Avery's Trace, also called the Nashville Road, North Carolina Military Trace, North Carolina Road, or Cumberland Trace, was authorized in 1787 and opened in 1788 to connect Knoxville to Nashville, Tennessee. [[Image:
Historical Background[edit | edit source]
In 1787 the North Carolina legislature considered Tennessee part of its territory. They authorized and funded the blazing of a settlers' trail by Peter Avery, five forts, and 300 soldiers to protect that road from Cherokee Indians angry about a road crossing their land without permission. The soldiers helped blaze the trail and were paid in bounty land for their service. The first year 25 families headed west on the trace. The trail connected East Tennessee (Knoxville) with Middle Tennessee (French Lick, or Nashville).
Route[edit | edit source]
- South end of Clinch Mountain (near Blaine, Grainger, Tennessee)
- Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee
- Fort Southwest Point, Kingston, Roane, Tennessee
- Fort Blount, Jackson, Tennessee at a ford to the north side of the Cumberland River
- Bledsoe’s Fort, Castalian Springs, Sumner, Tennessee
- Mansker’s Fort, Goodlettsville, Davidson, Tennessee
- Fort Nashborough, Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee crossing to the south side of the Cumberland River
Settlers and Records[edit | edit source]
For partial list of settlers who used the Avery's Trace, see:
- Doug Drake, Jack Masters, and Bill Puryear, Founding of the Cumberland, The First Atlas 1779-1804, Showing Who Came, How They Came, and Where They Put Down Roots (Gallatin, Tenn. : Warioto Press, ©2009) [FHL 976.8 E7d]. Also see their Internet site below.
Internet Sites[edit | edit source]
- Doug Drake, Jack Masters, and Bill Puryear, Cumberland Pioneer Settlers 1779-1804. Selected outstanding photos, art work, and extracts from their book cited above.
- Avery Trace in Dale Hollow Lake, "The Family Vacation Fun Place" details of the route and famous people who used it.
- Fort Southwest Point 1797 - 1811 what you'll see there, history, photos, events, and links.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- William Dollarhide, Map Guide to American Migration Routes 1735-1815 (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1997) [FHL 973 E3d], 22.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Avery’s Trace," in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avery%27s_Trace (accessed 27 July 2010).
- "Avery Trace" in Cumberland Pioneer Settlers 1779-1804 at http://www.cumberlandpioneers.com/averytrace.html (accessed 5 August 2010). Detailed explanation of why Avery's Trace is not what the road from Knoxville to Nashville was likely called.
- "Avery Trace" in Dale Hollow Lake, "The Family Vacation Fun Place" at http://www.dalehollow-lake.net/html/avery_trace.html (accessed 5 August 2010).