Difference between revisions of "Germany Genealogy"

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| link5=[[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]
 
| link5=[[Germany Genealogy|Germany]]
 
}}
 
}}
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{{Germany-sidebar}}
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Guide to '''German ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
 
Guide to '''German ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
{{Germany-sidebar}}
+
 
 +
__TOC__
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Germany Online Genealogy Records]]</span>
 +
|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Online Germany Genealogy Records by State|German States Online Genealogy Records]]</span>
 +
|<span class="community_button">[https://community.familysearch.org/en/group/88-germany-genealogy-research Ask the FamilySearch Community]</span></div>
 +
|}
 +
 
 
==Country Information==
 
==Country Information==
 
Germany is a vibrant country with a rich history and heritage.  As with many countries of Europe, Germany has seen dramatic changes to its borders and even its internal regions.  Over the centuries, Germany consisted of numerous independent kingdoms, duchies, principalities, and states. Then in 1871, all German-speaking states except the Austrian states were consolidated into the German Empire. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Germany," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany, accessed 23 March 2016.</ref>
 
Germany is a vibrant country with a rich history and heritage.  As with many countries of Europe, Germany has seen dramatic changes to its borders and even its internal regions.  Over the centuries, Germany consisted of numerous independent kingdoms, duchies, principalities, and states. Then in 1871, all German-speaking states except the Austrian states were consolidated into the German Empire. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Germany," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany, accessed 23 March 2016.</ref>
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*[[Germany How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
 
*[[Germany How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
 
*[[Germany Finding Town of Origin]]  
 
*[[Germany Finding Town of Origin]]  
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/12 German Church and Civil Records]
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/german-church-and-civil-records German Church and Civil Records]
 
*[[Germany Online Classes and Tutorials]]
 
*[[Germany Online Classes and Tutorials]]
 
* [http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research], BYU Independent Study, no cost.
 
* [http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research], BYU Independent Study, no cost.
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*[[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Genealogical Word List]]
 
*[[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Genealogical Word List]]
 
*[[French Genealogical Word List]]
 
*[[French Genealogical Word List]]
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/375 Old German Script]--[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/375 1: Letters]--[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/377 2: Words]--[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/426 3: Records]
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/german-paleography-seminar-introduction German Paleography Seminar]  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/38 Reading German Handwritten Records]--with practice exercises--[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/38 1: Letters]--[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/39 2: Words]--[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/4 3: Records]
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/german-church-and-civil-records German Church and Civil Records]
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/12 German Church and Civil Records]
+
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-german-documents-pages/the-german-documents(english) BYU Script German Tutorial]
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-german-documents-pages/the-german-documents(english) German Script Tutorial]
 
 
*[[German Letter Writing Guide]]
 
*[[German Letter Writing Guide]]
 
:[[Germany Genealogy#More Germany Research Strategies and Tools|'''''See More Research Tools''''']]
 
:[[Germany Genealogy#More Germany Research Strategies and Tools|'''''See More Research Tools''''']]
 
|}
 
|}
{|
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 
<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Germany Online Genealogy Records]]</span></div>
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 
<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Online Germany Genealogy Records by State|German States Online Genealogy Records]]</span>
 
|
 
<span class="community_button">[https://community.familysearch.org/s/group/0F93A000000LhYOSA0/germany Ask the<bR>Community]</span></div> <br>
 
|}
 
__TOC__
 
  
 
==Finding Your Ancestors' Town of Origin in Germany ==
 
==Finding Your Ancestors' Town of Origin in Germany ==
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==The German Empire 1871, Meyer's Gazetteer, and FamilySearch Records==
 
==The German Empire 1871, Meyer's Gazetteer, and FamilySearch Records==
Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. The German Empire consisted of 26 states, most of them ruled by royal families. They included four kingdoms, six grand duchies, five duchies (six before 1876), seven principalities, three free Hanseatic cities, and one imperial territory. An important gazetteer, [http://www.meyersgaz.org '''''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs''], "Meyer's Gazetteer" for short''', details the place names of villages, towns. counties (kreise), and higher jurisdictions used at that time.  As FamilySearch began microfilming the records of Germany, those records were organized in the Card Catalog using those place names.  That system is still in use today in the FamilySearch Catalog and FamilySearch Historical Records. <br>
+
Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. The German Empire consisted of 26 states, most of them ruled by royal families. They included four kingdoms, six grand duchies, five duchies (six before 1876), seven principalities, three free Hanseatic cities, and one imperial territory. An important gazetteer, [http://www.meyersgaz.org '''''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrslexikon des deutschen Reichs''], "Meyer's Gazetteer" for short''', details the place names of villages, towns. counties (kreise), and higher jurisdictions used at that time.  As FamilySearch began microfilming the records of Germany, those records were organized in the Card Catalog using those place names.  That system is still in use today in the FamilySearch Catalog and FamilySearch Historical Records. <br>
  
 
At the end of both World Wars, the boundaries of the states were changed dramatically, as areas of Germany were distributed among the Allied nations.  Eventually, after re-unification in 1990, the states of Germany settled into what they are today. It is also necessary to understand Germany by this system, as it affects the locations of archives and mailing addresses used in correspondence searches.<br>
 
At the end of both World Wars, the boundaries of the states were changed dramatically, as areas of Germany were distributed among the Allied nations.  Eventually, after re-unification in 1990, the states of Germany settled into what they are today. It is also necessary to understand Germany by this system, as it affects the locations of archives and mailing addresses used in correspondence searches.<br>
 +
 
==Finding Your Town's Province, Kingdom, or Duchy in 1871==
 
==Finding Your Town's Province, Kingdom, or Duchy in 1871==
  
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==Finding Research Instructions and Links to Records==
 
==Finding Research Instructions and Links to Records==
 
'''For each province or duchy, this wiki provides a detailed set of articles teaching you how to carry out your research project, including links to online records. ''' These clickable maps and jurisdiction lists will link you to the instructions for your locality. Use the first map if you are looking for ancestors who lived before 1945. Use the second map if you are looking for records after 1945. <br>
 
'''For each province or duchy, this wiki provides a detailed set of articles teaching you how to carry out your research project, including links to online records. ''' These clickable maps and jurisdiction lists will link you to the instructions for your locality. Use the first map if you are looking for ancestors who lived before 1945. Use the second map if you are looking for records after 1945. <br>
 
+
==Provinces, Kingdoms, and Duchies of the German Empire: English (German, if different)==
===Clickable Maps: The German Empire, 1871-1918===
 
'''Click on the names of the province or duchy to find detailed instructions for family history research for that locality.'''<br>
 
 
 
{|
 
|-
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 1: German areas independent of Prussia'''</p>
 
{{Germany non-Prussian imagemap}}
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 2: Prussia (Preussen)'''</p><br>
 
{{German Empire imagemap blue|700px}}
 
|}
 
{|
 
|-
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 3: City-States'''<p>
 
<center>{{German city-states imagemap|}}</center>
 
[[File:Screen Shot 2019-05-08 at 3.09.22 PM.png|400px]]
 
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 4: Thuringian States'''</p>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
 
 
 
 
{{Thuringia imagemap}}
 
|}
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
'''Provinces, Kingdoms, and Duchies of the German Empire: English (German, if different)'''<br>
 
 
'''Click on the names of the province or duchy to find detailed instructions for family history research for that locality.'''<br>
 
'''Click on the names of the province or duchy to find detailed instructions for family history research for that locality.'''<br>
  
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*[[Baden, German Empire Genealogy|Baden]]
 
*[[Baden, German Empire Genealogy|Baden]]
 
*[[Bavaria (Bayern), German Empire Genealogy|Bavaria (Bayern)]]
 
*[[Bavaria (Bayern), German Empire Genealogy|Bavaria (Bayern)]]
**[[Saarland, Germany Genealogy|The Saar Region]]
 
 
*[[Brunswick (Braunschweig), German Empire Genealogy|Brunswick (Braunschweig)]]
 
*[[Brunswick (Braunschweig), German Empire Genealogy|Brunswick (Braunschweig)]]
 
*[[Elsass-Lothringen, German Empire Genealogy|Elsass-Lothringen]]
 
*[[Elsass-Lothringen, German Empire Genealogy|Elsass-Lothringen]]
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*[[Mecklenburg-Strelitz, German Empire Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Strelitz]]
 
*[[Mecklenburg-Strelitz, German Empire Genealogy|Mecklenburg-Strelitz]]
 
*[[Oldenburg, German Empire Genealogy|Oldenburg]]
 
*[[Oldenburg, German Empire Genealogy|Oldenburg]]
 +
*[[Saarland, Germany Genealogy|The Saar Region (Saarland)]]
 
*[[Saxony (Sachsen), German Empire Genealogy|Saxony (Sachsen)]]
 
*[[Saxony (Sachsen), German Empire Genealogy|Saxony (Sachsen)]]
 
*[[Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Genealogy|Schaumburg-Lippe]]
 
*[[Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Genealogy|Schaumburg-Lippe]]
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|}
 
|}
===Map of Territory Changes Between 1918-1946===
 
'''Because of the treaties at the end of World War I and II, portions of German territory were granted to other countries.  This map summarizes the changes.'''
 
[[File:1920px-German territorial losses 1919 and 1945.svg-1.png|500px]]
 
  
===Clickable Map: Modern Germany (1945-Present)===
+
==Clickable Maps: The German Empire, 1871-1918==
 +
'''Click on the names of the province or duchy to find detailed instructions for family history research for that locality.'''<br>
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 +
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 1: German areas<br> independent of Prussia'''</p>
 +
{{Germany non-Prussian imagemap}}
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 +
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 2: Prussia (Preussen)'''</p><br>
 +
{{Prussia image map}}
 +
|}
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 +
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 3: City-States'''<p>
 +
<center>{{German city-states imagemap|}}</center>
 +
[[File:Screen Shot 2019-05-08 at 3.09.22 PM.png|400px]]
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 +
<p style="font-size:22px; color:MediumSlateBlue">'''Map 4: Thuringian States'''</p>
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{Thuringia imagemap}}
 +
|}
 +
<br>
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
==Clickable Map: Modern Germany (1945-Present)==
 
'''Clicking on one of these states will take you an article explaining family history research ''after 1945'', when these states were created.'''
 
'''Clicking on one of these states will take you an article explaining family history research ''after 1945'', when these states were created.'''
 
{|
 
{|
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{| style="vertical-align:top;"
 
{| style="vertical-align:top;"
 
|-
 
|-
<h4></h4>
 
  
 
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"|
 
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:1em"|
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|}
 
|}
 
|}
 
|}
 +
==Map of Territory Changes Between 1918-1946==
 +
'''Because of the treaties at the end of World War I and II, portions of German territory were granted to other countries.  This map summarizes the changes.'''<br>
 +
[[File:1920px-German territorial losses 1919 and 1945.svg-1.png|500px]]
  
 
==More Germany Research Strategies and Tools==
 
==More Germany Research Strategies and Tools==
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*[[Finding Aids for German Records|Finding Aids for German Records]]
 
*[[Finding Aids for German Records|Finding Aids for German Records]]
 
*[[German Research Troubleshooting Strategies]]
 
*[[German Research Troubleshooting Strategies]]
*[http://wiki-en.genealogy.net/Main_Page The German Genealogy Wiki (GenWiki)]  
+
*[http://wiki-en.genealogy.net/Main_Page The German Genealogy Wiki (GenWiki)] - English Version
 +
*[http://genwiki.genealogy.net/Hauptseite GenWiki] - German Version
 
*[http://feefhs.org/ Germany Genealogy Resources from Federation of East European Family History Societies (FEEFHS)]  
 
*[http://feefhs.org/ Germany Genealogy Resources from Federation of East European Family History Societies (FEEFHS)]  
 
*[[German Research Websites|German Research Websites]]
 
*[[German Research Websites|German Research Websites]]
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*[[Germany Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 
*[[Germany Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 
*[[Germany Resources|German Resources]]
 
*[[Germany Resources|German Resources]]
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/881 Calendar Changes in France, Germany, Switzerland, and the Low Countries]
+
*[https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/calendar-changes-in-france-germany-switzerland-and-the-low-countries Calendar Changes in France, Germany, Switzerland, and the Low Countries]
 
*[http://altdeutsche-schrift.de/adsschreiben.php#schrifftfeld Old German Script Transcriber (alte deutsche Handschriften):] See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.<br>
 
*[http://altdeutsche-schrift.de/adsschreiben.php#schrifftfeld Old German Script Transcriber (alte deutsche Handschriften):] See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.<br>
*Print these handouts for ready reference when reading German Handwriting:
+
*[http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research], BYU Independent Study, no cost.
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2F921f0807-6f69-4694-91d3-47917fa95871%2FKurrent+Letters+Handout.pdf Kurrent Letters Handout]
+
 
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2Fb1462e9c-7c83-42b5-ac39-9d1dad62472b%2FNumbers+Handout.pdf Numbers Handout]
+
*These printable handouts can be used for ready reference when reading German Handwriting.<br>
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2Fb13f88fc-7663-4776-8270-1d8a9ad7c28e%2FBirth+Record+Handout.pdf Birth Records Handout]
+
:''Letters:''<br>
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2Fff318037-9021-4e4d-acba-9c4770ebc806%2FMarriage+Record+Handout.pdf Marriage Records Handout]
+
 
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2Fe9549fa8-1bc0-46da-94fa-0ac2975a8704%2FDeath+Record+Handout.pdf Death Records Handout]
+
:*[[Media:Kurrent Letters.pdf|Kurrent Letters handout]]
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2Fedbdbf50-fd9f-47a9-8a3c-087140ec8baa%2FDays+and+Months+Handout.pdf Days and Months Handout]
+
:*[[Media:Kurrent Font Help Wiki.pdf|Additional Kurrent Letters handout]]
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2F6c132970-9cab-46e6-bccf-457d2f90fa6d%2FCommon+Symbols+Handout.pdf Common Symbols Handout]
+
 
**[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fhelp-learningcenter-fh1-prod-s3%2F2017%2F05%2F02%2F5a5a76b2-f785-4378-b86b-2aef51fe9107%2FCommon+Abbreviations+Handout.pdf Common Abbreviations Handout]
+
:''Vocabulary found on Specific Records:''<br>
**[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/Documents/List_of_Names_-_German.pdf '''List of Names in Old German Script'''] A comprehensive list of German  given names,  written in old script, with possible variations.
+
 
**[https://web.library.yale.edu/cataloging/music/fraktur Fraktur Font]--Many forms and books are printed in this font.
+
:*[[Media:Birth Record Vocabulary-Kurrent-german.pdf|Birth Records Vocabulary handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:Marriage Record Vocabulary-Kurrent-german.pdf|Marriage Records Vocabulary handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:German marriage handout templated jan 2017.pdf|Overview of Marriage Laws and Customs (handout)]]
 +
:*[[Media:Death Record Vocabulary-Kurrent german.pdf|Death Records Vocabulary handout]]
 +
 
 +
:''Dates, Numbers, Abbreviations:''<br>
 +
 
 +
:*[[Media:Days and Months Vocabulary-Kurrent-German.pdf|Days and Months handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:Numbers Vocabulary.pdf|Numbers Vocabulary handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:Kurrent Script Dates, Numbers, etc.pdf|Script Dates and Numbers handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:Common Abbreviations-Kurrent-german.pdf|Common Abbreviations handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:Common Symbols - Kurrent-german.pdf|Common Symbols handout]]
 +
 
 +
:''Miscellaneous Vocabulary:''<br>
 +
 
 +
:*[[Media:German Occupations Vocabulary.pdf|German Occupations Vocabulary handout]]
 +
:*[[Media:Illnesses Vocabulary-Kurrent-german.pdf|Illnesses Vocabulary handout]]
 +
 
 +
:''Fraktur:''<br>
 +
 
 +
:*[[Media:Fraktur Font help - Wiki.pdf|Fraktur Font]] -- Many forms and books are printed in this font.
 +
 
 +
:''German Given Names:''
 +
:*[https://script.byu.edu/Plugins/FileManager/Files/Documents/List_of_Names_-_German.pdf List of Names in Old German Script] -- A comprehensive list of German  given names,  written in old script, with possible variations.
  
 
==FamilySearch Resources==
 
==FamilySearch Resources==

Latest revision as of 08:20, 8 June 2021

Germany Wiki Topics
Muehlhausen Thueringen .jpg
Beginning Research
Reading the Records
Record Types
Germany Background
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Germany is Baerbel

Guide to German ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Ask the FamilySearch Community

Country Information[edit | edit source]

Germany is a vibrant country with a rich history and heritage. As with many countries of Europe, Germany has seen dramatic changes to its borders and even its internal regions. Over the centuries, Germany consisted of numerous independent kingdoms, duchies, principalities, and states. Then in 1871, all German-speaking states except the Austrian states were consolidated into the German Empire. [1]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Germany Research

Links to articles on getting started with German research:

See More Research Strategies

Germany Research Tools

Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:

See More Research Tools

Finding Your Ancestors' Town of Origin in Germany[edit | edit source]

Records are kept on the local level. You must first identify the name of the town in Germany where your ancestors lived. If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

The German Empire 1871, Meyer's Gazetteer, and FamilySearch Records[edit | edit source]

Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. The German Empire consisted of 26 states, most of them ruled by royal families. They included four kingdoms, six grand duchies, five duchies (six before 1876), seven principalities, three free Hanseatic cities, and one imperial territory. An important gazetteer, Meyers Orts- und Verkehrslexikon des deutschen Reichs, "Meyer's Gazetteer" for short, details the place names of villages, towns. counties (kreise), and higher jurisdictions used at that time. As FamilySearch began microfilming the records of Germany, those records were organized in the Card Catalog using those place names. That system is still in use today in the FamilySearch Catalog and FamilySearch Historical Records.

At the end of both World Wars, the boundaries of the states were changed dramatically, as areas of Germany were distributed among the Allied nations. Eventually, after re-unification in 1990, the states of Germany settled into what they are today. It is also necessary to understand Germany by this system, as it affects the locations of archives and mailing addresses used in correspondence searches.

Finding Your Town's Province, Kingdom, or Duchy in 1871[edit | edit source]

Once you know the town where your ancestors lived, consult a gazetteer for more details. You will need to identify the jurisdictions it belonged to in 1871, especially the province or duchy. Also, you might need to identify nearby towns where they attended church and where they registered births, marriages, and deaths with a civil registrar. Use Meyer's Gazetteer or a regional online gazetteer. For help, see Finding Aids For German Records.

Finding Research Instructions and Links to Records[edit | edit source]

For each province or duchy, this wiki provides a detailed set of articles teaching you how to carry out your research project, including links to online records. These clickable maps and jurisdiction lists will link you to the instructions for your locality. Use the first map if you are looking for ancestors who lived before 1945. Use the second map if you are looking for records after 1945.

Provinces, Kingdoms, and Duchies of the German Empire: English (German, if different)[edit | edit source]

Click on the names of the province or duchy to find detailed instructions for family history research for that locality.

Independent From Prussia

Prussia (Preussen)

Thuringia (Thüringen)

City-States




Clickable Maps: The German Empire, 1871-1918[edit | edit source]

Click on the names of the province or duchy to find detailed instructions for family history research for that locality.

Map 1: German areas
independent of Prussia

Waldeck and PyrmontMecklenburg-SchwerinMecklenburg-StrelitzLippeSchaumburg-LippeBrunswick (Braunschweig)AnhaltSaxony (Sachsen)Bavaria (Bayern)WürttembergBadenHesse (Hessen)Waldeck and PyrmontOldenburgElsass-LothringenElsass-LothringenElsass-LothringenElsass-LothringenElsass-LothringenOldenburgLiopeMecklenburg-SchwerinBrunswick (Braunschweig)Brunswick (Braunschweig)Birkenfeld, OldenburgBavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)WürttembergWürttembergWürttembergBavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Bavaria (Bayern)Hesse (Hessen)Hesse (Hessen)BadenBadenBadenBadenBadenBadenBadenOldenburgEupin, OldenburgMecklenburg-StrelitzLines.png

Map 2: Prussia (Preussen)


Rhineland (Rheinland/Rheinprovinz)Hanover (Hannover)Westphalia (Westfalen)Schleswig-HolsteinBrandenburgPosenPomerania (Pommern)West Prussia (Westpreussen)Silesia (Schlesien)Province of Saxony (Provinz Sachsen))Hessen-NassauHohenzollernEast Prussia (ostpreussenScreen Shot 2021-01-10 at 9.16.11 PM.png

Map 3: City-States

LübeckHamburgBremenLübeckGermany 4.png

Screen Shot 2019-05-08 at 3.09.22 PM.png

Map 4: Thuringian States




Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach)Saxe-Meiningen (Sachsen-Meiningen)Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha)Saxe-Altenburg (Sachsen-Altenburg)Schwarzburg-RudolstadtSchwarzburg-SondershausenReuss Elder Line (ältere Linie)Reuss Younger Line (jüngere LinieThuringia 95.png



Clickable Map: Modern Germany (1945-Present)[edit | edit source]

Clicking on one of these states will take you an article explaining family history research after 1945, when these states were created.

BremenHamburgBerlinBaden-WürttembergBavaria (Bayern)SaarlandRhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)Hesse (Hessen)Thuringia (Thüringen),North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)Schleswig-holsteinBrandenburg|Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt), Germany GenealogySaxony (Sachsen)Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)Germany states--Modern.png

Modern States of Germany
English (German, if different)


Map of Territory Changes Between 1918-1946[edit | edit source]

Because of the treaties at the end of World War I and II, portions of German territory were granted to other countries. This map summarizes the changes.
1920px-German territorial losses 1919 and 1945.svg-1.png

More Germany Research Strategies and Tools[edit | edit source]

  • These printable handouts can be used for ready reference when reading German Handwriting.
Letters:
Vocabulary found on Specific Records:
Dates, Numbers, Abbreviations:
Miscellaneous Vocabulary:
Fraktur:
  • Fraktur Font -- Many forms and books are printed in this font.
German Given Names:

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Germany," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany, accessed 23 March 2016.