Zwolle, Overijssel

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Guide to Zwolle, Overijssel ancestry, genealogy and family history birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Zwolle is a city and municipality in Overijssel. It is the capital city, and was historically the largest city. It is located on the IJssel river, near the mouth, in the north west part of the province. In 1967 it absorbed the former municipality Zwollerkerspel.

The municpality includes Zwolle, Windesheim, Brinkhoek, Bruggenhoek, Frankhuis, Haerst, Harculo, Herfte, Hoog Zuthem, Katerveer, Langenholte, De Lichtmis, Oldeneel, Schelle, Spoolde, Veldhoek, Wijthmen and Zalné

Church Records[edit | edit source]

The vast majority of Zwolle church records have transcripts, and most are searchable in the Generale Index Zwolle- click "inzien" on the records entry in the inventory 0709 of the HCO, or use this link to search in all available records. Note that the search engine for the Generale Index can be faulty, so it is best to go to the record and click "inzien'.

All couples, regardless of their religion, were required before 1794/5 to have their marriage registered in the Dutch Reformed church. From 1795-1811 all couples were required to marry before the secular authorities (gerecht).Burials of non-Dutch Reformed persons may also have taken place in the Dutch Reformed church.

According to the 1840 census, the present day Zwolle was 73% Protestant, 24% Catholic and 3% Jewish

Dutch Reformed[edit | edit source]

In the city of Zwolle were the churches Sint Michiels (or the Grote Kerk), Bethlehem Kerk and the Broerenkerk. They shared registers except for baptisms in the Broerenkerk between 1774 and 1794.

Outside the city (the former Zwollerkerspel) were two churches- in Mastenbroek and Windesheim. In Mastenbroek baptisms were recorded from 1727 and marriages over 1739-1793. Burials were recorded from 1761 to 1828. The baptisms and marriages are transcribed at VPND. In Windesheim baptisms were recorded from 1659, marriages from 1661 and burials from 1729. The baptisms, and marriages to 1776 are transcribed at VPND. A cemetery also existed at the Bergklooster.

GIZ =Generale Index Zwolle: searchable by name with images
HCO Historisch Centrum Overijssel browse images
VPND Van Papier Naar Digitale transcripts and images
Zwolle Grote Kerk, Bethlehem Kerk and Broerenkerk (except 1774-1794) online records
Baptisms Marriages Burials
GIZ 1583-1602, 1619-1811 1581-1648, 1655-1773, 1795-1826
HCO 1583-1602, 1619-1811 1581-1648, 1655-1826 1701-1811
VPND 1709-1811 1581-1648, 1655-1773, images only 1773-1826 images only 1701-1811
Zwolle Broerenkerk
Baptisms Marriages Burials
GIZ 1774-1794
HCO 1774-1794
VPND 1774-1794

Alphabetical indexes for baptisms 1619-1811 are also available through the HCO.

Catholic[edit | edit source]

There were 4 Roman Catholic parishes in Zwolle- Hoornsteeg, Spiegelsteeg, Bogenkerk and Koestraat. Their records for baptisms and marriages start in the late seventeenth century. There were no rural parishes in Zwolle, so Catholics living in Zwollerkerspel had to attend an urban parish- usually the closest one to where they lived, which for some may have been Dalfsen, Heino or Kampen.

GIZ =Generale Index Zwolle: searchable by name with images.
HCO Historisch Centrum Overijssel browse images
VPND Van Papier Naar Digitale transcripts and images
SDTB Sallands DTB transcripts
Zwolle Bogenkerk
Baptisms Marriages Burials
GIZ 1691-1735, 1738-1809 1691-1735, 1738-1814
HCO 1691-1735, 1738-1809 1691-1735, 1738-1814
VPND images only 1691-1735, 1738-1803 1691-1735, 1738-1803
Zwolle Hoornsteeg
Baptisms Marriages Burials
GIZ 1695-1811 1695-1811
HCO 1695-1811 1695-1763
VPND images only 1695-1806 1695-1707, images only 1708-1763 images only 1697-1732
SDTB 1780-1811
Zwolle Koestraat
Baptisms Marriages Burials
GIZ 1672-1811 1673-1811
HCO 1672-1811 1673-1811
VPND images only 1672-1811 1673-1811
SDTB 1740-1811
Zwolle Spiegelsteeg
Baptisms Marriages Burials
GIZ 1693-1811 1690-1799
HCO 1693-1811 1690-1809
VPND images only 1693-1811 1690-1799 images only 1690-1742
SDTB 1800-1809

Other Religions[edit | edit source]

Wallonian Reformed (Waalse Gereformeered) records go back to 1686, Lutheran records back to 1684, Mennonite (Doopsgezinde) back to 1696 and Jewish records back to 1774 in Zwolle. There were no churches other than Dutch Reformed in the former Zwollerkerspel.

Secular DTB Records[edit | edit source]

Many secular records were kept by the authorities in the city of Zwolle. In particular, they kept birth records for non-Dutch Reformed children from around 1727 onwards, categorized by religion. Between 1774 and 1794 another more detailed register was also kept for these births- a very useful supplement to church records. Birth records for Dutch and Wallonian Reformed children were also kept from 1774.The HCO has online all images of these records, which include far more than is described here.

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

In 1811 the Napoelonic Regime began the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths. This has been continued by the Dutch government ever since.

For both the former municipalities Zwolle and Zwollerkerspel, births from 1811-1912, marriages from 1811-1932 and deaths from 1811-1960 are on WieWasWie and OpenArch

The original images are not linked to this index, so use the FamilySearch Catalog that may/have images for births 1913-1916, marriages 1933-1941 and deaths 1961-1966. Births older than 100 years, marriages older than 75 years and deaths older than 50 years are able to be publicly released but archives can be behind putting them online. Current policy is to release records in ten year blocs, so that in 2018 marriages to 1942 will be released and in 2023 births to 1922 and deaths to 1972 will be released.

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Population Registers were kept from 1850.

The Zwolle General Index (Generale Index) is a searchable database on the site of the HCO of Zwolle records. One notable collection is the 1812 census, which often includes birthdates and names of parents.