Wyandot Nation

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Wyandot (Huron-Wendat) dwellers of the Peninsula or Islanders-1880.jpg

Introduction[edit | edit source]

Guide to Wyandot Nation ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

To get started in Indigenous Peoples of the United States research

Ancestral Homeland: St. Lawrence Valley, and Canada

Various Spellings: Wyandot, Wyandotte, Wiandot

Population 1984: Total enrollment: 2,400. Wichita Tribe
Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 244

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Wyandotte Nation
8 Turtle Drive
Wyandotte, OK 74370
Phone: 918-678-2297
Toll Free: 800-256-2539

History[edit | edit source]

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Ohio History Central article on the Wyandot Indians

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1752: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1832,1836, and 1842: Removed from Ohio
  • 1839-1851: Tribal emigration and removals.
  • 1843: Wyandot removal to Kansas, They were the last Indian tribe to leave Ohio.
  • 1843: Census (M1831)
  • 1857: Moved to Oklahoma
  • 1888 to 1890: Lands were allotted
  • 1959: Wyandot Tribe of Oklahoma terminated, Tribal membership 1,157, Tribal land (Acres) 94.36
  • 1978: Regained federal recognition

When the Wyandot tribe lived in the Ohio and Michigan area they were under the jurisdiction of Piqua Agency 1824-30, Ohio Agency 1831-43, Saginaw Subagency and the Michigan Superintendency.

After removal to Kansas the tribe was under the jurisdiction of Wyandot Subagency 1843-51, Kansas Agency 1851-55, Shawnee Agency 1855-63, Delaware Agency 1863-69, Wyandot Agency 1870-72, The St. Louis Superintendency and the Central Superintendency.

Those living in Indian Territory were under the jurisdiction of Neosho Agency 1867-71, Quapaw Agency 1871-80, and the Central Superintendency.

Reservations[edit | edit source]

A track of land set aside for occupation and use by Native Americans. From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the Native American was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[1], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[2], and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.

Agencies[edit | edit source]

The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the following agencies

Piqua Agency, Ohio Agency, Saginaw Subagency, Wyadot Subagency, Kansas Agency, Shawnee Agency, and  Delaware Agency

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

The tribe was under the jurisdictiton of the  following superintendencies

Michigan Superintendency, St. Louis Superintendency,and  Central Superintendency

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Bland Cemetery, Wyandotte, Oklahoma

Huron Indian Cemetery, Kansas City, Kansas, as surveyed in 1892

Removal[edit | edit source]

Prevost, Toni Jollay. Notes on the Wyandotte's from Ohio to Indian Territory. FHL book 970.1 P929n also on film 1697876 item 12

NARA. Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs 1824-1881. M234 Roll 952 Wyandot Agency Emigration, 1839-51. FHL film 1,661,682

Enrollment[edit | edit source]

1843 Muster Roll of Wyandots who left Upper Sandusky, Ohio in 1843

1870 Tribal Roll of the Wyandot in Kansas and elsewhere.

1874 Voter List by clan

Treaties[edit | edit source]

1785-1843 -- See tribal website for details.

  • 1785 January 21, at Fort McIntosh
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmer
  • 1795 August 3, at Greenville
  • 1803August 7,at Vincennes, with the Eel River
  • 1805 July 4, at Fort Industry
  • 1807 November 17, at Detroit, with the Ottawa
  • 1808 November 25, at Brownstown, with the Chippewa, Ect.,
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1817 September 29,on the Miami
  • 1818
  • 1818
  • 1832 January 19, at St. Mary's
  • 1836 April 23,
  • 1842 March 17, at upper Sandusky
  • 1843 December 14, with the Delawares
  • 1850 April 1, at Washington
  • 1855 January 31, at Washington
  • 1867:February 3,with the Seneca, Mixed Seneca and Shwanee, Quapaw, Etc.,

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  2. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography[edit | edit source]