Difference between revisions of "Chehalis Tribe"

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{{WA-sidebar}}
  
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
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=== Information ===
 +
Guide to '''Chehalis Tribe''' ancestry, family history and genealogy, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.
  
Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation<br>420 Howanut Road, P.O. Box 536<br>Oakville, WA 98568<br>Ph. 360-273-5911<br>FAX 360-273-5914
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=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
  
*Official [http://www.chehalistribe.org/ Chehalis Tribal web site]
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'''Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation'''<br>420 Howanut Road / P.O. Box 536<br>Oakville, WA 98568<br>Phone: 360-273-5911<br>[http://www.chehalistribe.org/ Chehalis Tribal web site]
  
== History  ==
+
=== History  ===
  
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
  
1788:&nbsp; John Meares explores Shoalwater Bay  
+
1788: John Meares explores Shoalwater Bay  
  
1830: epidemics depopulate the tribe.&nbsp; The Lower Chehalis merge with the Chinook and the Upper Chehalis with the Suwal.  
+
1830: Epidemics depopulate the tribe.The Lower Chehalis merge with the Chinook and the Upper Chehalis with the Suwal.  
  
 
1846: Treaty of Washington  
 
1846: Treaty of Washington  
  
1855: Govenor Isaac Stevens arrives in Washington  
+
1855: Governor Isaac Stevens arrives in Washington  
  
1864:&nbsp; Chehalis reservation established  
+
1864: Chehalis reservation established  
  
1866:&nbsp; Shoalwater Bay Reservation established  
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1866: Shoalwater Bay Reservation established  
  
1960: federal recognition of the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation  
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1960: Federal recognition of the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation  
  
==== Reserevations ====
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'''The Chehalis tribe was under the following jurisdictions'''
  
Chehalis Reservation
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==== Agency  ====
  
[[Shoalwater_Indian_Reservation_(Washington)|Shoalwater Bay Reservation]]
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The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
  
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
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*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
 +
*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
 +
*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
 +
*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
 +
 
 +
<br> [[Taholah Indian Agency (Washington)|Tahola Agency]]
 +
 
 +
==== Reservations  ====
 +
 
 +
[[Chehalis Indian Reservation (Washington)|Chehalis Reservation]]
 +
 
 +
[[Shoalwater Indian Reservation (Washington)|Shoalwater Bay Reservation]]
 +
 
 +
==== Superintendencies  ====
 +
 
 +
[[Washington Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Washington Superintendency]]
 +
 
 +
[[Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Oregon Superintendency]]
 +
 
 +
==== Additional References  ====
  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salish/washindians.htm#Chehalis Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Chehalis tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/washington/index.htm#Chehalis The Indian Tribes of North America].  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salish/washindians.htm#Chehalis Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Chehalis tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/washington/index.htm#Chehalis The Indian Tribes of North America].  
  
== Records  ==
+
=== Records  ===
 
 
'''Agency Records'''
 
  
 
'''Correspondence and Census'''  
 
'''Correspondence and Census'''  
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M 234 RG 75 Rolls 962  
 
M 234 RG 75 Rolls 962  
  
Roll Number
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Roll Number  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Film  
 
Film  
  
Number
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Number  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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M59 RG 75 Rolls 693  
 
M59 RG 75 Rolls 693  
  
Roll Number
+
Roll Number  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Film  
 
Film  
  
Number
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Number  
  
 
|-
 
|-
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|}
 
|}
  
== Important Web Sites ==
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=== Important Websites ===
  
 
*Official [http://www.chehalistribe.org/ Chehalis Tribal web site]  
 
*Official [http://www.chehalistribe.org/ Chehalis Tribal web site]  
 
*Chehalis Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chehalis_(tribe) Wikipedia]
 
*Chehalis Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chehalis_(tribe) Wikipedia]
  
== References  ==
+
=== For Further Reading ===
 
 
<references />
 
 
 
==== Bibliography ====
 
 
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].
 
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].
 
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].
 
  
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
+
For background information to help find Native American ancestors see [[American Indian For Further Reading|'''For Further Reading''']].  
:Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
 
:Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
 
:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
 
  
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– . <br>
+
=== References  ===
  
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published
+
{{reflist}}
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
 
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
 
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
 
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
 
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
 
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
 
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
 
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].
 
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
 
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
 
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]
 
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published
 
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published
 
:Volume 20 -- Not yet published
 
  
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].
+
{{Native American nav}}
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
 
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]] [[Category:Washington_Indian_Tribes]]
+
[[Category:Indigenous Tribes of Washington]] [[Category:British Columbia First_Nations]]

Latest revision as of 11:23, 22 February 2021

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Information[edit | edit source]

Guide to Chehalis Tribe ancestry, family history and genealogy, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation
420 Howanut Road / P.O. Box 536
Oakville, WA 98568
Phone: 360-273-5911
Chehalis Tribal web site

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

1788: John Meares explores Shoalwater Bay

1830: Epidemics depopulate the tribe.The Lower Chehalis merge with the Chinook and the Upper Chehalis with the Suwal.

1846: Treaty of Washington

1855: Governor Isaac Stevens arrives in Washington

1864: Chehalis reservation established

1866: Shoalwater Bay Reservation established

1960: Federal recognition of the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation

The Chehalis tribe was under the following jurisdictions

Agency[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:


Tahola Agency

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Chehalis Reservation

Shoalwater Bay Reservation

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Washington Superintendency

Oregon Superintendency

Additional References[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Chehalis tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Records[edit | edit source]

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M 234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M59 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Chehalis Taholah Indian Agency, 1878-1952 Seattle - 93, 302, 407-09, 564-69

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

For background information to help find Native American ancestors see For Further Reading.

References[edit | edit source]