Difference between revisions of "Brazil Languages"

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==Description==
 
==Description==
  
Portuguese is the official and national language of Brazil[6] and is widely spoken by most of the population. The Portuguese dialects spoken in Brazil are collectively known as Brazilian Portuguese. The Brazilian Sign Language also has official status at the federal level. As of 2019, the population of Brazil speaks or signs approximately 228 languages, of which 217 are indigenous and 11 came with immigrants. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil, accessed 2 March 2021.</ref>
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Portuguese is the official and national language of Brazil[6] and is widely spoken by most of the population. The Portuguese dialects spoken in Brazil are collectively known as '''Brazilian Portuguese'''. The Brazilian Sign Language also has official status at the federal level. As of 2019, the population of Brazil speaks or signs approximately 228 languages, of which 217 are indigenous and 11 came with immigrants. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil, accessed 2 March 2021.</ref>
  
 
Because of the importance of the Roman Catholic Church to Brazil’s history, you may find several other languages in Brazilian records. These include Latin, German, Italian, Polish, and other languages of European ethnic immigrants. Also, some records may be in Japanese.  
 
Because of the importance of the Roman Catholic Church to Brazil’s history, you may find several other languages in Brazilian records. These include Latin, German, Italian, Polish, and other languages of European ethnic immigrants. Also, some records may be in Japanese.  
  
 
Portuguese grammar may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. For help in understanding name variations, see [[Brazil Names, Personal]].
 
Portuguese grammar may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. For help in understanding name variations, see [[Brazil Names, Personal]].
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Many Amerindian minority languages are spoken throughout Brazil, mostly in Northern Brazil. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil#Indigenous_languages See more details on Indigenous languages] <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil#Indigenous_languages, accessed 2 March 2021.</ref>
  
 
==Word List(s)==
 
==Word List(s)==
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For word list and help researching in Brazilian records, see:
 
For word list and help researching in Brazilian records, see:
*[[Portuguese Genealogical Word List]]  
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* [[Portuguese Genealogical Word List]]
 
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* [https://1000mostcommonwords.com/1000-most-common-portuguese-words/ 1000 Most Common Portuguese Words]
 
 
  
 
==Alphabet and Pronunciation==
 
==Alphabet and Pronunciation==
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Brazilian Portuguese (spoken in Brazil) and European Portuguese (spoken in many countries in Europe, including Portugal) are the two main types. [https://www.mondly.com/blog/2019/01/01/differences-brazilian-european-portuguese/ Read this article to better understand the key differences]
 
Brazilian Portuguese (spoken in Brazil) and European Portuguese (spoken in many countries in Europe, including Portugal) are the two main types. [https://www.mondly.com/blog/2019/01/01/differences-brazilian-european-portuguese/ Read this article to better understand the key differences]
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To better understand the differences between European and Brazilian Portuguese (alphabet, pronunciation, etc.)
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*[https://omniglot.com/writing/portuguese.htm Omniglot - the online encyclopedia of writing systems and languages]
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_orthography#Letter_names_and_pronunciations Wikipedia - Portuguese orthography]
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*[https://www.fluentu.com/blog/portuguese/portuguese-alphabet/ FluentU - Portuguese language and Culture Blog]
  
 
==Language Aids and Dictionaries==
 
==Language Aids and Dictionaries==
 
The FamilySearch Wiki has genealogical word lists for [[Portuguese Genealogical Word List|Portuguese]], [[German Word List|German]], [[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin]], [[Poland Language and Languages|Polish]]), and [[Mexico Language and Languages|Spanish]]. There is also a [[Portuguese Letter-writing Guide]] to help write to Brazil.  
 
The FamilySearch Wiki has genealogical word lists for [[Portuguese Genealogical Word List|Portuguese]], [[German Word List|German]], [[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin]], [[Poland Language and Languages|Polish]]), and [[Mexico Language and Languages|Spanish]]. There is also a [[Portuguese Letter-writing Guide]] to help write to Brazil.  
 
See the FamilySearch tutorials on ''[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/54 "Reading Portuguese Handwritten Records"]''
 
  
 
The following books and English-Portuguese dictionaries can also aid you in your research. You can find these and similar material at many research libraries.  
 
The following books and English-Portuguese dictionaries can also aid you in your research. You can find these and similar material at many research libraries.  
 
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* Ferreira, Júlio Albino. '''''Dicionário Inglês- português, Português-inglês'''''. Porto, Portugal: Edit. Domingos Barreira, 1979. {{FHL|469.321 F413d}}; film {{FHL|1181702}} item 1  
Ferreira, Júlio Albino. ''Dicionário Inglês- português, Português-inglês''. Porto, Portugal: Edit. Domingos Barreira, 1979. {{FHL|469.321 F413d}}; film {{FHL|1181702}} item 1  
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* Vieyra, Anthony. '''''Dictionary of Portuguese and English languages'''''. London: 1827. {{FHL|1181694}} item 5 The Family History Library has only part two, English- Portuguese.  
 
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* Sue Tyson-Ward, '''''Brazilian Portuguese''''', Blacklick, Ohio : McGraw-Hill, 2010 - [https://www.worldcat.org/title/brazilian-portuguese/oclc/613428437&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
Vieyra, Anthony. ''Dictionary of Portuguese and English languages''. London: 1827. {{FHL|1181694}} item 5 The Family History Library has only part two, English- Portuguese.  
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* Yukiyoshi Kamimura, Marcia Monje de Castro, Branislava Vladisavljevic & Tasmin Waby, '''''Brazilian Portuguese phrasebook & dictionary''''', Lonely Planet Publications, 2014 - [https://www.worldcat.org/title/brazilian-portuguese-phrasebook-dictionary/oclc/868338655&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
  
 
Additional language aids, including dictionaries of various dialects and time periods, are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog in the "Subjects" search for BRAZIL- LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES or PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE- DICTIONARIES.
 
Additional language aids, including dictionaries of various dialects and time periods, are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog in the "Subjects" search for BRAZIL- LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES or PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE- DICTIONARIES.
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* Michael M Gruneberg, '''''Instant Recall Portuguese''''', (Chicago, Ill. : McGraw-Hill): 2010. [https://www.worldcat.org/title/portuguese/oclc/495058538&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
 
* Michael M Gruneberg, '''''Instant Recall Portuguese''''', (Chicago, Ill. : McGraw-Hill): 2010. [https://www.worldcat.org/title/portuguese/oclc/495058538&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
 
* Charles Berlitz, '''''Portuguese''''', (Washington, D.C. : Educational Services): 1995. [https://www.worldcat.org/title/portuguese/oclc/34144924&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
 
* Charles Berlitz, '''''Portuguese''''', (Washington, D.C. : Educational Services): 1995. [https://www.worldcat.org/title/portuguese/oclc/34144924&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
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'''Reading Aids'''
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* Reading Braziian Records in Portuguese - Part 6 of 8 in a series on Brazil Research with the Wiki. [https://www.familysearch.org/help/helpcenter/lessons/brazil-research-with-the-wiki-part-6-of-8-reading-brazilian-records-in-portuguese Access the lesson]
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* BYU Script Tutorial: Making sense of old handwriting, '''The Portuguese Script Tutorial''', [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/the-portuguese-documents-pages/the-portuguese-documents(english) Access the tutorial]
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* [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Reading_Aid_for_Brazilian_Birth_Certificates Reading Aid for Brazilian Birth Certificates]
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* [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Reading_Aid_for_Brazilian_Marriage_Certificates Reading Aid for Brazilian Marriage Certificates]
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* [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Reading_Aid_for_Brazilian_Death_Certificates Reading Aid for Brazilian Death Certificates]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 15:47, 11 March 2021

Brazil Wiki Topics
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Record Types
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Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Brazil is Giuseppe Martinengo

Description[edit | edit source]

Portuguese is the official and national language of Brazil[6] and is widely spoken by most of the population. The Portuguese dialects spoken in Brazil are collectively known as Brazilian Portuguese. The Brazilian Sign Language also has official status at the federal level. As of 2019, the population of Brazil speaks or signs approximately 228 languages, of which 217 are indigenous and 11 came with immigrants. [1]

Because of the importance of the Roman Catholic Church to Brazil’s history, you may find several other languages in Brazilian records. These include Latin, German, Italian, Polish, and other languages of European ethnic immigrants. Also, some records may be in Japanese.

Portuguese grammar may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. For help in understanding name variations, see Brazil Personal Names.

Many Amerindian minority languages are spoken throughout Brazil, mostly in Northern Brazil. See more details on Indigenous languages [2]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Most materials used in Brazilian research are written in Portuguese, but you do not need to speak or read Portuguese to do research in Brazilian records. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records.

For word list and help researching in Brazilian records, see:

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

The Brazilian spelling of Portuguese is distinct from that of other Portuguese-speaking countries and is uniform across the country. With the implementation of the Orthographic Agreement of 1990, the orthographic norms of Brazil and Portugal have been largely unified, but still have some minor differences. Brazil enacted these changes in 2009 and Portugal enacted them in 2012. [3]

Brazilian Portuguese (spoken in Brazil) and European Portuguese (spoken in many countries in Europe, including Portugal) are the two main types. Read this article to better understand the key differences

To better understand the differences between European and Brazilian Portuguese (alphabet, pronunciation, etc.)

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

The FamilySearch Wiki has genealogical word lists for Portuguese, German, Latin, Polish), and Spanish. There is also a Portuguese Letter-writing Guide to help write to Brazil.

The following books and English-Portuguese dictionaries can also aid you in your research. You can find these and similar material at many research libraries.

  • Ferreira, Júlio Albino. Dicionário Inglês- português, Português-inglês. Porto, Portugal: Edit. Domingos Barreira, 1979. FHL 469.321 F413d; film FHL 1181702 item 1
  • Vieyra, Anthony. Dictionary of Portuguese and English languages. London: 1827. FHL 1181694 item 5 The Family History Library has only part two, English- Portuguese.
  • Sue Tyson-Ward, Brazilian Portuguese, Blacklick, Ohio : McGraw-Hill, 2010 - Available at WorldCat
  • Yukiyoshi Kamimura, Marcia Monje de Castro, Branislava Vladisavljevic & Tasmin Waby, Brazilian Portuguese phrasebook & dictionary, Lonely Planet Publications, 2014 - Available at WorldCat

Additional language aids, including dictionaries of various dialects and time periods, are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog in the "Subjects" search for BRAZIL- LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES or PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE- DICTIONARIES.

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

Study and Teaching Aids

Reading Aids

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil, accessed 2 March 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil#Indigenous_languages, accessed 2 March 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Brazil, accessed 2 March 2021.