Walla Walla People

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Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

The Umatilla Reservation was established in 1855 for the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla Indians. They joined together as the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation in 1949.

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
PO Box 638
73239 Confederated Way
Pendleton, Oregon 97801
Phone: 1-541-276-3165
FAX: 1-541-276-3095

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

1811: First contact with Hudson Bay Company fur traders 1847: measles epidemic killed many 1847: Whitman Mission massacre

1855 Treaty, June 25, at Wasco, Tribes of Middle Oregon

1855  Treaty, June 9, at Camp Stevens with the Cayuse, Etc.,

1855-1858: The tribe joins with other tribes against settlers

1865 Treaty,  November 15, Middle Oregon Tribes

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

A good history of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation is included on the tribal website.

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Walla Walla tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Reservations[edit | edit source]

A tract of land set aside for occupation and use by Native Americans.

The Wallawalla People are primarily associated with the Umatilla Indian Reservation in Oregon.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Agency Records[edit | edit source]

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number




Walla Walla Uintah and Ouray Agency, 1897-1952 Denver - - 616-22 FHL Films: 583067-583074

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1855 June 25, at Wasco, Tribes of Middle Oregon
  • 1855 June 9, at Camp Stevens with the Cayuse, Etc.,
  • 1865 November 15, Middle Oregon Tribes

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

  • Uintah and Ouray Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL|Film: 583072

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

The Walla Walla tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Oregon and Washington Superintendencies.

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]