Baltimore (Independent City), Maryland Genealogy

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This article is about a city in Maryland. For the surrounding county, see Baltimore County, Maryland Genealogy. For other uses, see Baltimore (disambiguation).

United States Genealogy Gotoarrow.png Maryland  Gotoarrow.png Baltimore (Independent City)

MD Baltimore City map.png
Baltimore City Boundary Map.jpg

City Hall[edit | edit source]

100 N. Holliday Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21202

Baltimore City Courthouse
Courthouse East
111 N. Calvert Street
Baltimore, MD 21202

Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. Courthouse
100 N. Calvert Street
Baltimore, MD 21202

City Health Department has birth, death and burial records.
Common Pleas Court has marriage records.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce records, trust estates, adoption and name changes from 1853. Register of Wills has probate records.[1]

History[edit | edit source]

  • Founded 30 July 1729, named for Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, Proprietor of Maryland.
  • Baltimore is anglicanized name for the Irish Gaelic name, Baile an Tí Mhóir, meaning the Town of the Big House referring to the O'Driscoll castle that still domains the town.
  • In the War of 1812, the British troops attacked Baltimore after the burning of Washington, D.C., on the night of 13 September 1814 in the Battle of Baltimore. It was the scene of the poem "The Star-Spangled Banner."
  • The Union troops occupied Baltimore to prevent the secession of Maryland from the Union during the Civil War, after Confederate sympathizers attacked the Union troops in the Baltimore riot of 1861. Maryland came under direct Federal administration.
  • 7 February 1904, the Great Fire of Baltimore destroyed more than 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 1851--The City broke off from surrounding Baltimore County, 13 May 1851 as an Independent City.[1]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Neighborhoods[edit | edit source]

  • Abell, Belair, Coppin Heights, Inner Harbor, Waverly, Wyndhurst, more...

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Anne Arundel | Baltimore

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source] Cemetery Listings for Baltimore City, MD. Includes contact information for many cemeteries in the county and volunteer contributed index lists for many of them.

A large card file of tombstone inscriptions for Baltimore is:

  • Loudon Park Cemetery (Baltimore, Maryland). Cemetery Records, 1853-1986. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1986. (On 66 Family History Library films beginning with 1429937.)
  • Loudon Park Cemetery, Baltimore City on BillionGraves. Page has Google map, you can search for a burial and photo of the headstone.

Other individual cemeteries:

BillionGraves: includes a partial transcription for

     Western Cemetery-Edmonson Ave. and Longwood St., Baltimore, MD 21234

Census[edit | edit source]

Federal Census reports available 1800-1930 including slave and veterans schedules.

Police Census[edit | edit source]

1868--The Baltimore City Archives has a police census for some city wards of Baltimore on one microfilm.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in the Baltimore City, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions. Microfilm of sacramental records for about seventy-five parishes, mostly Baltimore city churches established before 1900, are available for public use at the Maryland State Archives in Annapolis.

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The following records, have been digitized and made available to view for free online:

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Many Baltimore City church records have been published by various volunteers. The Baltimore County Genealogical Society has a good collection. You can use to search for the name of the church you are interested in, and find out what libraries hold it. If you choose to buy instead of borrow, you may check or Heritage Books, Inc. Here is a partial list of books available:

  • Old Otterbein Church, Records of; Baltimore Maryland, 1785-1881. Maryland Genealogical Society. Westminster, Md: Willow Bend Books, 2001.
  • St. Ann's Catholic Church, 22nd Street and Greenmount Avenue, Baltimore, Maryland Baptisms, 1873-1907, Marriages 1873-1907. Arthur, Edward Patrick. Lewes, Del: Colonial Roots, 2012.
  • St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church: Baptisms, 1853-1882. Arthur, Edward Patrick. Lewes, Del: Colonial Roots, 2010.
  • St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church Baptisms, 1883-1915. Arthur, Edward Patrick. Lewes, Del: Colonial Roots, 2012.
  • St. Mary's Govans Catholic Church, Baltimore, Maryland Baptisms, 1850-1882, Marriages 1850-1912, Cemetery Records. Arthur, Edward Patrick. Lewes, Md: Colonial Roots, 2012.
  • St. Michael the Archangel Church, Polish Baptisms in; 1869-1890. Hollowak, Thomas L. Baltimore: Historyk Press, 2000.
  • St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Baltimore, Maryland: Baptisms, 1825-1871. Arthur, Edward Patrick. Lewes, Del: Colonial Roots, 2011.
  • St. Paul's Church Records 1826-1935: (Baptisms, Marriages, Burials). King, Kay R. Lewes, Delaware: Colonial Roots, 2010.
  • Saint Stanislaw Kostka Church, Births from the Baptismal Record of; 1879-1889. Hollowak, Thomas L. Baltimore, Md. (2804 Florida Ave., Baltimore 21227): Historyk Press, 1992.
  • Second German Evangelical Lutheran Church, Baltimore City, Maryland, 1835-1867. Ruppert, Gary B. Westminster, Md: Willow Bend Books, 2006.
  • Trinity German Lutheran, 1853-1877: Baltimore City, Maryland. Ruppert, Gary B. Westminster, Md: Willow Bend Books, 2002.
Roman Catholic Archive[edit | edit source]
Associated Archives
St. Mary's Seminary & University
5400 Roland Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21210

410-864-4074 (Phone)
410-864-3690 (Fax) (E-mail)

Area included in the archdiocese: Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard counties and the city of Baltimore.

The Diocese of Baltimore was the first Catholic diocese in the United States. Established in 1789, it included the entire country at the time. Records were transferred to the new dioceses as they were created. Original sacramental records are kept by the parishes. Some records not available for public use at the Maryland State Archives in Annapolis may be found at the Associated Archives at St. Mary's Seminary & University. Certificates may be issued by the parish of origin.

Diocesan history: The Premier See: A History of the Archdiocese of Baltimore 1789-1989, Thomas W. Spalding (Baltimore, Md. : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989).

Catholic newspaper: The Catholic Review
PO Box 777
Cathedral St.
Baltimore, MD 21203
the newspaper is not generally helpful to genealogists - carried few obituaries. The earlier newspaper for the diocese was The Catholic Mirror, 1850-1908. The newspapers are on microfilm at the main branch of the Encoh Pratt Library in Baltimore.

Court[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Education[edit | edit source]

Family Histories[edit | edit source]

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


  • [Brispo] Russell, George Ely. "Portuguese and Spanish Colonists in Seventeenth-Century Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 76, No. 1 (January 2001):50-60; Vol. 77, No. 1 (Apr. 2001):138-147.
  • [Decosta] Russell, George Ely. "Portuguese and Spanish Colonists in Seventeenth-Century Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 76, No. 1 (January 2001):50-60; Vol. 77, No. 1 (Apr. 2001):138-147.
  • [Philpot] Russell, George Ely. "Brian Philpot Family of Maryland: With Notes on English Relatives," The Genealogist, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Fall 2003):131-165.

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Immigration[edit | edit source]

The New Early Settlers of Maryland database is a great place to start searching for immigrants who had arrived in the colony by the 1680s. The database "comprises 34,326 entries from Gust Skordas' Early Settlers of Maryland and Carson Gibb's Supplement to the Early Settlers of Maryland." Available online, courtesy: Maryland State Archives.

Other Baltimore City immigration resources include:

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Discusses overseas contacts of individuals with the following Baltimore County surnames: Albers, Anspach, Barry, Barton, Beatty, Beays, Belt, Bolte, Brothers, Brown, Browne, Brune, Buchanan, Burke, Campbell, Caton, Clarke, Courteney, Dickey, Dicky, Donnell, Dormy, Dorsly, Duncan, Gernon, Gillmer, Gilmore, Gittings [Gettings], Goverts, Graf, Grant, Grundy, Gwin, Haslett, Hoffman, Hollins, Holmes, Hudson, Kalkman, Konig, Lone, McCreery, McFadon, Maris, Merryman, Moncrieff, Olliver, Patterson, Pringle, Salmon, Sears, Sherlock, Smith, Somervell, Spears, Sterrett, Stewart, Stiles, Taylor, Thompson, Thorowgood, Valck, Von Kapffe, Von Stapff, Walsh, Williams, Williamson, Wilson, Yellot, Young, Zwisler.]
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Baltimore City and County, Maryland (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database. [Includes Richard J. Cox's abstracts of Maryland Gazette runaways.]

Land[edit | edit source]

Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Baltimore City Deed Books (1653-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

The Baltimore City History website identifies historic city maps.

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Baltimore City on page 128.]
  • "Baltimore Privateers from 1777 to 1783," The Maryland and Delaware Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Spring 1990):46-47; Vol. 31, No. 3 (Summer 1990):88-89, .... FHL US/CAN Book 975 B2m.
War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Cranwell, John Philips and William Bowers Crane Men of Marque : a history of private armed vessels out of Baltimore during the War of 1812  (Norton, c 1940, New York) pages 427  Bibliography pages 415-418, FHL 975.26 M3

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Since the city broke off from surrounding Baltimore County in 1851, the Civil War records for the city of Baltimore will be in the city's military records rather than with the county's records. 

Regiments. Service men in Baltimore (Independent City), Maryland Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Baltimore (Independent City), Maryland Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Maryland Eastern Shore Infantry Company I
- 1st Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company C, and C
- 2nd Regiment, Maryland Cavalry (6 months, 1863-1864), Company A, B, and E
- 2nd Regiment, Maryland Eastern Shore Infantry, Company F
- 3rd Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Company A,B,H, and K
- 5th Regiment, Maryland Infantry  Company B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and K
- 6th Regiment, Maryland Infantry  Company F, and I
- 8th Regiment, Maryland Infantry , Company B, C, D, F, and G
- 9th Regiment, Maryland Infantry (6 months, 1863-1864) , Company A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, and K
- 21st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company B (Maryland Guard).[2]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Though it does not appear on the Family History Library Catalog under the naturalization section of the City of Baltimore or Baltimore County, the Family History Library has acquired published abstracts of Baltimore naturalizations from 1784 through 1854:

  • Oszakiewski, Robert Andrew. Maryland Naturalization Abstracts. Baltimore County and Baltimore City [1784-1854]. Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1995. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.2 P48o.

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Photographs[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Many of those who died in Baltimore will be listed in the administration accounts, and may even have a will.

Research Guides
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Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]


Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

The following societies and libraries are useful in genealogical research. While some collections are available at multiple locations, these often have unique collections. In most cases, a visit to their website will give you an idea of what they hold.

Family History Centers
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Web Sites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.01.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Baltimore City, Maryland page 317, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "HBG" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Susan A. Riggs, 21st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 72.