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Garfield County, Nebraska Genealogy


Guide to Garfield County, Nebraska ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Burwell
Organized: November 8, 1884
Parent County(s): Wheeler[1]
Neighboring Counties
Custer  • Greeley  • Holt  • Loup  • Valley  • Wheeler
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Nebraska highlighting Garfield County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for James A. Garfield. The County is located in north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Garfield County Courthouse
250 S. 8th Street
P.O. Box 218
Burwell, NE 68823-0218
Phone: 308.346.4161
Garfield County Website

County Judge has marriage, divorce and probate records. [1]

Garfield County, Nebraska Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1904 1884 1904 1884 1884 1884 1854
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in late 1904. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
  • Erina

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Garfield County, Nebraska online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
  • No Information is available at this time
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 1,659
1900 2,127 28.2%
1910 3,417 60.6%
1920 3,496 2.3%
1930 3,207 −8.3%
1940 3,444 7.4%
1950 2,912 −15.4%
1960 2,699 −7.3%
1970 2,411 −10.7%
1980 2,363 −2.0%
1990 2,141 −9.4%
2000 1,902 −11.2%
2010 2,049 7.7%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Garfield County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Online Church Records

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Garfield County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Rock CountyHolt CountyLoup CountyWheeler CountyCuster CountyValley CountyGreeley CountyNE GARFIELD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Garfield - Probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records

Social Security Records

Tax Records

Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.





Research Facilities


Listed below are archives in Garfield County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Nebraska Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries


Listed below are libraries in Garfield County. For state-wide library facilities, see Nebraska Archives and Libraries.



Listed below are societies in Garfield County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Nebraska Societies.


  • NEGenWeb
  • USGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nebraska.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Garfield, Nebraska," in,_Nebraska"
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Garfield County, Nebraska. Page 428-435 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 417-420.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Garfield County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 30 January 2019.