World War I United States Military Records, 1917 to 1918
|News and Events|
In May 2011, the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) completed construction of its new facility in St. Louis, Mo.
- 1 Pre - World War I - Mexican Border Expedition, 1916-1917
- 2 Introduction - World War I
- 3 Newspapers
- 4 Battlefield Guides
- 5 Records and Research
- 6 Training Camps
- 7 Embarkation Service
- 8 American Expeditionary Forces. May 26,1917-August 31,1920
- 9 Services of Supply
- 10 American Expeditionary Forces in Siberia. August 1918-April 1920
- 11 Army Air Service
- 12 Tank Corps
- 13 Naval
- 14 Marine Corps
- 15 Engineers
- 16 Officers
- 17 American Field Service
- 18 Medical Department
- 19 Related Government Agencies
- 20 Auxiliary Organizations
- 21 Timeline American Expeditionary Forces
- 22 Battles and Engagements
- 23 FamilySearch World War I Historical Record Collections
- 24 Family History Library Selected World War I Collections
- 25 Archives and Libraries
- 26 World War I Societies
- 27 American Legion
- 28 Cemeteries
- 29 World War I Dead, American Expeditionary Forces. 1917-1919
- 30 United States World War One Centennial
- 31 Army Corps
- 32 Division Unit Histories
- 33 Military Unit Histories
- 34 Personal Narratives
- 35 World War I State Online Collections and Descriptions
- 36 Gold Star Mothers
- 37 Bureau of War Rick Insurance. Department of the Treasury. 9.2.1914-8.9.1921
- 38 Armistice Day
- 39 State World War I Records
- 40 Alien Registration Files
- 41 Additional State Related Collections
- 42 Awards
- 43 Women
- 44 Related Websites and Resources
- 45 Related FamilySearch Blog Articles
- 46 Sources for Further Reading
- 47 Prologue Quarterly Publication of the National Archives
- 48 NGS Magazine (National Genealogical Society)
- Massachusetts. Muster in rolls, 1916
- Massachusetts. Muster in and out rolls, 1916
- New Hampshire. Mexican Border Records,1916-1917
- Utah. Index to those who participated...
- Utah. Mexican Border Service. Muster Rolls, 1917-1917
Introduction - World War I[edit | edit source]
The United States entered World War I in April 1917. Over 4.7 million men and women served in the regular U.S. forces, national guard units, and draft units with about 2.8 million serving overseas. There were 53,402 killed in action, 63,114 deaths from disease and other causes, and about 205,000 wounded.
- Richard J. Beamish and Francis A. March.America's Part in the World War. Philadelphia, Pa., Chicago, Ill.: The John C. Winston Company, 1919.
- United States. War Department.The Official record of the United States' part in the great war : the government account of the thirteen American battles and the army of four million men. (1923?) FHL 973 M25or
How American Went to War
- Benedict Crowell and Robert Forrest Wilson. The Giant Hand. Our Mobilization and Control of Industry and Natural Resources, 1917-1918. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921
- Benedict Crowell and Robert Forrest Wilson.The Road to France I. The Transportation of Troops and Military Supplies, 1917-1918.New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921
- Benedict Crowell and Robert Forrest Wilson.The Road to France II. The Transportation of Troops and Military Supplies, 1917-1918.New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921
- Benedict Crowell and Robert Forrest Wilson. Demobilization. Our Industrial and Military Demobilization After the Armistice, 1918- 1920.New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921
Official U.S. Bulletin
- Official U.S. Bulletin, vol. 2, Jan. June, 1918
- Official U.S. Bulletin, vol. 2, July-Sept. 1918
- Official U.S. Bulletin, vol. 3,Jan.-Mar., 1919
- U. S. Official pictures of the world war showing America's participation : selected from the official files of the War department with unofficial introductory photographs
- National Archives American Unofficial Collection of World War I Photographs, 1917-1918 NAID 533461
- Catalogue of Official A.E.F. Photographs
- U. S. Official pictures of the world war showing America's participation : selected from the official files of the War department with unofficial introductory photographs
- Uncle Sam's Fact Book of the World War
- Leonard Ayres. The War with Germany: A Statistical Summary. Washington,D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1919
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
Stars and Stripes
- Stars and Stripes:The American Newspaper of World War I, 1918-1919. Library of Congress
- Stars and Stripe Newspaper of World War I. Library of Congress.
- Harry Lewis Katz. A brief history of the Stars and Stripes, official newspaper of the American expeditionary forces in France. Washington,D.C.: The Columbia Publishing Co., 1921. Roster of the Men who worked on the paper pp. 42-46; Roll of Honor p. 47
- Stars and Stripes: Newspaper of the American Expeditionary Forces, 1918-1919, National Archives Microfilm Publication, M2130, 1 roll
Training Camp Newspapers
Battlefield Guides[edit | edit source]
- A Guide to the American Battle Fields in Europe,1927.
- American Armies and Battlefields in Europe,1938.
- America in Battle The Guide to the American battlefields in France and Belgium
Records and Research[edit | edit source]
- Susan Goss Johnston. " World War I Statement of Service Cards." NGS Magazine 43 (July-September 2017): 42-48.
- Company Administration War Department 1919
- William H. Waldron.Company Administration. New York City: George U. Harvey Publishing Co., 1917
- Memorandum Showing Action that would be Required by Company, ,Troops, or Battery Commanders...
- General Orders, Bulletins, Circulars General Recruiting Service, 1918-1919
- Guide to Similar Surnames. For Use in the Adjutant General's Office. War Department. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1920
- A List of Christian Names Their Derivatives, Nicknames,and Equivalents in Several Foreign Languages. For Use in The Adjutant General's Office. War Department. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1920
- Some Cousins in the Great War
- Algar Monroe Wheeler. The "Honor Roll" and our family' part in the World War. Baltimore, Printed by H. Shafer Co., 1920
- A Story of the War and Family War Service Record, 1914-1919.St Paul,Minn.: Mackey, Smith & Stiles,1919
- Charles T. L. Allen. My War Record. (Pittsburgh,Pa. 1918)
- William Brown Meloney. Where Do We Go From Here ? This is the Real Dope. Published for Soldiers, Sailors and Marines By War Camp Community Service. n.p., n.d.
Training Camps[edit | edit source]
- NARA: Training the Soldier
- Accessible Archives World War I Camp Newspapers
- Photographs of National Guard Camps and National Army Cantonments,1918. NAID 522985
- Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland
- Lt. Col. W. G. Kilner and Capt. A. J. McElroy. The Cantonment Manuel: or Facts for Every Soldier. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1917
- Medical Department, Vol. IV, Activities Concerning Mobilization Camps and Ports of Embarkation
- U.S. Army Discharge Reports, ca. 1917-1920
- Correspondence Relating to Foreign Born Soldiers,1917-1921
- Roster of Federal Military Training Camps, 1913-1916
- Who's Who in the Construction Division of the United States Army. FamilySearch Digital Library
- Camps and Forts in U.S., World War I, 1916-1917. National Archives Catalog NAID 533449
- Standard Maps and Plans for Contonment Buildings ,NAID 645615
- U.S. Army Discharge Reports, ca. 1917-1920. NAID 4683632
Training Camp Histories and Locations
- Embarkation Service. Ship Service.
- Embarkation Service Administrative History Note
- A History of the Transport Service
- Benedict Crowell and Robert Forrest Wilson. The Road to France II. The Transportation of Troops and Military Supplies. 1917-1918. New Haven: Yale University press,1921 Appendices: Appendix F:List of American Transports pp. 564-602; Appendix G:United States Troop Convoys in the World War. pp. 603-620
- With the Army at Hoboken
- U.S. Army Transport Service Regulations 1914
Troop Transport HIstories
- U.S.S. Great Northern WW I Troop Transport Ship
- U.S.S. Harrisburg WW I Troop Transport Ship
- U.S.S. Mount Vernon WW I Troop Transport Ship
- A History of Camp De Grasse. Saint-Pierre - Des-Corps. France. 1918-1919
- Embarkation Service:Selected list of National Archives Collections
- Lists of Incoming Passengers, 1917-1938, RG 92, NAID 6234465
- Lists of Outgoing Passengers,1917-1938, RG 92, NAID 6234477
- Lists of Outward and Inward Bound Passengers, 1914-1940 NAID 7282484
- Card Registers of vessels Requisitioned or Belonging to the War Department,1918-1920, RG 92, NAID 7192903
- Card Register of Chartered Vessels, 1917-1918, RG 92, NAID 7130549
- Reports of Debarkations by Ports in Baltimore and Philadelphia, 1917-1921, RG 92, NAID 7284911
- Reports of Embarkations from the United States, 1917-1919, RG 92, NAID 7284794
- Reports of Debarkations in the United States from Europe, 7.1917-11.1919 NAID 7297348
- Lists of Vessels Leaving the United States to Transport Troops to Europe, 1917-1918, RG 92, NAID 7267965
- Card Registers of Vessels Leaving the United States to Transport Troops Overseas, 1917-1919, RG 92, NAID 7268077
- Summary of Port Logs of Army Transport Service Transatlantic Vessels, 1917-1920 NAID 7324086
Ports of Embarkation
- American Expeditionary Forces
- Aloha Broadwater,Elaine C. Everly, and Garry D. Ryan, comps. Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I), 1917-23,Part I, NM 91 (Feb.,1968)
- Aloha Broadwater,Elaine C. Everly, and Garry D. Ryan, comps. Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I), 1917-23,Part II,NM 92 (Feb.,1968)
- Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) Record Group 120)
- Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) NAID 449 National Archives Online Catalog
- Records of Divisions, 1917-1920 NAID 301641 (Note: Search within this Series)
- British Military Records Relating to World War I, 1918-1924 includes AEF units serving alongside British units in Northern France.
- Correspondence,Reports, and Other Records Relating to American Indians Serving with the American Expeditionary Forces,1917-1919 NAID 6704646
- American Expeditionary Forces Order of Battle
- Order of Battle U.S. Land Forces in the World War Divisions
- Tables of Organization U.S. Army 1917
- Table of Organization, 1917-1919
- United States Army in the World War, 1917-1919 3 volumes
- Battle Participation of Organizations
- Summary of Casualties American Expeditionary Forces
- Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War. Zone of the Interior: Directory of Troops. Volume 3, Part 3
- Stations and Post Office Address of Organizations of the Army
- Final Report of Gen. John J. Pershing, Commander-in-Chief American Expeditionary Forces.
- Report of the Adjutant General of the Army. To the Secretary of War. 1918
- The A.E.F. Who They Were, What They Did, How They Did It
- The American Army in the World War A Divisional Record of the A.E.F. in Europe
- Portraits and Sketches of the Men of the A.E.F.
- Organization of Services of Supply
- General Johnson Hagood. The Services of Supply. A Memoir of the Great War. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1927
- Historical Files, August3, 1918- April 1, 1920
- Card Files of Prisoners of War Interned at the Base Camp at Vladivostok, ca. 1918-ca. 1920
Army Air Service[edit | edit source]
- NARA Records of the Army Air Force Record Group 18
- Records of the Army Air Force National Archives Fort Worth
- Army World War I Flight Training
- Correspondence Relating to the Flying Cadet Detachment, 1918. U.S. Army Balloon School, Fort Omaha. NAID 617524
- Continuing Training.U.S. Army Balloon School, Fort Omaha, Nebraska, 1918-1919. NAID 74223651
- Discharges. Flying Cadet Detachment. U.S. Army Balloon School, Fort Omaha, Nebraska, 1918. NAID 74223707
- The U.S. Air Service in World War I, Volume I
- The U.S. Air Service in World War I, Volume II
- The U.S. Air Service in World War I, Volume IV
- Air University. Aerospace Studies Institute. Historical Research Division. U.S. Air Service Victory Credits, World War I. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University, 1969. FHL Digital Book
- Norman L. R. Franks and Frank W. Bailey. Over the Front: a complete record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. London, England: Grub Street, 1992. FHL 973 M2frw
- James J. Hudson. In Clouds of Glory: American Airmen who flew with the British during the Great War. Fayetteville, Arkansas: University of Arkansas Press, 1990. FHL 973 M2hj
- Lowell A. Lawrence. New England Aviators, 1914-1918: their portraits and their records. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Pub., 1997. FHL 974 M2n v.1 and v. 2
- James J. Sloan. Wings of Honor: American Airmen in World War I: a compilation of all United States, pilots, observers, gunners, and mechanics who flew against the enemy in the War of 1914-1918. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Pub., 1994. FHL 973 M2swh
- Lucien H. Thayer, Donald Joseph McGee and Robert James Bender, ed. America’s First Eagles: the Official History of the U.S. Air Force, A.E. F., 1917-1918. San Jose, California: R. James Bender, Pub. Champlin Fighter Museum Press, 1983. FHL 973 M2taf
- Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917-1919, NARA publication M990, 58 rolls
- For histories of base hospitals and other medical unit histories see United States World War I Unit Histories under Army Air Service
- The Lafayette Flying Corps v.1
- The Lafayette Flying Corps v.2
- Bert Hall and John J. Niles. One Man's War: the Story of the Lafayette Escadrille. New York: H. Holt, 1929
- Georges Thenault. The Story of the LaFayette Escadrille. Boston: Small,Maynard & Company,1921
Tank Corps[edit | edit source]
- NARA Administrative History Note. Tank Corps. 2.18.1918-3.6.1918
- NARA Dministrative History Note. Tank Corps. 3.6.1918-1920
- NARA Administrative History Note. Tank Corps. 3.22.1918- 6.30.1920
- Tank Corps American Expeditionary Force
- The Dawn of American Armor: The U.S. Army Tank Corps in World War I.
- "Tank Corps Activities" A.E.F.
- Personnel Specifications Tank Corps
- Tanks in the Great War, 1914-1918
National Archives Catalog
- Sick Reports and Furlough Reports for Camp Colt, Pennsylvania and Camp Dix,New York, 1918. NARA NAID 7933991
- Records of Tank Centers, 1918-1919. NAID 6862003
- Records of Tank Brigades, 1918-1921. NAID 6862004
- Records of Tank Battalion,1918-1919. NAID 6862007
- Maps Relating to Tank Operations in World War I, 9.1918-1919. NAID 922124
[edit | edit source]
- Lawrence Perry.Our Navy in the War. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1918.
- Josephus Daniels. Our Navy at War. Washington, D.C.: Pictorial Bureau, 1922.
- John Wilber Jenkins. Our Navy's Part in the Great War. New York: john E. Eggers, 1919.
- U.S. Navy and World War I:1914-1922 Naval History and Command Heritage.
Uniforms & Pictures
- NARA at St. Louis Official Military Personnel Files, 1885-1998, RG 24 Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel
- Great Lakes Naval Training Station. Registers of Enlisted Men Released and Discharged, 1918 - 1919. NAID 650254
- Officers and enlisted men of the United States Navy who lost their lives during the World War from April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918.
- American Ship Casualties of the World War
- Deaths in the United States Navy from April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918. Washington,D.C.: U.S. Gov't Printing Office, 1920
- Medical Department of the U.S. Navy with the Army and Marine Corps in France in WW I
- World War I at Sea: United States Navy and Coast Guard Casualties by Name
- American Ship Casualties of the World War
- Regina T. Akers. The Navy's First Enlisted Women: Patriotic Pioneers.
Marine Corps[edit | edit source]
- United States Marine Corps in the World War
- Officers and Enlisted Men who Lost their Lives
- Officers and Enlisted Men who Lost their Lives Serving in the US and Possessions
- A List of Officers of the Marine Corps comp. 13 March 1919
- Women Marines in World War I
- NARA at St. Louis Official Military Personnel Files, 1905-1998, RG 127 Records of the US Marine Corps
- George B. Clark. Decorated Marines of the Fourth Brigade in World War I. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland and Company, 2007.
Engineers[edit | edit source]
Officers[edit | edit source]
- Officers of the Army and families residing in or near the District of Columbia, November 25, 1916.
- Army Directory 1918
- Army Reserve Officer Training Camp Rosters,1917-1919 NARA NAID 4735009
- American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) Commanding Officers Lists, 1918-1919. NAID 5170791
American Field Service[edit | edit source]
- The American Field Service Archives of World War I,1914-1917
- History of the American field service in France, Friends of France, 1914-1917 : told by its members, 3 volumes
- Friends of France : the Field Service of the American Ambulance described by its members.Digital Book
- James William Davenport Seymour. History of the American Field Service in France, “Friends of France,” 1914-1917. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1920
- L.D. Geller. The American Field Service Archives of World War I, 1914-1917. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989 [Location East 43ed Street NYC]
- Arlen J Hansen. Gentlemen Volunteers: the Story of the American Ambulance Drivers in the Great War, August 1914-September 1918. New York: Arcade Pub., 1996
- Vanguard of American Volunteers
- Memorial Volume of the American Field Service in France
- M.A. DeWolfe Howe. The Harvard Volunteers in Europe. Personal Records of Experience in Military, Ambulance, and hospital Service. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1916
Medical Department[edit | edit source]
- Medical Department, vol. II, Administration American Expeditionary Force
- Medical Department, vol. III,Field Operations
- Medical Department vol. IV, Activities Mobilization camps Ports of Embarkation
- In Memoriam The Medical Department
- Catholic Chaplains in the World War
- Massachusetts Surgeons
- Medical Department U.S. Navy with the Army and Marine Corps
National Archives Collections - Records of the Surgeon General (Army), Record Group 112
- Historical Reports of Hospitals and Infirmaries, 5.1.1917-5.31.1920. NAID 653140
- Medical Records of Army Transports, 5.1.1917-5.31.1920. NAID 651558
- Historical Reports of General Hospitals, 5.1.1917-5.31.1920. NAID 651567
- For histories of base hospitals and other medical unit histories see United States World War I Unit Histories under Medical Department
Related Government Agencies[edit | edit source]
- Personnel Files. ca. 9.1917-2.1919. License Division. NAID 1938399
- Lists of Licenses, 8.1917-5.1920. License Section. NAID 1938401
Illinois Food Administration
Missouri Food Administration
- Registration Cards of County Food Administration Conferences, 6.17.1918-6.25.1918. NAID 5397209
- Card Index to Food Administration Courses, ca. 1918. NAID 5398167 Name of Instructor
- Correspondence Concerning the Family Enrollment Campaign, 6.1917-1.1918. NAID 5282072
Department of the Interior
- Department of the Interior. Service Book. including Honor Roll of employees who entered Military or Navy Service during the war with Germany. April 1, 1919. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1919. National Archives NAID 134530916
Auxiliary Organizations[edit | edit source]
American Red Cross
Hoover Institute Archives Stanford University
- American Red Cross in the Great War
- The Passing Legions
- With the Doughboy in France
- American Red Cross Work Among the French People
State and Local Sources
- Department of Civilian Relief, Washington, D.C. American Red Cross.
- When You Go Home American Red Cross Home Service
- Department of Civilian Relief American Red Cross Manuel of Home Service
- Department of Civilian Relief American Red Cross Home Service & the Disabled Soldier or Sailor
- American Red Cross Base Hospital No. 38
- Red Cross Chapter (Indianapolis) at Work
- Red Cross in Iowa, v.1
- Red Cross in Iowa, v.2
- War Activities Southeastern Pennsylvania Chapter
- In Memoriam Mahanoy City (Pennsylvania) Red Cross Chapter
- WWI: Red Cross Nurses Rhode Island State Archives
- District of Columbia Chapter. Report of War Relief Activities, 1917-1919
- New Orleans Chapter Red Cross
- Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA)
- United States,YMCA World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919
- History of the YMCA in World War I
- Service with Fighting Men; an account of the work of the American Young Men's Christian Associations in the World War, volume 1
- Service with Fighting Men; an account of the work of the American Young Men's Christian Associations in the World War, volume 2
- YMCA and YWCA Records, Minnesota Historical Society
- Knights of Columbus
- Salvation Army
- Young Women's Christian Association
- United States,YMCA World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919
- Jewish Welfare Board
- The Jewish Welfare Board. Final Report of War Emergency Activities.
- American Library Association
- War Service of the American Library.
Timeline American Expeditionary Forces[edit | edit source]
|3 February 1917||Diplomatic relations with Germany were severed|
|6 April 1917||Congress declares war on Germany|
|18 May 1917||Congress passes the Selective Service Act which allows for the registration of eligable men for military service|
|5 June 1917||The first registration included men between 21 and 31 years of age|
|20 July 1917||The lottery is held in Washington to determine the order of liability for military service is held. No. 258 was the first number drawn.|
|20 Nov-4 Dec 1917||Cambrai (American Troops engaged 2,500)|
|21 Mar- 6 Apr, 1918||Somme (American Troops engaged 2,200)|
|9- 27 April, 1918||Lys (American Troops engaged 500)|
|27 May - 5 June, 1918||Aisne, Third Battle of(American Troops engaged 27,500)|
|5 June 1918||The second registration included men who had become 21 since the first registration|
|9-15 June, 1918||Noyon-Montdidier (American Troops engaged 27,000)|
|15-18 July 1918||Champagne-Marne (American Troops engaged 85,000)|
|12 Sept 1918||The third registration included the ages 18 to 45. 13,228,762 registered.|
|25 Jun 1918||U.S. troops took over Belleau Wood, France after two weeks of fighting.7870 Americans lost their lives in the battle.|
|18 Jul 1918- 6 Aug 1918||Aisne-Marne offensive or the 2nd battle of the Marne marked the turning point of the War. The German line was driven back to Vesle.|
|8 Aug - 11 Nov 1918||Somme (American Troops engaged 54,000)|
|18 Aug- 11 Nov 1918||Oise-Aisne (American Troops engaged 85,000)|
|19 Aug- 11 Nov 1918||Ypres-Lys (American Troops engaged 108,000)|
|12 - 16 September 1918||St. Mihiel (American Troops engaged 550,000)|
|26 Sept 1918 - 11 Nov 1918||The Meuse-Argonne Offensive involving over one million U.S. troops|
|24 Oct- 4 Nov 1918||Vittorio-Veneto (Italian Front, American Troops engaged 1,200)|
|31 Oct 1918||The 2nd million U.S. soldier reached France.|
|11 Nov 1918||The Armistice. World War I ends with the surrender of Germany|
Battles and Engagements[edit | edit source]
- A Guide to the American Battle Fields in Europe
- American Armies and Battlefields in Europe. A history Guide and Reference Book
- U.S. Army Center of Military History Timeline
- U.S. Army Center of Military History Campaigns: World War I
- U.S. Campaigns in World War I
- The Americans in the Great War. The Second Battle of the Marne. volume I
- The Americans in the Great War. The Battle of St. Mihiel. Volume II.
- The Americans in the Great War. The Meuse-Argonne Battlfields. (Montfaucon, Romagne, Sainte-Menehould) Volume III.
- Frederick Palmer. Our Greatest Battle (The Meuse-Argonne). New York: Dodd,Mead and Company, 1919.
- Arthur E. Hartzell. Meuse-Argonne Battle (Sept 26 - Nov 11, 1918)
FamilySearch World War I Historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]
- United States, Veterans Administration Master Index, 1917-1940 at FamilySearch — index
- United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
- United States World War I American Expeditionary Forces Deaths,1917-1919
- United States, YMCA World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919
- United States, Index to Naturalizations of World War I Soldiers, 1918
Family History Library Selected World War I Collections[edit | edit source]
- Alabama World War I Service Records
- Georgia World Wat I Statement of Service Summary Card Files
- Indiana World War I Enrollment Cards
- Michigan County War Records
- Minnesota World War I Records
- Minnesota World War I Bonus Files and Service Records
- Ohio World War I Service Cards
- Oregon Military Service Records
- Oregon World War I Veterans State Aid Applications [Card Index]
- Utah Service Records Abstracts
Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]
National WW I Museum and Memorial
U.S. Army Heritage and Education center
- U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center
- Veterans Survey Collections Inventories
- World War I Manuscripts: The World War I Survey FamilySearch catalog
- U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center's World War I Holdings compiled in Honor of Mrs. Louise Arnold Friend, former Chief,Processing Branch, in Commeration of the 100th anniversary of World Wat I,Carlisle, PA:U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, n.d.
National Archives at St. Louis
- National Personnel Records Center (NPRC)
- July 1973 Fire
- Burnt in Memory 1973 Fire
- Finding Your World War I Veteran at The National Archives at St. Louis
- World War I Records at the National Archives at St. Louis
- Veterans Administration Claim Files and World War I Burial Files
- National Archives at St. Louis Card Series
- Military Record Series
Library of Congress
- Library of Congress Guide to World War I Materials
- Library of Congress Veterans History Project World War I
- Researching Individuals in WW I Records
- National Archives Military Resources World War I
- World War I Articles in Prologue Magazine
- NARA Military Service in the United States Army During World War I
- NARA WWI Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt 1
- NARA WWI Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt 2
- World War I Records at the National Archives at Philadelphia
- Applications for Certificates of Identifications, 1920-1921. NAID 1244185 "...U.S. Citizens who were residents of Germany...during World WarI
- World War I Alien Enemy Index, 1917-1919. NAID 602456
National Park Service
World War I Societies[edit | edit source]
American Legion[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
- Nationwide Gravesite Locator National Cemetery Administration
- Location of Graves and Disposition of Bodies of American Soldiers Who Died Overseas
- The Silent Cities: an illustrated guide to the war cemeteries and memorials to the 'missing' in France and Flanders; 1914-1918. FamilySearch Catalog
American Battle Monuments Commission
World War I Cemeteries
- Aisne-Marine American Cemetery
- Brookwood American Cemetery
- Flanders Field American Cemetery
- Lafayette Escadrille Memorial Cemetery
- Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery
- Oise-Aisne American Cemetery
- Somme American Cemetery
- St. Mihiel American Cemetery
- Suresnes American Cemetery
World War I Monuments
- Audenarde American Monument
- Belleau Wood
- Bellicourt American Monument
- Cantigny American Monument
- Chateau-Thierry Monument
- Chaumont Marker-AEF Headquarters
- Kemmel American Monument
- Montfaucon American Monument
- Montsec American Monument
- Naval Monument at Brest
- Naval Monument at Gibralter
- Sommepy American Monument
- Souilly Marker-1st Army Headquarters
- Tours American Monument
World War I Dead, American Expeditionary Forces. 1917-1919[edit | edit source]
- Soldiers of the Great War 3 volumes
- Members of American Expeditionary Forces from Connecticut Who Lost Their Lives in the World War
- Gold Star Honor Roll:Indiana
- Kansas Casualties in the Great War 1917-1919
- Massachusetts' Gold Star Record
- Nevada's Gold Star's
- Roll of Honor:Citizens of New York who died while in the service of the U.S. during the World War
- New York State Military Museum World War I Roll of Honor
- Ohio and California
- Rhode Island State Archives
- Wisconsin's Golf Star List
United States World War One Centennial[edit | edit source]
- United States World War One Centennial Commission
- Family Ties Documenting stories of service and family relationships of those who served in World War
- Stories of Service
- Documenting the Doughboys
- Doughboy MIA Database 1917-1920
- National Archives World War I Centennial
- Library of Congress Echoes of the Great War American Experiences of World War I
- Library of Congress Guide to World War I Materials
- Smithsonian World War I Centennial
- Smithsonian My Fellow Soldiers: Letters From World War I: National Postal Museum
- U.S. Army Center of Military History
State Committees or Commissions
- List of Formations of the States Army during World War I
- Controvich, James T. United States Army Unit Histories: A Reference and Bibliography. Manhattan, Kansas: Kansas State University, n.d.
- Below are selected divisional and regimental histories from the FamilySearch catalog.
Army Corps[edit | edit source]
Division Unit Histories[edit | edit source]
- United States World War I Infantry Divisions
- American Expeditionary Forces Distinctive Cloth Insignia Chart
- U.S. Army Center of Military History World War I Divisions: Then and Now
- Society of the First Division. History of the First Division During the World War, 1917-1919. Philadelphia, Pa.: John C. Winston Co., 1922
- Oliver L. Spaulding and John W. Wright. The Second Division,American Expeditionary Force in France,1917-1919. New York, Hillman, 1937
- Frederick v. Hemenway. History of the Third Division, United States Army in the World War for the Period December 1, 1917 to January 1, 1919.
- 3rd Division Summary of Operations
- Christian A. Bach and Henry Noble Hall. The Fourth Division: Its Services and achievements in the World War,... (1920)
- Kenyon Stevenson. The Official History of the Fifth Division U.S.A. Washington,D.C.: Society of the Fifth Division, 1919
- Emerson G. Taylor. New England in France, 1917-1919: A History of the Twenty-Sixth Division U.S.A. Boston and New York: Houghton and Mifflin Co., 1920
- John F. O'Ryan. The Story of the 27th Division. Vol. 1 New York: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford C0.,1921.
- John F. O'Ryan. The Story of the 27th Division. Vol. 2 New York: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford C0.,1921.
- Pennsylvania in the World War an illustrated history of the Twenty- Eighth Division. vol. 1 Pittsburgh, Pa.: States Publications Society, 1921.
- Pennsylvania in the World War an illustrated history of the Twenty- Eighth Division. vol. 2 Pittsburgh, Pa.: States Publications Society, 1921.
- John A. Cutchins. History of the Twenty-Ninth Division, Blue and Gray, 1917-1919... Philadelphia:Twenty-Ninth DIvision Historical Committee, 1921.
- Wisconsin War History Commission. The 32nd Division in the World War, 1917-1919. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Wisconsin Print Co., 1920.
- Frederic Louis Huidekoper. The History of the 33rd Division,A.E.F. 4 vols. Springfield, Illinois: Ill. State Historical Library, 1921.
- Clair Kenamore. From Vauquois Hill to Exermont: a history of the Thirty-Fifth Division of the united states Army. St. Louis:Guard Publishing Co., 1919.
- Charles B. Hoyt. Heroes of the Argonne: an authentic History of the Thirty-Fifth Division. Kansas City,Mo.: Franklin Hudson, 1919.
- Ben H. Chastaine. Story of the 36th: the Experiences of the 36th Division in the World War. Oklahoma City:Harlow Publishing Company, 1920.
- Ralph D. Cole. The Thirty-Seventh Division in the World War,1917-1918. vol. 1 Columbus, Ohio: Thirty-Seventh Division Veterans Association, 1926.
- Ralph D. Cole. The Thirty-Seventh Division in the World War,1917-1918. vol. 2 Columbus, Ohio: Thirty-Seventh Division Veterans Association, 1926.
- History of the Fortieth (Sunshine) Division. Los Angeles, Calif.: C.S. Hutson & Co., 1920
- Roster of the Fortieth Division Camp Kearny California November 15, 1917. Camp Kearny, Calif: John Milledge and William B. Tyler,1917
- Raymond S. Tompkins. The Story of the Rainbow Division. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1919
- Harold Stanley Johnson. Roster of the Rainbow Division (Forty-Second) (1917)
- History of the Seventy-Seventh Division, August 25, 1917 November 11, 1918:designed and written in the field- France. New York,New York: The 77th Division Association, 1919.
- Arthur McKeogh.The Victorious 77th Division in the Argonne Fight (New York's Own)in the Argonne Fight. New York: john E. Eggers Co.,1919
- Thomas F. Meehan. History of the Seventy-Eighth Division in the World War,1917-1919.New York:Dodd,Mead and Company, 1921.
- 79th Division Association. History Committee.History of the Seventy-Seventh Division A.E.F. During the WORLD War:1917-1919.Lancaster,Pa.: Steinman & Steinman, 1922.
- Official History of 82nd Division,American Expeditionary Forces,1917-1919:"All American Division. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1919.
- John G. Little The Official History of the Eighty-Sixth Division. Chicago, Illinois: States Publications Society, 1921.
- The 88th division in the World War of 1914-1918. New York, New York: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford, 1919.
- George H English History of the 89th Division, U.S.A.: from its organization in 1917, through its operations in the World War, the occupation of Germany and unit demobilization in 1919. Kansas City, Missouri:The War Society of the 89th Division, 1920.
- George Wythe. A History of the 90th Division. The 90th Division Association, 1920
- Lonnie J. White. The 90th Division in World War I: the Texas-Oklahoma draft division in the great war. Manhattan,Kansas.Sunflower University Press, 1996
- The Story of the 91st Division.San Mateo, Calif.:91st Division Publication Committee, 1919
Military Unit Histories[edit | edit source]
United States World War I Unit Histories will have additional unit history references and links.
Personal Narratives[edit | edit source]
- "Americans defending democracy: our soldiers' own stories." New York City, New York: World's war stories In, 1919 Digital Images
- Duffy, Francis P. "Father's Duffy's Story. New York: George H. Doran Co.,1919 Digital Images
- Emmett, Chris. "Give way to the right:serving with the A.E.F. in France, during the World War." San Antonio, Texas, Naylor Co., 1934. FHL 973 M2eg
- Villiers, Frederic. " Days of glory:the sketch book of a veteran correspondent at the front." New York: NY: George H. Doran Co., 1920 Digital Images
- Hall, Bert and John J. Niles. One Man's War the Story of the Lafayette Escadrille. New York: Henry Holt and Company,1929
World War I State Online Collections and Descriptions[edit | edit source]
- Minnesota HIstorical Society
- Tennessee State Library Online Index
- NARA Article WW I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt 1
- NARA Article WW I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages Pt II
- U.S. Bureau of War Risk Insurance. Division of Military and Naval Insurance. Uncle Sam's Insurance for Soldiers and Sailors. Answers to Questions You Will Ask. Official Bulletin Issued by the Treasury Department, Washington,D.C., No. 4
- War Risk Case Files, 11.25.1933-10.3.1938 RG 21 U.S. District Court for he Southern Division of the Western District of Missouri
- Records of Non-War Risk Claims, 1917-1927 RG 15 Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs
State World War I Records[edit | edit source]
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
Additional State Related Collections[edit | edit source]
- Missouri State Archives and FamilySearch. Pre-WWII Adjutant General Enlistment Contracts, 1900-1941. Digital images of general enlistment contracts from counties in Missouri.
- New York State Archives. New York Records of the State National Guard, 1906-1954.
Similar collections are described in the military sections for the various states under STATE NAME - MILITARY RECORDS.
Awards[edit | edit source]
- Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross and Medal
- Heroes All ...soldiers and citizens decorated the by U.S. Government
- Navy WWI Victory Medal
- Information on the issuance or replacement of military service medals, decorations and awards.
- Medal of Honor Recipients, 1863-1973 FamilySearch Digital Book
- Medal of Honor, 1861-1949: the Navy, 1861-1949 FamilySearch Digital Book
Women[edit | edit source]
- Women and War
- Women in World War One
- Women and the US Navy, WWI Era
- Female Yeoman
- Samantha Phil-Gill. The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps in France, 1917-1921.(2017)
- Carrie Brown. Rosie's Mon: Forgotten Workers of the First World World War. Northeastern University Press, 2013.
- Lettie Gavin. American Women in World War I: They Also Served. University of Colorado Press, 2006
- Gilbert Stone. ed. Women Workers of World War I. (2007)
- Susan Zeiger.In Uncle Sam's Service. Women Workers with the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1919. University of Pennsylvania, Press, 2004
Related Websites and Resources[edit | edit source]
- First World War Global Commemoration
- Centenary News First World War I
- The Great War 1914-1918
- HistoryGuide.org. Contains photographs, cemeteries & obituaries, land records, wills, and newspapers; along with a Soldier's Memorial searchable database.
- Online World War One Indexes and Records
- Alvin York,"Sergeant York"
- " Sergeant York" Draft Registration
- Eddie Rickenbacker
- Inter-Allied Games, Paris, June 22-July 6, 1919
- BYU WWI Document Archive. This archive is international in focus
- The Lusitania Resource
- Prisoners of the first World War,the ICRC Archives ( International Committee of the Red Cross)
- The Honor Roll and Our Family's Part in the World War
- Western Front
- Eastern Front
- Italian Front
- Eva Turner Clark. Some Cousins in the Great War, April 3rd, 1917 - November 11, 1918 (1920)
Related FamilySearch Blog Articles[edit | edit source]
- Remembering World War I
- Discover Your Ancestors in World War I Records
- Accessing US Soldiers’ Records for World War I
- World War 1 Centennial Commemoration: Indexed Records Connecting Families
- Remembering the Harlem Hellfighters of World War I
- Uses of Military Dogs in World War I
Sources for Further Reading[edit | edit source]
- Schaefer, Christina K. The Great War. A Guide to The Service Records of All The World’s Fighting Men and Volunteers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1998. (Family History Library 940.41 Sch13g.) The United States is covered on pages 123 to 156.
- Neagles, James C. U.S. Military Records: A Guide to Federal and State Sources.
- McMahon, M. M. Researching Your U.S. WWI Army Ancestors. Crownsville: CreateSpace, 2017.
- Gutierrez, Edward A. Doughboys on the Great War. How American Soldiers Viewed Their Military Experiences. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2014.
- Venzon, Anne C. The United States in the First World World War:An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing Co., 1996
- Coffman,Edward. The War to End All Wars. The American Experience in World War I. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998
- Freidel, Frank. Over There. The Story of American’s First Great Overseas Crusade. rev. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Cp., 1990
- Carroll, Andrew My Fellow Soldiers. General John Pershing and the Americans Who Helped Win the Great War. New York: Penguin Press, 2017.
- Haythornthwaite, Philip J. The World War One Source Book. London, England: Arms and Armour, 1992. FHL 973 M2hay
- Woodward, David R. American and World War I: a selected annotated bibliography of English language sources. New York: Garland Pub Co., 1985. FHL 973 M23b v. 6
- Randle,Gray with Christopher Argle. Chronicle of the First World War. 2 vols. New York, New York: Facts on File, 1990. FHL 973 M2gra
- Final Report of General John J. Pershing, Commander-in-chief,American Expeditionary Forces
Prologue Quarterly Publication of the National Archives[edit | edit source]
- Knapp, Michael G. “World War I Service Records.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives 22. (Fall 1990): 300–2. (Family History Library book 973 B2p.)
- Knapp, Michael G., and Constance Potter. “Here Rests in Honored Glory: World War I Graves Registration.” Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives 23. (Summer 1991): 190–4. (Family History Library book 973 B2p.)
- Potter, Constance. "World War I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages, Part I" Prologue 31(Summer,1999)
- Potter, Constance. "World War I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages, Part II" Prologue 31 (Fall, 1999)
- Manning, Mary J. "Being German, Being American" Prologue (Summer, 2014):15-55
- Moore, Cara. Women Workers in Wartime. Personnel Records Offer Valuable Insight into Civilian Employees' Lives. Prologue 48 (Fall, 2016): 60-65. FHL 973 B2p
- Yockelson, Mitchell.“They Answered the Call: Military Service in the United States Army during World War I, 1917–1919.”
- Yockelson, Mitchell. "Wilson Struggles as he Prepares the Nation for World War I" Prologue 49 ( Spring, 2017)
NGS Magazine (National Genealogical Society)[edit | edit source]
- Tina Beaird. Recreating a World War I Veteran's Service History. 42 #2 (April-June 2017):11-15.
- Craig Robert Scott. Tracing the Movements of US Army Units in World War I. 42 #2 (April-June 2017):17-22.
- David R. Hardin. Official Military Personnel Files of World War I Veterans. 42 #2 (April-June 2017):23-27.
- Kathy Petlewski. World War I and the Hyphenated Americans on the Homefront. 42 #2 (April-June 2017):29-34.
- Claire Prechtel Kluskens.Interment of Enemy Aliens During World War I. 42 #2 (April-June 2017):35-39.
- Julie Miller. Enemy Alien Registrations during World War I. 44 #2 (April-June 2018):21-28.
- John W. Graham.Gold Star Mother Pilgrimages of the 1930s. 44 #2 (April-June 2018):35-39.
- Susan Goss Johnson.World War I Statement of Service Cards. 43 #3 (July-September 2017):42-45.
- Jonathan R. Casey and Stacie Peterson. The National World War I Museum and Memorial's Edward Jones Research Center. 43 #3 (July-September 2017):46-48.
- Theresa Fitzgerald. Auxiliary Records of World War I Veterans. 43 #4 (October-December 2017):50-55.
- John P. Deeden. Military Service in the 'War to End all War.37 #2 (April-June 2011): 26-32.
- Marian L. Smith. New Means and New Machinery: the Problem of World War I Soldier Naturalization Research. (April/May/June, 2005):23-28.