African American Resources for Connecticut

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Beginning Research
Record Types
Connecticut Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

Introduction[edit | edit source]

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Record Collections

  • 1846-1867 U.S., Freedmen’s Bureau Marriage Records, 1846-1867 at Ancestry ($)
  • 1861-1872 United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872 at FamilySearch
  • 1865-1874 United States, Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874 at FamilySearch
  • 1949-2001 Connecticut Death Index, 1949-2001 - lists name, death date and place, residence, age, marital status, race, occupation, and father's surname.
  • 1968-1997 Connecticut Divorce Index, 1968-1997 - lists names, divorce date and place, marriage date and place, race, education level, birth date and place, previous marriages, residence, and more.
  • African American Digital Bookshelf - a growing list of digital books on FamilySearch and other websites
  • DiscoverFreedmen - the search on this site will utilize all of the Freedmen's Bureau records on FamilySearch

  • Digital Archives

  • Tangled Roots: A Project Exploring the Histories of Americans of Irish Heritage and American of African Heritage.
  • Research Guide to African-American Genealogical Resources at the Connecticut State Library
  • Lists of Sources

  • African Ancestry in Connecticut (AfriGeneas)
  • Research Strategy[edit | edit source]

    History[edit | edit source]

    Resources[edit | edit source]

    Biographies[edit | edit source]

    • Stewart, Daniel Y. Black New Haven: personal observations involving Colored people, Negroes, Blacks, Afro-Americans - 1st ed. -[S.l.:s.n.], c 1977 (New Haven: Advocate Pres). - 74 p. F104.N69 N337

    Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

    Census Records[edit | edit source]

    Church Records[edit | edit source]

    Emancipation Records[edit | edit source]

    Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

    Genealogies[edit | edit source]

    Land and Property[edit | edit source]

    Plantation[edit | edit source]

    Oral Histories[edit | edit source]

    Other Records[edit | edit source]

    Military Records[edit | edit source]

    • White, David O. Connecticut's Black Soldiers, 1775-1783. Chester, Connecticut : Pequot Press, 1973. FHL book 974.6 F2w

    Newspapers[edit | edit source]

    Runaway Connecticut, runaway advertisements for enslaved people in Connecticut

    Probate Records[edit | edit source]

    Reconstruction Records[edit | edit source]

    Freedman’s Bank[edit | edit source]

    An excellent source is the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company (visit the African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records page to learn more). This company was created to assist African American soldiers of the Civil War and freed slaves. Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company signature cards or registers from 3 March 1865 to 25 July 1874 may list the name of the depositor, date of entry, age, birthplace, residence, complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband’s name, death information, children’s names, name of father and mother, brothers’ and sisters’ names, remarks, and signature. Early books sometimes contained the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. Copies of death certificates were sometimes attached to the entries.

    Online collections of Freedman's Bank records:

    Freedmen's Bureau[edit | edit source]

    The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created by the US government in 1865 until 1872 to assist former slaves in the southern United States. The Bureau created a wide variety of records extremely valuable to genealogists. Such documents include censuses, marriage records, and medical records. These records often include full names, former masters and plantations, and current residences.[1] For 1865 and 1866, the section on abandoned and confiscated lands includes the names of the owners of the plantations or homes that were abandoned, confiscated, or leased. It gives the county and location, a description of the house, the number of acres owned, and the number of cabins of former slaves. These films do not appear to contain the names of former slaves.

    To find Freedmen's Bureau records:

    Other FamilySearch collections not included:

    School Records[edit | edit source]

    Slavery Records[edit | edit source]

    Vital Records[edit | edit source]

    Birth[edit | edit source]

    Marriage[edit | edit source]

    The Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) was created by the US government to assist former slaves in the southern United States. One of their responsibilities was to record the marriages (past and present) of the former slaves. These records can be found in the collections below and include the lists of marriages that occurred previously, marriage certificates, and marriage licenses. The information contained on the records may include the name of the husband and wife/groom and bride, age, occupation, residence, year or date of marriage, by whom, number of children, and remarks.

    Death[edit | edit source]

    Divorce[edit | edit source]

    • Connecticut Divorce Index, 1968-1997 - lists names, divorce date and place, marriage date and place, race, education level, birth date and place, previous marriages, residence, and more.

    Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

    Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

    Societies[edit | edit source]

    The Great New Haven African American Historical Society
    Southern Connecticut State University
    501 Crescent Street
    New Haven, CT 06515
    Website: Southern Connecticut State University

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. "African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau," "African American Heritage," National Archives, accessed 11 May 2018.