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This article is about a northeast Oregon county. For other uses, see Baker.

Guide to Baker County, Oregon ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Baker County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Baker County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Location of Oregon in the U.S.
Founded September 22, 1862
County Seat Baker City
Address Baker County Courthouse
1995 Third
Baker City, OR 97814
Named for: Edward Dickinson Baker

County Information


The County was named for Edward Dickinson Baker, a senator from Oregon who was killed at Ball's Bluff, a battle of the Civil War in Virginia in 1861. The County is located in the northeast area of the state. [1]

Baker County, Oregon Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1871 1862 1905 1862 1862 1862 1845
*Statewide registration for births and deaths in 1903. General compliance year unknown.

County Courthouse

Baker County Government

County Records Inventory listing the records held at the Baker County Court House as of June/July 2010.

Baker County Court is structured differently. Check the County Records Inventory link for addresses for location of records (left column).

This courthouse has the reputation of being the cleanest county record depository in the state of Oregon.

  • Record Loss: Some will books were lost in a county clerk's office fire in 1890s. One early marriage register is missing (covering 1862-1877) (as of 15 August 2012).

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at

Oregon, Baker County Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

Historical Facts

Named for U.S. Senator Edward Dickinson Baker of Oregon, who was killed at the Battle of Ball's Bluff in the Civil War.

Record Loss

  • 1890s Some will books were lost in a county clerk’s office fire in the 1890s.
  • One early marriage register missing (as of 2005).

Boundary Changes

22 September 1862: Baker county was created from Wasco County. [3]

14 October 1864: Union County set off.

17 February 1887: Malheur County set off.

1 February 1901: The Panhandle area between the Powder River and the Wallowa Mountains was returned from Union County, forming the northeast corner of Baker County.

For animated maps illustrating Oregon County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Oregon County Boundary Maps" (1843-1975) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]



Unincorporated Communities

Ghost Towns

Defunct Post Offices

Trivia Tidbits

Information about localities, too small or too brief to describe in separate pages. Exception to this are Post Offices. > Trivia Tidbits



An Illustrated history of Baker, Grant, Malheur and Harney counties WorldCat 5436806; FHL
([Spokane, Washington]: Western Historical Publishing Company, 1902).
Heavy on history (prehistoric to time of publication), heavy on biographies of prominent men, but little of genealogies.
Also available in other forms:

  1. Baker County Biographies USGenWeb Archives Project
  2. WorldCat 24186308
  3. eBook - (LAR)

Thirty-one years in Baker County: a history of the county from 1861 to 1893; Isaac Hiatt WorldCat 841884; FHL
(Baker, Oregon: Baker County Historical Society and the Powder River Sportsmen's Club, 1970).


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
ORGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
ORGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Oregon Cemeteries for more information.



Note: 1870, 1880, 1890 and 1900 censuses, the Panhandle of Baker County enumerations can be found in Union County when it was part of Union County.

  • 1870 - the area between Baker City, Haines and the Blue Mountains, generally known as Wingville, was overlooked and not enumerated.
  • Eastern Oregon 1870 U.S. Census: Baker County, Grant County, Umatilla County, Union County FHL
  • 1880 - the portion that later became Malheur County (all the places south of the Malheur River including what is now Ontario, Vale, Nyssa, Owyhee, etc.) was not enumerated.
  • 1890
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 1920
  • 1930



  • 1905

Church History and Records (rural only)

List of Churches and Church Parishes

County Records

Court Records

  • Widow's pension applications and ledger, Baker County, Oregon, 1913-1936 FHL
    (Baker County Court, State of Oregon, 2001)


  • Eastern Oregon directory, 1899-1900: a complete directory of Umatilla, Union and Baker counties; with the Portland business directory FHL Collection
  • Baker City (Oregon) city directories, 1908-1935 FHL Collection
  • Baker (Baker County, Oregon) city directory: including Baker County residents, rural routes, also a buyers' guide and a complete classified business directory, 1959- FHL Collection

Emigration and Immigration



Gotoarrow-kelly.png Biography, History

  • The History of Baker County; Baker County Historical Society, pub. 1986. WorldCat 15218008; FHL Collection
    ([S.l.]: Baker County Historical Society (OR), 1986)
    Little of biography and local history, more of family genealogies.
  • Centennial pioneer families of Baker County, 1976 FHL Collection


Also see: Biography, Genealogy

Land and Property


Union CountyWallowa CountyGrant CountyMalheur CountyWashington CountyAdams CountyOR BAKER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Early migration routes to and from Baker County, Oregon for European and African American settlers included:

Military History and Records

Civil War

World War I


  1. Newspaper clippings USGenWeb Archives Project
  2. Oregon Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.


  1. Baker County Obituaries USGenWeb Archives Project


Gotoarrow-kelly.png Court records for the widows pensions

Probate Records

Note: some will books were lost from a small fire in the county clerk's office before 1900.

Online Records

Rivers and Waterways

Details about the rivers and waterways where farms and settlements are often found along them. >> Rivers and Waterways


  • Baker County, [Oregon], assessment tax rolls, 1892-1897 FHL
  • Baker City (Oregon) city directories FHL microfilm 2309792 Item 1
    Tax lists are for Baker, Grant and Union counties 1908-1909, listed as last part of the volume.

Vital Records

Record of births and deaths: record of physicians, midwives and undertakers, 1916-1929 #FHL

See also How to order Oregon Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Oregon Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Birth Records

Delayed Birth Certificates

  1. Birth Certificates USGenWeb Archives

Birth Registers

Marriage Records

  1. Extractions of early marriages are listed on the Western States Marriage Index
  2. Marriage Index 1885-1896 Actually is a book of affiants reporting the marriages. Historical Records Collection

Death Records

  1. Baker County Deaths USGenWeb Archives Project
  2. Record of deaths, Baker County, Oregon, 1905-1911 FHL

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Baker County Historical Society
Box 83
Baker City, OR 97814
Baker Heritage Museum
2480 Grove St.
Baker City 97814-2719
Baker County Public Library
2400 Resort St
Baker City, OR 97814

Family History Centers

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries



  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Baker, Oregon" in,_Oregon accessed 27 Nov 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Baker County, Oregon . Page 572-574 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 563-564.
  3. WorldCat 50140092; FHL CollectionHandybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Baker County, Oregon ," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Oregon, accessed 12 September 2018.
  5. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map V" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at OTMap5.jpg (accessed 18 July 2011).