Difference between revisions of "California Census"

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[California|California]]  
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{{CA-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
== Availability  ==
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[United States Census|U.S. Census]]
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| link3=[[California, United States Genealogy|California]]
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| link4=
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| link5=[[California Census|Census]]
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}}
  
'''1850-1930 Censuses--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses for the state of California for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930. The 1890 census has been destroyed.                                           
 
  
 '''1940 to 2000 '''can be obtained  for named persons, heirs or legal representatives. There is a legal charge mandated fees for this service. Transcript form B.C.600 can be obtained from:                                                                                                        History Staff, US census Bureau  Washington, D.C. 20233. Telephone (301) 457-1167
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==Online Federal Censuses==
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===Population Schedules===
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Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. [[United States Census|'''Click here for more information''']] about federal census records. <br><br>
  
&nbsp;  
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======United States Federal Censuses with Online Links======
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{| class="wikitable" width= "70%" style="display: inline-table;"
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|-
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%" | 1790
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%" | 1800
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1810
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1820
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|1803959|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/5058/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1804228|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7590/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1803765|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7613/ Ancestry.com]
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1803955|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/ Ancestry.com]
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|-
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1830
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1840
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1850
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1860
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|1803958|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1786457|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1401638|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1473181|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/ Ancestry.com]
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|-
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1870
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1880
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1890
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1900
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|1438024|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1417683|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1610551|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/5445/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1325221|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7602/ Ancestry.com]
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|-
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1910
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1920
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1930
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!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1940
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|1727033|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7884/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1488411|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6061/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|1810731|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6224/ Ancestry.com]
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|{{RecordSearch|2000219|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2442/ Ancestry.com]
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|-
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|}
  
== Historical Background  ==
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===Non-Population Schedules for California===
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Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.
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{| class="wikitable" width= flexible style="display: inline-table;"
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|-
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
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! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
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|-
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| 1850
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| Agriculture
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| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1850
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| Industry
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| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1850
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| Mortality
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| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
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|-
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| 1860
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| Agriculture
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| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1860
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| Industry
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| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1860
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| Mortality
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| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1870
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| Agriculture
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1870
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| Industry
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1870
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| Mortality
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1880
 +
| Agriculture
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1880
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| Defective
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1634/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1880
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| Industry
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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| 1880
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| Mortality
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 +
|-
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|}
  
'''1850--'''California became a state. The California constitution provided for a census to be taken during 1852 and 1855 and every 10 years there after.
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===Existing and Lost Censuses===
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*[[California Censuses Existing and Lost|List of existing and lost federal censuses for California]]
  
== Indexes  ==
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==Online State and Territorial Censuses==
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State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit [https://www.census.gov/history/www/genealogy/other_resources/state_censuses.html United States Census Bureau].<br><br>
 +
Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the [[United States Census Territorial|US Territorial Census page]].<br><br>
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{| class="wikitable" width= flexible="display: inline-table;"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
 +
|-
 +
|1852
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|State, head of household
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|{{RecordSearch|1771089|FamilySearch}} — index and images<br>[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1767/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
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|-
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|}
  
California Census years 1850, 1860, and 1870 are indexed. They are available at the Californina State Library and the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.
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== Other Census Images ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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|{{RecordSearch|2761958|United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940}}
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|{{FHL|2818879|title-id|disp=California, census records : pre-statehood census, 1796-1798}}
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|-
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|{{FHL|750693|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Colorado River, 1885-1940}}
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|{{FHL|750667|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Fort Bidwell, 1915-1930}}
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|-
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|{{FHL|750665|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Fort Yuma, 1905-1935}}
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|{{FHL|706349|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Hoopa Valley, 1885-1939}}
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|-
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|{{FHL|746665|title-id|disp=Indians census rolls, Digger, 1899-1904 and 1915-1920}}
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|{{FHL|750657|title-id|disp=Indians census rolls, Greenville, 1916-1923}}
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
1850 census is not complete. Several counties are missing.  
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==Why Use the Census?==
 +
State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:
 +
*Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
 +
*Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
 +
*Sex
 +
*Age
 +
*Color
 +
*Nativity
 +
*Place of birth of this person
 +
*Place of birth of Father of this person
 +
*Place of birth of Mother of this person
 +
*Period of Residence
 +
*How long a resident of this State (years and months)
 +
*How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
 +
*Regular occupation
 +
*Military service
  
== Special Censuses  ==
 
  
==== Mortality ====
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  {{USCensus}}
  
'''1850-1880 Mortality schedules--'''Mortality schedules for the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses are at the California State Library. A published index to the 1850 schedule is available at the Family History Library.&nbsp;
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[[Category:California Census Records|Census]]
 
 
== State Censuses  ==
 
 
 
== Territorial Censuses  ==
 
 
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
 
 
Ancestry:($)&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com<br>]
 
 
 
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
 
 
 
Census Finder:&nbsp; [http://www.censusfinder.com/california.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/california.htm]
 
 
 
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/CA/ http://www.census-online.com/links/CA/]
 
 
 
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/california.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/california.htm]
 
 
 
Distant Cousin:&nbsp; [http://www.distantcousin.com/Links/Census/CA/ http://www.distantcousin.com/Links/Census/CA/] <br>
 
 
 
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/ca/census.htm http://dir.genealogytoday.com/ca/census.htm]
 
 
 
National Archives: [http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]<br>California States archives and Libraries: [http://statearchives.us/california.htm http://statearchives.us/california.htm]
 
 
 
California Historical Society: [http://www.californiahistory.org/ http://www.californiahistory.org/]
 
 
 
US Census internet site: [http://www.census.gov http://www.census.gov]
 
 
 
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
 
 
 
''California Research Outline.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2003.
 
 
 
Federal
 
 
 
Many federal census records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The [[United States Census|Census]] section of the United States Research Outline provides more detailed information on these records.
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
Statewide indexes are available in book format for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses.
 
 
 
Colonial and State
 
 
 
Pre-statehood lists (called padrons) of Spanish, Mexican, and Indian residents have been published in ''The Quarterly'' (Historical Society of Southern California), Volumes 15, 18, 41-43, 54 (FHL book 979.4 B2s). Especially helpful are the Los Angeles censuses of 1790, 1836, and 1844. The original records are scattered among various archives. The Family History Library has copies on microfilm.
 
 
 
The California State Library and the Family History Library have copies of a state census of 1852 (FHL films 909229-34). This census gives information on the entire household, including an individual's state or country of birth and last residence.
 
 
 
The [http://www.ss.ca.gov/archives/archives_e.htm California State Archives]also has some censuses for California cities covering the period 1897 to 1938. These generally contain only the names and addresses of the persons enumerated, although some records give more information. The Family History Library has copies of several of these censuses through 1910, including:
 
 
 
*Los Angeles and San Jose (1897)
 
*San Diego (1899)
 
*Oakland (1902)
 
 
 
'''Web Sites<br>'''
 
 
 
Ancestry has all of the US censuses indexed, digitized and online at [http://www.ancestry.com/ www.ancestry.com]. Some of these are free databases and others are only accessible through a subscription to the site.
 
 
 
[http://www.heritagequestonline.com/ www.heritagequestonline.com] also has most of the federal censuses but is only accessible through your local public library. <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
 
 
 
[[Category:California]]
 

Revision as of 15:11, 5 August 2020

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The FamilySearch moderator for California is Jamie Mayhew


Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1790 1800 1810 1820
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1830 1840 1850 1860
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1870 1880 1890 1900
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1910 1920 1930 1940
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for California[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1850 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1850 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1850 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1860 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1860 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1860 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1870 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1870 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1870 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Defective Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1852 State, head of household FamilySearch — index and images
Ancestry.com($) — index and images

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940 California, census records : pre-statehood census, 1796-1798
Indian census rolls, Colorado River, 1885-1940 Indian census rolls, Fort Bidwell, 1915-1930
Indian census rolls, Fort Yuma, 1905-1935 Indian census rolls, Hoopa Valley, 1885-1939
Indians census rolls, Digger, 1899-1904 and 1915-1920 Indians census rolls, Greenville, 1916-1923

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service