Five Civilized Tribes Indian Agency (Oklahoma)

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United States Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of the US Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma, United States Genealogy Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Five Civilized Tribes Indian Agency (Oklahoma) 

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]

Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, and some Delaware and Shawnee

History[edit | edit source]

The Five Civilized Tribes Agency was created in 1914 by the consolidation of the Union Agency and the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (Dawes Commission). The Dawes Commission had been appointed in 1893 to exchange tribal lands for individual allotments. The Curtis Act (30 Stat. 495) of 1898 set forth the conditions for enrollment, allotments, jurisdictions of Federal courts, creation of townsites, leasing of mineral rights, etc.

The Five Civilized Tribes Agency had district or field offices in Ardmore, Durant, Holdenville, Okmulgee, Stilwell, Vinita, and Wewoka. Several of these district offices, established in 1908, maintained separate records from the main body of agency records.

The Five Civilized Tribes Agency was absorbed by the Muskogee Area Office in 1948[1].

Records[edit | edit source]

Many of the historical records of this agency are housed in the Southwest Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Fort Worth, and in the Oklahoma Historical Society in Oklahoma City[2].

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 168-170.
  2. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online