Difference between revisions of "Connecticut Colonial Records"

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* Vol. 15 Colony records, 1775-76; journal of the Council of Safety, 1775-76; some council proceedings, 1663-1710<ref>Christina K. Schaefer, ''Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere'' (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 202. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39622039 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|822639|item|disp=FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998}}</ref>
 
* Vol. 15 Colony records, 1775-76; journal of the Council of Safety, 1775-76; some council proceedings, 1663-1710<ref>Christina K. Schaefer, ''Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere'' (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 202. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39622039 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|822639|item|disp=FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998}}</ref>
  
=== New Haven Colony ===
+
==== New Haven Colony ====
 
Before the New Haven Colony joined the Connecticut Colony, the administration records were kept separately.
 
Before the New Haven Colony joined the Connecticut Colony, the administration records were kept separately.
 
* ''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2650968?availability=Idaho%20Falls%20Idaho%20FamilySearch%20Library Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven, from 1638 to 1649]'' by Charles J. Hoadly. (Hartford: Case, Tiffany, and Co., 1857, film 0944116).
 
* ''[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2650968?availability=Idaho%20Falls%20Idaho%20FamilySearch%20Library Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven, from 1638 to 1649]'' by Charles J. Hoadly. (Hartford: Case, Tiffany, and Co., 1857, film 0944116).

Revision as of 10:31, 30 August 2019

Connecticut Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Connecticut Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

Sources[edit | edit source]

Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records Earliest Newspapers
1636 1635 1636 1755

[1]

Statewide Records and Resources[edit | edit source]

  • General Court Records (1636-1818): Known as the General Assembly, the highest state court during the colonial era with civil and criminal jurisdiction. Records from these courts have been transcribed from The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut.
  • Particular Court (1638-1666): All types of cases including appeals from town courts. These include The Public Records and abstracted in Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society. Vol. 22. Records of the Particular Court of Connecticut, 1639-1663 (Hartford: Connecticut Historical Society, 1928, film 0897077). See probate districts for more information.
  • Court of Assistants and Superior Court (1669-1715, 1715-): The Court of Assistants handled major civil and criminal cases. It was called the Court of Assistants, Superior Court, from 1687-1715 and was replaced by the country superior courts in 1715.
  • County Courts of Quarter Courts (1666-1855): This court handled civil, criminal, chancery, and divorce proceedings.
  • Town courts (1630s-): Justice of the Peace courts handled cases without a town court.[2]

The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636-1776, Transcribed and Published in Accordance with a Resolution of the General Assembly. 15 Vols. (Hartford: Case, Lockwood, and Brainard Co., 1850-90, fiche 6051120). This series contains the following:

  • Vol. 1 General and Particular courts, 1636-49; General Court, 1650-65; wills and inventories, 1640-49; code of laws, General Court, 1650
  • Vol. 2 Charter of Connecticut; General Court, 1665-77; journal and correspondence of the Council, 1675-77
  • Vol. 3 Records of the colony of Connecticut, 1678-89; extracts from the records of the United Colonies of New England, 1652-84
  • Vol. 4 Colony records, 1689-1706; Council journal, 1696-98
  • Vol. 5 Colony records, 1706-16; Council Journal, 1710-17
  • Vol. 6 Colony records, 1717-25; Council Journal, 1717-26
  • Vol. 7 Colony records, 1726-35; Council Journal, 1726-28
  • Vol. 8 Colony records, 1735-43
  • Vol. 9 Colony records, 1744-50
  • Vol. 10 Colony records, 1751-57
  • Vol. 11 Colony records, 1757-62
  • Vol. 12 Colony records, 1762-67
  • Vol. 13 Colony records, 1768-72; Council Journal, 1770-72
  • Vol. 14 Colony records, 1772-75; Susquehannah case (1774): respecting the boundaries of this colony and the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania; Norwich, 1774; inhabitants in the colony, 1774; Hartford, 1774; New London, 1775
  • Vol. 15 Colony records, 1775-76; journal of the Council of Safety, 1775-76; some council proceedings, 1663-1710[3]

New Haven Colony[edit | edit source]

Before the New Haven Colony joined the Connecticut Colony, the administration records were kept separately.

Connecticut Archives[edit | edit source]

The Connecticut Archives, ca. 1629-1820 are a series of indexed, original manuscripts that may be helpful for your research. The volumes and slip indexes are available at the State Library in Hartford.

  • Civil officers' records 1669-1756 (series 1), with index. Series 2, 1673-1820, has not been filmed.
  • Colleges and schools, 1657-1789 (series 1), 1718-1820 (series 2).
  • Colonial boundaries, 1662-1827 (series 1), 1664-1820 (series 2).
  • Court papers, 1649-1709.
  • Crimes and misdemeanors, 1662-1789 (series 1), 1671-1820 (series 2).
  • Estates of deceased persons, 1640-1820; estates of incompetent persons, 1711-1820; estates of minors, 1715-1820.
  • Papers concerning transactions between Connecticut and the Indians, 1647-1789 (series 1) (film 0003624). Series 2, 1666-1820, has not been filmed.
  • Land lotteries and divorces, 1755-89 (series 1), with index (film 0003617 ff.). Series 2, 1718-1820, has not been filmed.
  • Militia records selected papers, 1678-1820 (series 1-3) (film 0003599 ff.). Includes tables of contents, calendar of the legislation on militia for the period covered, digest of the subject matter, and index to the three series. Many of these records have been published: Roll and Journal of Connecticut Service in Queen Anne's War, 1710-1711 (New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse, and Taylor Press, 1916, fiche 6019415); Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society. Vol. 7. Rolls of Connecticut Men in the French and Indian War, 1755-1762. 2 Vols. (1928. Reprint. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1993, film 0897070).
  • Revolutionary War papers, 1756-1856 (series 1-3), begin with records prior to the Revolution (filme 0003530 ff.). Series 1 and 3 are indexed on microfilm; series 2 is indexed by a card file available only at the State Library in Hartford.
  • Selected papers of colonial wars, 1675-1775 (series 1) (film 0003590 ff.). Covers the following conflicts: King Philip's War, 1675-76; King William's War, 1689-97; Queen Anne's War, 1702-12; Eastern Indian War, 1722-25; War with Spain, 1740-42; King George's War, 1744-48; French and Indian War with Spain, 1755-63; and also colonial agents in England, 1751-74. Series 2, 1689-1806, has not been filmed.
  • Towns and lands, 1629-1789 (series 1), 1649-1820 (series 2). Town charters, patents, deeds, proprietors' records, grants, etc.
  • Trade and maritime affairs, 1668-1789 (series 1), 1685-1820 (series 2).
  • Travel, highways, ferries, bridges, taverns, 1700-38 (series 1), 1737-1820 (series 2).
  • Susquehannah Settlers, 1755-96 (series 1), 1771-97 (series 2).
  • Colonial land records, 1640-1846: including patents, deeds and surveys of land (film 0003656 ff.). Land grants were issued by the Connecticut General Court to proprietors of the individual towns. The record of land distribution by proprietors can be found in town records.[4]

Other records at the State Library in Hartford:

  • Indian deeds to Aquidneck (Rhode Island), 1638, Massapeage (Connecticut), 1658, Marlborough, Massachusetts, 1604, and Springfield, Massachusetts, 1636 (film 0002085).
  • Miscellaneous French and Indian War records (film 0003626 ff.). Journals, orderly books, diaries, receipts for wages, orders, Pequot Indian papers, muster rolls, receipts of arms, pay orders, company accounts, etc.
  • Robert C. Winthrop manuscript collection, 1631-1716, Indian, military and foreign affairs, 1651-1712; council, churches, shipping, etc., 1650-1784, and index.
  • Samuel Wyllys papers: depositions on cases of witchcraft, assault, theft, drunkenness, and other crimes, tried in Connecticut, 1663-1728, supplement, 1662-93 (film 0003645). The supplement is copied from the Rhode Island State Archives in Providence, Rhode Island.[5]

Earliest Newspapers:

  • Connecticut Gazette (1755-1812)
  • Connecticut Journal (1767-1835)
  • Hartford Courant (1764-1865)
  • New London Gazette (1765-1836)
  • New London Summary, or Weekly Advertiser (1758-1763)
  • Norwich Packet (1773-1812)[6]

Probate Districts[edit | edit source]

Probate districts comprised several towns and often crossed county boundaries. These were the only districts created before 1775:

  • Colchester District. Probate records, 1741-1922 (FHL films 7626285–7629948). Contains the records of East Haddam District, 1741-1832, and Colchester District, 1832-1922. The original records are at the Colchester Town Hall.
  • Danbury District. Probate records, 1744-1916 (FHL films 7627321–7628421). The original records are at the Danbury Town Hall.
  • Fairfield District. Probate records, 1648-1916 (FHL films 7627300–7629992). The original records are at the Fairfield Town Hall and State Library in Hartford.
  • Farmington District. Probate records, 1769-1926 (FHL films 7627285–7628612). The original records are at the Farmington Town Hall.
  • Guilford District. Probate records, 1720-1920 (FHL films 7627265–7629656). The original records are at the Guilford Town Hall.
  • Hartford District. Probate records, 1649-1917 (FHL films 7627329–7628600). The first six volumes also contain records of the county courts in Hartford County, sometimes called quarter courts, court of magistrates, particular courts, special courts, etc. The original records are at the Court of Probate in Hartford and the State Library in Hartford.
  • Litchfield District. Probate records, 1743-1917 (FHL films 7627345–7626478). The original records are at the Litchfield Town Hall.
  • Middletown District. Probate records, 1752-1917 (FHL films 7627333–7627560). The original records are at the Middletown Town Hall.
  • New Haven District. Probate records, 1647-1916 (FHL films 7626738–7627540). The original records are at the Court of Probate in New Haven.
  • New London District. Probate records, 1675-1916 (FHL films 7629909–7627387). The original records are at the New London Town Hall.
  • Norwich District. Probate records, 1748-1917 (FHL films 7627366–7629900). Records of court proceedings, 1748-1852 (FHL films 7629900–7629911). The original records are at the Norwich Town Hall.
  • Plainfield District. Probate records, 1747-1918 (FHL films 7626785–7627470). The original records are at the Plainfield Town Hall.
  • Pomfret District. Probate records, 1754-1919 (FHL films 7626776–7627434). The original records are at the Pomfret Town Hall.
  • Sharon District. Probate records, 1757-1922 (FHL films 7626830–7626457). The original records are at the Sharon Town Hall.
  • Simsbury District. Probate records, 1769-1917 (FHL films 7626821–7628606). The original records are at the Simsbury Town Hall.
  • Stafford District. Probate records, 1759-1931 (FHL films 7627122–7629607). The original records are at the Stafford Town Hall.
  • Stamford District. Probate records, 1728-1916 (FHL films 7626803–7630023). The original records are at the Stamford Town Hall.
  • Stonington District. Probate records, 1767-1933 (FHL films 7626811–7629766). The original records are at the Stonington Town Hall.
  • Windham District. Probate records, 1719-1918 (FHL films 7627148–7627459). probate records, special 1734-1917 (FHL films 7627143–7627463). The original records are at the Willimantic Town Hall.
  • Woodbury District. Probate records, 1719-1916 (FHL films 7627179–7627213). The original records are at the Woodbury Town Hall.

History[edit | edit source]

The Dutch were the first to establish a settlement in Connecticut at Hartford (Suckiaug) in 1633. British Massachusetts settlers began migrating into Connecticut in the 1630s. Settlers from Watertown, MA moved to Wethersfield (Pyquag) in 1634. Settlers from Plymouth and Dorchester, MA moved into Windsor (Mattaneaug) in 1635. In 1635, Puritans from Newtown, Cambridge, England emigrated to Hartford. In 1646, settlers independently founded New London (Nameaug).

Quinnipiac (New Haven) was founded in 1638. The New Haven Colony included several shoreline towns:

  • Guilford (Menunketuck, 1639)
  • Milford (Wepawaug, 1639)
  • Southold, Long Island (1640)
  • Stamford (Rippowam, 1641)
  • Branford (Totoket, 1644)

In 1662, an English Royal charter established Connecticut as a separate colony from Massachusetts and the New Haven Colony was absorbed into Connecticut. Long Island towns became part of New York.[7]

Additional Readings[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 183, 192. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  2. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 201-202. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  3. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 202. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  4. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 203-204. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  5. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 204. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  6. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 204. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  7. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 201. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998