASIL'''<br><br>
  
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Send the following:
 
Send the following:
  
*Money for the search fee, usually $10.00, and an international reply coupon (IRC)
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*Money for the search fee, usually $10.00
 
*Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
 
*Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
 
*Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
 
*Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
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:'''Reverendo Pároco'''
 
:'''Reverendo Pároco'''
 
:'''Paróquia de (name of parish) '''
 
:'''Paróquia de (name of parish) '''
:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Brazil_Postal_Code.asp postal code]), (city), Goiás'''
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:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Brazil_Postal_Code.asp postal code]), (municipality), Goiás'''
 
:'''BRASIL'''
 
:'''BRASIL'''
 
<br>
 
<br>
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When requesting information, send the following:<br>  
 
When requesting information, send the following:<br>  
  
*Money for the search fee, usually $10.00, and an international reply coupon (IRC)
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*Money for the search fee, usually $10.00  
 
*Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought  
 
*Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought  
 
*Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known  
 
*Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known  
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*You do not have to be fluent in Portuguese to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this [[Portuguese Genealogical Word List|Portuguese Genealogical Word List]] to translate the important points in the document.
 
*You do not have to be fluent in Portuguese to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this [[Portuguese Genealogical Word List|Portuguese Genealogical Word List]] to translate the important points in the document.
  
*Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:
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*To learn how to read Portuguese records, study the [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-portuguese-documents-pages/the-portuguese-documents(english) '''The Portuguese Script Tutorial.''']
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-portuguese-handwritten-records-lesson-1-portuguese-letters/213 '''Reading Portuguese Handwritten Records Lesson 1: Portuguese Letters''']
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:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-portuguese-handwritten-records-lesson-2-dates-words-and-names/215 '''Reading Portuguese Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Dates, Words, and Names''']
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*Reading aids are samples of typical records with translations of key words provided.
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-portuguese-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-portuguese-records/216 '''Reading Portuguese Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Portuguese Records''']. In this lesson, you will explore several types of Portuguese genealogical records, including birth, baptismal, marriage, and death records.
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**[[Reading Aid for Brazilian Birth Certificates]]
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**[[Reading Aid for Brazilian Marriage Certificates]]
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**[[Reading Aid for Brazilian Death Certificates]]
 
==== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ====
 
==== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ====
 
*Births were usually reported within a few days of the birth by the father of the child, a neighbor, or the midwife. A search for a birth record should begin with the known date of birth and then searching forward in time, day by day, until the record is found.  It might be found within a few days of the actual birth date, but in some instances, it might be weeks or months later.  
 
*Births were usually reported within a few days of the birth by the father of the child, a neighbor, or the midwife. A search for a birth record should begin with the known date of birth and then searching forward in time, day by day, until the record is found.  It might be found within a few days of the actual birth date, but in some instances, it might be weeks or months later.  

Latest revision as of 10:44, 12 May 2021

Guide to State of Goias family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Goiàs Wiki Topics
Brazil flag
Beginning Research
Record Types
Brazil Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Brazil is Giuseppe Martinengo

Most of your genealogical research for Goiás will be in two main record types: civil registration (registros civis) and church records (registros da igreja). This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.

History

Goias became a state in 1889. The Brazilian constitution of 1891 specified that the nation's capital should be moved to the Brazilian Highlands, and in 1956 Goiás was selected as the site for the federal district and capital national, Brasília. The seat of the federal government was officially moved to Brasília in 1960. Due to the relatively large territory of the state, 230,000 sq mi, communications were obviously very difficult. The northern part of the state began to feel abandoned by the southern government and began a movement for separation. In 1989 the northern half of Goiás became a separate state called Tocantins.
[1]

Civil Registration (Registros civis)

Civil registration records (Registros civis) are government records covering birth, marriage, and death. They are an excellent source of names, dates, places, and relationships.

In 1850, a law was passed requiring registration of births and deaths throughout the country. Until 1870, the Catholic Church was required to keep this record. After 1870, these records were to be kept by the justices of the peace. Since 1827, the government has accepted marriages performed in the Catholic Church as official marriages.

Civil registration records are kept on a municipal level by local civil registration offices. Records are subsequently sent on to a municipal, district, or delegation office. People from small villages often reported their births, marriages, and deaths to a nearby central municipality office. Many towns in Brazil are very new. If you do not find records for the city you need, you will need to determine when the city was founded and from which older city it was created (try a Google search). Origins of cities are also given in the reference book, Cidades e vilas 1998, which can be consulted online from a Family History Center computer.

1. Online Digital Records for Civil Registration

For many localities, digital copies of civil registration can be searched online. Currently, there are no online, digitized records for Goiás.

2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records in the FamilySearch Catalog

If the locality and time period you need are not included in the online records, the next step is would be to find them in the microfilm collection of the Family History Library. Currently, the microfilms are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a Family History Center near you.

3. Writing for Civil Registration Certificates

If the records are not online, and you do not have ready access to the microfilms, civil registration records in Brazil can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry in the municipality. Civil officials will generally answer correspondence in Portuguese. Your request may be forwarded if the records have been sent to state archives. This method is not always reliable. Officials might or might not respond.


Write a brief request in Portuguese to the proper office using this address as guide replacing the information in parentheses:

Cartório de Registro Civil
(postal code), (municipality), Goiás
BRASIL

Send the following:

  • Money for the search fee, usually $10.00
  • Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
  • Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
  • Approximate date and place of the event
  • Your relationship to the ancestor
  • Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
  • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record


Write your request in Portuguese whenever possible. For writing your letter in Portuguese, use the translated questions and phrases in this Portuguese Letter-writing Guide.

Church Records (registros da igreja)

The vast majority of Brazilians were Catholic and were registered in entries for baptisms, marriages, deaths, and burials in the local church records. Often two and sometimes three generations are indicated in the registers, with personal information on the family. Church records are the main source prior to 1850, when civil registration began. After this date one should search in both church and civil records, since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other. For instance, the church records may only list the godparents, while the civil records may list the grandparents.

1. Online Digital Records for Church Records

For some localities, digital copies of Catholic church records can be searched online. Currently, there are no online, digitized records for Goiás.

2. Microfilm Copies of Church Records in the FamilySearch Catalog

If the locality and time period you need are not included in the online records, the next step is to find them in the microfilm collection of the Family History Library. Currently, there are no microfilmed records for this state.

3. Writing to a Catholic Priest for Church Records

Baptism, marriage, and death records may be searched by contacting or visiting local parish or diocese archives in Brazil. Brazil has no single repository of church records. Write your request in Portuguese whenever possible. This method is not always reliable. Officials might or might not respond.

Write a brief request in Portuguese to the proper church using this address as guide replacing the information in parentheses:

Reverendo Pároco
Paróquia de (name of parish)
(postal code), (municipality), Goiás
BRASIL


When requesting information, send the following:

  • Money for the search fee, usually $10.00
  • Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
  • Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
  • Approximate date and place of the event
  • Your relationship to the ancestor
  • Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
  • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record


Write your request in Portuguese whenever possible. For writing your letter in Portuguese, use the translated questions and phrases in this Portuguese Letter-writing Guide.

Reading the Records

  • You do not have to be fluent in Portuguese to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this Portuguese Genealogical Word List to translate the important points in the document.

Tips for finding your ancestor in the records

  • Births were usually reported within a few days of the birth by the father of the child, a neighbor, or the midwife. A search for a birth record should begin with the known date of birth and then searching forward in time, day by day, until the record is found. It might be found within a few days of the actual birth date, but in some instances, it might be weeks or months later.
  • In the larger cities of Brazil such as Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, or others, there are several registration offices located throughout the city. If you know in which part of the city your ancestor lived, you should begin your search in the records of the office nearest their home. If you do not know, you will need to search office by office.
  • Some civil registration books have indexes in the front or back of them. These indexes are often by the given name of the child. You may have to check every entry in the index if your ancestor had more than one given name.
  • Marriages typically took place in the hometown of the bride.
  • Death records can be particularly helpful for people who may not have had a civil birth or marriage record but died during the period when civil registration had begun.

Search Strategy

  • Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his brothers and sisters.
  • Next, search for the marriage of his parents. The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
  • You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
  • Search the death registers for all known family members.
  • Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
  • If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.