Difference between revisions of "California Census"

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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[California, United States Genealogy|California]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Census'''{{CA-sidebar}} {{Adoption_CA_State_Genealogical_Alliance}}  
+
{{CA-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
 +
| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
 +
| link2=[[United States Census|U.S. Census]]
 +
| link3=[[California, United States Genealogy|California]]
 +
| link4=
 +
| link5=[[California Census|Census]]
 +
}}
  
  
== Tips ==  
+
==Online Federal Censuses==
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].  
+
===Population Schedules===
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
+
Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. [[United States Census|'''Click here for more information''']] about federal census records. <br><br>
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show each person's census listings.
 
*Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 
  
<br>
+
======United States Federal Censuses with Online Links======
 
+
{| class="wikitable" width= "70%" style="display: inline-table;"
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[California Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 
 
 
== Why use a census?  ==
 
 
 
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
 
 
 
 
 
== State Censuses ==
 
 
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1097&path= California Spanish Mission Censuses, 1796-1798] Index and images ($)
 
*{{RecordSearch|1771089|California, State Census, 1852}} Index only
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1767 California State Census, 1852] Index and images ($)
 
 
 
== Online California indexes and images  ==
 
 
 
{{Census Online California}}
 
 
 
== Federal population schedules  ==
 
 
 
=== Microfilm Images  ===
 
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
| 1940 N/A
 
| {{FHL|646949|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
 
| {{FHL|698886|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| {{FHL|1034478|title-id|disp=1930}}
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%" | 1790
| {{FHL|647555|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%" | 1800
| {{FHL|704546|title-id|disp=1860}}
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1810
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1820
 
|-
 
|-
| {{FHL|555684|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}  
+
|{{RecordSearch|1803959|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/5058/ Ancestry.com]
| {{FHL|670368|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}  
+
|{{RecordSearch|1804228|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7590/ Ancestry.com]
| {{FHL|744471|title-id|disp=1850}}
+
|{{RecordSearch|1803765|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7613/ Ancestry.com]
|}
+
|{{RecordSearch|1803955|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/ Ancestry.com]
 
 
<br>  
 
 
 
=== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ===
 
 
 
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of California, [[California Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]  
 
 
 
== Federal non-population schedules  ==
 
 
 
=== Online indexes and images  ===
 
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%" align="center"
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for California'''</font>
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1830
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"| 1840
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1850
 +
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1860
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>  
+
|{{RecordSearch|1803958|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/ Ancestry.com]
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
+
|{{RecordSearch|1786457|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/ Ancestry.com]
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries'''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
+
|{{RecordSearch|1401638|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/ Ancestry.com]
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
+
|{{RecordSearch|1473181|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/ Ancestry.com]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1870
| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="10%" align="center" | '''Type'''
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1880
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1890
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1900
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''
+
|{{RecordSearch|1438024|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/ Ancestry.com]
| width="20%" align="center" | Defective
+
|{{RecordSearch|1417683|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/ Ancestry.com]
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]  
+
|{{RecordSearch|1610551|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/5445/ Ancestry.com]
| align="center" | -
+
|{{RecordSearch|1325221|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7602/ Ancestry.com]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]  
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]  
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1910
| width="20%" align="center" | Mortality
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1920
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1930
| align="center" | -
+
!style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:"25%"|1940
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''
+
|{{RecordSearch|1727033|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7884/ Ancestry.com]
| width="20%" align="center" | Industry
+
|{{RecordSearch|1488411|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6061/ Ancestry.com]
| align="center" | -
+
|{{RecordSearch|1810731|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6224/ Ancestry.com]
| align="center" | -
+
|{{RecordSearch|2000219|FamilySearch}}<br> [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2442/ Ancestry.com]
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]  
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]  
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1880'''
+
|}
| width="20%" align="center" | Agriculture
+
 
| align="center" | -  
+
===Non-Population Schedules for California===
| align="center" | -  
+
Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
+
{| class="wikitable" width= flexible style="display: inline-table;"
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870'''
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
| align="center" | Mortality
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870'''
+
| 1850
| width="20%" align="center" | Industry
+
| Agriculture
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870'''
+
| 1850
| width="20%" align="center" | Agriculture
+
| Industry
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''
+
| 1850
| width="20%" align="center" | Social Statistics
+
| Mortality
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''
+
| 1860
| align="center" | Mortality
+
| Agriculture
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''
+
| 1860
| width="20%" align="center" | Industry
+
| Industry
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860'''
+
| 1860
| width="20%" align="center" | Agriculture
+
| Mortality
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''
+
| 1870
| align="center" | Mortality
+
| Agriculture
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''
+
| 1870
| width="20%" align="center" | Industry
+
| Industry
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850'''
+
| 1870
| width="20%" align="center" | Agriculture
+
| Mortality
| align="center" | -
+
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
| align="center" | -
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]  
 
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1276 Link]
 
|}
 
 
 
=== Microfilm images ===
 
 
 
[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]&nbsp;'''Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for California'''
 
 
 
*1880 Special census of Indians {{FHL|321807|item}}
 
 
 
[[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''&nbsp;Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/california.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for California'''
 
 
 
*1935 Census of Business
 
 
 
=== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ===
 
 
 
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of California, [[California Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
 
 
 
== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ==
 
 
 
California often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
 
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
 
|+ '''California'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1852''' State<ref name="Lain">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26.</ref>
+
| 1880
 +
| Agriculture
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1844''' Los Angeles<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26, citing the ''Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 42 (1960).</ref>
+
| 1880
 +
| Defective
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1634/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1837''' Santa Barbara<ref name="Nort" />
+
| 1880
 +
| Industry
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1276/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1836''' Los Angeles<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26, citing the ''Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 18 (1936).</ref>, Monterey<ref name="Cath">Catholic Church, Monterey (California), "Extracts of Monterey municipal censuses, 1804-1836" Microfilm of photocopy of original typescript. (Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 197-.)[FHL Film 944282 Item 12].</ref>
+
| 1880
 +
| Mortality
 +
| [https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1834''' Santa Barbara<ref>Ancestry.com, "California Census, 1790-1890" at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3535 (accessed 4 January 2010).</ref>
+
|}
 +
 
 +
===Existing and Lost Censuses===
 +
*[[California Censuses Existing and Lost|List of existing and lost federal censuses for California]]
 +
 
 +
==Online State and Territorial Censuses==
 +
State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit [https://www.census.gov/history/www/genealogy/other_resources/state_censuses.html United States Census Bureau].<br><br>
 +
Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the [[United States Census Territorial|US Territorial Census page]].<br><br>
 +
{| class="wikitable" width= flexible="display: inline-table;"
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1816''' Los Angeles<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26, citing the ''Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 43 (1961).</ref>
+
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Year
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;" | Type of Census
 +
! style="background:#cccccc; scope:col; width:flexible;"| Links
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1808 '''Monterey<ref name="Cath" />
+
|1852
 +
|State, head of household
 +
|{{RecordSearch|1771089|FamilySearch}} — index and images<br>[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1767/ Ancestry.com($)] — index and images
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1804''' Monterey<ref name="Cath" />
+
|}
 +
 
 +
== Other Census Images ==
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1798''' San Antonio, and Soledad<ref name="Lain" />
+
|{{RecordSearch|2761958|United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940}}
 +
|{{FHL|2818879|title-id|disp=California, census records : pre-statehood census, 1796-1798}}
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1797-1798''' San Luis Obispo<ref name="Lain" />
+
|{{FHL|750693|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Colorado River, 1885-1940}}
 +
|{{FHL|750667|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Fort Bidwell, 1915-1930}}
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1796''' San Carlos<ref name="Lain" />
+
|{{FHL|750665|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Fort Yuma, 1905-1935}}
 +
|{{FHL|706349|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Hoopa Valley, 1885-1939}}
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1790''' Los Angeles, Monterey, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Barbara<ref name="Nort">Mrs. Joseph M. Northrop, ''California Collection'' (Typescript, Los Angeles, Calif.: Northrop, 1958)[FHL Book 979.4 D4n; Film 1421704 item 12].</ref><ref>"1790 Padron (census) of California" (Typescript [photocopy], copied from Las Familias de California section in ''Southern California Historical Society Quarterly''.)[FHL Book 979.4 A1 no. 67; Film 1036747 Item 6].</ref>
+
|{{FHL|746665|title-id|disp=Indians census rolls, Digger, 1899-1904 and 1915-1920}}
 +
|{{FHL|750657|title-id|disp=Indians census rolls, Greenville, 1916-1923}}
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1788''' Los Angeles, Monterey, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Barbara, and Villa Branciforte<ref name="Lain" />
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
*The California State Library and the Family History Library have copies of a state census of '''1852''' {{FHL|909229}}-909234. This census gives information on the entire household, including an individual's state or country of birth and last residence.
+
==Why Use the Census?==
 
+
State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:  
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
+
*Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
 
+
*Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
[[California 1852 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|California 1852 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
*Sex
 
+
*Age
*Pre-statehood lists (called padrons) of Spanish, Mexican, and Indian residents have been published in The Quarterly (Historical Society of Southern California), Volumes 15, 18, 41-43, 54 {{FHL|979.4 B2s}}. Especially helpful are the Los Angeles censuses of '''1790, 1836, and 1844'''. The original records are scattered among various archives. The Family History Library has copies on microfilm.
+
*Color
 
+
*Nativity
== Existing and lost censuses  ==
+
*Place of birth of this person
 
+
*Place of birth of Father of this person
For a list of available and missing California censuses, [[California Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
+
*Place of birth of Mother of this person
 
+
*Period of Residence
 
+
*How long a resident of this State (years and months)
 
+
*How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
== More about censuses  ==
+
*Regular occupation
 
+
*Military service
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
 
 
 
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
 
 
 
== Sources and footnotes  ==
 
  
{{reflist}}
 
  
 
  {{USCensus}}
 
  {{USCensus}}
  
 
[[Category:California Census Records|Census]]
 
[[Category:California Census Records|Census]]

Latest revision as of 15:11, 5 August 2020

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1790 1800 1810 1820
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1830 1840 1850 1860
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1870 1880 1890 1900
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
1910 1920 1930 1940
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for California[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1850 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1850 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1850 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1860 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1860 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1860 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1870 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1870 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1870 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Agriculture Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Defective Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Industry Ancestry.com($) — index and images
1880 Mortality Ancestry.com($) — index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1852 State, head of household FamilySearch — index and images
Ancestry.com($) — index and images

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940 California, census records : pre-statehood census, 1796-1798
Indian census rolls, Colorado River, 1885-1940 Indian census rolls, Fort Bidwell, 1915-1930
Indian census rolls, Fort Yuma, 1905-1935 Indian census rolls, Hoopa Valley, 1885-1939
Indians census rolls, Digger, 1899-1904 and 1915-1920 Indians census rolls, Greenville, 1916-1923

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service