Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Champaign County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Champaign County, Ohio
Boundary map of Champaign County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Champaign County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Champaign County Courthouse
200 N. Main Street
Urbana, Ohio 43078
Champaign County Website
Phone: 937.653.2746

Champaign County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1805 1867 1805 1806 1804 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Franklin and Greene counties 20 February 1805.[2]
  • County Seat: Urbana

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named from the French word for "open level country".[3]It's county seat is Urbana and was founded March 1, 1805. It is located in the West Central area of the state.[4]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Logan County  • Union County  • Madison County  • Clark County  • Miami County  • Shelby County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1948 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 6,303
1820 8,479 34.5%
1830 12,131 43.1%
1840 16,721 37.8%
1850 19,782 18.3%
1860 22,698 14.7%
1870 24,188 6.6%
1880 27,817 15.0%
1890 26,980 −3.0%
1900 26,642 −1.3%
1910 26,351 −1.1%
1920 25,071 −4.9%
1930 24,103 −3.9%
1940 25,258 4.8%
1950 26,793 6.1%
1960 29,714 10.9%
1970 30,491 2.6%
1980 33,649 10.4%
1990 36,019 7.0%
2000 38,890 8.0%
2010 40,097 3.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Adams County, Ohio Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Miami Valley Genealogy Index is an Index to more than a half million pointers to records all over Miami Valley including Champaign County.

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local History[edit | edit source]
  • Middleton, Evan P. History of Champaign County Ohio: its people, industries and institutions, Volume 1 (Indianapolis, Indiana : B.F. Bowen, 1917) Digital version at Google Books.
  • Middleton, Evan P. History of Champaign County Ohio: its people, industries and institutions, Volume 2 (Indianapolis, Indiana : B.F. Bowen, 1917) Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • A Centennial Biographical History of Champaign County, Ohio (Chicago, Illinois : Lewis Publish Company, 1902) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archive.
  • Antrim, Joshua, The history of Champaign and Logan Counties, from their first settlement (Bellefontaine, Ohio : Press Print. Co., 1872) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archive.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Shelby CountyLogan CountyUnion CountyMadison CountyClark CountyMiami CountyOH CHAMPAIGN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War, 1861-1865[edit | edit source]

Reportedly 3,235 men from Champaign County participated in the Civil War in some way.[6]

Civil War service men from Champaign County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Champaign County.

- 113th Regiment, Ohio Infantry , Companies E and K Roster of Soldiers who enlisted from Champaign County, Ohio, for service in the Armies of the United States during the war of 1861-1865, who died or were killed in the service.
List courtesy of Champaign County Historical Society.

   Champaign County Military burials with many brief biographies at Find A Grave (11 records)

World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Finding More Ohio Newspapers
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Champaign County Ohio newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Indexes and Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Champaign County Courthouse
200 N Main Street
Urbana, OH 43078
Phone: 937.653.2746 

Probate Judge has birth, marriage and probate records.
County Health Department has death records.
County Auditor has burial records.
County Recorder has land records.
County Clerk has divorce and court records.[2]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

FamilySearch Centers are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FamilySearch Center for Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy is the Dayton Ohio East Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.

  • Champaign County Library Family History Center
  • Piqua Public Library Family History Center
Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Champaign County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Champaign County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 540, Champaign County, Ohio. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3.,_Ohio accessed 2/14/2017
  4. accessed 2/14/2017
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Champaign County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 5 November 2018.
  6. Champaign County Historical Society, A History of Champaign County, p. 8.