Difference between revisions of "Bremen, Germany Genealogy"

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Guide to '''Bremen ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.  
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Guide to '''STATESTATEGERMAN, Germany ''' ancestry, family history, and genealogy '''after 1945''': birth records, marriage records, death records.
 
{{Click|Image:Bremen ORP.png|Bremen Online Genealogy Records}}  [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups]]<br>
 
{{Click|Image:Bremen ORP.png|Bremen Online Genealogy Records}}  [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups]]<br>
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{{Bremen1945 sidebar}}
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{| style="float:right"
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[[CHANGE TO CORRECT MAP]]
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[[File:233px-Deutschland Lage von Niedersachsen.svg.png|125px]]
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==History==
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__NOTOC__
The Vienna Congress of 1815 confirmed Bremen's independence, and Bremen became one of 39 sovereign states of the German Confederation. In 1827 the state of Bremen bought the tract of land from the Kingdom of Hannover where future Bremerhaven would be established. Bremen became part of the North German Confederation in 1867 and became an autonomous component state of the new-founded German Empire in 1871. It stayed with Germany in its following forms of government.<br>
+
==Historical Background==
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bremen_(state) Wikipedia]
+
*At the unwinding of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Bremen became a sovereign state officially titled '''Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.'''
  
==How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Bremen==
+
*The Vienna Congress of 1815 confirmed Bremen’s independence.
Most of your genealogical research for Bremen will be in three main record types: civil registration, church records, and, when available, a compiled town genealogy ("'Ortssippenbuch" or "Ortsfamilienbuch" in German). These articles will teach you how to use these records on digital databases, as microfilms, or by writing for them.<br>
 
*[[How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Bremen, Germany|'''How to Find Births, Marriages, and Deaths  for Bremen, Germany''']]
 
*[[Bremen Civil Registration|'''Civil registration''']]
 
*[[Bremen Church Records|'''Church records''']]
 
*[[Bremen Ortsippenbücher|'''Town genealogies''']]
 
  
==For German Research, You Must Know Your Ancestors' Town==
+
*In 1827, the state of Bremen bought the tract of land from the Kingdom of Hanover (Hannover), where future Bremerhaven would be established.  
*To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from Bremen might not be enough to use the records of Germany.  Records are kept on the local level and Bremen had several parishes, so clues to the parish they came from can be very important.
 
*Details about the town will also help:
 
**where the closest Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church was (depending on their religion),  
 
**where the civil registration office ("Standesamt") was, and
 
**if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger parish it was part of.
 
  
==Research to Find the Town==
+
*Bremen became part of the North German Confederation in 1867 and became an autonomous component state of the new-founded German Empire in 1871.
 +
 
 +
*In 1935, Bremen became a regular city at the de facto abolition of statehood of all component German states within the Third Reich.
 +
 
 +
*It was re-established as a state in 1947.  [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bremen Wikipedia]
 +
 
 +
==Getting Started ==
 +
{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
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|-
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| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-right: 15px;"|
 +
<h3>Getting Started with Germany Research</h3>
 +
Links to articles on getting started with German research:
 +
*[[Germany How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
 +
*[[Germany Finding Town of Origin]]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/12 German Church and Civil Records]
 +
*[http://is.byu.edu/courses/pe/999022071006/public/start.htm German Research], BYU Independent Study, no cost.
 +
 
 +
:[[{{PAGENAME}}#More Research Strategies and Tools |'''''See More Research Strategies''''']]
 +
 
 +
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
 +
<h3>Germany Research Tools</h3>
 +
Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:
 +
*[http://www.meyersgaz.org Meyers Gaz Online Gazetteer]
 +
*[[German Word List|German Genealogical Word List]]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/375 Old German Script]--Three parts
 +
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/German/en/intro.aspx German Script Tutorial]
 +
*[[German Letter Writing Guide]]
 +
:[[{{PAGENAME}}#More Research Strategies and Tools |'''''See More Research Tools''''']]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Research to Find the Town of Origin==
 
If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.   
 
If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.   
*Use [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Germany_Gathering_Information_to_Locate_Place_of_Origin '''Gathering Information to Locate Place of Origin'''] as a guide in exhausting every possible record to find what you need.
+
*Use [[Germany Finding Town of Origin|'''Germany Finding Town of Origin''']] as a guide in finding evidence in United States records proving your ancestors' town of origin. Also see [[Germany Emigration and Immigration|'''Germany Emigration and Immigration''']], especially for immigration to countries other than the United States.
*Or watch this webinar: [https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/870 '''Online Class: Finding German Places of Origin''']
+
 
<br>Bremen can be easier than other large German localities because some indexes covering much of Bremen. Here are several:
+
==Maps==
====Indexes to Births, Marriages, and Deaths at Bremen====
+
{|
*[http://www.die-maus-bremen.de/datensammlung/lebensdatenregister/ Die Maus, Index to Births, Marriages, and Deaths in Bremen Church Books], index, ($)
+
{|
====Emigration, Immigration, and Passenger Lists====
+
|-
[http://www.deutsche-auswanderer-datenbank.de/ German Emigration Database at Bremerhaven]
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|style="border: solid black 2px; padding:10px; width:450px"|
*[http://www.bremer-passagierlisten.de/ Bremer Passagierlisten]
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<center>'''Bremen 1871-1946'''</center><br>
*[http://die-maus-bremen.de/datensammlung/seepaesse-1592-1621/ Seaman's Licenses], 1806-1878. Index, ($)
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1272 Bremen, Germany Ships Crew Lists (Bremer Musterungslisten der Schiffe)],($). 1815-1917. Index and images. In German.<br>
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1065 Bremen, Germany Sailors Registry (Bremer Seeleuteregister)], ($). 1824-1917. Index and images. In German.
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1271 Bremen, German Desertions of Sailors, 1855-1874 (Seemansamt Bremen, Deserteurlisten, 1855-18740]. Index and images.
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9867 Germany, Bremen, Select Passenger Departure Lists (Deutschland, Bremen, ausgewählte Namenskartei aus den Bremer Schiffslisten)], ($). 1904-1914. Index and images. In German.
 
*{{RecordSearch|1787826|Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists (Deutschland, Bremen, Namenskartei aus den Bremer Schiffslisten)}}. 1904-1914. Index. Incomplete.
 
====Compiled Genealogies====
 
*[http://die-maus-bremen.de/datensammlung/maus-familien/ Mous Families-Members], ($)
 
*[http://die-maus-bremen.de/datensammlung/familienkundliche-sammlungen/ die Maus Family Collections, Gray Binders], ($)
 
*[http://die-maus-bremen.de/datensammlung/stammtafeln-1824-1933/ die Maus, Family records, 1824-1933], index, ($)
 
====Directories====
 
*[http://brema.suub.uni-bremen.de/periodical/titleinfo/928434 Bremen Address Books (Bremer Addressbuecher)],1794-1955. in German.
 
*[http://die-maus-bremen.de/datensammlung/bremer-einwohner-verzeichnisse/ Directories on die Maus], 1794-1955, ($)
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
==If You Know the Town, Next Use Meyers Gazetteer==
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[[File:Screen Shot 2019-06-18 at 1.02.09 AM.png|450px]]
Once you know the town name you need, the other facts you need are contained in '''''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs''''', the gazetteer on which the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is based.
 
*Use [http://www.meyersgaz.org/ '''MeyersGaz'''], the digital gazetteer, to find the details you need, particularly the Bezirksamt it belonged to, found after (BA) and the Regierungsbezirk (Administrative District) Niederbayern (RB).
 
*[http://www.meyersgaz.org/help/help.html '''MeyersGaz Help Guide''']
 
*[[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs|'''Abbreviation Table''']]
 
*'''Here is part of an entry from MeyersGaz.org. '''
 
  
<div style="display:flex; flex-wrap:wrap">
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|style="border: solid black 2px; padding:10px; width:450px"|
<div style="width:300px; padding-right:1em">
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<center>'''Bremen 1871-1946'''<br></center>
'''The most important facts here are:'''<br>
 
#'''Wellheim is in Eichstätt Bezirksamt (BA).'''
 
#'''It is in Regierungsbezirk (Administrative District) Middle Franconia (MFranken)  (RB)'''
 
#'''It has its own Standesamt (StdA) or civil registration office.'''
 
#'''It has one Catholic parish church (kath. K.).'''
 
#'''By clicking on the "Ecclesiastical" option, we learn that the Protest church for Wellheim is in Eichstätt.  We also find other nearby churches.'''
 
</div>
 
<div style="width:530px">
 
<center>'''Main Entry Page'''</center>
 
 
<br>
 
<br>
 +
[[File:Bremer Staatsgebiet seit 1800.png|450px]]
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|}
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|-
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|style="border: solid black 2px; padding-right:30px"|
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<center>'''Modern STATEGERMANSTATE''' </center>
 +
400px
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|style="border: solid black 2px; padding-right:30px"|
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<center>'''Former States Now in<br>STATEGERMANSTATE'''</center>
 +
400px
 +
|style="border: solid black 2px; padding-right:30px"|
 +
KREIS MAP  For a larger map, click here.
 +
|}
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<span style="color:DarkViolet">Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871.  For German research prior to 1945, the  Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the place names in use from 1871 to 1945. For research in that time period, use the Wiki links in the chart below:</span>
 +
*To find the 1871 duchy or province for your town, use [http://www.meyersgas.org '''Meyer's 1871 Gazetteer Online.''']
 
<br>
 
<br>
[[File:Wellheim.png|530px]]
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{| class="wikitable"
</div>
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|style="width:10%"|
 +
<center>'''1871 Region'''<br>
 +
'''History and Background'''
 +
|style="width:50%"|
 +
<center>'''Geo-Political Differences Today'''</center>
 +
|style="width:10%"|
 +
<center>'''FamilySearch Catalog'''</center>
 +
'''<center>(organized by 1871 Meyer's Gazetteer)'''</center>
 +
|style="width:30%"|<center>'''Wiki Page'''<br>
 +
'''Instructions for Research Before 1945'''
 +
</center>
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Finding Civil Registration Records==
 +
'''After 1945, the main source for research will be civil registration. ''' Civil registration records are records of births, marriages, and deaths kept by the government. In Brunswick (Braunschweig), they were started  1 January 1876. German terms for these records include ''Standesamtsregister'', ''Zivilstandsregister'', or ''Personenstandsregister''. They are an excellent source for information on names and dates and places of births, marriages, and deaths. These records are kept by the civil registrar (Standesbeamte) at the civil registry office (Standesamt). Study these links to learn what information can be found in them:
 +
*'''[[Germany Civil Registration#Births (Geburtsregister)|Births (Geburtsregister)]]'''
 +
*'''[[Germany Civil Registration#Marriages (Heiraten, Ehen, or Trauungen)|Marriages (Heiraten, Ehen, or Trauungen)]]'''
 +
*'''[[Germany Civil Registration#Deaths (Sterberegister or Totenregister)|Deaths (Sterberegister or Totenregister)]]'''
 +
 
 +
==Privacy Laws==
 +
Since 2009, birth records have been public after 110 years, marriages after 80 years and deaths after 30 years. A direct relationship (direct descendants and direct ancestors)
 +
to the subject of the record sought will be required in cases where the required time period has not yet elapsed. Even then, the records may be accessible if it can be shown that all "participating parties" have died at least 30 years ago. Participating parties are both parents and the child in birth records, and both spouses in a marriage.
  
<div style="width:430px"><center>'''Ecclesiastical Page'''</center>
+
=== Determining the Location of a Civil Registration Office ===
<br>
+
Research your town name in [http://www.meyersgaz.org '''MeyersGaz.org'''] to find the location of the registry office (''Standesamt''). It is indicated by the abbreviation '''"StdA"'''. <br>
<br>
 
[[File:Wellheim2.png|430px]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
  
== Research Tools  ==
+
'''However, some of the offices were merged in 1970's, so the record location might be different than that listed in MeyersGaz.'''
*[http://www.genealogy.net/vereine/maus/datenbanken/index.php?lang=de '''Die Maus''']: The link contains information about emigration, family books from various areas of Bremen locations, citizenship lists, civil registration
+
*For a small town within a larger municipality:
*[[Germany, Bremen Name Card Index to Passenger Lists - FamilySearch Historical Records|Germany, Bremen Name Card Index to Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Recods)]]
+
:*To find the '''current Standesamt''', go to the [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Hauptseite '''German Wikipedia'''], and enter the name of the town in the search box. An article about the town will start with a first line such as: "Besse with about 3200 inhabitants is the largest district of the '''''municipality Edermünde''''' in Hessian Schwalm-Eder-Kreis ."  It is probable that the Standesamt is now located in the '''municipality''' (in this example Edermünde).
*[[German Word List|German Word List]]
+
:*To e-mail the municipality to '''verify that the civil registry for your town is there'''.
*[[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Word List]]
+
::#From the Wikipedia town article, click on the name of the municipality that links to that article.
*[http://script.byu.edu/german/en/welcome.aspx German Handwriting Tutorial]  
+
::#There will usually be an infobox on the right side of page that lists the address and the '''website of the municipality.'''
*[http://www.kurrentschrift.net/index.php?s=schreiben: Kurrentschrift Converter] (enter German genealogical word, click on "convert", view your word in Kurrentschrift (Gothic handwriting)
+
::#Click on the website. Look for '''"Kontakt (Contact)"''' information, which should provide an e-mail address.
===Latin Records===
+
::#Send a message asking whether you have the correct office for your ancestors' home town. You can
Records of the Catholic church will usually be written in Latin:
+
*For larger towns which constitute a municipality:
*[[Latin Genealogical Word List|'''Latin Genealogical Word List''']]
+
:*To find the '''current Standesamt''', go to the [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Hauptseite '''German Wikipedia'''], and enter the name of the town in the search box.
 +
:*This type of article will '''not''' state that the town belongs to another municipality, because it is itself a municipality.
 +
:*The infobox that lists the address and the website of the municipality will appear directly on a this first page that comes up.
 +
:*Follow the above instructions #2-4 above.
  
 +
===Writing for Civil Registration Records===
 +
Civil registration records for Germany can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry (Standesamt) or the district archives. Records may have been lost at one location of the other, so you might end up checking both. The first office you contact might choose to forward your request to the other location if necessary.
  
 +
====Local Standesamt Address====
  
{{GermProv}} </div>  
+
====How to Write the Letter====
 +
'''Detailed instruction for what to include in the letter, plus German translations of the questions and sentences most frequently used are in [[German Letter Writing Guide|the '''German Letter Writing Guide'''.]]'''
 +
<br>
  
[[Category:States of Germany]] [[Category:Bremen, Germany]]
+
== More Research Strategies and Tools  ==
 +
*[[Germany Online Classes and Tutorials]]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/38 Reading German Handwritten Records]  Practice exercises to build your skills and confidence.
 +
*[http://altdeutsche-schrift.de/adsschreiben.php#schrifftfeld Old German Script Transcriber (alte deutsche Handschriften):] See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.<br>
 +
*[[Germany Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
==Search Strategy==
 +
*Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find their birth record, search for the births of their '''brothers and sisters'''.
 +
*Next, search for the '''marriage of their parents.''' The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
 +
*Search the '''death registers''' for all known family members.
 +
*The marriage certificate will show the birth date, birth place, and parents of the bride and the groom.
 +
*'''Repeat this process for both the father and the mother''', starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
 +
*If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, '''search neighboring parishes.'''
 +
<br>

Revision as of 13:10, 18 June 2019

Bremen, German Empire
Wiki Topics
BremenMarktplatz.jpg
Getting Started
Major Bremen Record Types
Additional Bremen
Record Types
Bremen Background
Local Research Resources
Germany Record Types
Germany Background

Guide to STATESTATEGERMAN, Germany ancestry, family history, and genealogy after 1945: birth records, marriage records, death records.

{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg
Template:Bremen1945 sidebar

CHANGE TO CORRECT MAP 233px-Deutschland Lage von Niedersachsen.svg.png


Historical Background[edit | edit source]

  • At the unwinding of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Bremen became a sovereign state officially titled Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.
  • The Vienna Congress of 1815 confirmed Bremen’s independence.
  • In 1827, the state of Bremen bought the tract of land from the Kingdom of Hanover (Hannover), where future Bremerhaven would be established.
  • Bremen became part of the North German Confederation in 1867 and became an autonomous component state of the new-founded German Empire in 1871.
  • In 1935, Bremen became a regular city at the de facto abolition of statehood of all component German states within the Third Reich.
  • It was re-established as a state in 1947.  Wikipedia

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Germany Research

Links to articles on getting started with German research:

See More Research Strategies

Germany Research Tools

Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:

See More Research Tools

Research to Find the Town of Origin[edit | edit source]

If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Bremen 1871-1946


Screen Shot 2019-06-18 at 1.02.09 AM.png

Bremen 1871-1946


Bremer Staatsgebiet seit 1800.png

Modern STATEGERMANSTATE

400px

Former States Now in
STATEGERMANSTATE

400px

KREIS MAP For a larger map, click here.

Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. For German research prior to 1945, the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the place names in use from 1871 to 1945. For research in that time period, use the Wiki links in the chart below:


1871 Region

History and Background

Geo-Political Differences Today
FamilySearch Catalog
(organized by 1871 Meyer's Gazetteer)
Wiki Page

Instructions for Research Before 1945

Finding Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]

After 1945, the main source for research will be civil registration. Civil registration records are records of births, marriages, and deaths kept by the government. In Brunswick (Braunschweig), they were started 1 January 1876. German terms for these records include Standesamtsregister, Zivilstandsregister, or Personenstandsregister. They are an excellent source for information on names and dates and places of births, marriages, and deaths. These records are kept by the civil registrar (Standesbeamte) at the civil registry office (Standesamt). Study these links to learn what information can be found in them:

Privacy Laws[edit | edit source]

Since 2009, birth records have been public after 110 years, marriages after 80 years and deaths after 30 years. A direct relationship (direct descendants and direct ancestors) to the subject of the record sought will be required in cases where the required time period has not yet elapsed. Even then, the records may be accessible if it can be shown that all "participating parties" have died at least 30 years ago. Participating parties are both parents and the child in birth records, and both spouses in a marriage.

Determining the Location of a Civil Registration Office[edit | edit source]

Research your town name in MeyersGaz.org to find the location of the registry office (Standesamt). It is indicated by the abbreviation "StdA".

However, some of the offices were merged in 1970's, so the record location might be different than that listed in MeyersGaz.

  • For a small town within a larger municipality:
  • To find the current Standesamt, go to the German Wikipedia, and enter the name of the town in the search box. An article about the town will start with a first line such as: "Besse with about 3200 inhabitants is the largest district of the municipality Edermünde in Hessian Schwalm-Eder-Kreis ." It is probable that the Standesamt is now located in the municipality (in this example Edermünde).
  • To e-mail the municipality to verify that the civil registry for your town is there.
  1. From the Wikipedia town article, click on the name of the municipality that links to that article.
  2. There will usually be an infobox on the right side of page that lists the address and the website of the municipality.
  3. Click on the website. Look for "Kontakt (Contact)" information, which should provide an e-mail address.
  4. Send a message asking whether you have the correct office for your ancestors' home town. You can
  • For larger towns which constitute a municipality:
  • To find the current Standesamt, go to the German Wikipedia, and enter the name of the town in the search box.
  • This type of article will not state that the town belongs to another municipality, because it is itself a municipality.
  • The infobox that lists the address and the website of the municipality will appear directly on a this first page that comes up.
  • Follow the above instructions #2-4 above.

Writing for Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]

Civil registration records for Germany can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry (Standesamt) or the district archives. Records may have been lost at one location of the other, so you might end up checking both. The first office you contact might choose to forward your request to the other location if necessary.

Local Standesamt Address[edit | edit source]

How to Write the Letter[edit | edit source]

Detailed instruction for what to include in the letter, plus German translations of the questions and sentences most frequently used are in the German Letter Writing Guide.

More Research Strategies and Tools[edit | edit source]

Search Strategy[edit | edit source]

  • Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find their birth record, search for the births of their brothers and sisters.
  • Next, search for the marriage of their parents. The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
  • Search the death registers for all known family members.
  • The marriage certificate will show the birth date, birth place, and parents of the bride and the groom.
  • Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
  • If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.