34th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
34th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry was assembled at High Point, North Carolina, in October, 1861. Reorganized 18 April 1862. It Surrendered 9 April 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.  
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Company A - "Laurel Spring [or Springs] Guard" - many men from Ashe County
Company B - "Sandy Run Yellow Jackets" - many men from Rutherford County
Company C - "Rutherford Rebeles" - many men from Rutherford County
Company D - "Oakland Guards" - many men from Rowan County
Company E - "Shady Grove Rangers" - many men from Lincoln County
Company F - "Floyd Rifles" - many men from Cleveland County
Company G - "Mecklemburg Boys" - many men from Mecklenburg County
Company H - "Rough and Readys" - many men from Cleveland County
Company I - "Rutherford Band" - many men from Rutherford County
The information about the companies comes from A Guide to Military Organizations and Installations North Carolina 1861-1865.
Information about the companies and their rosters are in Manarin and Jordan, North Carolina Troops 1861-1865 A Roster. 
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘North Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- North Carolina in the Civil War describes many sources, specifically for North Carolina, and how to find them. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861-1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- John Wheeler Moore. Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War between the States. (Raleigh: Ash & Gatling, State printers, 1882). Internet Archive
- Ashe, Lincoln, Polk, Wake, Wilkes counties, North Carolina and Charlottesville, Virginia Civil War papers, ca.1859-1903. (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2004), FHL film 1183304 Item 1.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 24 January 2018).
- Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of The Confederate Armies: North Carolina. Facts On file New York - Oxford 1992. FHL book 975 M2ss
- A Guide to Military Organizations and Installations North Carolina 1861-1865, (accessed 29 March 2011)
- Manarin, Louis H., and Weymouth T. Jordan. North Carolina Troops 1861-1865 A Roster. Vol 9. Raleigh, N.C. : State Dept. of Archives and History, 1966. FHL book975.6 M2nc Vol. 9